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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109182/are-home-visits-an-effective-method-for-diabetes-management-a-quantitative-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Lin Han, Yuxia Ma, Suhong Wei, Jinhui Tian, Xiaochun Yang, Xiping Shen, Jun Zhang, Yuexian Shi
AIMS: Previous reviews have revealed uncertainty regarding the effectiveness of home visit interventions for managing diabetes. Therefore, we performed a quantitative systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of home visit interventions among patients with diabetes. METHODS: We searched various electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CINAHL, Wanfang, and Chinese scientific full-text databases) from their inception until March 2016...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092151/issues-in-nutrition-carbohydrates
#2
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
Carbohydrates include sugars, starches, and dietary fibers. Resistant starches resemble fiber in their behavior in the intestinal tract, and may have positive effects on blood glucose levels and the gut microbiome. Fibers are classified as soluble and insoluble, but most fiber-containing foods contain a mixture of soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber has been shown to lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Many artificial sweeteners and other sugar substitutes are available. Most natural sources of sweeteners also are energy sources...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088172/ecotilling-by-sequencing-reveals-polymorphisms-in-genes-encoding-starch-synthases-that-are-associated-with-low-glycemic-response-in-rice
#3
Ramadoss Bharathi Raja, Somanath Agasimani, Sarita Jaiswal, Venkatesan Thiruvengadam, Robin Sabariappan, Ravindra N Chibbar, Sundaram Ganesh Ram
BACKGROUND: Glycemic response, a trait that is tedious to be assayed in cereal staples, has been identified as a factor correlated with alarmingly increasing prevalence of Type II diabetes. Reverse genetics based discovery of allelic variants associated with this nutritional trait gains significance as they can provide scope for genetic improvement of this factor which is otherwise difficult to target through routine screening methods. RESULTS: Through EcoTILLING by sequencing in 512 rice accessions, we report the discovery of six deleterious variants in the genes with potential to increase Resistant Starch (RS) and reduce Hydrolysis Index (HI) of starch...
January 14, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077380/metabolomic-profiles-as-reliable-biomarkers-of-dietary-composition
#4
Tõnu Esko, Joel N Hirschhorn, Henry A Feldman, Yu-Han H Hsu, Amy A Deik, Clary B Clish, Cara B Ebbeling, David S Ludwig
BACKGROUND: Clinical nutrition research often lacks robust markers of compliance, complicating the interpretation of clinical trials and observational studies of free-living subjects. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine metabolomics profiles in response to 3 diets that differed widely in macronutrient composition during a controlled feeding protocol. DESIGN: Twenty-one adults with a high body mass index (in kg/m(2); mean ± SD: 34.4 ± 4.9) were given hypocaloric diets to promote weight loss corresponding to 10-15% of initial body weight...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070324/glycemic-index-of-some-local-staples-in-ghana
#5
Divine Eli-Cophie, Jacob K Agbenorhevi, Reginald A Annan
Glycemic index (GI), a measure of blood glucose level as influenced by foods has become a concern due to the increasing cases of diabetes in Ghana. In spite of this, little is known of the GI of commonly consumed carbohydrate-rich foods of the Ghanaian diet. The GI of five Ghanaian staples: fufu (locally pounded), kenkey (Ga), banku, Tuo Zaafi (TZ), and fufu (Processed powder) were determined in a crossover trial among 10 healthy nondiabetics. Participants were given 50 g portions of pure glucose on two different occasions and subsequently the test foods containing 50 g available carbohydrates...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065853/sitagliptin-inhibit-human-lymphocytes-proliferation-and-th1-th17-differentiation-in-vitro
#6
Marcelo Maia Pinheiro, Caroline Lais Stoppa, Claudete Justina Valduga, Cristina Eunice Okuyama, Renata Gorjão, Regina Mara Silva Pereira, Susana Nogueira Diniz
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are a new class of anti-diabetic agents that are widely used in clinical practice to improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. DPP-4 is also known as lymphocyte cell surface protein, CD26, and plays an important role in T-cell immunity. Recent studies suggest that DPP-4 inhibitors improve beta-cell function and attenuate autoimmunity in type 1 diabetic mouse models. To investigate the direct effect of DPP4 in immune response, human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from healthy volunteers were obtained by Ficoll gradient and cultivated in the absence (control) or presence of phytohemagglutinin (PHA), or stimulated with PHA and treated with sitagliptin...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063513/associations-between-yoga-meditation-use-body-satisfaction-and-weight-management-methods-results-of-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-of-8009-australian-women
#7
Romy Lauche, David Sibbritt, Thomas Ostermann, Nicholas R Fuller, Jon Adams, Holger Cramer
OBJECTIVES: To analyze whether yoga or meditation use is associated with body (dis)satisfaction and weight control methods in Australian women. METHODS: Women ages 34 to 39 y from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health were surveyed regarding body satisfaction, weight control behaviors, and yoga and meditation practice. Associations of body satisfaction and weight control methods with yoga/meditation practice were analyzed using chi-squared tests and multiple logistic regression modelling...
