Read by QxMD icon Read

Mcr 1

Li Chen, Jilei Zhang, Jiawei Wang, Patrick Butaye, Patrick Kelly, Min Li, Feng Yang, Jiansen Gong, Afrah Kamal Yassin, Weina Guo, Jing Li, Chunlian Song, Chengming Wang
Antimicrobial resistance against colistin has emerged worldwide threatening the efficacy of one of the last-resort antimicrobials used for the treatment of Enterobacteriaceae. To investigate the presence of the recently identified colistin resistance genes (mcr-4, mcr-5) in China, we established PCRs to detect mcr-4 and mcr-5 on 213 anal and 1,339 nasal swabs from apparently healthy pigs (n = 1,454) in nine provinces, and 1,696 cloacal and 1,647 oropharyngeal samples from poultry (n = 1,836) at live-bird markets in 24 provinces of China...
2018: PloS One
Renjie Wu, Ling-Xian Yi, Lin-Feng Yu, Jing Wang, Yiyun Liu, Xiaojie Chen, Luchao Lv, Jun Yang, Jian-Hua Liu
The objective of this study was to assess the impact of diverse plasmids bearing colistin resistance gene mcr-1 on host fitness. Forty-seven commensal E. coli isolates recovered from the pig farm where mcr-1 was first identified were screened for mcr-1. mcr-1 -bearing plasmids were characterized by sequencing. The fitness impact of mcr-1 -bearing plasmids was evaluated by in vitro competition assays. Twenty-seven (57.5%) E. coli isolates were positive for mcr-1 . The mcr-1 genes were mainly located on plasmids belonging to IncI2 ( n = 5), IncX4 ( n = 11), IncHI2/ST3 ( n = 8), IncFII ( n = 2), and IncY ( n = 2)...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Congming Wu, Yingchao Wang, Xiaomin Shi, Shuang Wang, Hongwei Ren, Zhangqi Shen, Yang Wang, Juchun Lin, Shaolin Wang
Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) strains are emerging around the world as a source of resistance to β-lactam antibiotics such as ampicillin, cefotaxime, and ceftazidime. mcr-1 is a novel plasmid-mediated gene conferring resistance to colistin. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of ESBL-EC mcr-1 of chicken origin in the different provinces of China during 2008-2014. Overall, 341 of 821 isolates were determined to be ESBL-EC strains, and the proportion of ESBL-positive strains almost doubled from 2008 to 2014...
March 14, 2018: Emerging Microbes & Infections
Jean Claude Nzayisenga, Karolina Eriksson, Anita Sellstedt
The biomass production and changes in biochemical composition of a locally isolated microalga (Chlorella sp.) were investigated in autotrophic, mixotrophic and heterotrophic conditions, using glucose or glycerol as carbon sources and municipal wastewater as the growth medium. Both standard methods and Multivariate Curve Resolution-Alternating Least Squares (MCR-ALS) analysis of data acquired by Fourier-transform IR (FTIR) spectrometry showed that autotrophic and mixotrophic conditions promoted carbohydrate accumulation, while heterotrophic conditions with glycerol resulted in the highest lipid content and lowest carbohydrate content...
March 7, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Giancarlo Ripabelli, Manuela Tamburro, Giuliana Guerrizio, Incoronata Fanelli, Romeo Flocco, Massimiliano Scutellà, Michela L Sammarco
Antimicrobial-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae represent a global public health concern. K. pneumoniae strains isolated during 2010 and 2014-2016 within a single hospital of Molise Region, Central Italy, were analyzed testing antimicrobial susceptibility, clonality by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR, and prevalence of carbapenem resistance genes by PCR. Forty isolates (23 wild-type in 2010 and 17 non-wild-type in 2014-2016) were collected from hospitalized patients (65...
March 9, 2018: Current Microbiology
Ulises Garza-Ramos, Elsa Tamayo-Legorreta, Doris María Arellano-Quintanilla, Nadia Rodriguez-Medina, Jesús Silva-Sanchez, Juan Catalan-Najera, Marisol Karina Rocha-Martínez, María Asunción Bravo-Díaz, Celia Alpuche-Aranda
A colistin-resistant mcr-1 -carrying Escherichia coli strain, RC2-007, was isolated from a swine farm in Mexico. This extraintestinal and uropathogenic strain of E. coli belongs to serotype O89:H9 and sequence type 744. Assembly and annotation resulted in a 4.9-Mb draft genome that revealed the presence of plasmid-mediated mcr-1 -IS ApI1 genes as part of a prophage.
