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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441322/effect-of-vitamin-e-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#1
Ashwitha Shruti Dass, Sarala Narayana, P N Venkatarathnamma
Diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications have been implicated in hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress. Antioxidants can improve glycemic control, lipid profile, and cognitive functions. We assessed the effect of Vitamin E and omega 3 fatty acids (OFA) on the above parameters. One hundred patients with type 2 DM receiving metformin 500 mg and glimepiride 1 mg were randomized to receive add-on therapy of Vitamin E 400 mg or OFA once daily for 12 weeks and the third group served as control. Fasting blood sugar (FBS), postprandial blood sugar (PPBS), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), lipid profile, and mini-mental state examination were done at baseline and 12 weeks...
January 2018: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428452/association-between-dietary-glycemic-index-and-knee-osteoarthritis-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012
#2
Min Wook So, Sunggun Lee, Seong-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Obesity and metabolic abnormalities are important risk factors for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Recent epidemiologic studies have found that a high glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) diet are associated with a higher risk for metabolic complications and cardiovascular mortality. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the association between dietary GI, dietary GL, and KOA among Korean adults. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study that analyzed data obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420997/l-carnosine-supplementation-attenuated-fasting-glucose-triglycerides-advanced-glycation-end-products-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-levels-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Shiva Houjeghani, Sorayya Kheirouri, Esmaeil Faraji, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
Considering the pathologic importance of metabolic disturbances, advanced glycation end products (AGEs), and chronic inflammation in diabetes mellitus and ameliorating potentials of l-carnosine in hampering these detritions and because these effects have not been investigated in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) so far, we conducted the current study. We hypothesized that l-carnosine would improve glycemic control, lipid profile, AGE, soluble receptor of AGEs (sRAGE), and inflammatory markers. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 54 patients with T2D were recruited and assigned into either intervention group (n=27, receiving 2 capsules of l-carnosine 500 mg each) or control group (n=27)...
January 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420991/a-low-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-diet-is-associated-with-not-only-higher-intakes-of-micronutrients-but-also-higher-intakes-of-saturated-fat-and-sodium-in-japanese-children-and-adolescents-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey
#4
Kentaro Murakami, Satoshi Sasaki
We investigated the hypothesis that the dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of Japanese children is associated with both favorable and unfavorable aspects of dietary intake. This cross-sectional study was based on 1-day weighed dietary record data from 3866 children in the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan. The GI of foods was assigned based on a stepwise published strategy using values from common GI databases. Mean dietary GI and GL were, respectively, 63.4 and 108.2 for children aged 1-6 years, 64...
January 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410479/the-efficacy-of-a-high-protein-low-glycemic-index-diet-intervention-in-non-obese-patients-with-asthma
#5
Nina Rica Wium Geiker, Louise L Toennesen, Arne Astrup, Vibeke Backer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: EFFORT Asthma study is a randomized controlled trial designed to assess the effects of diet and exercise in non-obese, untrained patients with asthma. We here present results from a subgroup of participants in the diet and control group to assess the feasibility of a high protein and low glycemic index (GI) diet and the effects on body composition. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Of the 149 subjects who were included in the study, 76 subjects (30 males) were randomized into either a diet group (n = 38) or a control group (n = 38) and included in the present analysis...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398571/turning-the-waiting-room-into-a-classroom-weekly-classes-using-a-vegan-or-a-portion-controlled-eating-plan-improve-diabetes-control-in-a-randomized-translational-study
#6
Neal D Barnard, Susan M Levin, Lise Gloede, Rosendo Flores
BACKGROUND: In research settings, plant-based (vegan) eating plans improve diabetes management, typically reducing weight, glycemia, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations to a greater extent than has been shown with portion-controlled eating plans. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to test whether similar benefits could be found using weekly nutrition classes in a typical endocrinology practice, hypothesizing that a vegan eating plan would improve glycemic control, weight, lipid concentrations, blood pressure, and renal function and would do so more effectively than a portion-controlled eating plan...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384325/dietary-glycemic-load-and-metabolic-status-in-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-in-southeastern-china
#7
Xiuhong Lin, Chaogang Chen, Diaozhu Lin, Mingtong Xu, Zhimin Yuan, Fengyi He, Li Yan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Large-scale epidemiological investigations worldwide have shown that dietary glycemic load is associated with metabolic diseases, including diabetes. However, only a few studies have examined the correlations between glycemic load and blood glucose and lipids in Chinese diabetic patients. Therefore, this study aimed to determine these correlations in southeastern China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: 201 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes and 126 participants with normal blood glucose were enrolled at the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Guangdong Province...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382142/the-influence-of-pre-exercise-glucose-versus-fructose-ingestion-on-subsequent-postprandial-lipemia
#8
Tsung-Jen Yang, Chih-Hui Chiu, Mei-Hui Tseng, Cheng-Kang Chang, Ching-Lin Wu
Ingestion of low glycemic index (LGI) carbohydrate (CHO) before exercise induced less insulin response and higher fat oxidation than that of high GI (HGI) CHO during subsequent exercise. However, the effect on the subsequent postprandial lipid profile is still unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate ingestion of CHO drinks with different GI using fructose and glucose before endurance exercise on the subsequent postprandial lipid profile. Eight healthy active males completed two experimental trials in randomized double-blind cross-over design...
