Read by QxMD icon Read


Chelsea M Graham, Karlea L Kremer, Simon A Koblar, Monica A Hamilton-Bruce, Stephen B Pyecroft
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) are a heterogeneous population of highly proliferative stem cells located in the soft inner pulp tissue of the tooth. Demonstrated to have an affinity for neural differentiation, DPSC have been reported to generate functional Schwann cells (SC) through in vitro differentiation. Both DPSC and SC have neural crest origins, recently a significant population of DPSC have been reported to derive from peripheral nerve-associated glia. The predisposition DPSC have towards the SC lineage is not only a very useful tool for neural regenerative therapies in the medical field, it also holds great promise in the veterinary field...
May 8, 2018: Stem Cell Reviews
Katie Joanna Lee, Peter David Clegg, Eithne Josephine Comerford, Elizabeth Gail Canty-Laird
Tendon is a commonly injured soft musculoskeletal tissue, however, poor healing potential and ineffective treatment strategies result in persistent injuries and tissue that is unable to perform its normal physiological function. The identification of a stem cell population within tendon tissue holds therapeutic potential for treatment of tendon injuries. This study aimed, for the first time, to characterise and compare tenocyte and tendon-derived stem cell (TDSC) populations in murine tendon. Tenocytes and TDSCs were isolated from murine tail tendon...
April 12, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Tao Wang, Christine Thien, Carolyn Wang, Ming Ni, Junjie Gao, Allan Wang, Qing Jiang, Rocky S Tuan, Qiujian Zheng, Ming H Zheng
The tendon is a mechanosensitive tissue, but little is known about how mechanical stimulation selectively signals tenogenic differentiation and neo-tendon formation. In this study, we compared the impact of uniaxial and biaxial mechanical loading on tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs). Our data show that there are variations in cell signaling and cell differentiation of mouse TDSCs in response to uniaxial and biaxial loading in monolayer culture. Whereas uniaxial loading induced TDSCs toward tenogenic and osteogenic differentiation, biaxial loading induced osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic differentiation of TDSCs...
March 29, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Tomoya Hino, Haruka Hamamoto, Hirokazu Suzuki, Hisashi Yagi, Takashi Ohshiro, Shingo Nagano
Sulfur compounds in fossil fuels are a major source of environmental pollution, and microbial desulfurization has emerged as a promising technology for removing sulfur under mild conditions. The enzyme TdsC from the thermophile Paenibacillus sp. A11-2 is a two-component flavin-dependent monooxygenase that catalyzes the oxygenation of dibenzothiophene (DBT) to its sulfoxide (DBTO) and sulfone (DBTO2 ) during microbial desulfurization. The crystal structures of the apo and flavin mononucleotide (FMN)-bound forms of DszC, an ortholog of TdsC, were previously determined, although the structure of the ternary substrate-FMN-enzyme complex remains unknown...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Huaji Jiang, Yuhui Chen, Guorong Chen, Xinggui Tian, Jiajun Tang, Lei Luo, Minjun Huang, Bin Yan, Xiang Ao, Wen Zhou, Liping Wang, Xiaochun Bai, Zhongmin Zhang, Liang Wang, Cory J Xian
Leptin, an adipocyte-derived cytokine associated with bone metabolism, is believed to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of heterotopic ossification (HO). The effect and underlying action mechanism of leptin were investigated on osteogenic differentiation of tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs) in vitro and the HO formation in rat tendons. Isolated rat TDSCs were treated with various concentrations of leptin in the presence or absence of mTORC1 signaling specific inhibitor rapamycin in vitro. A rat model with Achilles tenotomy was employed to evaluate the effect of leptin on HO formation together with or without rapamycin treatment...
February 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Peilin Han, Qingbo Cui, Shulong Yang, Hao Wang, Peng Gao, Zhaozhu Li
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) on the proliferation and differentiation of tendon-derived stem cells (TDSC). RESULTS: TNF-α inhibits the proliferation and tenogenic/osteogenic differentiation of TDSC but, after simultaneous or sequential treatment with TGF-β1 and TNF-α, the expression of tenogenic/osteogenic-related marker and proliferation of TDSC was significantly increased...
May 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Yuan Shi, Kaili Zhou, Wenjie Zhang, Zhiyong Zhang, Guangdong Zhou, Yilin Cao, Wei Liu
Tendon derived stem cells (TDSCs) are the endogenous cell source for tenocyte turnover and tendon functional maintenance. They are also the important cell source for tendon engineering and regeneration. In addition, TDSCs also play an important role in tendinopathy via their non-tenogenic lineage differentiation. It has been well demonstrated that cell shape could determine mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) lineage differentiation. In this study, a parallel microgrooved polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membrane (10 µm groove width and 3 µm depth) was employed to investigate the role of cell elongation via this particular topographic surface in directing murine TDSC (mTDSC) lineage differentiation...
