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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349108/spatially-and-temporally-continuous-estimates-of-annual-total-nitrogen-deposition-over-north-america-1860-2013
#1
Robbie A Hember
This report describes the North American Climate Integration and Diagnostics - Nitrogen Deposition Version 1 (NACID-NDEP1) database. The database contains estimates of annual total nitrogen (N) deposition for the purpose of supporting terrestrial ecosystem modelling in North America. It was constructed at 1-km resolution with coverage of Alaska, Canada, and the conterminous U.S., with continuous annual coverage from 1860 to 2013. Estimates were produced by acquiring and compiling best-available data sources: Wet N deposition was estimated from interpolation of monthly ammonium and nitrate concentration measurements and from grids of monthly precipitation...
April 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348067/physiological-response-and-transcription-profiling-analysis-reveals-the-role-of-h2s-in-alleviating-excess-nitrate-stress-tolerance-in-tomato-roots
#2
Zhaolai Guo, Yuanlin Liang, Jinping Yan, En Yang, Kunzhi Li, Huini Xu
Soil secondary salinization caused by excess nitrate addition is one of the major obstacles in greenhouse vegetable production. Excess nitrate inhibited the growth of tomato plants, while application of 100 μM H2S donor NaHS efficiently increased the plant height, fresh and dry weight of shoot and root, root length, endogenous H2S contents and L-cysteine desulfhydrases activities. NaHS altered the oxidative status of nitrate-stressed plants as inferred by changes in reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation and lipid peroxidation accompanied by regulation of the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX)...
January 11, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339331/the-catalytic-destruction-of-antibiotic-tetracycline-by-sulfur-doped-manganese-oxide-s-mgo-nanoparticles
#3
Gholamreza Moussavi, Ali Mashayekh-Salehi, Kamyar Yaghmaeian, Anoshiravan Mohseni-Bandpei
The present study evaluates the efficacy of S-doped MgO (S-MgO) as compared with the plain MgO as a catalyst for destructive removal of tetracycline (TTC) in aqueous solutions. The S-MgO had around 6% S in its structure. Doping MgO with S caused increase in surface oxygen vacancy defects. Adding S-MgO (12 g/L) to a TTC aqueous solution (50 mg/L) caused removal of around 99% TTC at the neutral pH (ca. 5.1) and a short reaction time of 10 min. In comparison, plain MgO could remove only around 15% of TTC under similar experimental conditions...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339273/electrolyte-selection-and-microbial-toxicity-for-electrochemical-oxidative-water-treatment-using-a-boron-doped-diamond-anode-to-support-site-specific-contamination-incident-response
#4
Rebecca B Phillips, Ryan R James, Matthew L Magnuson
Intentional and unintentional contamination incidents, such as terrorist attacks, natural disasters, and accidental spills, can result in large volumes of contaminated water. These waters may require pre-treatment before disposal and assurances that treated waters will not adversely impact biological processes at wastewater treatment facilities, or receiving waters. Based on recommendations of an industrial workgroup, this study addresses such concerns by studying electrochemical advanced oxidation process (EAOP) pre-treatment for contaminated waters, using a boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode, prior to discharge to wastewater treatment facilities...
January 6, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336716/reactive-oxygen-species-nitric-oxide-production-and-antioxidant-gene-expression-during-development-of-aerenchyma-formation-in-wheat
#5
Aakanksha Wany, Kapuganti Jagadis Gupta
In response to hypoxia, plant roots produce very high levels of nitric oxide. Recently, it was demonstrated that NO and ethylene both are essential for development of aerenchyma in wheat roots under hypoxia. Increased NO under hypoxia correlated with induction of NADPH oxidase gene expression, ROS production and lipid peroxidation in cortical cells. Tyrosine nitration was prominent in cells developing aerenchyma suggesting that NO and ROS play a key role in development of aerenchyma. However, the role of antioxidant genes during development of aerenchyma is not known, therefore, we checked gene expression of various antioxidants such as SOD1, AOX1A, APX and MnSOD at different time points after hypoxia treatment and found that expression of these genes elevated in 2 h but downregulated in 24 h where development of aerenchyma is prominent...
