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Mcr 1

B Li, J Liu, Y Y Zhang, P Q Wang, Y N Yu, R X Kang, H L Wu, X X Zhang, Z Wang, Y Y Wang
Module-based methods have made much progress in deconstructing biological networks. However, it is a great challenge to quantitatively compare the topological structural variations of modules (allosteric modules [AMs]) under different situations. A total of 23, 42, and 15 coexpression modules were identified in baicalin (BA), jasminoidin (JA), and ursodeoxycholic acid (UA) in a global anti-ischemic mice network, respectively. Then, we integrated the methods of module-based consensus ratio (MCR) and modified Zsummary module statistic to validate 12 BA, 22 JA, and 8 UA on-modules based on comparing with vehicle...
October 19, 2016: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
Dennis G Hall, Taras Rybak, Tristan Verdelet
Multicomponent reactions (MCR), transformations employing three or more simple substrates in a single and highly atom-economical operation, are very attractive in both natural product synthesis and diversity-oriented synthesis of druglike molecules. Several popular multicomponent reactions were designed by combining two well-established individual reactions that utilize mutually compatible substrates. In this regard, it is not surprising that the merging of two reactions deemed as workhorses of stereoselective synthesis, the Diels-Alder cycloaddition and carbonyl allylboration, would produce a powerful and highly versatile tandem MCR process...
October 18, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
Rafael Laso-Pérez, Gunter Wegener, Katrin Knittel, Friedrich Widdel, Katie J Harding, Viola Krukenberg, Dimitri V Meier, Michael Richter, Halina E Tegetmeyer, Dietmar Riedel, Hans-Hermann Richnow, Lorenz Adrian, Thorsten Reemtsma, Oliver Lechtenfeld, Florin Musat
The anaerobic formation and oxidation of methane involve unique enzymatic mechanisms and cofactors that are believed to be all specific for C1-compounds. Here we found that an anaerobic thermophilic enrichment culture composed of dense consortia of archaea and bacteria apparently uses partly similar pathways to oxidize the C4-hydrocarbon butane. The archaea, proposed genus Candidatus Syntrophoarchaeum, showed the characteristic autofluorescence of methanogens, and contained highly expressed genes encoding enzymes similar to methyl-coenzyme M reductase (MCR)...
October 17, 2016: Nature
John Osei Sekyere
A review of the literature was undertaken to delineate the current level and mechanisms of resistance to carbapenems, colistin, and tigecycline in South Africa. Thirty-two English publications and 32 National Institute of Communicable Diseases communiqués identified between early January 2000 and 20 May, 2016 showed substantial reports of NDM (n = 860), OXA-48 (n = 584), VIM (n = 131), and IMP (n = 45) carbapenemases within this period, mainly in Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 1138), Acinetobacter baumannii (n = 332), Enterobacter cloacae (n = 201), and Serratia marcescens (n = 108)...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Qingjing Wang, Zhencui Li, Jingxia Lin, Xiuna Wang, Xianbo Deng, Youjun Feng
The emergence of the mobilized colistin resistance gene, representing a novel mechanism for bacterial drug resistance, challenges the last resort against the severe infections by Gram-negative bacteria with multi-drug resistances. Very recently, we showed the diversity in the mcr-1-carrying plasmid reservoirs from the gut microbiota. Here, we reported that a similar but more complex scenario is present in the healthy swine populations, Southern China, 2016. Amongst the 1026 pieces of Escherichia coli isolates from 3 different pig farms, 302 E...
October 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Olga Monago-Maraña, Rocío L Pérez, Graciela Mónica Escandar, Arsenio Muñoz de la Peña, Teresa Galeano-Díaz
This work presents a strategy for quantifying polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in smoked paprika samples. For this, a liquid chromatographic method with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) has been optimized. In order to resolve some interferences co-eluting with the target analytes, the second order multivariate curve resolution - alternating least-squares (MCR-ALS) algorithm has been employed combined with this liquid chromatographic method. Among the eight PAHs quantified (fluorene, phenantrene, pyrene, chrysene, benzo(a)anthracene, benzo(b)fluorantene and benzo(a)pyrene) by HPLC-FLD, only in the case of fluorene, pyrene and benzo(b)fluorantene was necessary to apply the second-order algorithm for their resolution...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Xiaoxing Huang, Wei Huang, Li Li, Xihuan Sun, Siyang Song, Qingyan Xu, Lianru Zhang, Bang-Guo Wei, Xianming Deng
Marine natural products are served as attractive source of anticancer therapeutics, with the great success of "first-in-class" drugs, such as Yondelis, Halaven, and Brentuximab vendotin. Lagunamides A-C from marine cyanobacterium, Lyngbya majuscula, exhibit exquisite growth inhibitory activities against cancer cells. In this study, we have systematically investigated the structure-activity relationships (SAR) of a concise collection of lagunamide A and its analogs constructed by total chemical synthesis against a broad panel of cancer cells derived from various tissues or organs, including A549, HeLa, U2OS, HepG2, BEL-7404, BGC-823, HCT116, MCR-7, HL-60, and A375...
