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Myocardial injury noncardiac surgery

Judith A R van Waes, Linda M Peelen, Hans Kemperman, Remco B Grobben, Hendrik M Nathoe, Wilton A van Klei
BACKGROUND: Myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery, as measured by troponin elevation, is strongly associated with mortality. However, it is unknown in which patients prognosis can be improved. The presence of kinetic changes of troponin may be associated with a worse prognosis and warrant more aggressive management. Therefore, we aimed to study the kinetics of troponin in patients with postoperative myocardial injury, and to determine the added predictive value of kinetic changes of troponin on mortality...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
L McLean House, Khensani N Marolen, Paul J St Jacques, Matthew D McEvoy, Jesse M Ehrenfeld
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of intraoperative hemodynamics in the development of perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) and myocardial ischemia after noncardiac surgery. DESIGN: Single-center retrospective cohort study of surgical patients from 2007 to 2012. SETTING: Postanesthesia care unit, intensive care unit, and medical-surgical ward at an academic tertiary medical center. PATIENTS: A total of 46,799 adult noncardiac, nonthoracic surgery patients, for which 2290 peak cardiac troponin (cTn) levels were available...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Daniel I Sessler, P J Devereaux
Myocardial injury is the most common cause of death during the 30 days after noncardiac surgery. Only 14% of patients who are experiencing a perioperative myocardial infarction will have chest pain, and 65% are entirely clinically silent, which means that they will go undetected without routine troponin screening. Although it is tempting to dismiss asymptomatic troponin elevation, mortality is similar with and without symptoms. Furthermore, mortality at 30 days in patients who have postoperative troponin elevation is a concerning 10%, which represents a 5-fold increase from background risk...
August 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Stefan De Hert, Annelies Moerman, Luc De Baerdemaeker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this article we review the current knowledge on the underlying mechanisms of perioperative myocardial injury, the preoperative methods of predicting these complications, the diagnostic tools for detecting perioperative myocardial injuries, and the available protective strategies to prevent or attenuate the extent of myocardial injury. RECENT FINDINGS: The last years' new insights have provided a better understanding of the problem of perioperative myocardial injury and infarction...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Minkwan Kim, Minkook Son, Dong Hyun Lee, Kyungil Park, Tae-Ho Park
Individuals with intermediate to high cardiac risk for major noncardiac surgery suffer from perioperative myocardial ischemic injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term impact of postoperative cardiac troponin elevation on clinical outcome after major noncardiac surgery.Patients (n = 750) aged ≥ 50 years who underwent major noncardiac surgery were eligible for the study. Postoperative cardiac troponin-I data were collected retrospectively and consecutively. The primary outcome measure was allcause mortality...
May 25, 2016: International Heart Journal
Judith A R van Waes, Remco B Grobben, Hendrik M Nathoe, Hans Kemperman, Gert Jan de Borst, Linda M Peelen, Wilton A van Klei
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the role of routine troponin surveillance in patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery, unblinded screening with cardiac consultation per protocol was implemented at a tertiary care center. In this study, we evaluated 1-year mortality, causes of death, and consequences of cardiac consultation of this protocol. METHODS: This observational cohort included 3224 patients ≥60 years old undergoing major noncardiac surgery. Troponin I was measured routinely on the first 3 postoperative days...
July 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Eckhard Mauermann, Christian Puelacher, Giovanna Lurati Buse
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS), focusing on recent studies, including data on high-sensitivity troponin, which is likely to alter our understanding of MINS. RECENT FINDINGS: MINS is greatly underappreciated by clinicians, possibly because of its silent presentation. However, MINS is both common and clinically important. In total, 8% of at-risk patients will suffer a MINS, an event that is associated with death within 30 days with an odds ratio of 3...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Erdal Belen, Ender Ozal, Akif Bayyigit, Senay Gunaydın, Aysen Helvacı
BACKGROUND: Myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery (MINS) is closely related to increased cardiovascular mortality. AIM: To evaluate the relationship between MINS and interarm systolic blood pressure difference (IASBPD), which has previously been shown to correlate with the frequency of cardiovascular events and arterial arteriosclerotic processes. METHODS: This observational, single-centre cohort study included 240 consecutive noncardiac surgery patients aged ≥ 45 years...
2016: Kardiologia Polska
Christian Puelacher, Giovanna Lurati-Buse, Hélène Singeisen, Minh Dang, Florim Cuculi, Christian Müller
Cardiovascular complications, particularly perioperative myocardial infarction/injury, seem to be major contributors to mortality after noncardiac surgery. With surgical procedures being very frequent (900 000/year in Switzerland), perioperative myocardial injury is common in everyday clinical practice. Over 80% of patients experiencing perioperative myocardial injury do not report symptoms. Therefore perioperative myocardial injury remains undiagnosed and untreated. Moreover, its silent presentation results in limited awareness among both clinicians and the public...
2015: Swiss Medical Weekly
Judith A R van Waes, Wilton A van Klei, Duminda N Wijeysundera, Leo van Wolfswinkel, Thomas F Lindsay, W Scott Beattie
BACKGROUND: Postoperative myocardial injury occurs frequently after noncardiac surgery and is strongly associated with mortality. Intraoperative hypotension (IOH) is hypothesized to be a possible cause. The aim of this study was to determine the association between IOH and postoperative myocardial injury. METHODS: This cohort study included 890 consecutive patients aged 60 yr or older undergoing vascular surgery from two university centers. The occurrence of myocardial injury was assessed by troponin measurements as part of a postoperative care protocol...
