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Nitrate oxide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923576/comparison-of-heterotrophic-and-autotrophic-denitrification-processes-for-treating-nitrate-contaminated-surface-water
#1
Zheng Wang, Xiang Fei, Shengbing He, Jungchen Huang, Weili Zhou
The goal of this study was to compare the nitrogen removal rate, effluent algal growth potential (AGP), nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions and global warming potential (GWP) between two laboratory-scale bioreactors: the autotrophic denitrification biofilter (ADBF) and heterotrophic denitrification biofilter (HDBF) for treating nitrate-contaminated surface water. The comparative study of nitrogen removal rate between ADBF and HDBF was conducted by a long-term experiment, and the comparative study of the effluent AGP, N2O emissions and GWP between ADBF and HDBF were carried out by the corresponding batch tests...
December 3, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921397/nitric-oxide-induced-by-polyamines-involves-antioxidant-systems-against-chilling-stress-in-tomato-lycopersicon-esculentum-mill-seedling
#2
Qian-Nan Diao, Yong-Jun Song, Dong-Mei Shi, Hong-Yan Qi
Polyamines (PAs) and nitric oxide (NO) are vital signals in modulating plant response to abiotic stress. However, to our knowledge, studies on the relationship between NO and PAs in response to cold stress in tomato are limited. Accordingly, in this study, we investigated the effects of putrescine (Put) and spermidine (Spd) on NO generation and the function of Spd-induced NO in the tolerance of tomato seedling under chilling stress. Spd increased NO release via the nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-like and nitrate reductase (NR) enzymatic pathways in the seedlings, whereas Put had no such effect...
2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921261/attempting-to-compensate-for-reduced-neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthase-protein-with-nitrate-supplementation-cannot-overcome-metabolic-dysfunction-but-rather-has-detrimental-effects-in-dystrophin-deficient-mdx-muscle
#3
Cara A Timpani, Adam J Trewin, Vanesa Stojanovska, Ainsley Robinson, Craig A Goodman, Kulmira Nurgali, Andrew C Betik, Nigel Stepto, Alan Hayes, Glenn K McConell, Emma Rybalka
Duchenne muscular dystrophy arises from the loss of dystrophin and is characterized by calcium dysregulation, muscular atrophy, and metabolic dysfunction. The secondary reduction of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) from the sarcolemma reduces NO production and bioavailability. As NO modulates glucose uptake, metabolism, and mitochondrial bioenergetics, we investigated whether an 8-week nitrate supplementation regimen could overcome metabolic dysfunction in the mdx mouse. Dystrophin-positive control (C57BL/10) and dystrophin-deficient mdx mice were supplemented with sodium nitrate (85 mg/l) in drinking water...
December 5, 2016: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918615/top-down-control-of-methane-emission-and-nitrogen-cycling-by-waterfowl
#4
R Scott Winton, Curtis J Richardson
Aquatic herbivores impose top-down control on the structure of wetland ecosystems, but the biogeochemical consequences of herbivory on methane (CH4 ) and nitrogen (N) are poorly known. To investigate the top-down effects of waterfowl on wetland biogeochemistry, we implemented exclosure experiments in a major waterfowl overwintering wetland in the southeastern United States over two growing seasons. We found that herbivory inhibited the oxidation of CH4 , leading to a mean increase in emission by 230% over control plots, and prevented nitrification, as indicated by low nitrate availability and undetectable emissions of nitrous oxide...
November 4, 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915453/effects-of-chronic-nitric-oxide-synthase-inhibition-on-v-o2max-and-exercise-capacity-in-mice
#5
M Wojewoda, K Przyborowski, B Sitek, A Zakrzewska, L Mateuszuk, J A Zoladz, S Chlopicki
Acute inhibition of NOS by L-NAME (N(ω)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester) is known to decrease maximal oxygen consumption (V'O2max) and impair maximal exercise capacity, whereas the effects of chronic L-NAME treatment on V'O2max and exercise performance have not been studied so far. In this study, we analysed the effect of L-NAME treatment, (LN2 and LN12, respectively) on V'O2max and exercise capacity (in maximal incremental running and prolonged sub-maximal incremental running tests), systemic NO bioavailability (plasma nitrite (NO2(-)) and nitrate (NO3(-))) and prostacyclin (PGI2) production in C57BL6/J mice...