October 7, 2016: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Shuntaro Arase, Kanta Horie, Takashi Kato, Akira Noda, Yasuhiro Mito, Masatoshi Takahashi, Toshinobu Yanagisawa
Multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) method was investigated for its potential to accelerate pharmaceutical research and development. The fast and efficient separation of complex mixtures consisting of multiple components, including impurities as well as major drug substances, remains a challenging application for liquid chromatography in the field of pharmaceutical analysis. In this paper we suggest an integrated analysis algorithm functioning on a matrix of data generated from HPLC coupled with photo-diode array detector (HPLC-PDA) and consisting of the mathematical program for the developed multivariate curve resolution method using an expectation maximization (EM) algorithm with a bidirectional exponentially modified Gaussian (BEMG) model function as a constraint for chromatograms and numerous PDA spectra aligned with time axis...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
I Hamdi, G Buntinx, A Perrier, O Devos, N Jaïdane, S Delbaere, A K Tiwari, J Dubois, M Takeshita, Y Wada, S Aloïse
The photoswitching and competitive processes of the referent photochromic diarylethene derivative 1,2-bis(2,4-dimethyl-5-phenyl-3-thienyl)perfluorocyclopentene (DTE) and a novel bridged analog DTE-m5 have been investigated by state-of-the-art TD-DFT calculations and ultrafast spectroscopy supported by advanced chemometric data treatments. Focusing on DTE, the overall deactivation pathway of both antiparallel (AP) and parallel (P) conformers of the open form (OF) (1 : 1 in solution) has been resolved and rationalized starting from the Franck-Condon (FC) region to the ground state recovery...
October 12, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Chiara Carnevali, Marina Morganti, Erika Scaltriti, Luca Bolzoni, Stefano Pongolini, Gabriele Casadei
The first case of plasmid-mediated resistance to colistin due to the gene mcr-1 was reported in China in late 2015 (1).….
October 3, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Lívia Viganor, Orla Howe, Pauraic McCarron, Malachy McCann, Michael Devereux
The "antibiotic era", characterized by the overuse and misuse of antibiotics, over the last half-century has culminated in the present critical "era of resistance". The treatment of bacterial infections is challenging because of a decline in the current arsenal of useful antibiotics and the slow rate of new drug development. The discovery of a new gene (mcr-1) in 2015, which enables bacteria to be highly resistant to polymyxins (such as colistin), the last line of antibiotic defence left, heralds a new level of concern as this gene is susceptible to horizontal gene transfer, with alarming potential to be spread between different bacterial populations, suggesting that the progression from "extensive drug resistance" to "pan-drug resistance" may be inevitable...
October 3, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Ioannis Christakis, Rebecca Scott, James Minnion, Joyceline Cuenco, Tricia Tan, Fausto Palazzo, Stephen Bloom
PURPOSE/AIM OF THE STUDY: The pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters in animal models can help optimize novel candidate drugs prior to human trials. However, due to the complexity of pharmacokinetic experiments, their use is limited in academia. We present a novel surgical rat model for investigation of pharmacokinetic parameters and its use in an anti-obesity drug development program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The model uses anesthetized male Wistar rats, a jugular, a femoral catheter, and an insulin pump for peptide infusion...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
(no author information available yet)
In the report, "Investigation of Escherichia coli Harboring the mcr-1 Resistance Gene - Connecticut, 2016," the Acknowledgments should have included the following: Alycia McNutt, David Santoro, Christina Nishimura, Diane Noel, Katherine A. Kelley Public Health Laboratory, Connecticut Department of Public Health.
