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Ultrasound in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107290/role-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-eus-in-children
#1
Jaya Agarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101485/minimizing-the-health-effects-of-the-nuclear-accident-in-fukushima-on-thyroids
#2
REVIEW
Shigenobu Nagataki
RESULTS OF THE SCREENING OF THYROIDS: Because of the March 2011 nuclear accident in Fukushima, Japan, the Fukushima Prefecture initiated a thyroid ultrasound examination program. The first cycle of examinations on all children (more than 300,000) of the Fukushima Prefecture identified 116 patients as having malignant or suspected malignant thyroid nodules, and in the second cycle 59 new cases were identified. According to the available data, the thyroid cancers found by the screening are unlikely to be due to radiation, but the possibility cannot be excluded...
December 2016: European Thyroid Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101154/minimally-invasive-open-nephrectomy-on-children-with-multicystic-dysplastic-kidney
#3
Dongchuan Feng, Xiaoyu Zhu, Fang Sun, Tongsheng Ma, Yuan Li, Shujing Chen
The aim of the study was to summarize the preliminary experience of minimally invasive open nephrectomy operation on children with multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK). A retrospective review was performed on the clinical materials of the 15 children that had accepted consecutive minimally invasive open nephrectomies during the previous 2 years. The enrolled children were diagnosed with unilateral MCDK under computed tomography, emission computerized tomography and ultrasound and no anomaly in the contralateral functioning kidney was found...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099341/laparoscopic-distal-splenoadrenal-shunt-for-the-treatment-of-portal-hypertension-in-children-with-congenital-hepatic-fibrosis-a-case-report
#4
Jin-Shan Zhang, Wei Cheng, Long Li
BACKGROUND: The distal splenorenal shunt is an effective procedure for the treatment of portal hypertension in children. However, there has been no report about laparoscopic distal splenorenal shunt in the treatment of portal hypertension in children. METHODS: From December 2015 to August 2016, 4 children with upper gastrointestinal bleeding underwent laparoscopic distal splenoadrenal shunt. Portal hypertension and splenomegaly were demonstrated on the preoperative computed tomography (CT) and sonography...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098106/the-role-of-dynamic-renal-scintigraphy-on-clinical-decision-making-in-hydronephrotic-children
#5
Seçil Arslansoyu Çamlar, Nazlı Deveci, Alper Soylu, Mehmet Atilla Türkmen, Derya Özmen, Gamze Çapakaya, Salih Kavukçu
Hydronephrosis may be related to an obstructive cause, ureteropelvic/uretero-vesical junction obstruction or nonobstructive [vesicoureteral reflux (VUR)]. When an obstructive pathology is considered, dynamic renal scintigraphy may help to predict whether it is a true obstruction or not. In this study, we aimed to determine the contribution of dynamic renal scintigraphy with [99] mTc-MAG-3 to the clinical decision-making for surgery in hydronephrotic children. Files of the patients evaluated by MAG-3 scintigraphy for antenatal (AH)/postnatal (PH) hydronephrosis between 1992 and 2014 were reviewed...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094893/a-comparison-of-skeletal-maturity-assessed-by-radiological-and-ultrasonic-methods
#6
Katinka Utczas, Agota Muzsnai, Noel Cameron, Annamaria Zsakai, Eva B Bodzsar
OBJECTIVES: The estimation of skeletal maturity is a useful tool in pediatric practice to determine the degree of delay or advancement in growth disorders and the effectiveness of treatment in conditions that influence linear growth. Skeletal maturity of children is commonly assessed using either Greulich-Pyle (GP) or Tanner-Whitehouse methods (TW2 and TW3). However, a less invasive ultrasonic method, that does not use ionizing radiation, has been suggested for use in epidemiological studies of skeletal maturity...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093800/evaluation-of-the-normal-tonsils-in-pediatric-patients-with-ultrasonography
#7
Takahiro Hosokawa, Yoshitake Yamada, Yutaka Tanami, Shinya Hattori, Yumiko Sato, Mayumi Hosokawa, Eiji Oguma
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how well the tonsils can be viewed, in addition to echogenicity, using ultrasound, and to compare these results between children younger and older than the age of 3. METHODS: We evaluated the tonsils of 99 patients (72.0 ± 59.1 months) by ultrasound. Ultrasound scans of both the left and right side, in both the transverse and longitudinal planes, were obtained. Images were scored with one of four grades according to how well the tonsil border could be distinguished, 0 being the worst and 3 being the best...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092120/pediatric-peritonsillar-abscess-outcomes-and-cost-savings-from-using-transcervical-ultrasound
#8
Zhen Huang, William Vintzileos, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Anjum Bandarkar, Brian K Reilly
OBJECTIVES: 1) To analyze clinical outcomes of children stratified by ultrasound into three diagnoses: acute tonsillitis, peritonsillar phlegmon, and abscess; and 2) To compare clinical outcomes and financial impact between children who underwent ultrasound protocol to those who did not. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis between two cohorts: ultrasound protocol group and control group. METHODS: Children with peritonsillar abscess (PTA) diagnosed in the emergency department (ED) were enrolled during a 2-year period for transcervical ultrasound evaluation of bilateral tonsillar fossae...
