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Low glycemic index

Maja Cigrovski Maja Cigrovski Berkovic, Ines Bilic-Curcic, Marina Gradiser, Davorka Herman-Mahecic, Vjekoslav Cigrovski, Marul Ivandic
BACKGROUND: We studied the association between leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and glycemic control, body mass index (BMI), and hypoglycemic incidents in type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes patients (T2DM). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 198 diabetic patients (60 with type 1 diabetes, 138 with type 2 diabetes). LTPA was assessed by a validated 12-month questionnaire. Patients were grouped as sedentary and moderately to vigorously active. Outcome measures were Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), BMI, and hypoglycemic episodes...
August 7, 2017: Sports
Yuli Hu, Xiaohong Wen, Feifei Wang, Dongliang Yang, Shanshan Liu, Pan Li, Juling Xu
Introduction Hypoglycaemia is a clinical syndrome from various causes, which happens when the blood glucose concentration is too low. Many studies show that telemedicine intervention can improve glycemic control and has a positive impact on the management of diabetic patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of telemedicine intervention on hypoglycemic event occurrences and results on hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and body mass index (BMI). Methods We searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, the EBSCO host, and OVID to identify relevant studies published from January 2006 to December 2017...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Soraiya Ebrahimpour-Koujan, Bahram Pourghassem Gargari, Majid Mobasseri, Hadi Valizadeh, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi
OBJECTIVE: This randomized clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of silymarin supplementation on glycemic indices and serum lipid profile in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: 40 T2DM patients (twenty male and twenty female), 25-50 years of age and on stable medication, were recruited for the present paralleled, randomized, triple-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial. The participants were randomly assigned to the silymarin or placebo groups, in which the patients either received 140 mg of silymarin, thrice daily (n = 20) or placebo (n = 20) for 45 days...
May 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Jinkai Zhao, Yuyang Zhang, Yanwen Wu, Lingling Liu, Jie Ouyang
Naturally air-dried chestnut is a type of traditionally processed chestnut in North China which has a pleasant flavor. After air drying at room temperature and low-air humidity for two wk, the moisture, total starch content and starch relative crystallinity decreased, while the content of water-soluble sugar and amylose increased because of the dehydration and the hydrolysis of endogenous amylase. The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy ratio of 1047/1022 cm-1 and the relative area of the Raman spectrum peak at 480/865 cm-1 of air-dried chestnut starch decreased in the first two wk and then increased, while the full width at half-maximum height (FWHH) of the Raman spectrum peak at 480 cm-1 showed the opposite tendency...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Amir Aviram, Biana Shtaif, Galia Gat-Yablonski, Yariv Yogev
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between adipocytokines and glycemic control. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational trial of gestations with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Fasting glucose (FG), insulin, adiponectin, Leptin, chemerin, Retinol Binding Protein 4 (RBP-4), osteocalcin and resistin were measured. HomeOstasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and QUantitative insulin sensitivity ChecK Index (QUICKI) were calculated. Women who required medications for glycemic control were compared to women using nutritional therapy only...
June 10, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Li-Li Wang, Qi Wang, Yong Hong, Omorogieva Ojo, Qing Jiang, Yun-Ying Hou, Yu-Hua Huang, Xiao-Hua Wang
OBJECTIVE: In China, a low-fat diet (LFD) is mainly recommended to help improve blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, a low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) has been shown to be effective in improving blood glucose levels in America and England. A few studies, primarily randomized controlled trials, have been reported in China as well. METHOD: Firstly, we designed two 'six-point formula' methods, which met the requirements of LCD and LFD, respectively...
May 23, 2018: Nutrients
Antonin Meyer, Emilie Montastier, Jörg Hager, Wim Hm Saris, Arne Astrup, Nathalie Viguerie, Armand Valsesia
Background: Weight loss in obese individuals aims to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes by improving glycemic control. Yet, significant intersubject variability is observed and the outcomes remain poorly predictable. Objective: The aim of the study was to predict whether an individual will show improvements in insulin sensitivity above or below the median population change at 6 mo after a low-calorie-diet (LCD) intervention. Design: With the use of plasma lipidomics and metabolomics for 433 subjects from the Diet, Obesity, and Genes (DiOGenes) Study, we attempted to predict good or poor Matsuda index improvements 6 mo after an 8-wk LCD intervention (800 kcal/d)...