January 16, 2018: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336466/magnolol-protects-against-ischemic-reperfusion-brain-damage-following-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-and-transient-focal-cerebral-ischemia
#6
Sheng-Yang Huang, Shih-Huang Tai, Che-Chao Chang, Yi-Fang Tu, Chih-Han Chang, E-Jian Lee
In the present study, the neuroprotective potential of magnolol against ischemia-reperfusion brain injury was examined via in vivo and in vitro experiments. Magnolol exhibited strong radical scavenging and antioxidant activity, and significantly inhibited the production of interleukin‑6, tumor necrosis factor‑a and nitrite/nitrate (NOX) in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BV2 and RAW 264.7 cells when applied at concentrations of 10 and 50 µM, respectively. Magnolol (100 µM) also significantly attenuated oxygen‑glucose deprivation‑induced damage in neonatal rat hippocampal slice cultures, when administered up to 4 h following the insult...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336033/h2-o2-mediates-nitrate-induced-iron-chlorosis-by-regulating-iron-homeostasis-in-rice
#7
Haifei Chen, Quan Zhang, Hongmei Cai, Wei Zhou, Fangsen Xu
The uptake of nitrate by plant roots causes a pH increment in rhizosphere and leads to iron (Fe) deficiency in rice. However, little is known about the mechanism how the nitrate uptake-induced high rhizosphere pH causes Fe deficiency. Here, we found that rice showed severe leaf chlorosis and large amounts of Fe plaque were aggregated on the root surface and intercellular space outside the exodermis in a form of ferrihydrite under alkaline conditions. In this case, there was significantly decreased Fe concentration in shoots and the Fe deficiency responsive genes were strongly induced in the roots...
January 16, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331918/dna-damage-in-marine-rock-oyster-saccostrea-cucullata-exposed-to-environmentally-available-pahs-and-heavy-metals-along-the-arabian-sea-coast
#8
Subhodeep Sarker, Deepti Vashistha, Munmun Saha Sarker, A Sarkar
Molecular biomarkers are used world wide for quick assessment of the immediate effect of environmental pollution on marine ecosystems. Recently, we evaluated oxidative stress responses of marine rock oyster, Saccostrea cucullata impacted due to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) accumulated in their tissues at a few sampling sites along the coast of Goa around the region of the Arabian sea coast, India (Sarkar et al., 2017). Using a combination of partial alkaline unwinding and comet assays, we now report a comprehensive study on the impairment of DNA integrity (DI) in S...
January 11, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330647/absence-of-the-nitrous-oxide-reductase-gene-cluster-in-commercial-alfalfa-inoculants-is-probably-due-to-the-extensive-loss-of-genes-during-rhizobial-domestication
#9
Silvina Brambilla, Romina Frare, Gabriela Soto, Cintia Jozefkowicz, Nicolás Ayub
As other legume crops, alfalfa cultivation increases the emission of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O). Since legume-symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria play a crucial role in this emission, it is important to understand the possible impacts of rhizobial domestication on the evolution of denitrification genes. In comparison with the genomes of non-commercial strains, those of commercial alfalfa inoculants exhibit low total genome size, low number of ORFs and high numbers of both frameshifted genes and pseudogenes, suggesting a dramatic loss of genes during bacterial domestication...
January 12, 2018: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322392/effect-of-inorganic-and-organic-solutes-on-zero-valent-aluminum-activated-hydrogen-peroxide-and-persulfate-oxidation-of-bisphenol-a
#10
Idil Arslan-Alaton, Tugba Olmez-Hanci, Tugce Ozturk
The effect of varying inorganic (chloride, nitrate, sulfate, and phosphate) and organic (represented by humic acid) solutes on the removal of aqueous micropollutant bisphenol A (BPA; 8.8 μM; 2 mg/L) with the oxidizing agents hydrogen peroxide (HP; 0.25 mM) and persulfate (PS; 0.25 mM) activated using zero-valent aluminum (ZVA) nanoparticles (1 g/L) was investigated at a pH of 3. In the absence of the solutes, the PS/ZVA treatment system was superior to the HP/ZVA system in terms of BPA removal rates and kinetics...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322150/water-oxidation-by-simple-manganese-salts-in-the-presence-of-cerium-iv-ammonium-nitrate-towards-a-complete-picture
#11
Sima Heidari, Mohammad Mahdi Najafpour, Małgorzata Hołyńska, Jitendra Pal Singh, Keun Hwa Chae, Masoumeh Khatamian
For the first time, using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray absorption near edge structure and extended X-ray absorption fine structure X-ray diffraction, it is showed that MnCO3, MnWO4, Mn3(PO4)2·3H2O, MnS and Mn(VO3)2·xH2O under the water-oxidation conditions and in the presence of cerium(iv) ammonium nitrate, are converted to Mn oxide without a high-range order. A mechanism is proposed for such conversion and as Mn oxide is an efficient water-oxidizing catalyst, it is thus a candidate as a contributor to the observed catalytic activity...
