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Ultrasound in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532764/sonography-of-suspected-acute-appendicitis-in-children-evaluation-of-the-progress-in-performance-of-senior-residents
#1
Pierre Gerbier, Aurélien Binet, Mathilde Etancelin, Emmanuel Barteau, Marie Auger, Luciano Morales, Philippe Bertrand, Dominique Sirinelli, Baptiste Morel
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the progress in performance of senior residents in diagnosing acute appendicitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Results were collected and compared of ultrasound examinations performed for suspected acute appendicitis by three senior residents and two faculty members over a six-month period in a university hospital setting. A grid with the sonographic findings was completed separately by the residents and the faculty members immediately after each examination...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527653/ultrasound-biomicroscopy-measurement-of-schlemm-s-canal-in-pediatric-patients-with-and-without-glaucoma
#2
Anika Tandon, Caroline Watson, Ramesh Ayyala
PURPOSE: To compare the diameter of Schlemm's canal in children with and without congenital glaucoma as measured in vivo by means of ultrasound biomicroscopy. METHODS: In this prospective single-center study of pediatric subjects (<18 years of age) the diameter of Schlemm's canal in nonglaucomatous and glaucomatous eyes was compared. An 80 MHz iUltrasound probe (iScience Interventional Inc, Menlo Park, CA) placed near the limbus was used to identify and measure the canal's diameter with special attention to the anterior segment anatomy (especially in subjects with congenital glaucoma)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523306/a-novel-method-for-measuring-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-using-ultrasound-in-children-interobserver-consistency
#3
Adela ChiriŢă-Emandi, Maria Camelia Papa, Liliana Abrudan, Mihaela Amelia Dobrescu, Maria Puiu, Iulian Puiu Velea, Corina Paul
BACKGROUND: Currently, sufficiently accurate field methods for body composition assessment in children are missing. The ultrasound method for assessing adipose tissue thickness has been used extensively in sport medicine. However, there are no studies looking at the reliability of this method in non-athletic children. This paper aims to determine the inter-observer reliability in measuring the uncompressed subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness using ultrasound, in children. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty healthy children (20 males, 20 females), median age 11...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523038/a-comparison-of-preoperative-and-postoperative-testicular-volume-and-blood-flow-in-patients-with-inguinal-hernia-hydrocele-and-cord-cyst-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Ahmet Ali Tuncer, Tamer Peker, Mehtap Berke Acar, Didem Baskin Embleton, Salih Cetinkursun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of inguinal operations performed with a modified Ferguson technique upon testicular volume and blood flow. METHODS: This study involved 23 children receiving surgery for inguinal hernia, hydrocele, and cord cyst. This was a prospective study performed between April 2016 and June 2016 in a medical faculty pediatric surgery unit. The color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) was used to assess testicular volume and blood flow before and after a modified Ferguson technique surgery...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521312/the-influence-of-the-manner-of-performing-the-thyroid-ultrasound-examination-on-the-reliability-of-the-assessment-of-the-thyroid-size-in-school-aged-children
#5
Arkadiusz Zygmunt, Zbigniew Adamczewski, Agnieszka Zygmunt, Malgorzata Karbownik-Lewinska, Andrzej Lewinski
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Goitre incidence in school-aged children evaluated using ultrasonography is one of the essential indicators of iodine intake in a given area. The aim of the study was to examine what the difference is between the volume of the thyroid gland measured in the supine and sitting position and to determine the intra-observer, inter-observer, and inter-position variations. METHODS: The survey was conducted among 87 children (56 girls and 31 boys aged 7-13 years, mean age 10...
May 18, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516221/small-bowel-obstruction-due-to-ingestion-of-rubber-balls
#6
Alaa N Alsharief, Christopher Blackmore, Pierre Schmit
We report a case of a 10-month-old girl who presented with a 10-day history of emesis that became bilious on the last day. The initial evaluation suggested small bowel obstruction. An upper gastrointestinal study confirmed the normal location of the duodenojejunal junction with normal rotation and no evidence of midgut volvulus. Ultrasound (US) evaluation demonstrated two intraluminal lesions that do not follow the typical features of solid or cystic lesions. Two rubber balls were found at surgery to be responsible for the small bowel obstruction...