June 6, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Annis C Jalving, Christina M Gant, S Heleen Binnenmars, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Stephan J L Bakker, Gerjan Navis, Gozewijn D Laverman
The majority of patients with type 2 diabetes does not reach target glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c <7%). We investigated the prevalence of HbA1c-target achievement and opportunities in lifestyle and pharmacological treatment to increase target achievement. Therefore, we performed cross-sectional analyses in baseline data from the DIAbetes and LifEstyle Cohort Twente-1 (DIALECT-1). Patients were divided according to 1) HbA1c <53 and ≥53 mmol/mol (<7%), and 2) non-insulin treatment and tertiles of daily insulin use...
June 4, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Briseidy Ortiz-Rodríguez, Lidia G De León, Julián Esparza-Romero, Claudia E Carrasco-Legleu, Ramón Candia-Luján
OBJECTIVE: To analyze changes in blood glucose, insulin and triglyceride concentrations in relation to a moderate aerobic exercise in sedentary women of different body weight, exposed to either a high or low glycemic index carbohydrates diet. DISEñO: Cross-over type. SITE: Research was performed in the Exercise Physiology Laboratory at Facultad de Ciencias de la Cultura Física, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, México. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six young sedentary women who did not exercise in the last year participated in the study...
May 25, 2018: Atencion Primaria
Riva Tauman, Shlomit Shalitin, Lena Lavie
PURPOSE: Obesity, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are associated with chronic low-grade inflammation and oxidative stress. In adults, increased lipid peroxidation, a marker of oxidative stress, was found in both metabolic syndrome and OSA. Studies on oxidative stress in children with T2DM and OSA are scarce. METHODS: Plasma oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) levels were evaluated in obese children and adolescents with/without T2DM, and the contribution of OSA to oxidative stress was investigated...
May 26, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Amanda M Dias-Martins, Kênia Letícia F Pessanha, Sidney Pacheco, José Avelino S Rodrigues, Carlos Wanderlei Piler Carvalho
Climate change can cause an increase in arid soils, warmer weather, and reduce water availability, which in turn can directly affect food security. This increases food prices and reduces the availability of food. Therefore, knowledge concerning the nutritional and technological potential of non-traditional crops and their resistance to heat and drought is very interesting. Pearl millet is known to produce small nutritious cereal grains, which can endure both heat and dry conditions, and is one of the basic cereals of several African and Asian countries...
July 2018: Food Research International
Erminia Lembo, Roberta Lupoli, Paola Ciciola, Annalisa Creanza, Eufemia Silvestri, Gennaro Saldalamacchia, Brunella Capaldo
Post-bariatric hypoglycemia (PBH) is an increasingly recognized long-term complication of bariatric surgery. The nutritional treatment of PBH includes a high-fiber diet and the restriction of soluble and high-glycemic index carbohydrates; however, these measures are not always enough to prevent hypoglycemia. We evaluated the efficacy of uncooked cornstarch, a low-glycemic index carbohydrate characterized by slow intestinal degradation and absorption, in addition to a high-fiber diet, for the treatment of PBH...
May 25, 2018: Nutrients
David Rodbard
OBJECTIVE: We sought to cross validate several metrics for quality of glycemic control, hypoglycemia, and hyperglycemia. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed the mathematical properties of several metrics for overall glycemic control, and for hypo- and hyperglycemia, to evaluate their similarities, differences, and interrelationships. We used linear regression to describe interrelationships and examined correlations between metrics within three conceptual groups...
