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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144182/plasma-lyte-148-vs-hartmann-s-solution-for-cardiopulmonary-bypass-pump-prime-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-trial
#1
Laurence Weinberg, Elizabeth Chiam, James Hooper, Frank Liskaser, Angela Kim Hawkins, Denise Massie, Andrew Ellis, Chong O Tan, David Story, Rinaldo Bellomo
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of acid-base changes during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) remain unclear. We tested the hypothesis that, when used as CPB pump prime solutions, Plasma-Lyte 148 (PL) and Hartmann's solution (HS) have differential mechanisms of action in their contribution to acid-base changes. METHODS: We performed a prospective, double-blind, randomized trial in adult patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with CPB. Participants received a CPB prime solution of 2000 mL, with either PL or HS...
November 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134805/ion-pairing-and-diffusion-in-magnesium-electrolytes-based-on-magnesium-borohydride
#2
Devon Samuel, Carl Steinhauser, Jeffrey G Smith, Aaron Kaufman, Maxwell D Radin, Junichi Naruse, Hidehiko Hiramatsu, Donald J Siegel
One obstacle to realizing a practical, rechargeable magnesium-ion battery is the development of efficient Mg electrolytes. Electrolytes based on simple Mg(BH4)2 salts suffer from poor salt solubility and/or low conductivity, presumably due to strong ion pairing. Understanding the molecular-scale processes occurring in these electrolytes would aid in overcoming these performance limitations. Toward this goal, the present study examines the solvation, agglomeration, and transport properties of a family of Mg electrolytes based on the Mg(BH4)2 salt using classical molecular dynamics...
November 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112104/cardiogenic-shock-due-to-end-stage-heart-failure-and-acute-myocardial-infarction-characteristics-and-outcome-of-temporary-mechanical-circulatory-support
#3
Hoong Sern Lim, Neil Howell
BACKGROUND: Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) is increasingly used in cardiogenic shock, but outcomes may differ between patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or end-stage heart failure (ESHF). This study aimed to describe the characteristics of patients with cardiogenic shock due to AMI and ESHF. METHODS: Single centre study of consecutive patients with cardiogenic shock due to AMI (n = 26) and ESHF (n = 42) who underwent MCS (extracorporeal life support, Impella or temporary ventricular assist devices)...
November 3, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096922/high-performance-thin-layer-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-enables-reliable-analysis-of-physalins-in-different-plant-parts-of-physalis-alkekengi-l
#4
Eva Kranjc, Alen Albreht, Irena Vovk, Vesna Glavnik
We developed first HPTLC and HPTLC-MS/MS methods which enable characterization of structurally similar and complex biologically active compounds - physalins - from crude extracts of Chinese lantern (Physalis alkekengi L.). Separation on HPTLC silica gel plates developed with ethyl acetate-toluene-formic acid (7:3:0.2, v/v) enabled densitometric screening of physalins in absorption and, after post-chromatographic derivatization with sulfuric acid reagent, also in fluorescence mode. Compared to existing (U)HPLC methods, in this case TLC provides an alternative selectivity, better sensitivity and higher resolution, which was exemplified by the separation of physalin L standard and its impurity, identified as 2,3,25,27-tetrahydrophysalin A...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045148/enhancement-in-elastic-bending-rigidity-of-polymer-loaded-reverse-microemulsions
#5
P M Geethu, Indresh Yadav, Vinod K Aswal, Dillip K Satapathy
Elastic bending rigidity of the surfactant shell is a crucial parameter which determines the phase behavior and stability of microemulsion droplets. For water-in-oil reverse microemulsions stabilized by AOT (sodium 1,4-bis(2-ethylhexoxy)-1,4-dioxobutane-2-sulfonate) surfactant, the elastic bending rigidity is close to thermal energy at room temperature (kBT) and can be modified by the presence of hydrophilic polymers. Here, we explore the influence of two polymers polyethylene glycol (PEG) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), both having nearly same size (radius of gyration, Rg) but different dipole moment, on elastic bending rigidity of water-AOT-n-decane reverse microemulsions via estimating the percolation temperatures (TP) and droplet radii using dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS) and small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) techniques...