January 10, 2017: Biomedical Materials
Xiangpeng Kong, Ming Ni, Guoqiang Zhang, Wei Chai, Xiang Li, Yucong Li, Yan Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the application of tendon-derived stem cells (TDSC) and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) for patellar tendon injury repair in rat model. METHODS: TDSCs and BMSCs were isolated from patellar tendons or bone marrow of healthy SD rats. The patellar tendon injury model was induced in 60 SD rats, then the animals were divided into 3 groups with 20 in each group: rats in TDSC group received transplantation of TDSC with fibrin glue in defected patellar tendon, rats in BMSC group received BMSC with fibrin glue for transplantation and those in control group received fibrin glue only...
March 2016: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
Jinjuan Yang, Qianjun Zhao, Kunfu Wang, Hao Liu, Caiyun Ma, Hongmei Huang, Yingjie Liu
The lack of appropriate candidates of cell sources for cell transplantation has hampered efforts to develop therapies for tendon injuries, such as tendon rupture, tendonitis, and tendinopathy. Tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs) are a type of stem cells which may be used in the treatment of tendon injuries. In this study, TDSCs were isolated from 5-mo-old Luxi Yellow fetal bovine and cultured in vitro and further analyzed for their biological characteristics using immunofluorescence and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays...
September 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Eduardo Lattari, Maria L Andrade, Alberto S Filho, Antônio M Moura, Geraldo M Neto, Júlio G Silva, Nuno B Rocha, Ti-Fei Yuan, Oscar Arias-Carrión, Sérgio Machado
Lattari, E, Andrade, ML, Filho, AS, Moura, AM, Neto, GM, Silva, JG, Rocha, NB, Yuan, T-F, Arias-Carrión, O, and Machado, S. Can transcranial direct current stimulation improve the resistance strength and decrease the rating perceived scale in recreational weight-training experience? J Strength Cond Res 30(12): 3381-3387, 2016-The goal of this study was to evaluate the acute efficacy of anodic transcranial direct current stimulation on the total volume of repetitions and perceived exertion in recreationally trained individuals in strength...
December 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jia Guo, Kai-Ming Chan, Jin-Fang Zhang, Gang Li
Tendon-derived stem cell (TDSC) is a subpopulation of residing stem cells within the intact tendon tissues, with the capacities of self-renewal, clonogenicity, and three-lineage differentiation. Compared with bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), TDSCs are superior for tendon injuries repair as they remain some tendon tissue-specific differentiation properties. In the present study, TDSC was found to undergo spontaneous tenogenic differentiation in which the expression of tenogenic markers were increased while the expression of stemness markers decreased with time in TDSCs culture (without tenogenic induction medium)...
February 1, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Pauline Po Yee Lui, On Tik Wong, Yuk Wa Lee
BACKGROUND AIMS: Treatment of tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs) with connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and ascorbic acid promoted their tenogenic differentiation. We investigated the effects of TDSCs pre-treated with CTGF and ascorbic acid on tendon repair in a patellar tendon window injury rat model. METHODS: Green fluorescent protein-TDSCs (GFP-TDSCs) were pre-treated with or without CTGF and ascorbic acid for 2 weeks before transplantation. The patellar tendons of rats were injured and divided into three groups: fibrin glue-only group (control group), untreated and treated TDSC group...
January 2016: Cytotherapy
Syed Rashel Kabir, Md Musfikur Rahman, Shahnima Tasnim, Md Rezaul Karim, Nazma Khatun, Imtiaj Hasan, Ruhul Amin, Shaikh Shohidul Islam, Md Nurujjaman, Ahmad Humayan Kabir, Niranjan Kumar Sana, Yasuhiro Ozeki, A K M Asaduzzaman
Chitinases are a group of enzymes that show differences in their molecular structure, substrate specificity, and catalytic mechanism and widely found in organisms like bacteria, yeasts, fungi, arthropods actinomycetes, plants and humans. A novel chitinase enzyme (designated as TDSC) was purified from Trichosanthes dioica seed with a molecular mass of 39±1 kDa in the presence and absence of β-mercaptoethanol. The enzyme was a glycoprotein in nature containing 8% neutral sugar. The N-terminal sequence was determined to be EINGGGA which did not match with other proteins...
March 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Liyang Chen, Chaoyin Jiang, Shashi Ranjan Tiwari, Amrit Shrestha, Pengcheng Xu, Wenqing Liang, Yeqing Sun, Shisheng He, Biao Cheng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The slow healing process of tendon-to-bone junctions can be accelerated via implanted tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs) with silenced transforming growth interacting factor 1 (TGIF1) gene. Tendon-to-bone insertion site is the special form of connective tissues derivatives of common connective progenitors, where TGF-β plays bidirectional effects (chondrogenic or fibrogenic) through different signaling pathways at different stages. A recent study revealed that TGF-β directly induces the chondrogenic gene Sox9...