May 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
Vincenzo Pilone, Salvatore Tramontano, Michele Renzulli, Mafalda Romano, Luigi Cobellis, Tiziano Berselli, Luigi Schiavo
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated significant advantages from a preoperative dietetic regimen for candidates to bariatric procedure. OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of safety, efficacy, and acceptability of a very low-calorie ketogenic diet in patients before bariatric surgery. SETTING: University Hospital. METHODS: A standardized 30-day sequential preoperative diet regimen has been analyzed, optimizing metabolic response with gradual carbohydrate reintroduction...
March 21, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Yanping Liu, Qiyan Wang, Shanshan Li, Yanfen Yue, Yuling Ma, Guixing Ren
Objective: Extrusion is a widely used food processing technology. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of extruded adzuki bean convenient food (EABCF) on glycemic and inflammation control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. Patients and methods: In a randomized controlled trial, 120 T2DM patients were randomly assigned to a control diet group (the low glycemic index [LGI] group, assigned the traditional diabetic low glycemic index diet) or an intervention group (the EABCF group, assigned daily consumption of EABCF)...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Kárita Cláudia Freitas Lidani, Thaisa Lucas Sandri, Fabiana Antunes Andrade, Lorena Bavia, Renato Nisihara, Iara J Messias Reason
AIMS: We aimed to investigate the association between plasma levels of complement Factor H (FH) with cardiac involvement, inflammatory and cardiometabolic parameters in patients with chronic Chagas disease (CD). METHODS: FH plasmatic levels were determined in 80 chronic CD patients. Glycemic index, lipidogram (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol LDL-C, triglycerides and total cholesterol), and Ultrasensitive C-Reactive Protein (uCRP) values were obtained from medical records...
May 19, 2018: Parasite Immunology
Andreea Zurbau, Alexandra L Jenkins, Elena Jovanovski, Fei Au-Yeung, Emma A Bateman, Christy Brissette, Thomas M S Wolever, Amir Hanna, Vladimir Vuksan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dietary carbohydrate quality and quantity fluctuate but it is unknown which attribute takes precedence in vascular health preservation. We investigated all four permutations of glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) on acute vascular and glycemic responses. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Twenty-one healthy adults were screened for this crossover trial. Seventeen (8 M:9 F; 26.7 ± 12.3 y; BMI 22.2 ± 2.8 kg/m2 ) entered randomization and completed the study, receiving four isocaloric meals, varying in GI and GL, in random order at least 3 days apart...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Gopalakrishnan Sundaram, Theyagarajan Ramakrishnan, Harinath Parthasarathy, Manoj Raja, Samuel Raj
Aims: The aim of this study was to observe the sequelae of fenugreek adjunctive to nonsurgical periodontal therapy and its comparison to a group treated with scaling and root planing (SRP) and metformin alone by assessing their respective effects on periodontal parameters, glycemic status, and serum lipid levels. Materials and Methods: The study comprised eighty patients who were further divided into two groups. Each group consisted of 40 patients. Group 1 consisted of uncontrolled noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients with chronic generalized periodontitis, who received SRP and treatment with metformin...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Madhia Shahid, Gabriel Q Shaibi, Hayley Baines, Pamela Garcia-Filion, Zoe Gonzalez-Garcia, Micah Olson
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to ascertain the risk of hypoglycemia among youth with type 2 diabetes (T2D) on insulin therapy. METHODS: Twenty-two youth with T2D on insulin therapy (M=12, F=10, age=14.4±4.0 years) were enrolled from a single pediatric endocrine practice. They were followed-up for 3 months with weekly phone calls and monthly in-person visits to review blood glucose logs and document any signs or symptoms of hypoglycemia (defined as finger stick glucose of ≤70 mg/dL)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Maryam Shamloo, Peter J H Jones, Peter K Eck
Whole grain consumption is associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, and the underlying mechanism might be related to the actions of polyphenols. Dietary polyphenols contribute to low glycemic indices through inhibition of intestinal glucose transport proteins. This study has two objectives: (1) to evaluate how the contents of phenolic acids in wheat vary by genetic background and growth condition and (2) to evaluate how these changes translate into physiologic relevance by investigating cellular glucose transporter inhibitions...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
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