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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786935/evaluation-of-pcr-primers-targeting-the-groel-gene-for-the-specific-detection-of-streptococcus-agalactiae-in-the-context-of-aquaculture
#1
W J Leigh, R N Zadoks, A Jaglarz, J Z Costa, G Foster, K D Thompson
AIMS: The aim of this study was to design a set of primers for specific detection and identification of Streptococcus agalactiae in polymerase chain reaction (PCR) that can detect a diverse range of S. agalactiae isolates from different hosts and that it is capable of discriminating between S. agalactiae and other species that are closely related or potentially present in aquaculture environments, notably Streptococcus iniae. METHODS AND RESULTS: Primers, based on the groEL2 gene of S...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786601/heterogeneous-photocatalysis-and-its-potential-applications-in-water-and-wastewater-treatment-a-review
#2
Syed N Ahmed, Waseem Haider
There has been a considerable amount of research in the development of sustainable water treatment techniques capable of improving the quality of water. Unavailability of drinkable water is a crucial issue especially in regions where conventional drinking water treatment systems fail to eradicate aquatic pathogens, toxic metal ions and industrial waste. The research and development in this area have given rise to a new class of processes called Advanced Oxidation Processes, particularly in the form of heterogeneous photocatalysis, which converts photon energy into chemical energy...
May 22, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786148/ecotoxicological-assessment-of-immersion-samples-from-fa%C3%A3-ade-render-containing-free-or-encapsulated-biocides
#3
Etiënne L M Vermeirssen, Sophie Campiche, Conrad Dietschweiler, Inge Werner, Michael Burkhardt
To protect house façades from fouling by microorganisms, biocides can be added to a render or paint before it is applied. During driving rain events, these biocides gradually leach out and have the potential to pollute soil or aquatic ecosystems. We studied the leaching behaviour of biocides and toxicity of leachates from renders with either free or encapsulated biocides. Both render types contained equal amounts of terbutryn, 2-octyl-3(2H)-isothiazolinone (OIT) and 4,5-dichloro-2-n-octyl-4-isothiazolino-3-one (DCOIT)...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786147/timing-and-frequency-of-sublethal-exposure-modifies-the-induction-and-retention-of-increased-insecticide-tolerance-in-wood-frogs-lithobates-sylvaticus
#4
Devin K Jones, Erika K Yates, Brian M Mattes, William D Hintz, Matthew S Schuler, Rick A Relyea
While the paradigm for increased tolerance to pesticides has been by selection on constitutive (naïve) traits, recent research has shown it can also occur through phenotypic plasticity. However, the time period in which induction can occur, the duration of induced tolerance, and the influence of multiple induction events remain unknown. We hypothesized that the induction of increased pesticide tolerance is limited to early sensitive periods, the magnitude of induced tolerance depends on the number of exposures, and the retention of induced tolerance depends on the time elapsed after an exposure and the number of exposures...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784072/high-throughput-quantitation-of-neonicotinoids-in-lyophilized-surface-water-by-lc-apci-ms-ms
#5
Lucas M Morrison, Justin B Renaud, Lyne Sabourin, Mark W Sumarah, Ken K C Yeung, David R Lapen
Background : Neonicotinoids are among the most widely used insecticides. Recently, there has been concern associated with unintended adverse effects on honeybees and aquatic invertebrates at low parts-per-trillion levels. Objective : There is a need for LC-MS/MS methods that are capable of high-throughput measurements of the most widely used neonicotinoids at environmentally relevant concentrations in surface water. Methods : This method allows for quantitation of acetamiprid, clothianidin, imidacloprid, dinotefuran, nitenpyram, thiacloprid, and thiamethoxam in surface water...
