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Bur wear ceramics

Satoshi Sakoda, Noriko Nakao, Ikuya Watanabe
The aim was to investigate the effect of machining instruments on machinability of dental ceramics. Four dental ceramics, including two zirconia ceramics were machined by three types (SiC, diamond vitrified, and diamond sintered) of wheels with a hand-piece engine and two types (diamond and carbide) of burs with a high-speed air turbine. The machining conditions used were abrading speeds of 10,000 and 15,000 r.p.m. with abrading force of 100 gf for the hand-piece engine, and a pressure of 200 kPa and a cutting force of 80 gf for the air-turbine hand-piece...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Ali Asghar Alavi, Zeinab Behroozi, Farid Nik Eghbal
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Porcelain laminate veneer is an esthetic restoration used as an alternative to full veneer crowns and requires minimal tooth preparation. In restoration with porcelain laminate veneers, both the longevity of the laminate and conservation of the sound tooth structure are imperative. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to investigate the shear bond strength of porcelain laminates to prepared- and unprepared- anterior teeth in order to compare their longevity and success rate...
March 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Nadin Al-Haj Husain, Josette Camilleri, Mutlu Özcan
PURPOSE: Polishing procedures might alter monolithic zirconia (MZ) surface resulting in phase changes that can be deleterious for clinical performance and antagonist tooth wear. This study investigated the topographical features and phase transformation in MZ after polishing with different regimens simulating the clinical workflow. ​ MATERIALS AND METHODS: MZ specimens (Katana Zirconia HT, Kuraray-Noritake) (12×12×1.8 mm(3)) were grinded and polished using one of the five systems assessed: BG: Silicone carbide polishers (Brownie, Greenie, Super Greenie); CG: Diamond impregnated ceramic polisher kit (Ceragloss); EV: Synthetically bonded grinder interspersed with diamond (EVE Kit); SL: Urethane coated paper with aluminium oxide grits (Soflex Finishing and Polishing System Kit) and DB: Diamond bur (8 µm)...
December 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Xiao-Fei Song, Hai-Tao Ren, Ling Yin
Esthetic high-strength lithium disilicate glass ceramics (LDGC) are used for monolithic crowns and bridges produced in dental CAD/CAM and oral adjusting processes, which machinability affects the restorative quality. A machinability study has been made in the simulated oral clinical machining of LDGC with a dental handpiece and diamond burs, regarding the diamond tool wear and chip control, machining forces and energy, surface finish and integrity. Machining forces, speeds and energy in in vitro dental adjusting of LDGC were measured by a high-speed data acquisition and force sensor system...
January 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Christian Alencar Neis, Nadine Luísa Guimarães Albuquerque, Ivo de Souza Albuquerque, Erica Alves Gomes, Celso Bernardo de Souza-Filho, Victor Pinheiro Feitosa, Aloisio Oro Spazzin, Atais Bacchi
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of different surface conditioning methods on the microtensile bond strength of a restorative composite repair in three types of dental ceramics: lithium disilicate-reinforced, leucite-reinforced and feldspathic. Twelve blocks were sintered for each type of ceramic (n=3) and stored for 3 months in distilled water at 37 °C. The bonding surface of ceramics was abraded with 600-grit SiC paper. Surface treatments for each ceramic were: GC (control) - none; GDB - diamond bur #30 µm; GHF - hydrofluoric acid (10%); GT- tribochemical silica coating (45-μm size particles)...
March 2015: Brazilian Dental Journal
Leonidas Kontos, Christine Schille, Ernst Schweizer, Jürgen Geis-Gerstorfer
OBJECTIVE: Recently there has been talk of the use of full-contour solid zirconia crowns or bridge restorations with no porcelain overlay. This could be a useful solution for patients with bruxism or limited interocclusal space. However, the hardness of zirconia could affect the opposite natural dentition. The aim of this in-vitro study was to investigate the role of surface treatments on the wear of a zirconia material and its antagonist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty plates (10 × 10 × 1 mm) made of zirconia (LavaMulti(™) ZrO2, 3M ESPE), divided into five equal groups, were sandblasted and ground under standardized conditions with a fine-grit diamond bur (Komet Brasseler, Germany) to simulate clinical conditions...
May 2013: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Alaa H A Sabrah, N Blaine Cook, Palika Luangruangrong, Anderson T Hara, Marco C Bottino
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of polishing techniques on the surface roughness of Y-TZP ceramic and on the wear behavior of synthetic hydroxyapatite (HA). METHODS: Thirty-two full-contour Y-TZP (Diazir(®)) sliders (φ=2 mm × 1.5 mm in height) were manufactured using CAD/CAM, embedded in acrylic resin using brass holders, and randomly allocated into four groups (n=8): according to the finishing/polishing procedure: G1-as-machined, G2-glazed, G3-diamond bur finishing and G4-G3+OptraFine(®) polishing kit...