January 29, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370143/post-exercise-carbohydrate-energy-replacement-attenuates-insulin-sensitivity-and-glucose-tolerance-the-following-morning-in-healthy-adults
#9
Harry L Taylor, Ching-Lin Wu, Yung-Chih Chen, Pin-Ging Wang, Javier T Gonzalez, James A Betts
The carbohydrate deficit induced by exercise is thought to play a key role in increased post-exercise insulin action. However, the effects of replacing carbohydrate utilized during exercise on postprandial glycaemia and insulin sensitivity are yet to be determined. This study therefore isolated the extent to which the insulin-sensitizing effects of exercise are dependent on the carbohydrate deficit induced by exercise, relative to other exercise-mediated mechanisms. Fourteen healthy adults performed a 90-min run at 70% V ˙ O 2 max starting at 1600-1700 h before ingesting either a non-caloric artificially-sweetened placebo solution (CHO-DEFICIT) or a 15% carbohydrate solution (CHO-REPLACE; 221...
January 25, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368115/efficacy-of-low-glycemic-index-treatment-in-epileptic-patients-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Shahabeddin Rezaei, Sara Harsini, Mona Kavoosi, Reza Shervin Badv, Maryam Mahmoudi
Low glycemic index treatment (LGIT) is one of the new kinds of ketogenic diet (KD), designed to simplify the implementation of the KD. To date, several studies have attempted to determine the efficacy of LGIT in patients with epilepsy; however, their results are debatable. This study aims to retrieve all the LGIT studies to shed light on LGIT efficacy in epileptic patients. Electronic literature databases including MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE were searched in July 2017. Interventional or observational studies exploring the efficacy of LGIT were included in the study...
January 24, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313746/comparison-of-calorie-restricted-diet-and-resveratrol-supplementation-on-anthropometric-indices-metabolic-parameters-and-serum-sirtuin-1-levels-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Somayyeh Asghari, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Mohammad-Hossein Somi, Seyed-Mostafa Ghavami, Maryam Rafraf
OBJECTIVE: There is a promising perspective regarding the potential effect of resveratrol in preventing and treating metabolic disturbances similar to that of calorie restriction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of calorie-restricted (CR) diet on metabolic parameters and then to investigate whether resveratrol supplementation has beneficial effects similar to CR diet in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in 90 patients with NAFLD (males and females) aged 20 to 60 years with body mass index (BMI) ranging from 25 to 35 kg/m 2 ...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305826/hepcidin-soluble-transferrin-receptor-and-il-6-levels-in-obese-children-and-adolescents-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-impaired-glucose-tolerance-and-their-association-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#12
S Shalitin, V Deutsch, R Tauman
PURPOSE: Obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are associated with chronic low-grade inflammation. Iron metabolism is linked with insulin-resistant states and with OSA in adults. The association of body iron status with T2DM in children remains undefined. We aimed to evaluate plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), hepcidin, and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) levels in obese patients with T2DM or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and in those without, and the contribution of OSA to their levels...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303370/the-effects-of-subcutaneous-insulin-infusion-versus-multiple-insulin-injections-on-glucose-variability-in-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-the-2-year-follow-up-of-the-observational-metro-study
#13
Maria Ida Maiorino, Giuseppe Bellastella, Ofelia Casciano, Paolo Cirillo, Vittorio Simeon, Paolo Chiodini, Michela Petrizzo, Maurizio Gicchino, Ornella Romano, Paola Caruso, Dario Giugliano, Katherine Esposito
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetic patients have high instability of daily glucose levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) therapy, compared with multiple daily injections of insulin (MDI), on glucose variability, in young type 1 diabetic patients transitioned to the adult diabetes care. METHODS: Patients aged 18-30 years and considered eligible for insulin pump therapy were included in the study...