January 11, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320529/how-exogenous-nitric-oxide-regulates-nitrogen-assimilation-in-wheat-seedlings-under-different-nitrogen-sources-and-levels
#12
Sadegh Balotf, Shahidul Islam, Gholamreza Kavoosi, Bahman Kholdebarin, Angela Juhasz, Wujun Ma
Nitrogen (N) is one of the most important nutrients for plants and nitric oxide (NO) as a signaling plant growth regulator involved in nitrogen assimilation. Understanding the influence of exogenous NO on nitrogen metabolism at the gene expression and enzyme activity levels under different sources of nitrogen is vitally important for increasing nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). This study investigated the expression of key genes and enzymes in relation to nitrogen assimilation in two Australian wheat cultivars, a popular high NUE cv...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315934/effect-of-euk-134-on-akt-mtor-signaling-in-the-rat-soleus-during-7-days-of-mechanical-unloading
#13
J Matthew Kuczmarski, Jeff M Hord, Yang Lee, Vinicius Guzzoni, Dinah Rodriguez, Matthew S Lawler, Erika L Garcia-Villatoro, Dylan Holly, Patrick Ryan, Kristian Falcon, Marcela Garcia, Mariana Janini Gomes, James D Fluckey, John M Lawler
Mechanical unloading stimulates rapid changes in skeletal muscle morphology, characterized by atrophy of muscle fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) and a partial fiber-type shift from slow to fast-twitch. Recent studies revealed that oxidative stress contributes to activation of FoxO3a, proteolytic signaling and unloading-induced muscle atrophy via translocation of the mu-splice variant of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOSμ) and activation of FoxO3a. Yet, there is limited understanding of the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on the Akt-mTOR pathway signaling during unloading...
January 8, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314656/mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-inhibition-attenuates-myocardial-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-in-hypertrophic-heart
#14
Lei-Lei Ma, Xin Ma, Fei-Juan Kong, Jun-Jie Guo, Hong-Tao Shi, Jian-Bing Zhu, Yun-Zeng Zou, Jun-Bo Ge
Pathological cardiac hypertrophy aggravated myocardial infarction and is causally related to autophagy dysfunction and increased oxidative stress. Rapamycin is an inhibitor of serine/threonine kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) involved in the regulation of autophagy as well as oxidative/nitrative stress. Here, we demonstrated that rapamycin ameliorates myocardial ischaemia reperfusion injury by rescuing the defective cytoprotective mechanisms in hypertrophic heart. Our results showed that chronic rapamycin treatment markedly reduced the phosphorylated mTOR and ribosomal protein S6 expression, but not Akt in both normal and aortic-banded mice...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311764/effects-of-beetroot-juice-supplementation-on-intermittent-high-intensity-exercise-efforts
#15
REVIEW
Raúl Domínguez, José Luis Maté-Muñoz, Eduardo Cuenca, Pablo García-Fernández, Fernando Mata-Ordoñez, María Carmen Lozano-Estevan, Pablo Veiga-Herreros, Sandro Fernandes da Silva, Manuel Vicente Garnacho-Castaño
Beetroot juice contains high levels of inorganic nitrate (NO3-) and its intake has proved effective at increasing blood nitric oxide (NO) concentrations. Given the effects of NO in promoting vasodilation and blood flow with beneficial impacts on muscle contraction, several studies have detected an ergogenic effect of beetroot juice supplementation on exercise efforts with high oxidative energy metabolism demands. However, only a scarce yet growing number of investigations have sought to assess the effects of this supplement on performance at high-intensity exercise...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307111/inorganic-nitrate-alleviates-the-senescence-related-decline-in-liver-function
#16
Haifeng Wang, Lei Hu, Le Li, Xiaoshan Wu, Zhipeng Fan, Chunmei Zhang, Jinsong Wang, Jidong Jia, Songlin Wang
Senescence-related decline in liver function is a common complication in the elderly that can lead to impaired health in older individuals. Dietary nitrate supplements have physiological and therapeutic effects on organ function by nitrate (NO3-)-nitrite (NO2-)-nitric oxide (NO) pathway. However, the role of dietary nitrate on the senescence-related decline in liver function is unclear. The findings of the present study showed that nitrate levels in the serum and liver decreased, whereas the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in serum increased in ageing mice...
