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Ultrasound in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679375/muscle-ultrasound-evaluation-in-healthy-paediatric-subjects-age-related-normative-data
#1
Silvia Lori, Francesco Lolli, Elisabetta Molesti, Maria Bastianelli, Simonetta Gabbanini, Valentina Saia, Sara Trapani, Marinella Marinoni
INTRODUCTION: The Muscle Ultrasound examination (MUS) is a non-invasive and inexpensive technique for evaluating neuromyopathies. Standardized MUS normative data are incomplete in paediatric subjects. METHODS: We performed a MUS study with 120 healthy children (59 males; mean age 10.44; age range 2-16 years). We measured the width and the echogenicity bilaterally in the following muscles: biceps brachii and brachialis, brachioradialis, forearm-flexors, rectus femori sand vastus intermedius, tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, lateral and medial gastrocnemius ...
April 20, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678653/continued-ultrasound-surveillance-required-after-hand-ischemia-associated-with-trauma-in-children
#2
Melissa L Kirkwood, Khalil H Chamseddin, Brianne Hanson, Carlos H Timaran, Mujtaba Ali, Alexis D Jacob, John E Rectenwald
BACKGROUND: Hand ischemia following trauma in children is rare and the natural history after upper extremity arterial bypass in children is unknown. We hypothesize children with brachial artery repair are at long term risk of developing aneurysmal degeneration or Thrombosis thus necessitating annual duplex ultrasonography and physical examination. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of children who had brachial artery repair (bypass or vein patch) for hand ischemia secondary to trauma at a level I trauma pediatric hospital was performed...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677008/evolution-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-its-association-with-systemic-hemodynamics-in-children-with-fluid-refractory-septic-shock
#3
Akash Deep, Hiremath Sagar, Chulananda Goonasekera, Palaniswamy Karthikeyan, Joe Brierley, Abdel Douiri
OBJECTIVES: There are no studies in pediatrics evaluating the progression of acute kidney injury in septic shock. We investigated the evolution of sepsis-associated acute kidney injury and its association with systemic hemodynamics in children with fluid-refractory septic shock. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: PICU of a tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS: All patients with fluid-refractory septic shock (n = 61) between September 2010 and February 2014...
April 19, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674338/prevalence-of-hypertension-in-children-with-early-stage-adpkd
#4
Laura Massella, Djalila Mekahli, Dušan Paripović, Larisa Prikhodina, Nathalie Godefroid, Anna Niemirska, Ayşe Ağbaş, Karolina Kalicka, Augustina Jankauskiene, Malgorzata Mizerska-Wasiak, Alberto Caldas Afonso, Rémi Salomon, Georges Deschênes, Gema Ariceta, Z Birsin Özçakar, Ana Teixeira, Ali Duzova, Jérôme Harambat, Tomáš Seeman, Gabriela Hrčková, Adrian Catalin Lungu, Svetlana Papizh, Amira Peco-Antic, Stéphanie De Rechter, Ugo Giordano, Marietta Kirchner, Teresa Lutz, Franz Schaefer, Olivier Devuyst, Elke Wühl, Francesco Emma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is the most common inheritable kidney disease, frequently thought to become symptomatic in adulthood. However, patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease may develop signs or symptoms during childhood, in particular hypertension. Although ambulatory BP monitoring is the preferred method to diagnose hypertension in pediatrics, data in children with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease are limited...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673050/postnatal-persistence-of-fetal-cardiovascular-remodeling-associated-with-assisted-reproductive-technologies-a-cohort-study
#5
Brenda Valenzuela-Alcaraz, Audrey Serafini, Alvaro Sepulveda-Martínez, Gemma Casals, Merida Rodríguez-López, Laura Garcia-Otero, Monica Cruz-Lemini, Bart Bijnens, Marta Sitges, Juan Balasch, Eduard Gratacos, Fatima Crispi
OBJECTIVE: to assess the postnatal persistence of fetal cardiovascular remodeling associated to assisted reproductive technologies (ART), in children at 3 years of age. DESIGN: A cohort study of children conceived by ART. SETTING: Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit, Hospital Clinic Barcelona, Spain. POPULATION SAMPLE: 80 singleton pregnancies conceived by ART and 80 spontaneously conceived (controls) followed from fetal life up to childhood...
April 19, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672804/imaging-features-of-the-juvenile-inflammatory-arthropathies
#6
Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Lennart Jans, Anne Grethe Jurik, Robert Hemke, Iris Eshed, Nathalie Boutry
We discuss the imaging of several juvenile inflammatory arthropathies including juvenile idiopathic arthritis, juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile scleroderma, juvenile dermatomyositis, and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common autoimmune chronic systemic disease of connective tissue in children. The remaining systemic juvenile connective tissue diseases are rare. However, they require early diagnosis and initiation of treatment to prevent injury, not only to the musculoskeletal system but also to the internal organs, and even death...
