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Low glycemic index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933186/effect-of-type-and-amount-of-dietary-carbohydrate-on-biomarkers-of-glucose-homeostasis-and-c-reactive-protein-in-overweight-or-obese-adults-results-from-the-omnicarb-trial
#1
Stephen P Juraschek, Edgar R Miller, Elizabeth Selvin, Vincent J Carey, Lawrence J Appel, Robert H Christenson, Frank M Sacks
OBJECTIVE: The glycemic index (GI) of dietary carbohydrate is thought to affect glucose homeostasis. Recently, the Effect of Amount and Type of Dietary Carbohydrates on Risk for Cardiovascular Heart Disease and Diabetes Study (OmniCarb) trial reported that a low-GI diet did not improve insulin sensitivity. We conducted this ancillary study of the OmniCarb trial to determine the effects of GI and carbohydrate content on glucose homeostasis and inflammation. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: OmniCarb was a randomized cross-over feeding study conducted in overweight or obese adults without diabetes (N=163)...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927976/metabolic-profiling-reveals-differences-in-plasma-concentrations-of-arabinose-and-xylose-after-consumption-of-fiber-rich-pasta-and-wheat-bread-with-differential-rates-of-systemic-appearance-of-exogenous-glucose-in-healthy-men
#2
Andre J Pantophlet, Suzan Wopereis, Coby Eelderink, Roel J Vonk, Johanna H Stroeve, Sabina Bijlsma, Leo van Stee, Ivana Bobeldijk, Marion G Priebe
BACKGROUND: The consumption of products rich in cereal fiber and with a low glycemic index is implicated in a lower risk of metabolic diseases. Previously, we showed that the consumption of fiber-rich pasta compared with bread resulted in a lower rate of appearance of exogenous glucose and a lower glucose clearance rate quantified with a dual-isotope technique, which was in accordance with a lower insulin and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide response. OBJECTIVE: To gain more insight into the acute metabolic consequences of the consumption of products resulting in differential glucose kinetics, postprandial metabolic profiles were determined...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921432/-composition-of-macronutrients-in-the-diabetic-diet
#3
Zdeněk Rušavý, Michal Žourek
The diabetic diet is one of the pillars of diabetes treatment. The rapid development of knowledge relating to the treatment of diabetes also includes diet. The paper focuses on the importance of a diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and prevention of atherosclerosis. Its main goal is to assess the impact of a composition of macronutrients on individuals with type 2 diabetes. The paper is divided into several parts, each of which ends with a conclusion. The first part examines weight reduction. The diet aimed at a weight loss is effective, it can effectively prevent diabetes, it leads to improvements in glucose control and reduction of the risk factors for atherosclerosis, however it will not impact on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality until after more than 20 years...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921426/-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Hana Krejčí
The present generation of women of childbearing age more frequently suffer from overweight, obesity, initial as well as fully established metabolic syndrome, which together with postponing motherhood until the third decade in life plays an important role in the increasing incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) that currently affects about 1/5 of pregnant women. However the causal link between diabetes during pregnancy and metabolic diseases in the whole population is mutual. By way of epigenetic changes, maternal diabetes unfavourably programmes metabolism of the offspring, who tend to transfer the disorder to the next generations...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920411/glycemic-indices-glycemic-load-and-glycemic-response-for-seventeen-varieties-of-dates-grown-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Metab Ali AlGeffari, Ebtehal Solaiman Almogbel, Homaidan Turki Alhomaidan, Ragab El-Mergawi, Issam Alsaed Barrimah
BACKGROUND: Dates are consumed worldwide, and are an important fruit for many individuals in Saudi Arabia. Currently, limited information is available on the glycemic indices of different date varieties. OBJECTIVES: To determine the glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL) and glycemic response for 17 common date varieties in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial on healthy subjects. SETTING: College of Medicine, Qassim University, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919218/a-glycemic-threshold-of-90-mg-dl-promotes-early-signs-of-atherosclerosis-in-apparetly-healthy-overweight-obese-subjects
#6
Marco Matteo Ciccone, Francesca Cortese, Michele Gesualdo, Ilaria Donvito, Santa Carbonara, Giovanni De Pergola
BACKGROUND: Alterations of glucose metabolism represent well known risk factors for the atherosclerotic process and then for cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: to investigate the association between fasting glucose and early signs of atherosclerosis, by means of carotid intima-media thickness (c-IMT) in a population of apparently healthy overweight/obese subjects. In addition, we evaluated the possible existence of a glycemic threshold above which the risk of atherosclerosis significantly increases...