December 3, 2016: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914726/removal-of-2-mib-and-geosmin-by-electrogenerated-persulfate-performance-mechanism-and-pathways
#6
Lingjun Bu, Shiqing Zhou, Zhou Shi, Lin Deng, Naiyun Gao
In this study, the degradation of 2-methylisoborneol (2-MIB) and geosmin (GSM) was evaluated by electrochemical oxidation (EO) using boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrode. Both 2-MIB and GSM could be degraded efficiently in sulfate electrolyte compared to inert nitrate or perchlorate electrolytes, implying that in-situ generated persulfate may be responsible for contaminants degradation. The observed linear relationship between 2-MIB (GSM) degradation rates and persulfate generation rates further proved that the in-situ generated persulfate enhanced 2-MIB (GSM) degradation...
November 30, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909733/nitrogen-gas-plasma-treatment-of-bacterial-spores-induces-oxidative-stress-that-damages-the-genomic-dna
#7
Akikazu Sakudo, Yoichi Toyokawa, Tetsuji Nakamura, Yoshihito Yagyu, Yuichiro Imanishi
Gas plasma, produced by a short high‑voltage pulse generated from a static induction thyristor power supply [1.5 kilo pulse/sec (kpps)], was demonstrated to inactivate Geobacillus stearothermophilus spores (decimal reduction time at 15 min, 2.48 min). Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and enzyme‑linked immunosorbent assays further indicated that nitrogen gas plasma treatment for 15 min decreased the level of intact genomic DNA and increased the level of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine, a major product of DNA oxidation...
November 29, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909430/bacterial-active-community-cycling-in-response-to-solar-radiation-and-their-influence-on-nutrient-changes-in-a-high-altitude-wetland
#8
Verónica Molina, Klaudia Hernández, Cristina Dorador, Yoanna Eissler, Martha Hengst, Vilma Pérez, Chris Harrod
Microbial communities inhabiting high-altitude spring ecosystems are subjected to extreme changes in solar irradiance and temperature throughout the diel cycle. Here, using 16S rRNA gene tag pyrosequencing (cDNA) we determined the composition of actively transcribing bacteria from spring waters experimentally exposed through the day (morning, noon, and afternoon) to variable levels of solar radiation and light quality, and evaluated their influence on nutrient recycling. Solar irradiance, temperature, and changes in nutrient dynamics were associated with changes in the active bacterial community structure, predominantly by Cyanobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, Proteobacteria, and 35 other Phyla, including the recently described Candidate Phyla Radiation (e...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908452/kinetics-and-mechanisms-of-nitrate-and-ammonium-formation-during-ozonation-of-dissolved-organic-nitrogen
#9
Glen Andrew de Vera, Wolfgang Gernjak, Howard Weinberg, Maria José Farré, Jurg Keller, Urs von Gunten
Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) is an emerging concern in oxidative water treatment because it exerts oxidant demand and may form nitrogenous oxidation/disinfection by-products. In this study, we investigated the reactions of ozone with DON with a special emphasis on the formation of nitrate (NO3(-)) and ammonium (NH4(+)). In batch ozonation experiments, the formation of NO3(-) and NH4(+) was investigated for natural organic matter standards, surface water, and wastewater effluent samples. A good correlation was found between NO3(-) formation and the O3 exposure (R(2) > 0...