2015: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Nadja Kunkel, Andrea Wagner, Renate Gehwolf, Patrick Heimel, Herbert Tempfer, Stefanie Korntner, Peter Augat, Herbert Resch, Heinz Redl, Oliver Betz, Hans-Christian Bauer, Andreas Traweger
Despite significant advancements in bone tissue-engineering applications, the clinical impact of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) for the treatment of large osseous defects remains limited. Therefore, other cell sources are under investigation for their osteogenic potential to repair bone. In this study, tendon-derived stromal cells (TDSCs) were evaluated in comparison to BMSCs to support the functional repair of a 5 mm critical-sized, segmental defect in the rat femur. Analysis of the trilineage differentiation capacity of TDSCs and BMSCs cultured on collagen sponges revealed impaired osteogenic differentiation and mineral deposition of TDSCs in vitro, whereas chondrogenic and adipogenic differentiation was evident for both cell types...
October 29, 2015: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Yuan Xu, Qiang Wang, Yudong Li, Yibo Gan, Pei Li, Songtao Li, Yue Zhou, Qiang Zhou
Different loading regimens of cyclic tensile strain impose different effects on cell proliferation and tenogenic differentiation of TDSCs in three-dimensional (3D) culture in vitro, which has been little reported in previous literatures. In this study we assessed the efficacy of TDSCs in a poly(L-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone)/collagen (P(LLA-CL)/Col) scaffold under mechanical stimulation in the custom-designed 3D tensile bioreactor, which revealed that cyclic tensile strain with different frequencies (0.3 Hz, 0...
2015: BioMed Research International
Anton N Artemyev, Anne D Müller, David Hochstuhl, Philipp V Demekhin
A theoretical method to study the angle-resolved multiphoton ionization of polyatomic molecules is developed. It is based on the time-dependent formulation of the Single Center (TDSC) method and consists in the propagation of single-active-electron wave packets in the effective molecular potentials in the presence of intense laser pulses. For this purpose, the time-dependent Schrödinger equation for one electron, moving in a molecular field and interacting with an arbitrary laser pulse, is solved in spherical coordinates by an efficient numerical approach...
June 28, 2015: Journal of Chemical Physics
Kang Xu, Mohanad Kh Al-Ani, Yanjun Sun, Wei Xu, Lianhong Pan, Yang Song, ZhiLing Xu, Xin Pan, Li Yang
This study investigates whether platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an activator of tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs) to promote regeneration of Achilles tendon post-rupture in rats. In the in vitro study, PRGF (activated PRP) significantly enhanced cell DNA synthesis, improved viability and promoted proliferation, while facilitating cell migration and the recruitment of TDSCs. In addition, TDSCs were mixed with collagen and PRP to form collagen-TDSC constructs (CTC) and PRP-collagen-TDSC constructs (PCTCs). After 3 weeks of culture in vitro, we found that most of the encapsulated TDSCs in the CTCs and PCTCs were still alive, while cells in the PCTCs showed a more aligned arrangement compared to the CTCs...
April 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Lei Chen, Jun-Peng Liu, Kang-Lai Tang, Qing Wang, Guo-Dong Wang, Xian-Hua Cai, Xi-Ming Liu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Tendon injuries are common, difficult to cure and usually healed with fibrosis and scar tissue. The aim of this study was to evaluate tendon derived stem cells (TDSCs) and platelet rich plasma (PRP) in the treatment of collagenase induced Achilles tendinopathy in rat. METHODS: Four and 8 weeks (n=18) after TDSCs, PRP, PRP with TDSC or PBS (control) injection into collagenase or saline (sham) injected rat Achilles tendon, tendon tissue was harvested and tendon quality was evaluated by histology and biomechanical testing...
2014: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
M K C Nair, G S Harikumaran Nair, M Beena, P Princly, S Abhiram Chandran, Babu George, M L Leena, Paul Swamidhas Sudhakar Russell
OBJECTIVE: To develop a district model for establishing early detection of childhood disability below 6 y of age and to develop appropriate referral linkages for confirmation of the diagnosis and establish home based early intervention therapy to all needy children. METHODS: Trained Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) workers conducted the preliminary survey for identifying developmental delay/disability among children below 6 y of age using Trivandrum Developmental Screening Chart (TDSC) (0-6 y) and a team of experts assessed the screen positives in developmental evaluation camps conducted at primary health centres (PHCs)...
December 2014: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"