December 5, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903520/visceral-adiposity-and-metabolic-syndrome-after-very-high-fat-and-low-fat-isocaloric-diets-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Vivian L Veum, Johnny Laupsa-Borge, Øyvin Eng, Espen Rostrup, Terje H Larsen, Jan Erik Nordrehaug, Ottar K Nygård, Jørn V Sagen, Oddrun A Gudbrandsen, Simon N Dankel, Gunnar Mellgren
BACKGROUND: Different aspects of dietary pattern, including macronutrient and food profiles, may affect visceral fat mass and metabolic syndrome. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that consuming energy primarily from carbohydrate or fat in diets with similar food profiles would differentially affect the ability to reverse visceral adiposity and metabolic syndrome. DESIGN: Forty-six men (aged 30-50 y) with body mass index (in kg/m(2)) >29 and waist circumference >98 cm were randomly assigned to a very high-fat, low-carbohydrate (VHFLC; 73% of energy fat and 10% of energy carbohydrate) or low-fat, high-carbohydrate (LFHC; 30% of energy fat and 53% of energy carbohydrate) diet for 12 wk...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884550/effects-of-changing-the-amount-and-source-of-dietary-carbohydrates-on-symptoms-and-dietary-satisfaction-over-a-1-year-period-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-canadian-trial-of-carbohydrates-in-diabetes-ccd
#8
Thomas M S Wolever, Jean-Louis Chiasson, Robert G Josse, Lawrence A Leiter, Pierre Maheux, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, N Wilson Rodger, Edmond A Ryan
OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term effects of changing the amount or source of dietary carbohydrate on quality of life (QOL), symptoms and dietary satisfaction in people with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Subjects with diabetes treated by diet alone (n=162) were randomly assigned to high-carbohydrate/high-glycemic-index (HGI) diets; high-carbohydrate/low-glycemic-index (LGI) diets; or lower-carbohydrate/high-monounsaturated-fat (LC) diets for 1 year. We measured QOL at baseline and at study's end, and we measured symptoms and dietary satisfaction quarterly...
November 21, 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872791/antioxidant-and-antihyperglycemic-properties-of-three-banana-cultivars-musa-spp
#9
Bukola C Adedayo, Ganiyu Oboh, Sunday I Oyeleye, Tosin A Olasehinde
Background. This study sought to investigate the antioxidant and antihyperglycemic properties of Musa sapientum (Latundan banana) (MSL), Musa acuminata (Cavendish banana) (MAC), and Musa acuminate (Red Dacca) (MAR). Materials and Methods. The sugar, starch, amylose, and amylopectin contents and glycemic index (GI) of the three banana cultivars were determined. Furthermore, total phenol and vitamin C contents and α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory effects of banana samples were also determined. Results...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854513/child-care-exposure-influences-childhood-adiposity-at-2-years-analysis-from-the-rolo-study
#10
Helena Scully, Goiuri Alberdi, Ricardo Segurado, Aoife McNamara, Karen Lindsay, Mary Horan, Eilis Hennessy, Eileen Gibney, Fionnuala McAuliffe
BACKGROUND: The first 2 years of life are instrumental for childhood physical development. Factors contributing to childhood obesity are difficult to determine; child care exposure is one to consider, by influencing food preference and physical activity development. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of child care exposure with adiposity at 2 years. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the secondary analysis of the prospective ROLO study (randomized control trial of low glycemic index diet) in Dublin, Ireland...
November 17, 2016: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846426/metabolic-outcomes-of-bergamot-polyphenolic-fraction-administration-in-patients-treated-with-second-generation-antipsychotics-a-pilot-study
#11
Antonio Bruno, Gianluca Pandolfo, Manuela Crucitti, Antonino Maisano, Rocco A Zoccali, Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello
Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) are notoriously associated with a marked increase in body weight and with a wide range of metabolic adverse effects, and their chronic use is related with an increased risk for the development of metabolic syndrome (MS). Different adjunctive treatments have been proposed to reduce SGAs-induced weight gain and/or metabolic abnormalities with inconsistent or too limited evidence to support their regular clinical use, thus suggesting the need to find new possible treatments...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811452/simultaneous-control-of-blood-glucose-blood-pressure-and-lipid-among-drug-treated-type-2-diabetes-patients-from-shaanxi-province-north-western-china-a-multicenter-study
#12
S Xu, F Sun, W Xu, K Jiao, B Shi, X Xie, Y Wang, M Zhu, Q Ji
AIM: To investigate the percentage of patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who achieved simultaneous control of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), blood pressure (BP), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and also to assess its determinants in Shaanxi province, North-Western China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted between March and June 2012 in six tertiary hospitals across Shaanxi province. Subjects with known T2DM who had at least one antidiabetic medicine were invited...
November 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798769/distinct-glucose-lowering-mechanisms-of-ipragliflozin-depending-on-body-weight-changes
#13
Eiji Kutoh, Teruma Murayama, Asuka Wada, Mitsuru Hirate
BACKGROUND: Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors have been shown to reduce body weight. However, little is known about whether a reduction in body weight affects glycemic and non-glycemic parameters. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the link between the changes in body weight and those in metabolic parameters in drug-naïve subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) receiving ipragliflozin monotherapy. METHODS: Subjects received ipragliflozin monotherapy 25-50 mg/day for 3 months (n = 33)...