May 17, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515753/traumatic-pneumatocele-in-an-11-year-old-boy-report-of-a-rare-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Ewa Matuszczak, Marzanna Oksiuta, Adam Hermanowicz, Wojciech Dębek
The authors present a case of a pneumatocele associated with blunt trauma in a child. An 11-year-old boy was admitted to the emergency department after he was knocked over and his chest was trapped under a soccer goal. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed several cavities in the lobes of both lungs. The CT of the abdomen revealed traumatic laceration of the liver. The patient was treated conservatively. His condition was stable and subsequently improved. He was discharged 19 days later. After nine months, a chest radiograph showed complete resolution of the pneumatocele, and abdominal ultrasound demonstrated complete resolution of the liver hematoma...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514841/endoscopic-management-of-pancreatic-fluid-collections-in-children
#8
REVIEW
Zaheer Nabi, Rupjyoti Talukdar, D Nageshwar Reddy
The incidence of acute pancreatitis in children has increased over the last few decades. The development of pancreatic fluid collection is not uncommon after severe acute pancreatitis, although its natural course in children and adolescents is poorly understood. Asymptomatic fluid collections can be safely observed without any intervention. However, the presence of clinically significant symptoms warrants the drainage of these fluid collections. Endoscopic management of pancreatic fluid collection is safe and effective in adults...
May 19, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514192/diagnostic-and-treatment-patterns-among-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-thyroid-cancer-in-ontario-1992-2010
#9
Jason D Pole, Aleksandra M Zuk, Jonathan Daniel Wasserman
BACKGROUND: Thyroid carcinoma (TC) is rare in young children, with a sharp increase in incidence among adolescents and young adults (AYA), between 15 and 29 years of age. The incidence of TC is increasing worldwide. Limited prospective population-based data are available to describe diagnostic and treatment practices in this age group. This study undertook a population-based review of TC among 0 to 29-year-old individuals in Ontario, Canada, utilizing linked administrative data to describe the demographic and care patterns over nearly two decades...
May 17, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511888/simple-visual-review-of-pre-to-post-operative-renal-ultrasound-images-predicts-pyeloplasty-success-equally-as-well-as-geometric-measurements-a-blinded-comparison-with-a-gold-standard
#10
Adam J M Kern, Bruce J Schlomer, Matthew D Timberlake, Craig A Peters, Matthew R Hammer, Micah A Jacobs
BACKGROUND: MAG3 diuretic renal scan remains the gold standard for determination of improvement in renal drainage following pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction. We hypothesized that (i) a change in geometric measurements between pre-operative and post-operative renal ultrasound (RUS) images and (ii) blinded simple visual review of images both would predict pyeloplasty success. OBJECTIVE: To determine if simple visual review and/or novel geometric measurement of renal ultrasounds can detect pyeloplasty failure...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511778/elevated-cranial-ultrasound-resistive-indices-are-associated-with-improved-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-one-year-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-a-single-center-pilot-study
#11
Christopher L Jenks, Ana Hernandez, Peter L Stavinoha, Michael C Morris, Fenghua Tian, Hanli Liu, Parvesh Garg, Joseph M Forbess, Joshua Koch
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a non-invasive, repeatable test can be used to predict neurodevelopmental outcomes in patients with congenital heart disease. METHODS: This was a prospective study of pediatric patients less than two months of age undergoing congenital heart surgery at the Children's Health Children's Medical Center at Dallas. Multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was utilized during the surgery, and ultrasound (US) resistive indices (RI) of the major cranial vessels were obtained prior to surgery, immediately post-operatively, and prior to discharge...
May 13, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511233/-diagnostic-imaging-in-cases-of-acute-scrotum
#12
Natalie Ring, Gundula Staatz
Acute scrotum is one of the most common urologic emergencies in children and adolescents. This condition involves acute testicular pain, which is often accompanied by scrotal swelling and erythema. It is most important to distinguish between cases that require immediate surgery and those that can be treated conservatively. As patient history and physical findings may not always be unequivocal, ultrasound with Colour-Coded Doppler Sonography is the imaging modality of choice for further evaluation. Testicular torsion and other differential diagnoses such as epididymitis, appendiceal torsion, intratesticular haematoma after trauma, or complicated inguinal hernia have to be considered...
May 16, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509686/accuracy-of-point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-pediatric-ankle-sprain-injuries
#13
Sarah Jones, Keith Colaco, Jason Fischer, Jennifer Stimec, Charisse Kwan, Kathy Boutis
OBJECTIVES: In children with radiograph fracture-negative lateral ankle injuries, the main objective of this pilot study was to explore the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) performed by a pediatric emergency physician in diagnosing anterior talofibular ligament injuries, radiographically occult distal fibular fractures, and effusions compared with reference standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: This was a prospective cohort pilot study...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508616/ultrasound-elastography-in-pediatric-congenital-hypothyroid-patients
#14
Mehmet Akif Sarıca, Tahir Dalkıran, Mehmet Sait Menzilcioğlu, Mahmut Duymuş, Nursel Yurttutan
OBJECTIVES: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is most frequently encountered in newborns as an endocrine disorder characterized by thyroid hormone deficiency, and is one of the most common reasons for preventable mental retardation. This prospective study was designed to detect the pediatric occurrences of CH followed as euthyroid, with no anomalies detected via US on the gray scale, in comparison with a pediatric group with normal levels. METHODS: A total of 42 apparently healthy children with no thyroid disorder (Group 1) and 54 euthyroid CH (Group 2) using thyroid hormone were included in this study...