May 21, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783951/the-transcriptomic-and-proteomic-responses-of-daphnia-pulex-to-changes-in-temperature-and-food-supply-comprise-environment-specific-and-clone-specific-elements
#6
Dörthe Becker, Yann Reydelet, Jacqueline A Lopez, Craig Jackson, John K Colbourne, Susan Hawat, Michael Hippler, Bettina Zeis, Rüdiger J Paul
BACKGROUND: Regulatory adjustments to acute and chronic temperature changes are highly important for aquatic ectotherms because temperature affects their metabolic rate as well as the already low oxygen concentration in water, which can upset their energy balance. This also applies to severe changes in food supply. Thus, we studied on a molecular level (transcriptomics and/or proteomics) the immediate responses to heat stress and starvation and the acclimation to different temperatures in two clonal isolates of the model microcrustacean Daphnia pulex from more or less stressful environments, which showed a higher (clone M) or lower (clone G) tolerance to heat and starvation...
May 21, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783758/investigation-of-daphnia-magna-sub-lethal-exposure-to-organophosphate-esters-in-the-presence-of-dissolved-organic-matter-using-%C3%A2-h-nmr-based-metabolomics
#7
Vera Kovacevic, André J Simpson, Myrna J Simpson
Organophosphate esters (OPEs) are frequently detected in aquatic environments. Hydrophobic OPEs with high octanol-water partition coefficients (Log KOW ) will likely sorb to dissolved organic matter (DOM) and consequently alter OPE bioavailability and sub-lethal toxicity. ¹H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics was used to evaluate how DOM (5 mg organic carbon/L) alters the metabolic response of Daphnia magna exposed to sub-lethal concentrations of three individual OPEs with varying hydrophobicity...
May 19, 2018: Metabolites
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783686/routing-protocols-for-underwater-wireless-sensor-networks-taxonomy-research-challenges-routing-strategies-and-future-directions
#8
Anwar Khan, Ihsan Ali, Abdullah Ghani, Nawsher Khan, Mohammed Alsaqer, Atiq Ur Rahman, Hasan Mahmood
Recent research in underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs) has gained the attention of researchers in academia and industry for a number of applications. They include disaster and earthquake prediction, water quality and environment monitoring, leakage and mine detection, military surveillance and underwater navigation. However, the aquatic medium is associated with a number of limitations and challenges: long multipath delay, high interference and noise, harsh environment, low bandwidth and limited battery life of the sensor nodes...
May 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783169/applying-multi-criteria-analysis-for-preliminary-assessment-of-the-properties-of-alginate-immobilized-myriophyllum-spicatum-in-lake-water-samples
#9
Jelena V Milojković, Jelena B Popović-Djordjević, Lato L Pezo, Ilija D Brčeski, Aleksandar Ž Kostić, Vladan D Milošević, Mirjana D Stojanović
The preliminary assessment of the properties of alginate immobilized aquatic weed Myriophyllum spicatum beads-MsAlg in a multi-element system of nine Serbian lakes water samples was done. Herein, the results obtained in the biosorption experiment with MsAlg contents of twenty-two elements analysed by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry, biosorption capacity, element removal efficiency, total hardness (TH) and quality index of water (WQI) are presented. Scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy was used for the characterization of M...
May 11, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783136/occurrence-and-estrogenic-activity-of-steroid-hormones-in-chinese-streams-a-nationwide-study-based-on-a-combination-of-chemical-and-biological-tools
#10
Bo Yao, Rui Li, Shuwen Yan, Shen-An Chan, Weihua Song
Steroid hormones (SHs) are continuously released into the aquatic environment through various pathways after being excreted by humans and animals, interfere with the normal function of the endocrine system and may affect the physiology and reproduction of exposed aquatic life. To conduct a nationwide investigation of the occurrence and biological effects of SHs in surface river/steam water in China, we quantitated 27 selected SHs in 217 surface water samples by solid-phase extraction (SPE) tandem LC-MS/MS and used a recombinant yeast estrogen assay to screen extracts of the water samples for estrogenic activities...