February 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061430/exploring-the-characteristics-of-suboptimally-controlled-patients-after-24weeks-of-basal-insulin-treatment-an-individualized-approach-to-intensification
#8
Kamlesh Khunti, Taner Damci, Lise Lotte Husemoen, Vinay Babu, Andreas Liebl
AIM: To identify characteristics of suboptimally controlled patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) on basal insulin treatment who may benefit from intensive titration or further intensification of treatment. METHODS: A post hoc analysis of SOLVE: a 24-week, international, observational study conducted in 17,374 patients with T2DM inadequately controlled on oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) started on once-daily insulin detemir. Patients were divided into two groups based on whether they achieved HbA1c<7...
December 9, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060600/influence-of-energy-balance-and-glycemic-index-on-metabolic-endotoxemia-in-healthy-men
#9
Nicolle Breusing, Merit Lagerpusch, Anna Janina Engstler, Ina Bergheim, Manfred J Mueller, Anja Bosy-Westphal
OBJECTIVE: Overfeeding with a high-fat and/or high-carbohydrate (CHO) diet is known to increase plasma concentrations of endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) that may lead to metabolic disturbances like insulin resistance. The impact of CHO quality (i.e., the glycemic index [GI]) independent of fat intake on metabolic endotoxemia remains unclear. In the present study, the effects of changes in energy balance and GI on plasma endotoxin were studied. METHODS: Fifteen healthy young men overconsumed diets containing 65% CHO and 20% fat for 1 week (OF; +50% of energy requirement) followed by 3 weeks of caloric restriction (CR; -50% of energy requirement) and were then randomized to 2 weeks hypercaloric refeeding (RF, +50% of energy requirement) with either a low- or high-GI (40 vs 74) diet...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054966/postprandial-glycemic-and-insulinemic-responses-to-common-breakfast-beverages-consumed-with-a-standard-meal-in-adults-who-are-overweight-and-obese
#10
Jia Li, Elsa Janle, Wayne W Campbell
Breakfast beverages with different nutrient compositions may affect postprandial glycemic control differently. We assessed the effects of consuming (1) common breakfast beverages (water, sugar-sweetened coffee, reduced-energy orange juice (OJ), and low-fat milk (LFM)); and (2) fat-free, low-fat, and whole milk with breakfast on postprandial plasma glucose and insulin responses in adults who were overweight/obese. Forty-six subjects (33F/13M, body mass index: 32.5 ± 0.7 kg/m², age: 50 ± 1 years, mean ± SEMs) consumed a standard sandwich with one of the six beverages on separate mornings in randomized order...
January 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053550/real-world-medication-persistence-and-outcomes-associated-with-basal-insulin-and-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-free-dose-combination-therapy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-us
#11
Jay Lin, Melissa Lingohr-Smith, Tao Fan
BACKGROUND: Free-dose combination treatment with basal insulin and short-acting glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) reduces hyperglycemia via complementary targeting of fasting and postprandial blood glucose levels, however, in the real world, due to injection burden and clinical inertia, the full efficacy may not be able to translate into clinical and economic benefits. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate treatment persistence and associated outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) treated with a GLP-1 RA in free-dose combination with basal insulin...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050765/association-of-periodontal-disease-with-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-indian-population
#12
Palka Kaur Khanuja, Satish Chander Narula, Rajesh Rajput, Rajinder Kumar Sharma, Shikha Tewari
This study aims to investigate the link between glycated hemoglobin and diabetic complications with chronic periodontitis. A total of 207 patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic periodontitis (CP) were divided according to tertiles of mean PISA (periodontal inflamed surface area) scores as low, middle and high PISA groups. Simultaneously a group of 67 periodontally healthy individuals (PH) was recruited. Periodontal examinations, including full-mouth assessment of probing depths (PPD), bleeding on probing, clinical attachment level and plaque scores were determined...