September 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507643/imaging-of-complications-after-limb-prostheses-implantation-in-children-with-bone-tumors
#15
Beata Iwanowska, Hanna Brągoszewska, Jarosław Mądzik, Sylwia Szkudlińska-Pawlak, Izabela Kopyś-Wiszniewska, Małgorzata Jastrzębska, Barbara Kowalska, Maria Uliasz, Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska
BACKGROUND: Tumors of the developmental age are an important problem in clinical practice. Primary bone tumors constitute 1-1.5% of all tumors, and 7% of all tumors diagnosed in the developmental age. The aim of the study was to assess the capabilities of imaging methods in diagnosing complications of limb endoprostheses in children with osteoarticular tumors. MATERIAL/METHODS: We included 155 patients with limb endoprostheses, aged 7-26 years. There were 113 patients with knee prostheses, 1 patient with bilateral knee prostheses, 16 patients with shoulder prostheses, 14 patients with hip prostheses, 11 patients with hip and knee prostheses, and 1 patient with a femoral prosthesis...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507631/voiding-urosonography-with-second-generation-ultrasound-contrast-agent-for-diagnosis-of-vesicoureteric-reflux-first-local-pilot-study
#16
Dafina Kuzmanovska, Aleksandar Risteski, Margarita Kambovska, Tase Trpcevski, Emilija Sahpazova, Mile Petrovski
BACKGROUND: Vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) is an important association of paediatric urinary tract infection (UTI) found in 30-50% of all children presenting with first UTI. Contrast-enhanced voiding ultrasonography (ceVUS) has become an important radiation-free method for VUR detection in children. Its sensitivity in detecting VUR has greatly improved due to the development of the contrast-specific ultrasound techniques and the introduction of the second-generation ultrasound contrast agent, superseding the diagnostic accuracy of standard radiological procedures...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507627/prenatally-diagnosis-and-outcome-of-fetuses-with-cardiac-rhabdomyoma-single-centre-experience
#17
Ramush Bejiqi, Ragip Retkoceri, Hana Bejiqi
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rhabdomyoma (CRs) are the most common primary tumour of the heart in infants and children. Usually are multiple and, basing on the location can cause a haemodynamic disturbance, dysrhythmias or heart failure during the fetal and early postnatal period. CRs have a natural history of spontaneous regression and are closely associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). It has an association with tuberous sclerosis (TS), and in those, the tumour may regress and disappear completely, or remain consistent in size...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501727/methods-to-evaluate-arterial-structure-and-function-in-children-state-of-the-art-knowledge
#18
REVIEW
Piotr Skrzypczyk, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
BACKGROUND: With increasing rates of hypertension, obesity, and diabetes in the pediatric population, wide available, and reproducible methods are necessary to evaluate arterial structure and function in children and adolescents. METHODS: MEDLINE/Pubmed was searched for articles published in years 2012-2017 on methodology of, current knowledge on, and limitations of the most commonly used methods to evaluate central, proximal and coronary arteries, as well as endothelial function in pediatric patients...
May 11, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499592/risk-factors-for-poor-outcomes-of-children-with-acute-acalculous-cholecystitis
#19
Yi-An Lu, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Man-Shan Kong, Han-I Wang, Hsun-Chin Chao, Chien-Chang Chen
BACKGROUND: Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is generally considered to be a mild disease in children; however, if left untreated or treated without caution, AAC can lead to severe outcomes, such as death. The objectives of this study were to present the clinical features and identify the predictors of mortality in pediatric AAC. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with AAC between 2005 and 2012 were enrolled. AAC was defined by the presence of fever and an echo-proven thickened gallbladder wall exceeding 4 mm...
March 25, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494994/predicting-return-visits-to-the-emergency-department-for-pediatric-patients-applying-supervised-learning-techniques-to-the-taiwan-national-health-insurance-research-database
#20
Ya-Han Hu, Chun-Tien Tai, Solomon Chih-Cheng Chen, Hai-Wei Lee, Sheng-Feng Sung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Return visits (RVs) to the emergency department (ED) consume medical resources and may represent a patient safety issue. The occurrence of unexpected RVs is considered a performance indicator for ED care quality. Because children are susceptible to medical errors and utilize considerable ED resources, knowing the factors that affect RVs in pediatric patients helps improve the quality of pediatric emergency care. METHODS: We collected data on visits made by patients aged ≤18years to EDs from the National Health Insurance Research Database...
June 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
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