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Jocelyn Qi Min Teo, Yiying Cai, Tze-Peng Lim, Thuan Tong Tan, Andrea Lay-Hoon Kwa
Singapore is an international travel and medical hub and faces a genuine threat for import and dissemination of bacteria with broad-spectrum resistance. In this review, we described the current landscape and management of carbapenem resistance in Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) in Singapore. Notably, the number of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae has exponentially increased in the past two years. Resistance is largely mediated by a variety of mechanisms. Polymyxin resistance has also emerged. Interestingly, two Escherichia coli isolates with plasmid-mediated mcr-1 genes have been detected...
February 16, 2016: Microorganisms
Daniela Jones-Dias, Vera Manageiro, Eugénia Ferreira, Paula Barreiro, Luís Vieira, Inês B Moura, Manuela Caniça
The spread of antibiotic resistant bacteria throughout the food chain constitutes a public health concern. To understand the contribution of fresh produce in shaping antibiotic resistance bacteria and integron prevalence in the food chain, 333 antibiotic resistance Gram negative isolates were collected from organic and conventionally produced fruits (pears, apples, and strawberries) and vegetables (lettuces, tomatoes, and carrots). Although low levels of resistance have been detected, the bacterial genera identified in the assessed fresh produce are often described not only as environmental, but mostly as commensals and opportunistic pathogens...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Feifei Zhao, Zhiyong Zong
The newly-identified plasmid-borne colistin resistance gene mcr-1 was found in a Kluyvera ascorbata from hospital sewage in China. mcr-1 was carried by a 57-kb self-transmissible IncI2 plasmid. Unlike the previous report, mcr-1 was not associated with ISApl1 and was inserted into a gene encoding a putative membrane protein due to an unknown mechanism. This study highlights that mcr-1 has spread to multiple bacterial species.
September 26, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Jian Sun, Run-Shi Yang, Qijing Zhang, Youjun Feng, Liang-Xing Fang, Jing Xia, Liang Li, Xiao-Yue Lv, Jia-Hong Duan, Xiao-Ping Liao, Ya-Hong Liu
Carbapenem and colistin are the last-resort antibiotics used for treating multidrug-resistant Gram-negative pathogens. Here, we report, for the first time, co-transfer of resistance to both classes of antibiotics by a mobile IncX3-X4 hybrid plasmid in an Escherichia coli isolate. Spread of such a plasmid is of great concern for clinical therapy, and heightened efforts are needed to control its dissemination.
2016: Nature Microbiology
Amber M Vasquez, Noelisa Montero, Mark Laughlin, Ehren Dancy, Russell Melmed, Lynn Sosa, Louise Francois Watkins, Jason P Folster, Nancy Strockbine, Heather Moulton-Meissner, Uzma Ansari, Matthew L Cartter, Maroya Spalding Walters
The mcr-1 gene confers resistance to the polymyxins, including the antibiotic colistin, a medication of last resort for multidrug-resistant infections. The mcr-1 gene was first reported in 2015 in food, animal, and patient isolates from China (1) and is notable for being the first plasmid-mediated colistin resistance mechanism to be identified. Plasmids can be transferred between bacteria, potentially spreading the resistance gene to other bacterial species. Since its discovery, the mcr-1 gene has been reported from Africa, Asia, Europe, South America, and North America (2,3), including the United States, where it has been identified in Escherichia coli isolated from three patients and from two intestinal samples from pigs (2,4-6)...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Kelly E Kline, Jordan Shover, Alexander J Kallen, David R Lonsway, Sharon Watkins, Jeffrey R Miller
In 2015, scientists reported the emergence of the plasmid-encoded mcr-1 gene conferring bacterial resistance to the antibiotic colistin (1), signaling potential emergence of a pandrug-resistant bacterium. In May 2016, mcr-1-positive Escherichia coli was first isolated from a specimen from a U.S. patient (2) when a Pennsylvania woman was evaluated for a urinary tract infection. The urine culture and subsequent testing identified the gene in an extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli with reduced susceptibility to colistin...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
C O'Connor, M Cormican, T W Boo, E McGrath, B Slevin, A O'Gorman, M Commane, S Mahony, E O'Donovan, J Powell, R Monahan, C Finnegan, M G Kiernan, J C Coffey, L Power, N H O'Connell, C P Dunne
BACKGROUND: Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) may cause healthcare-associated infections with high mortality rates. New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) is among the most recently discovered carbapenemases. AIM: To report the first outbreak of NDM-1 CPE in Ireland, including microbiological and epidemiological characteristics, and assessing the impact of infection prevention and control measures. METHODS: This was a retrospective microbiological and epidemiological review...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
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