Read by QxMD icon Read


Anu K Kaskinen, Laura Martelius, Turkka Kirjavainen, Paula Rautiainen, Sture Andersson, Olli M Pitkänen
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasounds show vertical artifacts known as B-lines in the presence of increased extravascular lung water (EVLW). We aimed to investigate whether lung ultrasound could estimate EVLW after congenital cardiac surgery. METHODS: This prospective observational study comprised 61 children (age range 3 days to 7.4 years) undergoing congenital cardiac surgery. We compared postoperative B-line scores from lung ultrasounds, early postoperative ultrasound as our primary interest, with corresponding postoperative chest radiography (CXR) lung edema scores, with static lung compliance, and with short-term clinical outcome interpreted as time on mechanical ventilation and length of pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) stay...
October 14, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
J Ambrozic, K Prokselj, M Lucovnik
INTRODUCTION: The ability to judge intravascular volume is fundamental in the management of patients with severe preeclampsia. Insufficient intravascular volume can result in decreased oxygen delivery to tissues and exacerbates organ dysfunction. On the other hand, fluid excesses can lead to fluid extravasation and pulmonary edema. Outside of pregnancy, transthoracic echocardiography and lung ultrasonography have become important diagnostic and monitoring tools in critically ill patients...
August 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Bertrand Prunet, Pierre-Yves Cordier, Nicolas Prat, Sophie DE Bourmont, David Couret, Dominique Lambert, Pierre Michelet
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the short-term respiratory tolerance and haemodynamic efficiency of low-volume resuscitation with hypertonic saline and hydroxyethylstarch (HS/HES) in a pig model of lung contusion and controlled haemorrhagic shock. We hypothesised that a low-volume of HS/HES after haemorrhagic shock didn't impact contused lungs in terms of extravascular lung water 3hours after trauma. METHODS: A lung contusion resulting from blunt chest trauma was induced in 28 anaesthetised female pigs with five bolt shots to the right thoracic cage, followed by haemorrhagic shock and fluid resuscitation...
September 19, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Elliot Long, Ed Oakley, Franz E Babl, Trevor Duke
BACKGROUND: Fluid bolus administration is widely recommended as part of the initial treatment of paediatric sepsis, though the physiological benefits and harms are unclear. The primary aim of this study is to determine the effect of fluid bolus administration on cardiac index (CI). Secondary aims are to determine the effect of fluid bolus administration on extra-vascular lung water (EVLW), whether fluid responsiveness can be predicted by inferior vena cava (IVC) collapsibility, and whether fluid responsiveness correlates with changes in vital signs...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Steven C Chase, Courtney M Wheatley, Lyle J Olson, Kenneth C Beck, Robert J Wentz, Eric M Snyder, Bryan J Taylor, Bruce D Johnson
Heart failure (HF) is often associated with pulmonary congestion, reduced lung function, abnormal gas exchange, and dyspnea. We tested whether pulmonary congestion is associated with expanded vascular beds or an actual increase in extravascular lung water (EVLW) and how airway caliber is affected in stable HF Subsequently we assessed the influence of an inhaled short acting beta agonist (SABA). Thirty-one HF (7F; age, 62 ± 11 years; ht. 175 ± 9 cm; wt. 91 ± 17 kg; LVEF, 28 ± 15%) and 29 controls (11F; age; 56 ± 11 years; ht...
July 2016: Physiological Reports
Eugenio Picano, Patricia A Pellikka
Extravascular lung water (EVLW) is a key variable in heart failure management and prognosis, but its objective assessment remains elusive. Lung imaging has been traditionally considered off-limits for ultrasound techniques due to the acoustic barrier of high-impedance air wall. In pulmonary congestion however, the presence of both air and water creates a peculiar echo fingerprint. Lung ultrasound shows B-lines, comet-like signals arising from a hyper-echoic pleural line with a to-and-fro movement synchronized with respiration...
July 14, 2016: European Heart Journal
Francesco Corradi, Claudia Brusasco, Antonella Vezzani, Gregorio Santori, Tullio Manca, Lorenzo Ball, Francesco Nicolini, Tiziano Gherli, Vito Brusasco
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasonography (LUS) has been used for noninvasive detection of pulmonary edema. Semiquantitative LUS visual scores (visual LUS [V-LUS]) based on B lines are moderately correlated with pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) and extravascular lung water (EVLW). A new computer-aided quantitative LUS (Q-LUS) analysis has been recently proposed. This study investigated whether Q-LUS better correlates with PCWP and EVLW than V-LUS and to what extent positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) affects the assessment of pulmonary edema by Q-LUS or V-LUS...