October 31, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966359/association-of-unmeasured-strong-ions-with-outcome-of-hospitalized-beef-and-dairy-diarrheic-calves
#6
Diego E Gomez, Jeanne Lofstedt, Luis G Arroyo, Maureen Wichtel, Tammy Muirhead, Henri Stämpfli, J Trenton McClure
Increased systemic concentrations of L-lactate and unmeasured strong ions (USI) are associated with an increased risk of mortality in human neonates and adults suffering from various diseases. This exploratory study aimed to investigate if values of certain acid-base parameters, especially L-lactate and USI, on admission to hospital are associated with mortality in diarrheic calves. Fifty-five calves < 28 days old admitted to 2 teaching hospitals for diagnosis and treatment of diarrhea were included. Admission demographic, physical examination, blood gas and biochemistry analysis, and outcome data were recorded...
October 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914359/changes-in-acid-base-and-ion-balance-during-exercise-in-normoxia-and-normobaric-hypoxia
#7
Olaf Lühker, Marc Moritz Berger, Alexander Pohlmann, Lorenz Hotz, Tilmann Gruhlke, Marcel Hochreiter
PURPOSE: Both exercise and hypoxia cause complex changes in acid-base homeostasis. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether during intense physical exercise in normoxia and hypoxia, the modified physicochemical approach offers a better understanding of the changes in acid-base homeostasis than the traditional Henderson-Hasselbalch approach. METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, crossover trial, 19 healthy males completed an exercise test until voluntary fatigue on a bicycle ergometer on two different study days, once during normoxia and once during normobaric hypoxia (12% oxygen, equivalent to an altitude of 4500 m)...
November 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833697/effect-of-intravenously-administered-crystalloid-solutions-on-acid-base-balance-in-domestic-animals
#8
REVIEW
W Muir
Intravenous fluid therapy can alter plasma acid-base balance. The Stewart approach to acid-base balance is uniquely suited to identify and quantify the effects of the cationic and anionic constituents of crystalloid solutions on plasma pH. The plasma strong ion difference (SID) and weak acid concentrations are similar to those of the administered fluid, more so at higher administration rates and with larger volumes. A crystalloid's in vivo effects on plasma pH are described by 3 general rules: SID > [HCO3-] increases plasma pH (alkalosis); SID < [HCO3-] decreases plasma pH (alkalosis); and SID = [HCO3-] yields no change in plasma pH...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817693/clinical-signs-profound-acidemia-hypoglycemia-and-hypernatremia-are-predictive-of-mortality-in-1-400-critically-ill-neonatal-calves-with-diarrhea
#9
Florian M Trefz, Ingrid Lorenz, Annette Lorch, Peter D Constable
Profound acidemia impairs cellular and organ function and consequently should be associated with an increased risk of mortality in critically ill humans and animals. Neonatal diarrhea in calves can result in potentially serious metabolic derangements including profound acidemia due to strong ion (metabolic) acidosis, hyper-D-lactatemia, hyper-L-lactatemia, azotemia, hypoglycemia, hyperkalemia and hyponatremia. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the prognostic relevance of clinical and laboratory findings in 1,400 critically ill neonatal calves with diarrhea admitted to a veterinary teaching hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814306/blood-acid-base-status-in-impala-aepyceros-melampus-immobilised-and-maintained-under-total-intravenous-anaesthesia-using-two-different-drug-protocols
#10
Gareth E Zeiler, Leith C R Meyer
BACKGROUND: In mammals, homeostasis and survival are dependent on effective trans-membrane movement of ions and enzyme function, which are labile to extreme acid-base changes, but operate efficiently within a narrow regulated pH range. Research in patients demonstrating a pH shifts outside the narrow regulated range decreased the cardiac output and systemic vascular resistance and altered the oxygen binding to haemoglobin. These cardiopulmonary observations may be applicable to the risks associated with anaesthesia and performance of wildlife ungulates on game farms...