May 18, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783116/modelling-environment-contamination-with-heavy-metals-in-flathead-grey-mullet-mugil-cephalus-and-upper-sediments-from-north-african-coasts-of-the-mediterranean-sea
#11
Naouel Ouali, Bourhane-Eddine Belabed, Haroun Chenchouni
Heavy metals are a serious hazard for aquatic ecosystems and human health. They negatively affect aquatic life functioning through accumulation resulting physiological/growth disturbances in aquatic lifeforms. This survey focused on the assessment of heavy metal pollution in the Gulf of Annaba (northeastern Algeria), the largest and most diversified industrial hub in Africa, using a multi-compartment approach (water-sediment-biota). The study aims to characterize the spatiotemporal variation of trace metal (TM) contamination and its effects on the growth of the Flathead grey mullet (Mugil cephalus)...
May 18, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782800/suspect-screening-and-regulatory-databases-a-powerful-combination-to-identify-emerging-micropollutants
#12
Pablo Gago-Ferrero, Agnes Krettek, Stellan Fischer, Karin Wiberg, Lutz Ahrens
This study demonstrates that regulatory databases combined with the latest advances in high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) can be efficiently used to prioritize and identify new, potentially hazardous pollutants being discharged into the aquatic environment. Of the approximately 23,000 chemicals registered in the database of the National Swedish Product Register, 160 potential organic micropollutants were prioritized through quantitative knowledge of market availability, quantity used, extent of use on the market, and predicted compartment-specific environmental exposure during usage...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782522/molecular-detection-of-mycobacterium-ulcerans-in-the-environment-and-its-relationship-with-buruli-ulcer-occurrence-in-zio-and-yoto-districts-of-maritime-region-in-togo
#13
Issaka Maman, Tchadjobo Tchacondo, Abiba Banla Kere, Marcus Beissner, Kossi Badziklou, Ekanao Tedihou, Edith Nyaku, Komi Amekuse, Franz Xaver Wiedemann, Damintoti Simplice Karou, Gisela Bretzel
BACKGROUND: Buruli Ulcer (BU) is a neglected tropical skin infection caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. Residence near aquatic areas has been identified as an important source of transmission of M. ulcerans with increased risk of contracting Buruli ulcer. However, the reservoir and the mode of transmission are not yet well known. The aim of this study was to identify the presence of M. ulcerans in the environment and its relationship with Buruli ulcer occurrence in Zio and Yoto districts of the maritime region in south Togo...
May 21, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780681/the-swiss-ecotox-centre-bridging-the-gap-between-research-and-application
#14
REVIEW
Inge Werner
The Swiss Centre for Applied Ecotoxicology (Ecotox Centre) was created in recognition of the urgent societal need to provide expertise, education and tools for assessing the risks and effects of anthropogenic chemicals in the environment. Founded in 2008, the Ecotox Centre conducts applied, practice-oriented research in the areas of aquatic (water and sediment) and terrestrial (with focus on soil) ecotoxicology, and provides further education and consulting services to its stakeholders. To date, its most important activities focus on (1) the validation and standardization of bioassays for use in monitoring of water, sediment or soil quality and (2) the development of tools for retrospective risk assessment, including approaches to assess mixture risk...
2018: Environmental Sciences Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779374/molecularly-imprinted-polymers-for-compound-specific-isotope-analysis-of-polar-organic-micropollutants-in-aquatic-environments
#15
Rani Bakkour, Jakov Bolotin, Börje Sellergren, Thomas B Hofstetter
Compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) of polar organic micropollutants in environmental waters requires a processing of large sample volumes to obtain the required analyte masses for analysis by gas chromatography / isotope-ratio mass spectrometry (GC/IRMS). However, the accumulation of organic matter of unknown isotopic composition in standard enrichment procedures currently compromises the accurate determination of isotope ratios. We explored the use of molecularly-imprinted polymers (MIPs) for selective analyte enrichment for 13C/12C and 15N/14N ratio measurements by GC/IRMS using 1H-benzotriazole, a typical corrosion inhibitor in dishwashing detergents, as example of a widely detected polar organic micropollutant...