September 2016: Chest
J Retamal, J B Borges, A Bruhn, R Feinstein, G Hedenstierna, F Suarez-Sipmann, A Larsson
BACKGROUND: We recently reported that a high respiratory rate was associated with less inflammation than a low respiratory rate, but caused more pulmonary edema in a model of ARDS when an ARDSNet ventilatory strategy was used. We hypothesized that an open lung approach (OLA) strategy would neutralize the independent effects of respiratory rate on lung inflammation and edema. This hypothesis was tested in an ARDS model using two clinically relevant respiratory rates during OLA strategy...
September 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Analena Beitz, Helena Berbara, Sebastian Mair, Benedikt Henschel, Tobias Lahmer, Sebastian Rasch, Roland Schmid, Wolfgang Huber
Global ejection fraction (GEF) and cardiac function index (CFI) are transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD)-derived indices of the systolic function. Their validity relies on an accurate determination of the global end-diastolic volume (GEDV). Due to an overestimation of GEDV using a femoral central venous catheter (CVC) a correction formula for indexed GEDV (GEDVI) has been implemented in the latest PiCCO™-algorithm. However, a recent study demonstrated that correction for femoral CVC does not pertain to pulmonary vascular permeability index PVPI, which is calculated of extravascular lung water EVLW and GEDV...
April 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Bassam Redwan, Stephan Ziegeler, Stefan Freermann, Thomas Meemann, Michael Semik, Nicolas Dickgerber, Stefan Fischer
The application of extracorporeal lung support (ECLS) in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome is a well-established concept. In patients receiving ECLS therapy, hemodynamic monitoring is often required. However, less is known about the effect of ECLS on hemodynamic measurements. In the present work, the influence of single-site low-flow veno-venous ECLS (LFVV-ECLS) on hemodynamic monitoring by transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD) was prospectively investigated. Five consecutive patients undergoing single-site LFVV-ECLS for severe hypercapnic respiratory failure were included in this study...
July 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Hao Wang, Na Cui, Longxiang Su, Yun Long, Xiaoting Wang, Xiang Zhou, Wenzhao Chai, Dawei Liu
PURPOSES: To explore whether extravascular lung water (EVLW) provides a valuable prognostic tool guiding fluid therapy in septic shock patients after initial resuscitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of septic shock patients who achieved adequate initial fluid resuscitation with extended hemodynamic monitoring, analyzing the prognostic value of EVLW and whether fluid therapy for 24 (T24) or 24-48 hours (T24-48) after initial resuscitation with a recommended value of EVLW yielded a 28-day mortality advantage...
June 2016: Journal of Critical Care
L-D Liu, X-Y Wu, B-D Tao, N Wang, J Zhang
This study aimed to explore the protective effect of hydrogen and to investigate the underlying mechanism of its preliminary effect on the alveolar epithelial barrier function in septic rats. Forty-five male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided randomly into three groups (N = 15): control [saline injection (intraperitoneal, ip), air drawing; SA], acute lung injury group [lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection (ip, 15 mg/kg), air drawing; LA], and acute lung injury combined with hydrogen drawing group [LPS injection (ip, 15 mg/kg), 2% hydrogen drawing; LH]...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Sabri Soussi, Fiona Sisso, Véronique Maurel, Haikel Oueslati, Matthieu Legrand
The aim of this study was to verify the measurement concordance of cardiac index (CI), extra-vascular lung water index (EVLWI) and global end diastolic volume index (GEDVI) with transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD) between the jugular and femoral access with catheters inserted ipsilaterally in critically ill burn patients. Correlations were excellent and the concordance was good for the CI, EVLW and GEDVI (mean bias -0.11 L/min/m², -0.3 mL/kg and -20 mL/m² for CI, EVLW and GEDVI, respectively). We conclude that ipsilateral arterial and venous femoral and jugular measurement of TPTD parameters can be used interchangeably if catheters with different lengths on the femoral site are used...
November 2015: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
S L Vrancken, A Nusmeier, J C Hopman, K D Liem, J G van der Hoeven, J Lemson, A F van Heijst, W P de Boode
Increased extravascular lung water (EVLW) may contribute to respiratory failure in neonates. Accurate measurement of EVLW in these patients is limited due to the lack of bedside methods. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the reliability of the transpulmonary ultrasound dilution (TPUD) technique as a possible method for estimating EVLW in a neonatal animal model. Pulmonary edema was induced in 11 lambs by repeated surfactant lavages. In between the lavages, EVLW indexed by bodyweight was estimated by TPUD (EVLWItpud) and transpulmonary dye dilution (EVLWItpdd) (n = 22)...
