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Daniel Lipus, Dhritikshama Roy, Eakalak Khan, Daniel Ross, Amit Vikram, Djuna Gulliver, Richard Hammack, Kyle Bibby
The Bakken Shale has become one of the United States' most important oil and gas producing regions. This study examined the microbiology and geochemical characteristics of Bakken region produced water from 17 well sites sampled from the three-phase separator and produced water holding tank over a six-month time frame. Produced water samples had high total dissolved solids (TDS) (220,000 mg/L - 350,000 mg/L) and low dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations (41 mg/L - 132 mg/L). Microbial abundances varied between 101-104 16S rRNA gene copies/mL, approximately four orders of magnitude below those observed for produced waters from other hydraulic fracturing regions...
April 23, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Marjan Salari, Esmail Salami, Seyed Hossein Afzali, Majid Ehteshami, Gea Oliveri Conti, Zahra Derakhshan, Solmaz Nikbakht Sheibani
Today, due to the increase in the population, the growth of industry and the variety of chemical compounds, the quality of drinking water has decreased. Five important river water quality properties such as: dissolved oxygen (DO), total dissolved solids (TDS), total hardness (TH), alkalinity (ALK) and turbidity (TU) were estimated by parameters such as: electric conductivity (EC), temperature (T), and pH that could be measured easily with almost no costs. Simulate water quality parameters were examined with two methods of modeling include mathematical and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)...
April 20, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Deepak Kumar, Anshuman Singh, Rishi Kumar Jha
Investigation of presence of Uranium (U) in groundwater/drinking water is an active are of research due to its chemical and radiological toxicity as well as long-term health effects. The current study had the objective of estimating U as a naturally occurring radioactive element in groundwater samples and assessment of ingestion dose, when groundwater is the source of drinking water. The random sampling method was chosen for the collection of samples based on population density. The estimation of U was done using LED fluorimeter...
April 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Tim Cooksley, Geraldine Campbell, Tamer Al-Sayed, Lisa LaMola, Richard Berman
PURPOSE: Outpatient management of low risk febrile neutropenia patients (LRFN) identified by the MASCC score is a safe and effective strategy. Early supportive care has been shown to improve outcomes in patients with care. We developed an innovative ambulatory outpatient "enhanced supportive care" (ESC) clinic combining emergency oncology and supportive care through which we incorporated the management of patients with LRFN. METHODS: An ESC clinic was started in January 2017 at a tertiary cancer hospital in the North West of England...
April 19, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
A Moura Neto, T G Bovi, C M Righetto, A R Fiore, L T Lot, S R Perales, E C de Ataide, I F S F Boin
BACKGROUND: There is mutual influence between the liver and thyroid hormone metabolism. Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) also have an increased prevalence of thyroid disorders (TDs). The objectives of this study were to evaluate the frequency of TD before and after liver transplantation (LT) in a population of patients with DM as a whole and when categorized by sex. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study involving interview and medical record analysis of 46 consecutive patients followed at the diabetes mellitus and liver transplantation unit of a tertiary university hospital...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Penelope Oliver, Sara Cicerale, Edwin Pang, Russell Keast
Temporal dominance of sensations (TDS) is a rapid descriptive method that offers a different magnitude of information to traditional descriptive analysis methodologies. This methodology considers the dynamic nature of eating, assessing sensory perception of foods as they change throughout the eating event. Limited research has applied the TDS methodology to strawberries and subsequently validated the results against Quantitative Descriptive Analysis (QDA™). The aim of this research is to compare the TDS methodology using an untrained consumer panel to the results obtained via QDA™ with a trained sensory panel...
April 2018: Journal of Food Science
Xiaomin Liang, Sook Wah Yee, Huan-Chieh Chien, Eugene C Chen, Qi Luo, Ling Zou, Meiling Piao, Arias Mifune, Ligong Chen, Meredith E Calvert, Sarah King, Frode Norheim, Janna Abad, Ronald M Krauss, Kathleen M Giacomini
A constellation of metabolic disorders, including obesity, dysregulated lipids, and elevations in blood glucose levels, has been associated with cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Analysis of data from recently published genome-wide association studies (GWAS) demonstrated that reduced-function polymorphisms in the organic cation transporter, OCT1 (SLC22A1), are significantly associated with higher total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglyceride (TG) levels and an increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus, yet the mechanism linking OCT1 to these metabolic traits remains puzzling...