March 8, 2018: Genome Announcements
Konrad Gwozdzinski, Saina Azarderakhsh, Can Imirzalioglu, Linda Falgenhauer, Trinad Chakraborty
The plasmid-located colistin resistance gene ( mcr - 1 ) confers low-level resistance to colistin, a last-line antibiotic against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Current EUCAST/CLSI recommendations require the use of a broth microdilution (BMD) method in cation-adjusted Mueller-Hinton (CA-MH) for colistin susceptibility testing, but approximately 15% of all MCR-1-producers classify as sensitive in this medium. Here we report on an improved calcium-enhanced Mueller-Hinton (CE-MH) medium that permits simple and reliable determination of mcr-1 -producing Enterobacteriaceae Colistin susceptibility for 50 mcr-1 -encoding isolates of E...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Sue C Nang, Faye C Morris, Michael J McDonald, Mei-Ling Han, Jiping Wang, Richard A Strugnell, Tony Velkov, Jian Li
Objectives: The discovery of mobile colistin resistance mcr-1, a plasmid-borne polymyxin resistance gene, highlights the potential for widespread resistance to the last-line polymyxins. In the present study, we investigated the impact of mcr-1 acquisition on polymyxin resistance and biological fitness in Klebsiella pneumoniae. Methods: K. pneumoniae B5055 was used as the parental strain for the construction of strains carrying vector only (pBBR1MCS-5) and mcr-1 recombinant plasmids (pmcr-1)...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Hasan Fevzi Batirel, Muzaffer Metintas, Hale Basak Caglar, Guntulu Ak, Perran Fulden Yumuk, Rengin Ahiskali, Emine Bozkurtlar, Nural Bekiroglu, Tunc Lacin, Bedrettin Yildizeli, Mustafa Yuksel
OBJECTIVE: Macroscopic complete resection (MCR) is the recommended surgical strategy in malignant pleural mesothelioma. Our objective was to analyze whether MCR influences survival in malignant pleural mesothelioma. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2016, 154 patients underwent pleurectomy decortication (n = 90), extrapleural pneumonectomy (n = 42), or exploratory/diagnostic procedures (n = 22) in a single institution. Patient data were recorded in a prospective database...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Isaac Asare-Bediako, Rebecca L Paszkiewicz, Stella P Kim, Orison O Woolcott, Cathryn M Kolka, Miguel Burch, Morvarid Kabir, Francesca Piccinini, Richard N Bergman
Hyperinsulinemia, accompanied by reduced first-pass hepatic insulin extraction (FPE) and increased secretion, is a primary response to insulin resistance. Different in vivo methods are used to estimate the clearance of insulin, which is assumed to reflect FPE. We compared two methodologically different but commonly used indirect estimates with directly measured FPE in healthy dogs (n = 9). The indirect methods were; 1) metabolic clearance rate of insulin (MCR) during the hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp (EGC), a steady state method, and 2) fractional clearance rate of insulin (FCR) during the frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIGT), a dynamic method...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Qun Li, Hong Wang, Yanmei Xu, Xiangning Bai, Jianping Wang, Zhengdong Zhang, Xiang Liu, Yimao Miao, Ling Zhang, Xinqiong Li, Nianli Zou, Guodong Yan, Xi Chen, Jie Zhang, Shanshan Fu, Ruyue Fan, Jianguo Xu, Juan Li, Yanwen Xiong
Escherichia albertii is an emerging member of the Enterobacteriaceae causing human and animal enteric infections. Antimicrobial resistance among enteropathogens has been reported to be increasing in the past years. The purpose of this study was to investigate antibiotic resistance and resistance genes in E. albertii isolated from Zigong city, Sichuan province, China. The susceptibility to 21 antimicrobial agents was determined by Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method. The highest prevalence was tetracycline resistance with a rate of 62...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Qiuxia Ma, Yong Huang, Jian Wang, Xuebin Xu, Jane Hawkey, Chaojie Yang, Beibei Liang, Xiaofeng Hu, Fuli Wu, Xiaoxia Yang, Jinyan Wang, Rongrui Li, Peng Li, Jing Xie, Leili Jia, Ligui Wang, Rongzhang Hao, Yigang Tong, Kathryn E Holt, Shaofu Qiu, Yansong Sun, Hongbin Song
Since the plasmid-mediated polymyxin resistance gene mcr-1 was first reported in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in China, only one mcr-1-positive isolate of Shigella sonnei, containing inactivated mcr-1, has been reported worldwide. Here, we screened 1650 historical S. sonnei strains isolated from 2003 to 2015 in China for mcr-1. We determined the antimicrobial susceptibilities and resistance genes of mcr-1-positive isolates and investigated the transferability of polymyxin resistance by plasmid conjugation...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Beibei Liang, Adam P Roberts, Xuebin Xu, Chaojie Yang, Xiaoxia Yang, Jinyan Wang, Shengjie Yi, Yongrui Li, Qiuxia Ma, Fuli Wu, Shaofu Qiu, Hongbin Song
Since its initial discovery in an Escherichia coli isolate from China, mcr-1 has also been detected in Klebsiella pneumoniae and Salmonella enterica , and is rarely reported in other Enterobacteriaceae. Here, we report the isolation and identification of a Shigella flexneri strain harboring mcr-1 from stool samples in a pig farm in China from 2009. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) to colistin of the isolate is 4 μg/mL. Conjugation assays showed the donor S. flexneri strain has functional and transferable colistin resistance...