January 3, 2018: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307086/iron-overload-impact-on-p-atpases
#17
REVIEW
Leilismara Sousa, Marco Tulio C Pessoa, Tamara G F Costa, Vanessa F Cortes, Herica L Santos, Leandro Augusto Barbosa
Iron is a chemical element that is active in the fundamental physiological processes for human life, but its burden can be toxic to the body, mainly because of the stimulation of membrane lipid peroxidation. For this reason, the action of iron on many ATPases has been studied, especially on P-ATPases, such as the Na+,K+-ATPase and the Ca2+-ATPase. On the Fe2+-ATPase activity, the free iron acts as an activator, decreasing the intracellular Fe2+ and playing a protection role for the cell. On the Ca2+-ATPase activity, the iron overload decreases the enzyme activity, raising the cytoplasmic Ca2+ and decreasing the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus Ca2+ concentrations, which could promote an enzyme oxidation, nitration, and fragmentation...
January 6, 2018: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306831/annual-n2o-emissions-from-conventionally-grazed-typical-alpine-grass-meadows-in-the-eastern-qinghai-tibetan-plateau
#18
Han Zhang, Zhisheng Yao, Kai Wang, Xunhua Zheng, Lei Ma, Rui Wang, Chunyan Liu, Wei Zhang, Bo Zhu, Xiangyu Tang, Zhenghua Hu, Shenghui Han
Annual nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from high-altitude alpine meadow grasslands have not been effectively characterized because of the scarcity of whole-year measurements. The authors performed a year-round measurement of N2O fluxes from three conventionally grazed alpine meadows that represent the typical meadow landscape in the eastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP). The results showed that annual N2O emissions averaged 0.123±0.053 (2SD, i.e., the double standard deviation indicating the 95% confidence interval) kgNha-1yr-1 across the three meadow sites...
January 4, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306701/methane-supported-nitrate-removal-from-groundwater-in-a-membrane-biofilm-reactor
#19
Jing-Huan Luo, Hui Chen, Zhiguo Yuan, Jianhua Guo
The discovery of denitrifying anaerobic methane oxidation (DAMO) has not only improved our understanding of global methane and nitrogen cycles, but also provided new technology options for removal of nitrate from nitrate-contaminated water. Previous studies have demonstrated DAMO organisms could remove nitrate and nitrite from wastewater under strictly anaerobically conditions. In the study, we investigate the feasibility of nitrate removal from groundwater, which contains dissolved oxygen in addition to nitrate...
December 27, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306125/simultaneous-nitrite-and-ammonium-production-in-an-autotrophic-partial-denitrification-and-ammonification-of-wastewaters-containing-thiocyanate
#20
Jianxin Pan, Chaohai Wei, Bingbing Fu, Jingde Ma, Sergei Preis, Haizhen Wu, Shuang Zhu
Various products are observed in biological oxidation and reduction of molecules containing elements of variable valence. The variability is caused by the diversity of microorganisms and their metabolic enzymes, which may develop into novel processes in wastewater treatment. The study aimed to develop a novel denitrification process forming nitrite and ammonium in wastewaters containing thiocyanate. High-efficiency nitrite and ammonium production was observed due to autotrophic partial denitrification and ammonification as a result of nitrate and thiocyanate removal...
December 20, 2017: Bioresource Technology
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