January 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087083/-isolated-microspherophakia-in-a-senegalese-family
#9
P A Ndoye Roth, S A Toure, H Kane, A S Sow, A M Wane, J M Ndiaye, A M Ka, J P Diagne, H M Diallo, M E Demedeiros Quenum, M Nguer, E A Ba, P A Ndiaye, M R Ndiaye
PURPOSE: To report the clinical investigation of isolated microspherophakia involving a Senegalese family in order to appreciate its functional impact. OBSERVATIONS: This is a rural family comprised of 7 members. The sibship included three girls and two boys. One of the girls, who lived in a distant zone, was unable to be examined. Of all the examined members of the family, only the father was unaffected by the illness. There was no consanguinity. The general medical examination was normal...
January 10, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073489/cost-comparison-of-initial-lobectomy-versus-fine-needle-aspiration-for-diagnostic-workup-of-thyroid-nodules-in-children
#10
Katherine J Baxter, Heather L Short, Mitali A Thakore, Jeremy G Fisher, David H Rothstein, Kurt F Heiss, Mehul V Raval
BACKGROUND: Though uncommon in children, pediatric thyroid nodules carry a higher risk of malignancy than adult nodules. While fine-needle aspiration (FNA) has been well established as the initial diagnostic test in adults, it has been more slowly adopted in children. The purpose of this study was to examine the comparative cost of FNA versus initial diagnostic lobectomy (DL) in the pediatric patient with an ultrasound-confirmed thyroid nodule. METHODS: A decision tree model was created using an adolescent with an asymptomatic thyroid nodule as the reference case...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072673/the-use-of-ultrasound-measured-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-to-predict-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-failure-in-children
#11
Sophia D Lin, Kimberly R Kahne, Amira El Sherif, Kevin Mennitt, David Kessler, Mary J Ward, Shari L Platt
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the accuracy of ultrasound-measured optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) as a screen for ventriculoperitoneal shunt failure. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled a convenience sample of children presenting to the ED with suspected shunt failure. The ONSD was measured by ultrasound and compared with computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (CT/MRI) and neurosurgical impression. We defined shunt failure on ultrasound as an ONSD greater than 4...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070760/the-generation-r-study-design-and-cohort-update-2017
#12
Marjolein N Kooijman, Claudia J Kruithof, Cornelia M van Duijn, Liesbeth Duijts, Oscar H Franco, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Johan C de Jongste, Caroline C W Klaver, Aad van der Lugt, Johan P Mackenbach, Henriëtte A Moll, Robin P Peeters, Hein Raat, Edmond H H M Rings, Fernando Rivadeneira, Marc P van der Schroeff, Eric A P Steegers, Henning Tiemeier, André G Uitterlinden, Frank C Verhulst, Eppo Wolvius, Janine F Felix, Vincent W V Jaddoe
The Generation R Study is a population-based prospective cohort study from fetal life until adulthood. The study is designed to identify early environmental and genetic causes and causal pathways leading to normal and abnormal growth, development and health from fetal life, childhood and young adulthood. This multidisciplinary study focuses on several health outcomes including behaviour and cognition, body composition, eye development, growth, hearing, heart and vascular development, infectious disease and immunity, oral health and facial growth, respiratory health, allergy and skin disorders of children and their parents...
December 2016: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070013/epidemiology-of-echinococcosis-among-schoolchildren-in-golog-tibetan-autonomous-prefecture-qinghai-china
#13
Huixia Cai, Yayi Guan, Xiao Ma, Liying Wang, Hu Wang, Guoming Su, Xuefei Zhang, Xiumin Han, Junying Ma, Yu Fang Liu, Jun Li, Jingxiao Zhang, Yongshun Wang, Wei Wang, Rui Du, Wen Lei, Weiping Wu
Echinococcosis is a serious zoonotic parasitic disease that is highly endemic in Qinghai Province. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of echinococcosis among schoolchildren in Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture to improve early diagnosis and treatment of patients and to provide information for echinococcosis prevention and control. A total of 11,260 schoolchildren from five counties (Maqin, Gander, Dari, Jiuzhi, and Banma) in Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, were screened for echinococcosis...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063721/point-of-care-lung-ultrasound-of-children-with-acute-asthma-exacerbations-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#14
Samantha Dankoff, Patricia Li, Adam J Shapiro, Terry Varshney, Alexander S Dubrovsky
OBJECTIVES: Primary objective was to characterize lung ultrasound findings in children with asthma presenting with respiratory distress to the emergency department (ED). Secondary objectives included correlating these findings with patients' clinical course in the ED. METHODS: Eligible patients 2-17years of age, underwent a lung ultrasound by the study sonographer between November 2014 to December 2015. Positive lung ultrasound was defined as the presence of ≥1 of the following findings: ≥3 B-lines per intercostal space, consolidation and/or pleural abnormalities...