January 3, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050236/hepatitis-c-eradication-with-sofosbuvir-leads-to-significant-metabolic-changes
#13
Amilcar L Morales, Zachary Junga, Manish B Singla, Maria Sjogren, Dawn Torres
AIM: To assess the effect of sofosbuvir (SOF) based regimens on glycemic and lipid control. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients treated and cured with a SOF regimen [SOF/ribavirin/interferon, SOF/simeprevir, or SOF/ledipasvir (LDV) ± ribavirin] from January 2014 to March 2015. Patients with hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) and lipid panels within six months before and six months after therapy were identified and included in our study...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034691/glycaemic-control-in-sudanese-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-population-based-study
#14
Sufian K Noor, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Sarra O Bushara, Ahmed O Almobarak, Reham S Salim, Sittana A Forawi, Heitham Awadallah, Einas S Elwali, Mohamed H Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major health problem in Sudan and is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of glycaemic control among individuals with type 2 diabetes across different cities in Sudan. METHODS: Individuals with type 2 diabetes attending selected diabetes centres in Sudan, who had been on treatment for DM for at least one year and volunteered to participate were included. Participants were interviewed using standardized pretested questionnaire to record medical history, sociodemographic and life style characteristics...
December 26, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028392/effect-of-pseudocereal-based-breakfast-meals-on-the-first-and-second-meal-glucose-tolerance-in-healthy-and-diabetic-subjects
#15
Shreef G N Gabrial, Marie-Christine R Shakib, Gamal N Gabrial
BACKGROUND: Many studies have indicated that the incidence of serious diabetic complications may be reduced through strict glycemic control. A low glycemic index diet is one tool to improve insulin resistance and improve glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). AIM: The objective was to study the effect of pseudocereals-based breakfasts (quinoa and buckwheat) on glucose variations at first meal (breakfast) and second meal (standardised lunch) in healthy and diabetic subjects...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017979/physicochemical-characteristics-of-citrus-jelly-with-non-cariogenic-and-functional-sweeteners
#16
Susana Rubio-Arraez, Juan Vicente Capella, María Luisa Castelló, María Dolores Ortolá
In this study the effect of sweeteners with low glycemic index and non-cariogenic characteristics (isomaltulose, oligofructose and tagatose) in jelly prepared with citrus juice has been evaluated considering a citrus jelly formulated with sucrose as reference. The soluble solids, moisture content, pH, water activity, antioxidant capacity, optical and mechanical properties of jelly made using different sweeteners was determined during storage. Besides, mesophilic aerobics and moulds and yeasts was also counted to determine their stability over time...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010852/what-do-i-tell-my-clients-who-want-to-follow-a-low-glycemic-index-diet
#17
Jill Balla Kohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005914/the-association-of-bread-and-rice-with-metabolic-factors-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#18
Mahdieh Akhoundan, Zhaleh Shadman, Parisa Jandaghi, Maryam Aboeerad, Bagher Larijani, Zahra Jamshidi, Hamidreza Ardalani, Mohsen Khoshniat Nikoo
PURPOSE: Carbohydrates are shown to have an important role in blood glucose control, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases risk. This is even more challenging when considering populations consuming refined grains diets. Bread and rice are staple foods which supply main proportion of Iranian calorie intake. This study was designed to investigate the effect of bread and rice intake on blood glucose control, lipid profile and anthropometric measurements in Iranian type 2 diabetic patients...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004329/validation-of-the-glycemic-stress-index-in-pediatric-neurosurgical-intensive-care
#19
Marco Piastra, Alessandro Pizza, Federica Tosi, Sonia Mensi, Luca Massimi, Andrea De Bellis, Daniele G Biasucci, Ersilia Luca, Giorgio Conti, Daniele De Luca
BACKGROUND: Studies have suggested that both the degree and the duration of hyperglycemia are independent risk factors for adverse outcome both in pediatric anesthesia and in critically ill children. In a recent paper, we combined intraoperative glycemic variations and length of surgery creating a metabolic glucose-related stress index called "Glycemic Stress Index" (GSI). AIM: To validate GSI for predicting PICU stay in a population of children undergoing different major neurosurgical procedures...
December 21, 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999319/exercise-and-beta-glucan-consumption-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-improve-the-metabolic-profile-and-reduce-the-atherogenic-index-in-type-2-diabetic-rats-hfd-stz
#20
Eric Francelino Andrade, Andressa Ribeiro Veiga Lima, Ingrid Edwiges Nunes, Débora Ribeiro Orlando, Paula Novato Gondim, Márcio Gilberto Zangeronimo, Fernando Henrique Ferrari Alves, Luciano José Pereira
Physical activity and the ingestion of dietary fiber are non-drug alternatives commonly used as adjuvants to glycemic control in diabetic individuals. Among these fibers, we can highlight beta-glucans. However, few studies have compared isolated and synergic effects of physical exercise and beta-glucan ingestion, especially in type 2 diabetic rats. Therefore, we evaluated the effects beta-glucan (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) consumption, associated or not to exercise, on metabolic parameters of diabetic Wistar rats...
December 17, 2016: Nutrients
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