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Ashwini N Kulkarni, Anuprita D Watharkar, Niraj R Rane, Byong-Hun Jeon, Sanjay P Govindwar
Navy Blue HE22 (NBHE22), dye mixture and real textile effluent were decolorized and degraded by lichen Dermatocarpon vellereceum. Up-flow bioreactor showed about 80%, 70%, 80% and 65% removal of American dye manufacturer index (ADMI), biological oxygen demand (BOD), total suspended solids (TSS) and total dissolved solids (TDS), respectively of dye mixture at flow rate of 25mlh(-1). The removal of ADMI, BOD, TSS and TDS of real textile effluent were 75%, 65%, 82% and 70%, respectively at flow rate of 30mlh(-1)...
October 10, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Yanping Xu, Mingjiang Zhang, Liang Zhang, Ping Lu, Stephen Mihailov, Xiaoyi Bao
We demonstrate that a semiconductor laser perturbed by distributed feedback with random time delays from a large number of scattering centers along a fiber random grating can emit light chaotically without the time-delay signature (TDS). A theoretical model is developed based on the modified Lang-Kobayashi model to numerically explore the chaotic dynamics of the laser diode subjected to random feedback. It is predicted that the random distributed feedback destroys the phase-correlated mode condition and hence suppresses the TDS...
October 15, 2017: Optics Letters
Yan Song, Kun Zhao, Jian Zuo, Cuicui Wang, Yizhang Li, Xinyang Miao, Xiaojing Zhao
Flow characteristics of water were tested in a rectangular microchannel for Reynolds number (Re) between 0 and 446 by terahertz time domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS). Output THz peak trough intensities and the calculated absorbances of the flow were analyzed theoretically. The results show a rapid change for Re < 250 and a slow change as Re increases, which is caused by the early transition from laminar to transition flow beginning nearly at Re = 250. Then this finding is confirmed in the plot of the flow resistant...
October 13, 2017: Sensors
Mara V Galmarini, Anne-Laure Loiseau, Doëtte Debreyer, Michel Visalli, Pascal Schlich
Even if wine and cheese have long been consumed together, there is little sensory evidence on how wine can influence the perception of cheese. In this work 4 cheeses were dynamically characterized in terms of dominant sensations without and with wine consumption in between intakes. The tasting protocol was based on multi-intake temporal dominance of sensations (TDS) coupled with hedonic rating. Frequent wine and cheese consumers (n = 31) evaluated 4 cheeses (Epoisses, Chaource, and 2 different Comté) over 3 consecutive bites...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Food Science
H Ben Ammar, A Minj, M Pierre-Chauvat, P Gamarra, C Lacam, M Morales, P Ruterana
Defects in quaternary InAlGaN barriers and their effects on crystalline quality and surface morphology have been studied. In addition to growth conditions, the quality of the GaN template may play an important role in the formation of defects in the barrier. Therefore, this work is focused on effects caused by threading dislocations (TDs) and inversion domains (IDs) originating from the underlying GaN. The effects are observed on the crystalline quality of the barrier and characteristic surface morphologies...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
Dharitri Choudhury, Susmita Gupta
Water and aquatic insects were collected seasonally from site 1, the low-lying area of the dump near Deepor Beel, and from sites 2 and 3 of the main wetland and analysed. While dissolved oxygen (DO) increased from site 1 to site 3 in each season, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solid (TDS), total alkalinity (TA) and free CO2 (F-CO2) decreased. Pb and Cd were found to exceed the limits set for drinking water in all the sites and seasons. Species richness (SpR) was found highest (23) at site 2 and lowest (14) at site 1...
October 6, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Noriyuki Kadoya, Kei Ichiji, Tomoya Uchida, Yujiro Nakajima, Ryutaro Ikeda, Yosuke Uozumi, Xiaoyong Zhang, Ivo Bukovsky, Takaya Yamamoto, Ken Takeda, Yoshihiro Takai, Keiichi Jingu, Noriyasu Homma
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the dosimetric impact of the margin on the multileaf collimator-based dynamic tumor tracking plan. Furthermore, an equivalent setup margin (EM) of the tracking plan was determined according to the gated plan. A 4-dimensional extended cardiac-torso was used to create 9 digital phantom datasets of different tumor diameters (TDs) of 1, 3, and 5 cm and motion ranges (MRs) of 1, 2, and 3 cm. For each dataset, respiratory gating (30% to 70% phase) and tumor tracking treatment plans were prepared using 8-field 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy by 4-dimensional dose calculation...