December 26, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060137/infants-with-congenital-zika-syndrome-and-ocular-findings-from-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-spread-of-infection
#15
João Rafael de Oliveira Dias, Camila V Ventura, Paula Delegrego Borba, Bruno de Paula Freitas, Ligia Camera Pierroti, Ana Patricia do Nascimento, Nilva Simeren Bueno de Moraes, Maurício Maia, Rubens Belfort
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To describe the ocular findings of two infants with congenital Zika syndrome born in São Paulo state, Brazil, outside the primary outbreak region. METHODS: Two female infants with congenital Zika syndrome were submitted to a complete screening for infectious diseases, as well as ocular examination, fundus photography, and optical coherence tomography of the retina. One of the infants was submitted to ocular ultrasound. RESULTS: Both children showed positive serology for Zika virus, and other infectious diseases were ruled out...
January 2, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051222/contribution-of-ultrasound-scans-in-the-first-episode-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-children
#16
Manel Jellouli, Asma Ben Mansour, Kamel Abidi, Meriem Ferjani, Ouns Naija, Yousra Hammi, Chokri Zarrouk, Tahar Gargah
Background - Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a common pediatric urologic disorder. After the first urinary tract infection (UTI), imaging studies are recommended, starting with a renal ultrasound (US) and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG). We propose to determine whether abnormalities found on US can help indicate the necessity of VCUG in children after the first urinary tract infection. Methods - A retrospective study included all children admitted with their first episode of urinary tract infection from January 2007 to December 2012...
June 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045846/lung-ultrasound-as-first-line-examination-for-the-diagnosis-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children
#17
Contantinia Boursiani, Maria Tsolia, Chrysoula Koumanidou, Aikaterini Malagari, Marina Vakaki, Georgios Karapostolakis, Argyro Mazioti, Efthymia Alexopoulou
OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis of pediatric community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is based on clinical criteria. Even though chest x-ray (CXR) is only recommended in severe cases, it is often requested from physicians in mild cases, thus increasing radiation exposure. Lung ultrasound (LUS) is not included in the diagnostic workup. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of LUS against CXR. METHODS: Children who presented to the emergency department with clinical signs suggesting CAP and had already been evaluated with a CXR were included in the study...
January 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044991/age-specific-frequencies-and-characteristics-of-ovarian-cysts-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
Hamdi Cihan Emeksiz, Okşan Derinöz, Esra Betül Akkoyun, Faruk Güçlü Pınalı, Aysun Bideci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to document ovarian cyst frequency and characteristics, as well as distribution of these parameters with respect to age in children and adolescents. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 1009 girls between the ages of 5-18 years who presented to pediatric emergency department with pelvic pain and therefore underwent pelvic ultrasound examination between June 2011 and May 2014. RESULTS: In total, 132 of 1009 girls (13...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042047/missed-torsion-of-the-spermatic-cord-a-common-yet-underreported-event
#19
Amihay Nevo, Roy Mano, Bezalel Sivan, David Ben-Meir
OBJECTIVES: To describe the incidence of missed diagnosis and delayed presentation in children with testicular torsion, and to identify associated risk factors. METHODS: The medical records of all children over 1 months of age diagnosed with testicular torsion between 2008-2014 were reviewed. Data pertaining to patient characteristics and treatment outcome were collected. Orchiectomy was categorized as caused by either delayed presentation or missed diagnosis. Logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the association between patient characteristics and treatment outcome...
December 29, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040749/lung-ultrasound-profile-after-cardiopulmonary-bypass-in-paediatric-cardiac-surgery-first-experience-in-a-simple-cohort%C3%A2
#20
Vincenzo Vitale, Zaccaria Ricci, Serena Gaddi, Giuseppina Testa, Paolo Toma, Paola Cogo
OBJECTIVES: To explore the association between lung ultrasound (LUS) and clinical variables in children undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted in patients weighing <20 kg and with an Aristotle score <9, scanned with LUS on postoperative day (POD) 0, 1 and 2. We defined three LUS profiles: profile A: the prevalence of confluent B lines ("white lung"); profile B: the prevalence of B lines and profile C: the prevalence of A lines (normal lung)...
December 31, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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