June 2013: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Rebecca G Riera Di Cristofaro, Lluis Giner, Juan Ricardo Mayoral
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to establish the wear and cutting efficiency of tungsten carbide burs from different manufacturers by performing cutting tests with machinable glass ceramic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cutting tests were performed with 70 tungsten carbide burs from seven manufacturers: (A) Coltene/Whaledent, (B) CEI, (C) Meisinger, (D) Axis, (E) Komet, (F) Kerr, (G) Edenta. All groups were examined under scanning electron microscope (SEM) before and after the cutting efficiency test for similarities and differences...
July 2013: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Siegward D Heintze, Gaby Zellweger, Ingrid Grunert, Carlos A Muñoz-Viveros, Konrad Hagenbuch
OBJECTIVE: To correlate different laboratory wear simulation protocols for three denture tooth materials with clinical wear results of the same materials. METHODS: Three denture tooth materials were evaluated for which clinical wear data of posterior denture teeth were available: DCL (double cross-linked PMMA with organic fillers; Ivoclar Vivadent), experimental material EM (double cross-linked PMMA with organic fillers; Ivoclar Vivadent), and NFC (PMMA with inorganic nanofillers, Candulor)...
March 2012: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
T Bayerlein, P Proff, G Richter, S Dietze, J Fanghänel, T Gedrange
The favourable mechanical properties and high biocompatibility of the newly developed mixed ceramics composed of zirconium oxide and aluminium oxide have continuously extended the scope of their application. Rotating instruments on a zirconium oxide basis are regarded as superior to metal burs in dentoalveolar surgery in terms of favourable temperature effects on the surrounding bone tissue and the economic advantage that they wear slowly, enabling them to be used repeatedly. In this study ten round burs made of zirconium oxide and aluminium oxide mixed ceramics were used for typical dental-alveolar preparation types on an explanted pig jaw...
February 2006: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Daniel S Blue, Jason A Griggs, Ronald D Woody, Barbara H Miller
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Amid increasing use of preparable ceramic implant abutments, there is a lack of quantitative data to show which abrasive particle size of diamond bur yields the fastest reduction and provides the smoothest surface. PURPOSE: The research aim was to determine the effects of diamond bur abrasive particle size and abutment material composition on preparation efficiency, prepared surface roughness, and surface deterioration of diamond burs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen alumina (Cera Base) and 15 zirconia (ZiReal) implant abutments were each machined using a high-speed hand piece with a diamond bur having 1 of 3 abrasive particle sizes (150, 100, or 30 microm) (n=5)...
September 2003: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
B J Millar
Ceramic materials provide aesthetic restorations which are able to withstand the oral environment but two appointments are needed to fabricate ceramic restorations by means of an indirect technique. However, single-visit systems are becoming available and a recent development, Cerana, utilises matched drills with pre-etched and silanated leucite inlays. The cavity is refined using one of three conical burs and a size- and shaped-matched conical inlay is cemented using a conventional restorative resin material...
April 1999: Primary Dental Care: Journal of the Faculty of General Dental Practitioners (UK)
E S Pilcher, J D Tietge, R A Draughn
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the volumetric cutting rates of 6 cylindrical-shaped single-patient-use and 2 cylindrical-shaped multiple-patient-use diamond burs using a machinable ceramic material. The degree of wear among burs from each type was also compared using scanning electron microscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six types of single-patient-use diamond burs and 2 types of multiple-patient-use diamond burs with similar cylindrical shape and dimensions were selected...
June 2000: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
K H Kunzelmann, R Hickel
The Cerec-System is a computer-assisted method for fabrication of customized ceramic inlays. Until now there are no data available to judge the precision of this system, which is a function of several variables. This study investigated the tolerance of the milling unit by using computer-constructed data sets for test purposes. REM pictures show how the diamond bur is affected by several milling cycles. Overall precision along the x- or z-axis is largely independent of the inherent properties of the milling instrument used, such as wear...
May 1990: Deutsche Zahnärztliche Zeitschrift
N Tanaka, M Taira, K Wakasa, H Shintani, M Yamaki
As a first approach in evaluating the feasibility of industrial machinable ceramics in dentistry, we performed weight-load-cutting tests on eight machinable ceramics and bovine dentin, using #1557 carbide burs driven by an air-turbine handpiece. While the transverse load applied to the bur was cyclically varied between 20 and 80 g, we measured the cutting speed (i.e., the steady-state handpiece speed during cutting) and the cutting volume. The greater the applied load, the more the cutting speed decreased and the cutting volume increased...
October 1991: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
K M Gureckis, J O Burgess, R S Schwartz
The effect of repeated sterilization on the cutting effectiveness of one brand of rotary dental diamond cutting instruments was measured. Four groups of five diamond burs were sterilized by four methods: (1) sterilization with a chemical agent (Sporicidin); (2) steam under pressure (autoclave); (3) dry heat (Dri-Clave); or (4) chemical vapor (Chemiclave). Each group of diamond instruments made a timed cut in a ceramic block. This cut and all subsequent cuts were measured and were used to determine a baseline cutting effectiveness...
December 1991: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
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