November 12, 2015: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Huan Ma, Daozheng Huang, Minzhou Zhang, Xin Huang, Shiyu Ma, Shuai Mao, Wenhui Li, Yanfen Chen, Liheng Guo
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LUS) can diagnose extravacular lung water (EVLW) through the visualization of B lines in both humans and large animals. However, there are no published data on the use of ultrasound to detect EVLW in rats, the gold standard to evaluate of EVLW in rats is post-mortem gravimetric analysis. The present study was designed to determine the similarity between lung sonography and gravimetric measurements of EVLW in rats in an acute lung injury (ALI) model. METHODS: Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into control and experimental groups...
2015: BMC Anesthesiology
Mathieu Jozwiak, Jean-Louis Teboul, Xavier Monnet
Extravascular lung water (EVLW) is the amount of fluid that is accumulated in the interstitial and alveolar spaces. In lung oedema, EVLW increases either because of increased lung permeability or because of increased hydrostatic pressure in the pulmonary capillaries, or both. Increased EVLW is always potentially life-threatening, mainly because it impairs gas exchange and reduces lung compliance. The only technique that provides an easy measurement of EVLW at the bedside is transpulmonary thermodilution. The validation of EVLW measurements by thermodilution was based on studies showing reasonable correlations with gravimetry or thermo-dye dilution in experimental and clinical studies...
December 2015: Annals of Intensive Care
Naoharu Kobayashi, Jianxun Lei, Lynn Utecht, Michael Garwood, David Ingbar, Maneesh Bhargava
SWeep Imaging with Fourier Transformation (SWIFT) with gradient modulation and DC navigator retrospective gating is introduced as a 3D cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method for the lung. The quasi-simultaneous excitation and acquisition in SWIFT enabled extremely high sensitivity to the fast-decaying parenchymal signals (TE=~4 μs), which are invisible with conventional MRI techniques. Based on respiratory motion information extracted from DC navigator signals, the SWIFT data were reconstructed to 3D cine images with 16 respiratory phases...
February 21, 2015: Proceedings of SPIE
Xiaofeng Yu, Hui Ren, Jiaping Zhang
Pulmonary edema frequently occurs after severe burn. It not only impairs pulmonary function directly, but also can induce or exacerbate other pulmonary complications such as lung infection, acute lung injury ( ALI), and ARDS. Extravascular lung water (EVLW) is closely related to the pulmonary edema. Dynamical monitor of EVLW has been used to predict and quantify the degree of pulmonary edema clinically. This review focuses on the recent progresses at home and abroad on the formation mechanism, monitoring approach, and prevention and treatment of EVLW after severe burn injury...
April 2015: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Jing-xiang Zhao, Bo Wang, Guo-xing You, Ying Wang, Gan Chen, Quan Wang, Xi-gang Zhang, Lian Zhao, Hong Zhou, Yue-zhong He
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of hypertonic saline with 6% Dextran-70 (HSD) resuscitation on organ damage and the resuscitation efficiency of the combination of HSD and lactated ringers (LR) in a model of hemorrhage shock in dogs. METHODS: Beagles were bled to hold their mean arterial pressure (MAP) at 50 ± 5 mmHg for 1 h. After hemorrhage, beagles were divided into three groups (n = 7) to receive pre-hospital resuscitation for 1 h (R1): HSD (4 ml/kg), LR (40 ml/kg), and HSD+LR (a combination of 4 ml/kg HSD and 40 ml/kg LR)...
2015: PloS One
Zhen Zhao, Li Jiang, Xiuming Xi, Qi Jiang, Bo Zhu, Meiping Wang, Jin Xing, Dan Zhang
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of extravascular lung water indices (EVLWI) has been widely investigated, which is determined by lung ultrasound B-lines. However, the clinical value of lung ultrasound B-lines for determining prognosis/intensive care unit (ICU) outcomes in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has been rarely reported. METHODS: Twenty-one ARDS patients admitted to the ICU of Fu Xing Hospital underwent both lung ultrasonography and pulse index continuous cardiac output (PiCCO) monitoring on the first, second, and third days after diagnosis...
2015: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"