September 25, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
I Nevinskas, K Vizbaras, A Trinkūnas, R Butkutė, A Krotkus
Terahertz (THz) pulse generation from p-InAs, p-InSb, and n-InSb epitaxial layers are investigated using 1.55-μm wavelength femtosecond laser pulses for photoexcitation. The samples are of (111) crystallographic orientation resulting in anisotropic photoconductivity. Experiments have shown that THz generation in InAs is mainly due to anisotropic photocurrent in the surface electric field while a dominant mechanism in InSb is optical rectification. At high optical excitation fluencies, InSb is more efficient than p-InAs...
July 1, 2017: Optics Letters
Manjakavahoaka Razanoelina, Shohei Ohashi, Iwao Kawayama, Hironaru Murakami, Annick F Dégardin, Alain J Kreisler, Masayoshi Tonouchi
Parallel plate waveguide (PPWG) terahertz (THz) time domain spectroscopy (TDS) is a powerful tool to investigate the properties of thin and low conductive materials. In this Letter, we determine the lower limit of detection of the PPWG-THz-TDS approach. We provide a closed-form expression of the minimal measurable conductivity by the system. The experimental results of amorphous YBa2Cu3O7-δ films indicate that the factor limiting the spectroscopic modality is the waveguide device misalignment. On the other hand, the expression of the minimal detectable conductivity provides a clear scheme of optimization by increasing the waveguide length and therefore enhancing the sensitivity of the system...
August 1, 2017: Optics Letters
P J Sajil Kumar
Fluoride contamination is one of the most alarming issues for those countries that depend on groundwater drinking water supply. A careful examination of the hydrogeochemical conditions and routine monitoring of fluoride level are therefore quintessential. Estimation of natural background level (NBL) of fluoride becomes significant information for assessing the current and future contamination episodes. Vellore District in Tamil Nadu is a hard rock terrain known for its F-rich groundwater. In this study, we attempted to form a benchmark for fluoride using hydrochemical pre-selection (based on TDS and NO3) and cumulative probability plots (CPP)...
September 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Vinod Kumar, Jogendra Singh, V V Pathak, Shamshad Ahmad, Richa Kothari
In present study, the performance of phytoremediation by Pistia stratiotes on sugar mill effluent (SME) and its end use for biogas production are investigated. The objectives of the study are to determine the nutrient and pollution reduction efficiency of P. stratiotes from SME and evaluation of its biomass as a feedstock for biogas production. Various concentrations of SME (25, 50, 75, and 100%) were remediated by Pistia stratiotes (initial weight; 150 g) outdoor for 60 days under batch mode experimental setup...
October 2017: 3 Biotech
Hasyiya Karimah Adli, Takashi Harada, Shuji Nakanishi, Shigeru Ikeda
The effects of surface treatment with TiCl4 on the structural and electrochemical properties of a porous titanium oxide (pTiO2) layer deposited on a fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO)/glass substrate covered with a dense TiO2 layer (pTiO2/dTiO2/FTO/glass) were systematically investigated in order to obtain an optimum pTiO2 layer for use in CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite solar cells. As confirmed by thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS) analyses, the amount of surface hydroxyl groups in pTiO2 varied when the pTiO2/dTiO2/FTO/glass sample was treated with solutions with different concentrations of TiCl4 (i...
October 11, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Marina Pité, Hannah Pinchen, Isabel Castanheira, Luisa Oliveira, Mark Roe, Jiri Ruprich, Irena Rehurkova, Veronique Sirot, Alexandra Papadopoulos, Helga Gunnlaugsdóttir, Ólafur Reykdal, Oliver Lindtner, Tiina Ritvanen, Paul Finglas
A Quality Management Framework to improve quality and harmonization of Total Diet Study practices in Europe was developed within the TDS-Exposure Project. Seventeen processes were identified and hazards, Critical Control Points and associated preventive and corrective measures described. The Total Diet Study process was summarized in a flowchart divided into planning and practical (sample collection, preparation and analysis; risk assessment analysis and publication) phases. Standard Operating Procedures were developed and implemented in pilot studies in five organizations...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Lauren A Roach, Kelly Lambert, Jane L Holt, Barbara J Meyer
BACKGROUND: People on haemodialysis (HD) are at risk of consuming a poor quality diet. This includes inadequate intake of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA). OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate diet quality, with a particular focus on n-3 LCPUFA intake, in a population of incentre HD patients. DESIGN: Dietary intake was measured using three 24 hour recalls; the Polyunsaturated food frequency questionnaire (PUFA FFQ) and the Total Diet Score (TDS)...