January 5, 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302550/metabolic-control-targets-in-sudanese-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-population-based-study
#14
Ahmed O Almobarak, Sufian K Noor, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Sarra O Bushara, Reham S Salim, Sittana A Forawi, Heitham Awadalla, Einas S Elwali, Mohamed H Ahmed
Background: Type 1 diabetes is a challenging metabolic disorder for health authorities in Sudan. The objective of this study was to assess the level of glycemic control and to determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia and complications among individuals with type 1 diabetes in Sudan. Materials and Methods: Individuals with type 1 diabetes, who were having the disease for at least 1 year, were invited to participate in this study. Data were collected from two diabetes centers, in the Capital Khartoum and Atbara City, North of Sudan...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298969/-dietetary-recommendation-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#15
REVIEW
Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen, Joanna Ostrowska, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Iwona Boniecka, Wioletta Gronostajska
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common chronic liver disease in the developed world. Nowadays, in the adult population of Europe it is estimated at 14% to 21%. Its most important risk factors are obesity and metabolic syndrome. Introducing lifestyle changes such as: dietary intervention and increased physical activity are the first-line treatment and are intended to support not only NAFLD but also associated diseases such as obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes and dyslipidemia...
December 22, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290357/glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-of-the-diets-of-japanese-adults-the-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-japan
#16
Kentaro Murakami, Satoshi Sasaki
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of Japanese adults, as well as their nutritional correlates, in the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan. METHOD: Dietary data from 15 618 adults aged ≥20 y, collected using a 1-d weighed dietary record, were analyzed. The GI of foods was assigned based on a stepwise published strategy using values from common GI databases. RESULTS: Mean (SD) dietary GI and GL were 65...
February 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280371/improvement-in-anthropometric-parameters-after-rational-dietary-intervention-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrom-as-the-best-method-to-support-treatment
#17
Małgorzata Szczuko, Inez Malarczyk, Marta Zapałowska-Chwyć
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder often occurring in women at reproductive age. An important factor in PCOS pathogenesis is insulin resistance, which pronounces hyperandrogenism and leads to the development of various metabolic disorders Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of reduction diet with low glycemic index (GI) on anthropometric parameters of women with PCOS and the assessment of the effectiveness of the diet on body mass and adipose tissue reduction Material and methods: The study was performed on 24 women with PCOS diagnosed with Rotterdam’s criteria...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275202/effects-of-gums-on-physical-properties-microstructure-and-starch-digestibility-of-dried-natural-fermented-rice-noodles
#18
Khongsak Srikaeo, Pronthip Laothongsan, Chutima Lerdluksamee
The effects of gums including carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), xanthan gum (XG) and guar gum (GG) on physical properties, microstructure and starch digestibility of dried-natural fermented rice noodles were investigated. The gums, each at 0.05 and 0.10 g/100 g wet basis, were added to the flour during rice noodle production. Control was the sample without the addition of gums. Physical properties (color, water absorption, cooking loss and firmness), microstructure, starch composition and in vitro starch digestibility were determined...
December 21, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261679/distinct-impacts-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-on-glycemic-variability-in-patients-with-and-without-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Kei Nakata, Takayuki Miki, Masaya Tanno, Hirofumi Ohnishi, Toshiyuki Yano, Atsuko Muranaka, Tatsuya Sato, Hiroto Oshima, Yuki Tatekoshi, Masashi Mizuno, Koki Abe, Tetsuji Miura
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is highly prevalent in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and heart failure (HF) and contributes to poor cardiovascular outcomes. Enlarged glycemic variability (GV) is a risk factor of cardiac events independently of average blood glucose level, but the influence of SDB on GV is uncertain. In this study, we examined whether the impact of SDB on GV is modified by the presence of DM with or without HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred three patients (67...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261010/effect-of-chlorogenic-acid-administration-on-glycemic-control-insulin-secretion-and-insulin-sensitivity-in-patients-with-impaired-glucose-tolerance
#20
Laura Y Zuñiga, Martha C Aceves-de Aceves-de la Mora, Manuel González-Ortiz, Julia L Ramos-Núñez, Esperanza Martínez-Abundis
Chlorogenic acid has been described as a novel polyphenol with metabolic effects on glucose homeostasis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of chlorogenic acid administration on glycemic control, insulin secretion, and insulin sensitivity in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed in 30 patients with IGT; 15 patients randomly assigned to oral chlorogenic acid received 400 mg three times per day for 12 weeks, and the other 15 patients received placebo in the same way...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
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