April 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670871/echocardiographic-evaluation-of-ventricular-function-for-the-neonatologist-and-pediatric-intensivist
#7
REVIEW
Cécile Tissot, Yogen Singh, Nicole Sekarski
In the neonatal and pediatric intensive care setting, bedside cardiac ultrasound is often used to assess ventricular dimensions and function. Depending upon the underlying disease process, it is necessary to be able to evaluate the systolic and diastolic function of left and or right ventricles. The systolic function of left ventricle is mostly assessed qualitatively on visual inspection "eye-balling" and quantitatively by measuring circumferential fraction shortening or calculating the ejection fraction by Simpson's planimetry...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670817/dejerine-sottas-disease-in-childhood-genetic-and-sonographic-heterogeneity
#8
Sanne M R Hobbelink, Cain R Brockley, Rachel A Kennedy, Kate Carroll, Katy de Valle, Padma Rao, Mark R Davis, Nigel G Laing, Nicol C Voermans, Monique M Ryan, Eppie M Yiu
Introduction: The nerve sonographic features of Dejerine-Sottas disease (DSD) have not previously been described. Methods: This exploratory cross-sectional, matched, case-control study investigated differences in nerve cross-sectional area (CSA) in children with DSD compared to healthy controls and children with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A). CSA of the median, ulnar, tibial, and sural nerves was measured by peripheral nerve ultrasound. The mean difference in CSA between children with DSD, controls, and CMT1A was determined individually and within each group...
April 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669691/resistance-index-of-hepatic-artery-can-predict-anastomotic-biliary-complications-after-liver-transplantation-in-children
#9
Fang-Min Liao, Mei-Hwei Chang, Ming-Chih Ho, Huey-Ling Chen, Yen-Hsuan Ni, Hong-Yuan Hsu, Jia-Feng Wu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Biliary complications remain a major morbidity after liver transplantation in children. Inadequate arterial supply to the bile duct after transplantation plays an important role in developing anastomotic biliary complications. We aimed to elucidate the relationship between the resistance index (RI) of hepatic artery and the anastomotic biliary complications after liver transplantation in children. METHODS: This is a retrospective, case-control design study...
April 16, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664657/enterobius-vermicularis-a-cause-of-abdominal-pain-mimicking-acute-appendicitis-in-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Mohamed Zouari, Hamid Louati, Imen Abid, Fatma Trabelsi, Mahdi Ben Dhaou, Mohamed Jallouli, Riadh Mhiri
BACKGROUND: Enterobius vermicularis (EV) is the most common helminthic infection in the world. This small parasite is predominant in the pediatric population. The presence of EV in the appendix can cause or mimick appendicitis. The aim of our study was to compare patients with EV infection and those without EV infection, and to identify predictive factors that may help the diagnosis of EV infection in patients presenting with right iliac fossa pain and avoid negative appendectomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all the appendices removed between January 2012 and December 2016 was conducted at the department of pediatric surgery, Hedi Chaker Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia...
February 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664051/predictive-value-of-cranial-ultrasound-for-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-very-preterm-infants-with-brain-injury
#11
Xue-Hua Zhang, Shi-Jun Qiu, Wen-Juan Chen, Xi-Rong Gao, Ya Li, Jing Cao, Jing-Jing Zhang
Background: Compared with full-term infants, very preterm infants are more vulnerable to injury and long-term disability and are at high risk of death. The predictive value of ultrasound and imaging on the neurodevelopment is one of the hot topics. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between cranial ultrasound (cUS) variables and neurodevelopmental outcomes of very preterm infants. Methods: Totally 129 very preterm infants (gestational age ≤28 weeks) in neonatal intensive care unit of Hunan Children's Hospital between January 2012 and November 2014 were included in this retrospective study...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663900/congenital-toxoplasmosis-in-tunisia-prenatal-and-neonatal-diagnosis-and-postnatal-follow-up-of-35-cases
#12
Boudaouara Yosr, Aoun Karim, Maatoug Rania, Souissi Olfa, Bouratbine Aïda, Ben Abdallah Rym
Congenital toxoplasmosis (CT) results from transplacental passage of Toxoplasma gondii to the fetus during acute maternal infection. Our study aims to report clinical and biological patterns of 35 cases of CT diagnosed at the department of the Parasitology of the Pasteur Institute of Tunis and to access the performance of prenatal and early postnatal diagnosis techniques. Serological screening of maternal infection was performed by Immunoglobulin (Ig) M and IgG detection and IgG avidity determination. Prenatal diagnosis was based on both Toxoplasma DNA detection in the amniotic fluid and monthly ultrasound examinations...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662266/thyroid-nodules-and-long-term-follow-up-among-childhood-cancer-survivors-who-underwent-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#13
Shunsuke Shimazaki, Itsuro Kazukawa, Maine Ishida, Masanori Minagawa
Thyroid nodules have been observed in childhood cancer survivors (CCS) treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. We report four patients with thyroid nodules identified during the long-term follow-up of children who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The thyroid nodules were diagnosed as adenomatous goiter in all four patients. The interval between the primary cancer diagnosis and the occurrence of the thyroid nodules was more than 10 yr. Furthermore, all four patients underwent HSCT in conditioning with total body irradiation (TBI) before the age of 10 yr...