January 2016: Anesthesiology
David R McIlroy, Matthew T V Chan, Sophie K Wallace, Arvinder Grover, Emily G Y Koo, Jiajia Ma, Joel A Symons, Paul S Myles
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether preoperative endothelial dysfunction provides risk stratification for perioperative renal injury in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. The relationship between perioperative renal injury and myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS) was explored secondarily. DESIGN: An observational study. SETTING: Two academic medical centers. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 218 patients scheduled to undergo intermediate or high-risk noncardiac surgery...
October 2015: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Srikiran Ramarapu
An 81-year-old man with a history of villous adenoma of the duodenum was admitted with new-onset jaundice, abdominal pain, and pruritus, which raised concerns about disease progression and hepatobiliary obstruction. The patient had refused surgical resection of tumor on initial diagnosis 2 years earlier and opted out of it again at the current presentation because of his significant comorbidities. While discussing treatment options with his family, he developed symptoms suggesting myocardial infarction. Therefore, before anesthetizing this patient with escalating cardiac enzyme levels for an urgent noncardiac procedure, it was important to attend to the dynamics of the decision-making process...
July 15, 2015: A & A Case Reports
Ka Ying Chow, Sophie E Liu, Michael G Irwin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: An increasing number of patients are presenting for major surgery with cardiovascular comorbidities. Evidence of myocardial injury was found in 8% of all noncardiac surgery patients older than 45 years and was associated with adverse outcome. For this reason, there has been a lot of interest in finding and evaluating effective cardioprotective interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: Current evidence suggests that statins, volatile anesthetic agents, and propofol are cardioprotective...
August 2015: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Michael D Maile, Milo C Engoren, Kevin K Tremper, Theodore T Tremper, Elizabeth S Jewell, Sachin Kheterpal
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative electrocardiographic monitoring is considered a standard of care. However, there are no evidence-based algorithms for using intraoperative ST segment data to identify patients at high risk for adverse perioperative cardiac events. Therefore, we performed an exploratory study of statistical measures summarizing intraoperative ST segment values determine whether the variability of these measurements was associated with adverse postoperative events. We hypothesized that elevation, depression, and variability of ST segments captured in an anesthesia information management system are associated with postoperative serum troponin elevation...
March 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
J J Min, H J Kim, S-Y Jung, B G Kim, K Kwon, H-J Jung, T K Kim, D M Hong, B-J Park, Y Jeon
We retrospectively investigated whether palonosetron administered during the induction of general anesthesia is associated with an increased risk of perioperative cardiovascular complications in a single tertiary center cohort consisting of 4,517 palonosetron-exposed patients and 4,517 propensity score-matched patients without palonosetron exposure. The primary endpoint was a composite of perioperative cardiovascular complications, including intraoperative cardiac arrhythmia, intraoperative cardiac death, and myocardial injury within the first postoperative week, and there was no significant difference between the groups (odds ratio [OR] = 1...
July 2015: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
S Li, Y Z An, J Y Ren, F X Zhu, H Chen
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the risk factors involved in the weaning from mechanical ventilation in critical patients who underwent major abdominal surgery. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at Department of Critical Care Medicine in Peking University People's Hospital. The subjects included all critical ill patients who underwent major abdominal surgery from January 2011 to December 2013. Clinical and laboratory parameters in perioperative period were investigated for the risk factors involved in the weaning from mechanical ventilation...
December 18, 2014: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
George A Antoniou, Shahin Hajibandeh, Shahab Hajibandeh, Srinivasa Rao Vallabhaneni, John A Brennan, Francesco Torella
BACKGROUND: Compelling evidence from large randomized trials demonstrates the salutary effects of statins on primary and secondary protection from adverse cardiovascular events in high-risk populations. Our objective was to investigate the role of perioperative statin therapy in noncardiac vascular and endovascular surgery. METHODS: Electronic information sources were systematically searched to identify studies comparing outcomes after noncardiac surgical or endovascular arterial reconstruction in patients who were and were not taking statin in the perioperative or peri-interventional period...
February 2015: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Shu Li, You-zhong An, Jing-yi Ren, Feng-xue Zhu, Hong Chen
BACKGROUND: Myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS) is a newly proposed concept that is common among adults undergoing noncardiac surgery and associated with substantial mortality. We analyzed whether MINS was a risk factor for weaning failure in critical patients who underwent major abdominal surgery. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Critical Care Medicine of Peking University People's Hospital. The subjects were all critically ill patients who underwent major abdominal surgery between January 2011 and December 2013...
2014: PloS One
Abraham Sonny, Heather L Gornik, Dongsheng Yang, Edward J Mascha, Daniel I Sessler
BACKGROUND: Whether carotid artery stenosis predicts stroke after noncardiac surgery remains unknown. We therefore tested the primary hypothesis that degree of carotid artery stenosis is associated with in-hospital stroke or 30-day all-cause mortality after noncardiac surgery. As carotid artery stenosis is also a marker for cardiovascular disease, our secondary hypothesis was that degree of carotid artery stenosis is associated with postoperative myocardial injury. METHODS: We included adults who had noncardiac, noncarotid surgery at Cleveland Clinic from 2007 to 2011 and had carotid duplex ultrasound performed either within 6 months before or 1 month after surgery...
November 2014: Anesthesiology
Pilar Paniagua Iglesias, Susana Díaz Ruano, Jesús Álvarez-García
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: Revista Española de Cardiología
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