September 24, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
Erick A Esmerino, John C Castura, Juliana P Ferraz, Elson R Tavares Filho, Ramon Silva, Adriano G Cruz, Mônica Q Freitas, Helena M A Bolini
Despite the several differences in ingredients, processes and nutritional values, dairy foods as yogurts, fermented milks and milk beverages are widely accepted worldwide, and although they have their sensory profiling normally covered by descriptive analyses, the temporal perception involved during the consumption are rarely considered. In this sense, the present work aimed to assess the dynamic sensory profile of three categories of fermented dairy products using different temporal methodologies: Temporal Dominance of Sensations (TDS), Progressive Profiling (PP), Temporal CATA (TCATA), and compare the results obtained...
November 2017: Food Research International
Wanqing Chen, Yan Peng, Xiankai Jiang, Jiayu Zhao, Hongwei Zhao, Yiming Zhu
2-Hydroxyglutaric acid disodium salt (2HG) is a unique biomarker existing in glioma, which can be used for recognizing cancer development stage and identifying the boundary between the ordinary tissue and cancer tissue. However, the most efficient detection method for 2HG now is Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS), whose testing time is at least twenty minutes and the variability of 2HG (continuous synthesis and decomposition) determines it cannot be used as the real-time image in medical surgery. In this paper, by using the Terahertz Time-domain Spectroscopy (THz-TDS) System, we investigate the vibration spectra of 2HG isomers and further distinguish their physical properties by using Density Functional Theory...
September 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
Suhas K Kadam, Vishal V Chandanshive, Niraj R Rane, Swapnil M Patil, Avinash R Gholave, Rahul V Khandare, Amrut R Bhosale, Byong-Hun Jeon, Sanjay P Govindwar
Fimbristylis dichotoma, Ammannia baccifera and their co-plantation consortium FA independently degraded Methyl Orange, simulated dye mixture and real textile effluent. Wild plants of F. dichotoma and A. baccifera with equal biomass showed 91% and 89% decolorization of Methyl Orange within 60h at a concentration of 50ppm, while 95% dye removal was achieved by consortium FA within 48h. Floating phyto-beds with co-plantation (F. dichotoma and A. baccifera) for the treatment of real textile effluent in a constructed wetland was observed to be more efficient and achieved 79%, 72%, 77%, 66% and 56% reductions in ADMI color value, COD, BOD, TDS and TSS of textile effluent, respectively...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Research
Emily A Chittick, Tanja Srebotnjak
As high-volume hydraulic fracturing (HF) has grown substantially in the United States over the past decade, so has the volume of produced water (PW), i.e., briny water brought to the surface as a byproduct of oil and gas production. According to a recent study (Groundwater Protection Council, 2015), more than 21 billion barrels of PW were generated in 2012. In addition to being high in TDS, PW may contain hydrocarbons, PAH, alkylphenols, naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM), metals, and other organic and inorganic substances...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
Anjali Kochhar, Kanika Chouhan, Pratibha Panjiar, Homay Vajifdar
BACKGROUND: Gabapentinoids have been used as preemptive analgesics for pain management following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Recently, multimodal analgesic techniques have been found superior to preemptive analgesia alone. AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare a single preoperative dose of pregabalin 150 mg and gabapentin 300 mg for pain relief following laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a part of multimodal drug regime. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This randomized, single-blind study was conducted after Ethical Committee approval and written informed consent from the patients...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
A Roberto, M T Greco, L Legramandi, F Galli, M Galli, O Corli
BACKGROUND: Opioids are the most important pharmacological treatment for moderate-to-severe cancer pain, but side effects limit their use. Transdermal fentanyl (TDF) and oral prolonged-release oxycodone-naloxone (OXN-PR) are effective in controlling chronic pain, with less constipation compared to other opioids. However, TDF and OXN-PR have never been directly compared. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cancer patients with moderate-to-severe chronic pain were consecutively enrolled in two prospective 28-day trials, received either TDF or OXN-PR, and were assessed at baseline and after 7, 14, 21, and 28 days...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
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