2018: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661643/muscle-ultrasound-elastography-and-mri-in-preschool-children-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#14
Anna Pichiecchio, Francesco Alessandrino, Chandra Bortolotto, Alessandra Cerica, Cristina Rosti, Maria Vittoria Raciti, Marta Rossi, Angela Berardinelli, Giovanni Baranello, Stefano Bastianello, Fabrizio Calliada
The aim of this study was to determine muscle tissue elasticity, measured with shear-wave elastography, in selected lower limb muscles of patients affected by Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and to correlate the values obtained with those recorded in healthy children and with muscle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data from the same DMD children, specifically the pattern on T1-weighted (w) and short-tau inversion recovery (STIR) sequences. Five preschool DMD children and five age-matched healthy children were studied with shear-wave elastography...
April 13, 2018: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657025/physical-fitness-adiposity-and-diets-as-surrogate-measures-of-bone-health-in-schoolchildren-a-biochemical-and-cross-sectional-survey-analysis
#15
Ahmad H Alghadir, Sami A Gabr, Ashraf A Rizk
This study aimed to investigate the associations between adiposity, muscular fitness (MF), diet, sun exposure, and physical activity profiles as surrogate measures with bone health status in a sample of schoolchildren aged 8-18 yr old. A total of 250 Egyptian schoolchildren aged 8-18 yr were randomly invited to participate in these cross-sectional survey analyses. Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (c-BUA), bone mineral density (BMD), and bone formation markers (total calcium, serum bone alkaline phosphatase, and osteocalcin) were measured as markers of bone health...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651607/detecting-inflammation-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-how-does-ultrasound-compare-to-magnetic-resonance-enterography-using-standardised-scoring-systems
#16
Joy L Barber, Alexsandra Zambrano-Perez, Øystein E Olsen, Fevronia Kiparissi, Mila Baycheva, Daniela Knaflez, Neil Shah, Tom A Watson
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) is the current gold standard for imaging in inflammatory bowel disease, but ultrasound (US) is a potential alternative. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether US is as good as MRE for the detecting inflamed bowel, using a combined consensus score as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in children and adolescents <18 years with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) at a tertiary and quaternary centre...
April 13, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649801/an-ultrasound-study-of-the-development-of-lingual-coarticulation-during-childhood
#17
Natalia Zharkova
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is growing evidence that coarticulation development is protracted and segment-specific, and yet very little information is available on the changes in the extent of coarticulation across different phonemes throughout childhood. This study describes lingual coarticulatory patterns in 6 age groups of Scottish English-speaking children between 3 and 13 years old. METHODS: Vowelon-consonant anticipatory coarticulation was analysed using ultrasound imaging data on tongue shape from 4 consonants that differ in the degree of constraint, i...
April 11, 2018: Phonetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649545/complete-primary-repair-of-bladder-exstrophy-cpre-critical-analysis-of-the-long-term-outcome
#18
Hesham O Arab, Tamer E Helmy, Ahmed Abdelhalim, Mohamed Soltan, Mohamed E Dawaba, Ashraf T Hafez
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the long term outcome of a contemporary series of 64 children who underwent CPRE in a single tertiary referral center. METHODS: Between 1998 and 2012, 64 children; 47 boys and 17 girls were identified. Only 60 out of the 64 cases were available for follow up. Follow up was done by renal bladder ultrasound (RBUS) and serum creatinine every 3 months and Voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) between 6 to 12 months post operatively. Continence was defined as dryness ≥3 hours...
April 9, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642562/antioxidant-potential-of-extracts-obtained-from-macro-ascophyllum-nodosum-fucus-vesiculosus-and-bifurcaria-bifurcata-and-micro-algae-chlorella-vulgaris-and-spirulina-platensis-assisted-by-ultrasound
#19
Rubén Agregán, Paulo E S Munekata, Daniel Franco, Javier Carballo, Francisco J Barba, José M Lorenzo
Background: Natural antioxidants, which can replace synthetic ones due to their potential implications for health problems in children, have gained significant popularity. Therefore, the antioxidant potential of extracts obtained from three brown macroalgae ( Ascophyllum nodosum , Fucus vesiculosus and Bifurcaria bifurcata ) and two microalgae ( Chlorella vulgaris and Spirulina platensis ) using ultrasound-extraction as an innovative and green approach was evaluated. Methods: Algal extracts were obtained by ultrasound-assisted extraction using water/ethanol (50:50, v : v ) as the extraction solvent...
April 10, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642533/rhabdomyolysis-in-a-young-girl-with-van-wyk-grumbach-syndrome-due-to-severe-hashimoto-thyroiditis
#20
Alberto Leonardi, Laura Penta, Marta Cofini, Lucia Lanciotti, Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
Background: Autoimmune hypothyroidism (Hashimoto thyroiditis; HT) is the most common postnatal thyroid disease. Clinical manifestations of HT vary according to disease severity. Due to the pleiotropic effects of thyroid hormone, less common signs and symptoms of HT can occur, leading to a delay in diagnosis. Case presentation: A 9-year-old girl of Indian origin was admitted for a one-week history of widespread myalgia, fatigue, muscle weakness, difficulty walking, and a significant increase in weight (approximately 2 kg) without any changes in daily habits...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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