January 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907028/oxidative-and-anti-oxidative-stress-markers-in-chronic-glaucoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Cédric Benoist d'Azy, Bruno Pereira, Frédéric Chiambaretta, Frédéric Dutheil
Chronic glaucoma is a multifactorial disease among which oxidative stress may play a major pathophysiological role. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the levels of oxidative and antioxidative stress markers in chronic glaucoma compared with a control group. The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase and Science Direct databases were searched for studies reporting oxidative and antioxidative stress markers in chronic glaucoma and in healthy controls using the following keywords: "oxidative stress" or "oxidant stress" or "nitrative stress" or "oxidative damage" or "nitrative damage" or "antioxidative stress" or "antioxidant stress" or "antinitrative stress" and "glaucoma"...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906145/nitrobacter-sp-extract-mediated-biosynthesis-of-ag2o-nps-with-excellent-antioxidant-and-antibacterial-potential-for-biomedical-application
#11
Gopalu Karunakaran, Matheswaran Jagathambal, Alexander Gusev, Nguyen Van Minh, Evgeny Kolesnikov, Arup Ratan Mandal, Denis Kuznetsov
In this study, extracellular extract of plant growth promoting bacterium, Nitrobacter sp. is used for the bioconversion of AgNO3 (silver nitrate) into Ag2O (silver oxide nanoparticles). It is an easy, ecofriendly and single step method for Ag2O NPs synthesis. The bio-synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using different techniques. UV-Vis results showed the maximum absorbance around 450 nm. XRD result shows the particles to have faced centered cubic (fcc) crystalline nature. FTIR analysis reveals the functional groups that are involved in bioconversion such as C-N, N-H and C=O...
December 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906141/green-synthesis-of-zno-nanoparticles-by-olive-olea-europaea
#12
Shahla Hashemi, Zahra Asrar, Shahram Pourseyedi, Nazi Nadernejad
Green synthesis of nanoparticles is superior to physical and chemical methods as it is environment-friendly and cost-effective. The present study was carried out for inducing nanoparticles synthesis by zinc nitrate in the leaves extracts of olive. Further leaves extracts were evaluated for antiradical scavenging activity by 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl assay. Morphological and structural properties of the synthesised ZnO nanoparticles have been characterised using UV-Vis spectrophotometer, FTIR, TEM, XRD and dynamic light scattering (DLS) analysis...
December 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901641/light-triggered-selective-nitration-of-psbo1-in-isolated-arabidopsis-thylakoid-membranes-is-inhibited-by-photosynthetic-electron-transport-inhibitors
#13
Misa Takahashi, Jun Shigeto, Atsushi Sakamoto, Hiromichi Morikawa
PSBO1 is exclusively nitrated when isolated thylakoid membranes are incubated in a buffer bubbled with nitrogen dioxide (NO2) containing NO2 and nitrite. NO2 is the primary intermediate for this selective nitration. Isolated thylakoid membranes were incubated in NO2-bubbled buffer at 25°C in the light or dark. Protein analysis confirmed the selective nitration of PSBO1. Illumination was found to be essential in PSBO1 nitration. A nitration mechanism whereby nitratable tyrosine residues of PSBO1 are, prior to nitration, selectively photo-oxidized by photosynthetic electron transport to tyrosyl radicals to combine with NO2 to form 3-nitrotyrosine was hypothesized...
November 30, 2016: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900610/novel-sgc-stimulators-and-sgc-activators-for-the-treatment-of-heart-failure
#14
Stefanie Breitenstein, Lothar Roessig, Peter Sandner, Kelly S Lewis
The burden of heart failure (HF) increases worldwide with an aging population, and there is a high unmet medical need in both, heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). The nitric oxide (NO) pathway is a key regulator in the cardiovascular system and modulates vascular tone and myocardial performance. Disruption of the NO-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) signaling axis and impaired cGMP formation by endothelial dysfunction could lead to vasotone dysregulation, vascular and ventricular stiffening, fibrosis, and hypertrophy resulting in a decline of heart as well as kidney function...
November 30, 2016: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900590/assessment-of-oxidative-nitrative-modifications-of-plasma-proteins-selected-rotem-parameters-and-kinetics-of-fibrinogen-polymerization-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-at-diagnosis
#15
W Nowak, J Treliński, K Chojnowski, J Matczak, M Robak, M Misiewicz, P Nowak
Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) are at increased risk of thrombosis. Growing evidence indicates that oxidative and nitrative modifications of proteins, including fibrinogen, may lead to changes in hemostasis. The study compares samples from patients with MM at diagnosis and healthy volunteers with regard to the oxidative/nitrative modifications of proteins, ROTEM and thrombin-catalyzed fibrin polymerization. The content of carbonyl groups in plasma proteins of patients with MM was significantly higher than in controls (2...