August 16, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793213/critical-influence-of-cosolutes-and-surfaces-on-the-assembly-of-serpin-derived-amyloid-fibrils
#11
Michael W Risør, Dennis W Juhl, Morten Bjerring, Joachim Mathiesen, Jan J Enghild, Niels C Nielsen, Daniel E Otzen
Many proteins and peptides self-associate into highly ordered and structurally similar amyloid cross-β aggregates. This fibrillation is critically dependent on properties of the protein and the surrounding environment that alter kinetic and thermodynamic equilibria. Here, we report on dominating surface and solution effects on the fibrillogenic behavior and amyloid assembly of the C-36 peptide, a circulating bioactive peptide from the α1-antitrypsin serine protease inhibitor. C-36 converts from an unstructured peptide to mature amyloid twisted-ribbon fibrils over a few hours when incubated on polystyrene plates under physiological conditions through a pathway dominated by surface-enhanced nucleation...
August 8, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772844/direct-growth-of-cuo-nanorods-on-graphitic-carbon-nitride-with-synergistic-effect-on-thermal-decomposition-of-ammonium-perchlorate
#12
Linghua Tan, Jianhua Xu, Shiying Li, Dongnan Li, Yuming Dai, Bo Kou, Yu Chen
Novel graphitic carbon nitride/CuO (g-C₃N₄/CuO) nanocomposite was synthesized through a facile precipitation method. Due to the strong ion-dipole interaction between copper ions and nitrogen atoms of g-C₃N₄, CuO nanorods (length 200-300 nm, diameter 5-10 nm) were directly grown on g-C₃N₄, forming a g-C₃N₄/CuO nanocomposite, which was confirmed via X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)...
May 2, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746853/ions-modulate-stress-induced-nanotexture-in-supported-fluid-lipid-bilayers
#13
Luca Piantanida, Hannah L Bolt, Neshat Rozatian, Steven L Cobb, Kislon Voïtchovsky
Most plasma membranes comprise a large number of different molecules including lipids and proteins. In the standard fluid mosaic model, the membrane function is effected by proteins whereas lipids are largely passive and serve solely in the membrane cohesion. Here we show, using supported 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine lipid bilayers in different saline solutions, that ions can locally induce ordering of the lipid molecules within the otherwise fluid bilayer when the latter is supported. This nanoordering exhibits a characteristic length scale of ∼20 nm, and manifests itself clearly when mechanical stress is applied to the membrane...
July 25, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693594/the-impact-of-phosphate-balanced-crystalloid-infusion-on-acid-base-homeostasis-palance-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Judith-Irina Pagel, Nikolai Hulde, Tobias Kammerer, Michaela Schwarz, Daniel Chappell, Alexander Burges, Klaus Hofmann-Kiefer, Markus Rehm
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the effects of a modified, balanced crystalloid including phosphate in a perioperative setting in order to maintain a stable electrolyte and acid-base homeostasis in the patient. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a single-centre, open-label, randomized controlled trial involving two parallel groups of female patients comparing a perioperative infusion regime with sodium glycerophosphate and Jonosteril® (treatment group) or Jonosteril® (comparator) alone...
July 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569766/experimental-discrimination-of-ion-stopping-models-near-the-bragg-peak-in-highly-ionized-matter
#15
W Cayzac, A Frank, A Ortner, V Bagnoud, M M Basko, S Bedacht, C Bläser, A Blažević, S Busold, O Deppert, J Ding, M Ehret, P Fiala, S Frydrych, D O Gericke, L Hallo, J Helfrich, D Jahn, E Kjartansson, A Knetsch, D Kraus, G Malka, N W Neumann, K Pépitone, D Pepler, S Sander, G Schaumann, T Schlegel, N Schroeter, D Schumacher, M Seibert, An Tauschwitz, J Vorberger, F Wagner, S Weih, Y Zobus, M Roth
The energy deposition of ions in dense plasmas is a key process in inertial confinement fusion that determines the α-particle heating expected to trigger a burn wave in the hydrogen pellet and resulting in high thermonuclear gain. However, measurements of ion stopping in plasmas are scarce and mostly restricted to high ion velocities where theory agrees with the data. Here, we report experimental data at low projectile velocities near the Bragg peak, where the stopping force reaches its maximum. This parameter range features the largest theoretical uncertainties and conclusive data are missing until today...