May 20, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778871/linking-fish-tolerance-to-water-quality-criteria-for-the-assessment-of-environmental-flows-a-practical-method-for-streamflow-regulation-and-pollution-control
#16
Changsen Zhao, Shengtian Yang, Junguo Liu, Changming Liu, Fanghua Hao, Zhonggen Wang, Huitong Zhang, Jinxi Song, Simon M Mitrovic, Richard P Lim
The survival of aquatic biota in stream ecosystems depends on both water quantity and quality, and is particularly susceptible to degraded water quality in regulated rivers. Maintenance of environmental flows (e-flows) for aquatic biota with optimum water quantity and quality is essential for sustainable ecosystem services, especially in developing regions with insufficient stream monitoring of hydrology, water quality and aquatic biota. Few e-flow methods are available that closely link aquatic biota tolerances to pollutant concentrations in a simple and practical manner...
May 15, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778682/temperature-and-hydrologic-alteration-predict-the-spread-of-invasive-largemouth-bass-micropterus-salmoides
#17
Mi-Jung Bae, Christina A Murphy, Emili García-Berthou
The successful establishment of an aquatic invasive alien species can be mediated by a suite of environmental factors, including climate and anthropogenic disturbance. Dams and reservoirs are thought to promote freshwater fish invasion success through hydrological alterations but the evidence for their role in the global invasion of Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides) on a landscape scale is limited. Here, we examine the distribution of Largemouth Bass, one of the most widely introduced fish in the world, from the Iberian Peninsula using species distribution models (SDMs), including an ensemble forecast...
May 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778442/developmental-profiles-of-progesterone-receptor-transcripts-and-molecular-responses-to-gestagen-exposure-during-silurana-tropicalis-early-development
#18
Paisley Thomson, Valerie S Langlois
Environmental gestagens are an emerging class of contaminants that have been recently measured in surface water and can interfere with reproduction in aquatic vertebrates. Gestagens include endogenous progestogens, such as progesterone (P4), which bind P4-receptors and have critically important roles in vertebrate physiology and reproduction. Gestagens also include synthetic progestins, which are components of human and veterinary drugs, such as melengestrol acetate (MGA). Endogenous progestogens are essential in the regulation of reproduction in mammalian species, but the role of P4 in amphibian larval development remains unclear...
May 17, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778229/a-novel-portable-filtration-system-for-sampling-and-concentration-of-microorganisms-demonstration-on-marine-microalgae-with-subsequent-quantification-using-ic-nasba
#19
Christos-Moritz Loukas, Matthew C Mowlem, Maria-Nefeli Tsaloglou, Nicolas G Green
This paper presents a novel portable sample filtration/concentration system, designed for use on samples of microorganisms with very low cell concentrations and large volumes, such as water-borne parasites, pathogens associated with faecal matter, or toxic phytoplankton. The example application used for demonstration was the in-field collection and concentration of microalgae from seawater samples. This type of organism is responsible for Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs), an example of which is commonly referred to as "red tides", which are typically the result of rapid proliferation and high biomass accumulation of harmful microalgal species in the water column or at the sea surface...
May 2018: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778081/molecular-aspect-of-silver-nanoparticles-regulated-embryonic-development-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio-by-oct-4-expression
#20
Biplab Sarkar, Suresh K Verma, Javed Akhtar, Surya Prakash Netam, Sanjay Kr Gupta, Pritam Kumar Panda, Koel Mukherjee
With the enhancement of commercial manifestation of silver nanoparticles, concerned has risen on their accumulation in aquatic system and consequent effects on fish development and metabolism. In this study, experiments were conducted to assess the impacts of silver nanoparticles on early life cycles of fish considering Zebrafish (Danio rerio) as experimental model. Silver nanoparticles were synthesized through chemical reduction method and characterized through UV-visible spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS), and HR-TEM...
May 4, 2018: Chemosphere
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