January 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898788/field-nitrogen-losses-induced-by-application-timing-of-digestate-from-dairy-manure-biogas-production
#16
Emily A Schwager, Andrew C VanderZaag, Claudia Wagner-Riddle, Anna Crolla, Chris Kinsley, Ed Gregorich
Anaerobic digestion of dairy manure has environmental benefits, but the impact of effluent (i.e., digestate [DG]) application on environmental nitrogen (N) losses from soils has not been well quantified. Our objective was to evaluate how field application of DG affected nitrous oxide (NO) emissions and nitrate (NO) leaching compared with raw dairy manure (RM) in spring versus fall applications. We measured N losses year-round for 2.5 yr in silage corn on tile-drained clay soil in Alfred, Ontario, Canada. Treatments were: digestate applied in spring (DS) and fall (DF), raw dairy manure applied in spring (RS) and fall (RF), urea applied in spring, and a control...
November 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898774/effects-of-feeding-encapsulated-nitrate-to-beef-cattle-on-ammonia-and-greenhouse-gas-emissions-from-their-manure-in-a-short-term-manure-storage-system
#17
Chanhee Lee, Rafael C Araujo, Karen M Koenig, Michael L Hile, Eileen E Fabian-Wheeler, Karen A Beauchemin
A study was conducted to investigate effects of feeding encapsulated nitrate (EN) to beef cattle on ammonia (NH) and greenhouse gas emissions from their manure. Eight beef heifers were randomly assigned to diets containing 0 (control), 1, 2, or 3% EN (55% forage dry matter; EN replaced encapsulated urea in the control diet and therefore all diets were iso-nitrogenous) in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design. Urine and feces collected from individual animals were reconstituted into manure and incubated over 156 h using a steady-state flux chamber system to monitor NH, methane (CH), carbon dioxide (CO), and nitrous oxide (NO) emissions...
November 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898330/catalytic-degradation-of-2-4-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid-2-4-d-by-nano-fe2o3-activated-peroxymonosulfate-influential-factors-and-mechanism-determination
#18
Nematollah Jaafarzadeh, Farshid Ghanbari, Mehdi Ahmadi
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is one of the most applicable herbicides in the world. Therefore, its residue in aquatic environment threatens the human health and ecosystems. In this study, Fe2O3 (hematite) nanoparticles (HNPs) were synthesized, and the characteristics of the obtained HNPs were determined using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) technique, and particle size analyzer (PSA)...
November 26, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897440/association-between-aerobic-exercise-training-effects-of-serum-adropin-level-arterial-stiffness-and-adiposity-in-obese-elderly-adults
#19
Shumpei Fujie, Natsuki Hasegawa, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Kiyoshi Sanada, Takafumi Hamaoka, Motoyuki Iemitsu
Serum levels of adropin, which enhances endothelial cell release of nitric oxide (NO), are lower in obese patients. Although habitual aerobic exercise reduces arterial stiffness and adiposity, the relationship between these effects and circulating levels of adropin remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine if serum adropin level is associated with the effects of aerobic exercise training on arterial stiffness and adiposity in obese adults. In Experiment 1, we examined whether serum adropin levels are associated with cardiorespiratory fitness, carotid β-stiffness, plasma nitrite/nitrate (NOx) level, and abdominal visceral fat in 27 normal, 20 overweight, and 25 obese adults (age, 41-79 years)...
September 13, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896616/seasonal-effects-of-pre-aeration-on-microbial-processes-for-nitrogen-removal-in-constructed-wetlands
#20
Ling Wang, Tian Li
Seasonal effects of pre-aeration on microbial nitrogen performance in constructed wetlands (CWs) involved with anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) process were investigated in this study. Slow natural re-aeration rate was the inhibiting factor for total nitrogen removal in CW without pre-aeration, and partial nitrification was the main way for nitrite generation. Besides partial nitrification, pre-aeration provided nitrite generation in CWs with an alternative way: nitrate reduction. Advantage of pre-aeration of influent was much different under various temperature ranges...
November 29, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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