April 16, 2018: PLoS Biology
Sanjiv Choudhary, Shivani Dhande, Sachin Kharat, A L Singh
Background: Herpes zoster is a viral infection of skin caused by Varicella Zoster virus. The most important symptom for which the patient seeks medical advice is pain, which is perceived before the development of rash and lasts even after its resolution. The pain during the first 30 days after onset of herpes zoster is known as acute herpetic neuralgia. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and side-effects of different systemic treatment modalities for acute herpes zoster neuralgia...
March 2018: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Shaukat Ali, Rubina, Sadiq Hussain
Objective: To assess the quality of freshwater aquifers (springs) associated diseases, and indigenous perception in Ghizer, Gilgit-Baltistan. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at the department of environmental science, Karakoram International University Gilgit after approval from departmental research committee. In order to get the most accurate results, 18 water samples in triplicates were collected according to our lab own set of sampling standard operating procedures (SOPs) using pre-sterilized bottles of 100 ml from June 2016 to August 2016 along with associated diseases record and structured interviews from indigenous population...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Priyanka Pradeep Karnik, Nandini Malay Dave, Madhu Garasia
Introduction: The stripping of the densely innervated and inflamed parietal pleura in empyema during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) decortication can lead to significant pain and major postoperative respiratory compromise. Hence, we compared the analgesic efficacy of continuous epidural infusion versus local infiltration and systemic opioids in children undergoing VATS decortications. Methodology: Following ethics approval and informed consent, forty patients from 1 to 12 years of age were randomized into two groups, Group E (epidural) and Group L (local infiltration) after induction of anesthesia...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Hyun Jun Park, Kyeong Soo Lee, Eun Kyoung Lee, Nam Cheol Park
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of a mixed extract of Trigonella foenum-graecum seed and Lespedeza cuneata (TFGL) for the treatment of testosterone deficiency syndrome (TDS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were instructed to take a placebo or 200 mg TFGL capsule twice per day for 8 weeks. The primary efficacy variable was the change from baseline in the Aging Males' Symptoms scale (AMS), as well as levels of serum total and free testosterone...
March 22, 2018: World Journal of Men's Health
Ilham Khan, Azim Khan, Muhammad Sohail Khan, Shabnam Zafar, Asma Hameed, Shakeel Badshah, Shafiq Ur Rehman, Hidayat Ullah, Ghazala Yasmeen
The impact of city effluents on water quality of Indus River was assessed in the southern region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Water samples were collected in dry (DS) and wet (WS) seasons from seven sampling zones along Indus River and the physical, bacteriological, and chemical parameters determining water quality were quantified. There were marked temporal and spatial variations in the water quality of Indus River. The magnitude of pollution was high in WS compared with DS. The quality of water varied across the sampling zones, and it greatly depended upon the nature of effluents entering the river...
April 4, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Rubina Parween, Kanwal Nazim, Darakhshan Ara, Farah Kishwer, Shahid Shaukat
This work designed to investigate the physico-chemical properties (pH, conductivity, salinity, TDS, DO and specific gravity) and level of essential heavy metals (Fe, Cu and Zn) and deleterious metal (Cd) were analyzed in fresh bovine milk samples available for the consumers of Malir District, Karachi. Results of most of the samples revealed that the magnitude of conductivity below the range of reference. The concentrations of metals were determined after wet digestion of samples using atomic absorption spectroscopy...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jianzhong Zhang, Changkun Feng, Mingjiang Zhang, Yi Liu, Chenyu Wu, Yahui Wang
A new technology for Brillouin optical correlation domain analysis (BOCDA) based on chaotic laser is proposed, analyzed and demonstrated. The numerical simulation shows that the stimulated acoustic field has the secondary spurious peaks, which are the result of a weak amplitude autocorrelation of the chaotic signal occurring at the delay time of the external cavity, i.e., time delay signature (TDS). These secondary spurious peaks deteriorate the Brillouin gain spectrum and decrease the performance of the chaotic BOCDA system...