March 2, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Ruming Jiang, Meiying Liu, Hongye Huang, Liucheng Mao, Qiang Huang, Yuanqing Wen, Qian-Yong Cao, Jianwen Tian, Xiaoyong Zhang, Yen Wei
Ultrasound as a powerful technique has increasingly been used in both industry and academia in recent years. Herein, an efficient approach to the ultrafast preparation of cross-linked fluorescent copolymers (PEGMA-AEMA-TPE) with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) via an ultrasound-assisted multicomponent reaction (MCR) is described. A number of characterization techniques were carried out to certify the successful preparation of these AIE-active copolymers. Due to the introduction of a hydrophilic PEG fragment and a hydrophobic AIE-active dye, the obtained fluorescent copolymers showed amphiphilic properties and could assemble into organic dyed polymer nanoparticles (ODPNs) with great water dispersibility...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Jilei Zhang, Li Chen, Jiawei Wang, Afrah Kamal Yassin, Patrick Butaye, Patrick Kelly, Jiansen Gong, Weina Guo, Jing Li, Min Li, Feng Yang, Zhixing Feng, Ping Jiang, Chunlian Song, Yaoyao Wang, Jinfeng You, Yi Yang, Stuart Price, Kezong Qi, Yuan Kang, Chengming Wang
Antimicrobial resistance against colistin has emerged worldwide and is threatening the efficacy of colistin treatment of multi-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. In this study, PCRs were used to detect mcr genes (mcr-1, mcr-2, mcr-3) in 213 anal and 1,339 nasal swabs from pigs (n = 1,454) in nine provinces of China, and 1,696 cloacal and 1,647 oropharyngeal samples from poultry (n = 1,836) at live-bird markets in 24 provinces. The mcr-1 prevalences in pigs (79.2%) and geese (71.7%) were significantly higher than in chickens (31...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ji-Young Lee, Suk-Kyung Lim, Yujin Choi, Dong-Chan Moon, Juyoun Shin, Kwan Soo Ko
Of 11 mcr-1-harboring plasmids previously identified from livestock in Korea, we performed whole plasmid sequencing on 3 plasmids and determined the genetic structure surrounding mcr-1 for all 11 plasmids. Transconjugation frequencies were measured for all mcr-1-harboring plasmids and competitive growth experiments were performed to investigate the fitness cost of each plasmid. Although they belong to different clones, the mcr-1-harboring plasmids, pEC006 and pEC019, were highly similar to the first identified mcr-1-carrying Incl2-type plasmid, pHNSHP45...
February 27, 2018: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Francis Onwugamba, J Ross Fitzgerald, Kateryn Rochon, Luca Guardabassi, Abraham Alabi, Stefan Kühne, Martin P Grobusch, Frieder Schaumburg
BACKGROUND: 'Filth flies' feed and develop in excrement and decaying matter and can transmit enteric pathogens to humans and animals, leading to colonization and infection. Considering these characteristics, 'filth flies' are potential vectors for the spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). This review defines the role of flies in the spread of AMR and identifies knowledge gaps. METHODS: The literature search (original articles, reviews indexed for PubMed) was restricted to the English language...
February 23, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
D Lepelletier, R Bonnet, P Plésiat, M H Nicolas-Chanoine, A Berger-Carbonne, C Chidiac, B Grandbastien
The increasing use of colistin has contributed to the emergence of resistant bacteria and to an increase in the frequency of infections caused by naturally resistant Enterobacteriaceae strains such as Proteus, Providencia, Morganella, and Serratia. In August 2016, the French High Council for Public Health (French acronym HCSP) received a request from the Ministry of Health on the advice of the French National Public Health agency (Santé publique France) with regard to measures that should be taken to tackle the emergence of plasmid-mediated colistin resistance among Enterobacteriaceae strains...
February 20, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
Dongdong Zhao, Zhihui Zhou, Xiaoting Hua, Huichuan Zhang, Jingjing Quan, Xi Li, Yunsong Yu
Here we report the first clinical Escherichia coli isolate co-harboring mcr-1, blaKPC-2 and two copies of fosA3 from China. The five plasmids of the isolate were completely sequenced and analyzed. Gene mcr-1 and blaKPC-2 were located on IncI2 and IncR plasmid, respectively. A variety of other resistance determinants such as fosA3 (two copies), blaCTX-M-123 , blaOXA-1 and blaCTX-M-65 were also identified from the rest plasmids.
February 19, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Mingjian Bai, Jing Feng, Guowei Liang
OBJECTIVE: We want to determine whether urinary myeloperoxidase to creatinine ratio could be served as a new marker for monitoring treatment effects of urinary tract infection or not. METHODS: A total of 328 patients suspected of UTI were enrolled in present study. Patients been received antibiotic therapy within two weeks were excluded (n = 26). Patients with urine contaminated specimens (n = 49) and negative urine culture results (n = 96) were also excluded, the remaining culture positive subjects (n = 157) were followed up for 7 to 14 days, finally, a total of 49 subjects were followed up and further divided into cure (n = 35) and none-cure (n = 14) subgroups according to urine culture results...
February 19, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"