June 1, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553873/does-fluid-resuscitation-with-balanced-solutions-induce-electrolyte-and-metabolic-abnormalities-an-in-vitro-assessment
#16
Łukasz J Krzych, Piotr F Czempik
BACKGROUND: Popular intravenous fluids in clinical use may have an impact on electrolyte concentration and metabolic balance and should be considered as powerful pharmacological agents. There is a growing body of evidence that fluid therapy should be more individualised and preferably based on balanced solutions. AIM: We sought to investigate the impact of three commonly used balanced fluids on electrolytes and metabolic equilibrium in an in vitro setting. METHODS: Study group comprised 32 healthy male volunteers (without history of any acute/chronic disorder or known metabolic abnormality), aged 21-35 (29 ± 4) years, weight 59-103 (81...
2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420042/determination-of-reference-intervals-of-acid-base-parameters-in-clinically-healthy-dogs
#17
Ivana Vanova-Uhrikova, Leona Rauserova-Lexmaulova, Kristina Rehakova, Peter Scheer, Jaroslav Doubek
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference intervals for traditionally- and Stewart's approach-determined acid-base parameters in a population of clinically healthy dogs. DESIGN: Prospective study (June 2011-September 2012). SETTING: Veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Two hundred twenty-four client-owned, clinically healthy dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Blood was collected from the jugular vein and the dorsal pedal artery...
May 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401198/the-significance-of-strong-ion-gap-for-predicting-return-of-spontaneous-circulation-in-patients-with-cardiopulmonary-arrest
#18
Minoru Kaneko, Shuichi Hagiwara, Makoto Aoki, Masato Murata, Jun Nakajima, Kiyohiro Oshima
Useful parameters that can predict return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in patients with cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) have not been established. We previously reported the usefulness of anion gap (AG) and albumin-corrected anion gap (ACAG) calculated from a blood sample obtained on arrival at the hospital for the prediction of ROSC. Otherwise, it has been reported that strong ion gap (SIG), which shows the difference between the levels of fully dissociated cations and anions in the serum, is useful to predict the prognosis of critically ill patients...
January 2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395879/determination-of-tissue-hypoxia-by-physicochemical-approach-in-premature-anemia
#19
Zeliha Özdemir, Birgin Törer, Deniz Hanta, Bilin Cetinkaya, Hande Gulcan, Aylin Tarcan
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a common problem in premature infants and its most rapid and effective therapy is erythrocyte transfusion. However, owing to inherent risks of transfusion in this population, transfusions should be administered only when adequate oxygen delivery to tissues is impaired. The aim of this study was to determine tissue acid levels using Stewart method in an attempt to evaluate the tissue oxygenation level and thereby the accuracy of transfusion timing. METHODS: This study included 47 infants delivered at gestational age below 34 weeks who required erythrocyte transfusion for premature anemia...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380062/different-effects-of-fluid-loading-with-saline-gelatine-hydroxyethyl-starch-or-albumin-solutions-on-acid-base-status-in-the-critically-ill
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Angélique M E Spoelstra-de Man, Annemieke Smorenberg, A B Johan Groeneveld
INTRODUCTION: Fluid administration in critically ill patients may affect acid-base balance. However, the effect of the fluid type used for resuscitation on acid-base balance remains controversial. METHODS: We studied the effect of fluid resuscitation of normal saline and the colloids gelatine 4%, hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 6%, and albumin 5% on acid-base balance in 115 clinically hypovolemic critically ill patients during a 90 minute filling pressure-guided fluid challenge by a post-hoc analysis of a prospective randomized clinical trial...
2017: PloS One
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