December 2016: Drugs in R&D
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792174/-a-vegetarian-vs-conventional-hypocaloric-diet-the-effect-on-physical-fitness-in-response-to-aerobic-exercise-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-parallel-randomized-study
#14
Jiri Veleba, Martin Matoulek, Martin Hill, Terezie Pelikanova, Hana Kahleova
It has been shown that it is possible to modify macronutrient oxidation, physical fitness and resting energy expenditure (REE) by changes in diet composition. Furthermore, mitochondrial oxidation can be significantly increased by a diet with a low glycemic index. The purpose of our trial was to compare the effects of a vegetarian (V) and conventional diet (C) with the same caloric restriction (-500 kcal/day) on physical fitness and REE after 12 weeks of diet plus aerobic exercise in 74 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
October 26, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779892/examining-diet-related-care-practices-among-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-focus-on-glycemic-index-choices
#15
Hayford M Avedzi, Nonsikelelo Mathe, Stephanie Bearman, Kate Storey, Jeffrey A Johnson, Steven T Johnson
We examined self-care dietary practices and usual intakes among adults with Type 2 diabetes in Alberta, Canada, using data from the Healthy Eating and Active Living for Diabetes study. Participants completed a modified Fat/Sugar/Fruit/Vegetable Screener and answered questions about the number of days per week they followed specific diabetes self-care dietary recommendations. Capillary blood samples were collected to assess glycemic control measured by hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). ANOVA was used to examine differences in dietary self-care, intakes, and glycemic control across categories of days/week of practicing recommended dietary behaviour...
October 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777459/gluten-free-starch-noodles-from-sweet-potato-with-reduced-starch-digestibility-and-enhanced-protein-content
#16
Renjusha Menon, G Padmaja, A N Jyothi, V Asha, M S Sajeev
Sweet potato starch (SPS) noodles despite being gluten-free, has low nutritional value as it lacks proteins, minerals, vitamins etc. The objective of this study was to develop gluten-free starch noodles from sweet potato with enhanced protein content through fortification with whey protein concentrate (WPC) and to study the effect of protein fortification and blending SPS with banana (BS), cassava (CS) and mung bean (MBS) starches and annealed cassava starch (ACS) in reducing the starch digestibility. The highest protein retention in cooked noodles was obtained for 20 % WPC fortification, while the lowest starch digestibility was observed for 40 % BS fortified noodles followed by 50 % ACS fortified noodles...
September 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770188/dietary-fat-and-carbohydrate-quality-have-independent-effects-on-postprandial-glucose-and-lipid-responses
#17
Lijuan Sun, Kevin Wei Jie Tan, Joseph Zhien Lim, Faidon Magkos, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
PURPOSE: The magnitude of postprandial lipemia is influenced not only by the amount but also the type of fat and carbohydrate consumed. The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in postprandial glucose and lipid responses after a mixed meal containing low- or high-glycemic-index (GI) carbohydrate and three different types of fat varying in the degree of saturation in healthy subjects. METHODS: A randomized, controlled, single-blinded crossover study was conducted in 20 healthy Chinese men...
October 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759811/ketogenic-diet-for-epilepsy-treatment
#18
Letícia Pereira de Brito Sampaio
The ketogenic diet (KD), a high-fat, low-carbohydrate, and adequate-protein diet is an established, effective nonpharmacologic treatment option for intractable childhood epilepsy. The KD was developed in 1921 and even though it has been increasingly used worldwide in the past decade, many neurologists are not familiar with this therapeutic approach. In the past few years, alternative and more flexible KD variants have been developed to make the treatment easier and more palatable while reducing side effects and making it available to larger group of refractory epilepsy patients...
October 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752491/effect-of-wheat-flour-noodles-with-bombyx-mori-powder-on-glycemic-response-in-healthy-subjects
#19
Wanhee Suk, JiEun Kim, Do-Yeon Kim, Hyunjung Lim, Ryowon Choue
Recent trial results suggest that the consumption of a low glycemic index (GI) diet is beneficial in the prevention of high blood glucose levels. Identifying active hypoglycemic substances in ordinary foods could be a significant benefit to the management of blood glucose. It has been hypothesized that noodles with Bombyx mori powder are a low GI food. We evaluated GI and changes in postprandial glucose levels following consumption of those noodles and compared them with those following consumption of plain wheat flour noodles (control) and glucose (reference) in healthy subjects...
September 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752328/correlation-of-global-risk-assessment-with-cardiovascular-complications-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-living-in-puerto-rico
#20
Efraín Rodríguez-Vigil, Migdalia Rodríguez-Chacón, José J Ruiz Valcarcel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the current relationship between certain demographics and chemical factors, and the risk of cardiovascular complications, within a Puerto Rican population with diabetes mellitus. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 2075 patients with diabetes mellitus were retrospectively evaluated to determine the influence of certain demographics and chemical variables on the appearance of cardiovascular complications. A group of demographic and laboratory variables were analyzed...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
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