March 19, 2018: Optics Express
Honglei Cai, Haoliang Huang, Qiuping Huang, Xiang Hu, Jie Zhang, Xiaofang Zhai, Yalin Lu
Two (La0.7 Sr0.3 MnO3 )n/(SrTiO3 )m superlattices with different superlattice period but the same total thickness were deposited on LaAlO3 substrates by pulsed laser deposition. Dielectric properties of these samples were investigated by means of terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) under external continuous wave green laser excitation and optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy (OPTP) at room temperature. Experimental results show that the real part of the permittivity for both superlattices increases significantly with increasing green laser pump power, which indicates the decrease of the plasma frequency, along with the increase of the electron scattering rate, soft mode eigenfrequency and oscillator strength in the Drude-Lorentz model...
March 19, 2018: Optics Express
Alexandra Schieweck, Jan Gunschera, Deniz Varol, Tunga Salthammer
The substance group of very volatile organic compounds (VVOCs) is moving into the focus of indoor air analysis, facing ongoing regulations at international and European levels targeting on indoor air quality and human health. However, there exists at present no validated analysis for the identification and quantification of VVOCs in indoor air. Therefore, the present study targeted on the development of an analytical method in order to sample the maximum possible quantity of VVOCs in indoor air on solid sorbents with subsequent analysis by thermal desorption and coupled gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (TDS-GC/MS)...
March 28, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Philipp Gulde, Katharina Leippold, Sarah Kohl, Timo Grimmer, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Alan Armstrong, Joachim Hermsdörfer
Dementia impairs the ability to perform everyday activities. Reduced motor capacity and executive functions as well as loss of memory function and forms of apraxia and action disorganization syndrome can be reasons for such impairments. In this study, an analysis of the hand trajectories during the sequential movements in an adapted version of the trail making task, the reciprocal trail making task (RTMT), was used to predict performance in activities of daily living (ADL) of patients suffering from mild cognitive impairment and dementia...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Md Enamul Huq, Chunli Su, Shah Fahad, Junxia Li, Most Sinthia Sarven, Rui Liu
A prompt growth in research on arsenic occurrence and behavior in the environment has occurred over the last decade or so. High arsenic (As) in groundwater has become a major global concern due to its widespread occurrence. A comparative hydrogeochemical study was performed on the occurrence of high As groundwater in Datong Basin, China, and Kushtia District, Bangladesh. A total of 132 groundwater samples (83 from Datong Basin and 49 from Kushtia District) were collected to analyze the major hydrogeochemical components and trace elements in groundwater of both areas...
March 26, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Jéssica Ferreira Rodrigues, Vanessa Rios de Souza, Renato Ribeiro Lima, Adriano Gomes da Cruz, Ana Carla Marques Pinheiro
This study aimed to evaluate the implications of analyzing texture and taste simultaneously on Temporal Dominance of Sensations (TDS) descriptions of Prato cheese. TDS tests were performed in two ways: I-panelists performed TDS tests of cheeses evaluating an attribute list with taste and texture sensations in a same session; II-TDS sessions were performed for each sensory modality. The difficulty and reliability degrees on performing the tests were assessed by the panelists; and some physico-chemical parameters were determined to compare the sensory and instrumental results...
April 2018: Food Research International
Chidozie PraiseGod Emenike, Imokhai Theophilus Tenebe, Peter Jarvis
The present study investigated the ionic and fluoride concentrations in tap water and its associated health risk to local dwellers of Ogun State (Abeokuta south), Nigeria. 63 samples were collected from twenty-one different locations. Results obtained revealed the mean concentration of fluoride (F- ) as 1.23 mg/L. Other water quality parameters such as total dissolved solids (TDS), electrical conductivity (EC), F- , Fe2+, and SO4 2- surpassed the WHO guidance for drinking water. Strong positive correlation was observed between F- and TDS; F- and pH; TDS and EC; TDS and Mg2+ ; TDS and SO4 2- ; TDS and HCO3 - ; EC and HCO3 - ; EC and SO4 2- ; Na+ and Cl- ; SO4 2- and Cl- ...
March 23, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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