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anterior glenohumeral instability.

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135130/clinical-outcome-of-arthroscopic-bankart-repair-combined-with-simultaneous-capsular-repair
#1
Shigeto Nakagawa, Ryo Iuchi, Tatsuo Mae, Naoko Mizuno, Yasuhiro Take
BACKGROUND: A capsular tear and humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament lesion are not uncommon findings in association with a Bankart lesion. However, there have been few reports regarding the prevalence of such capsular lesions and the postoperative recurrence after capsular repair. Purpose/Hypothesis: This study investigated the prevalence of capsular lesions and clarified their influence on the postoperative recurrence of instability. In addition, factors were identified that were associated with the occurrence of capsular lesions and the postoperative recurrence of instability...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132742/hill-sachs-lesion-classification-under-arthroscopic-findings
#2
Kazuhiro Shibayama, Hiroshi Iwaso
BACKGROUND: The Hill-Sachs lesion (HSL) plays a role in recurrent glenohumeral joint instability. Currently, there are no studies based on the form characteristics of HSL. The purposes of this study were to report the HSL form characteristics and to determine whether they are correlated with number of prior subluxations and dislocations. METHODS: The study enrolled 134 consecutive patients diagnosed with anterior shoulder instability during an arthroscopic procedure...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049592/traditional-versus-congruent-arc-latarjet-technique-effect-on-surface-area-for-union-and-bone-width-surrounding-screws
#3
Guillaume D Dumont, Bryan G Vopat, Stephen Parada, Randy Cohn, Amun Makani, George Sanchez, Petar Golijanin, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, Anthony Sanchez, Matthew T Provencher
PURPOSE: To compare the surface area available for bony contact and the width of bone on each side of the Latarjet fixation screws in the traditional Latarjet technique versus the congruent arc modification of the Latarjet technique. METHODS: Computed tomographic scans of 24 shoulders in patients with glenohumeral instability who underwent multiplanar reconstruction measurements with multiple dimensions of the coracoid. The surface area of the coracoid available for bony contact with the anterior glenoid and width of bone on each side of a 3...
December 31, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031514/long-term-outcome-of-rockwood-capsular-shift-for-recurrent-shoulder-dislocation
#4
Luigi Murena, Nicola Guindani, Stefano Turino, Federico A Grassi, Paolo Cherubino
PURPOSE: To review the long-term outcome of Rockwood capsular shift for recurrent shoulder dislocation secondary to trauma. METHODS: Records of 30 males and 4 females who underwent Rockwood capsular shift for recurrent (≥2 episodes) anterior shoulder dislocation were reviewed. An additional Bankart repair with different techniques was performed in 24 of the patients by 2 different surgeons. The outcome was assessed using the Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index (WOSI) and the Western Ontario Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder (WOOS) index questionnaires, the modified Rowe score, and the Constant-Murley score...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029804/prospective-evaluation-of-surgical-treatment-of-humeral-avulsions-of-the-glenohumeral-ligament
#5
Matthew T Provencher, Frank McCormick, Lance LeClere, George Sanchez, Petar Golijanin, Shawn Anthony, Christopher B Dewing
BACKGROUND: Humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament (HAGL) is an infrequent but significant contributor to shoulder dysfunction, instability, and functional loss. PURPOSE: To prospectively identify patients with HAGL lesions and then conduct retrospective evaluation of the clinical history, examination findings, and surgical outcomes of these patients. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Over a 6-year period (2006-2011), patients with shoulder dysfunction and a HAGL lesion that was confirmed via magnetic resonance arthrogram (MRA) were prospectively evaluated with a minimum 2-year follow-up...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904726/the-influence-of-arthroscopic-remplissage-for-engaging-hill-sachs-lesions-combined-with-bankart-repair-on-redislocation-and-shoulder-function-compared-with-bankart-repair-alone
#6
Sang-Hun Ko, Jae-Ryong Cha, Chae-Chil Lee, Il-Yeong Hwang, Chang-Gyu Choe, Min-Seok Kim
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of glenohumeral dislocation after arthroscopic Bankart repair can be associated with a large osseous defect in the posterosuperior part of the humeral head. Our hypothesis is that remplissage is more effective to prevent recurrence of glenohumeral instability without a severe motion deficit. METHODS: Engaging Hill-Sachs lesions were observed in 48 of 737 patients (6.5%). Twenty-four patients underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair combined with remplissage (group I) and the other 24 patients underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair alone (group II)...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852909/clinical-validation-of-the-glenoid-track-concept-in-anterior-glenohumeral-instability
#7
James S Shaha, Jay B Cook, Douglas J Rowles, Craig R Bottoni, Steven H Shaha, John M Tokish
BACKGROUND: Glenoid and humeral bone loss are well-described risk factors for failure of arthroscopic shoulder stabilization. Recently, consideration of the interactions of these types of bone loss (bipolar bone loss) has been used to determine if a lesion is "on-track" or "off-track." The purpose of this study was to study the relationship of the glenoid track to the outcomes of arthroscopic Bankart reconstructions. METHODS: Over a 2-year period, 57 shoulders that were treated with an isolated, primary arthroscopic Bankart reconstruction performed at a single facility were included in this study...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825707/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-with-glenoid-bone-grafting-for-anterior-glenoid-rim-fracture-associated-with-glenohumeral-dislocation-and-proximal-humerus-fracture
#8
R Garofalo, F Brody, A Castagna, E Ceccarelli, S G Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Large fractures of the anterior glenoid rim can result in persisting instability and osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral joint When this fracture is associated with a glenohumeral dislocation and proximal humerus fracture could be a concern. The goal of this paper was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes and complications of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) and glenoid bone graft in cases with a significant anterior glenoid fracture associated with a proximal humerus fracture...
December 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815958/coracoid-fracture-following-latarjet-failure-a-case-report
#9
Brian Capogna, William E Ryan, Alan W McGee, Laith M Jazrawi
The Latarjet procedure involves the transfer of the coracoid process with its soft tissue attachments, thereby providing both bony and soft tissue articular reinforcement for glenohumeral stabilization. Most studies show positive outcomes with this procedure and complications at rates as low as 1%, predominately secondary to technical error. We present a case of recurrent anterior instability after two attempts at soft tissue stabilization (arthroscopic labral repair followed by open inferior capsular shift) in which an open Latarjet procedure was performed followed by subsequent revision secondary to coracoid autograft fracture...
November 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814944/correlations-of-coracohumeral-ligament-and-range-of-motion-restriction-in-patients-with-recurrent-anterior-glenohumeral-instability-evaluated-by-magnetic-resonance-arthrography
#10
Kenji Kanazawa, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Nobuaki Kawai, Takuya Sekiguchi, Masashi Koide, Akira Ando, Hiroyuki Sugaya, Eiji Itoi
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of range of motion (ROM) restriction before treatment of shoulder disorders is important for predicting the final functional outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate correlations of thickness of the coracohumeral ligament (CHL) and ROM restriction in patients with recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability. METHODS: Between January 2005 and March 2015, 181 shoulders (137 male and 44 female patients; mean age, 29.3 years) with recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability treated with an arthroscopic Bankart repair were enrolled in this study...
February 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811520/shoulder-and-elbow-injuries-in-the-adolescent-athlete
#11
Mia Smucny, Joel Kolmodin, Paul Saluan
With the recent increase in youth sports participation and single-sport youth athletes over the past 30 years, there has been an increase in the number of acute and overuse sports injuries in this population. This review focuses on overuse and traumatic injuries of the shoulder and elbow in young athletes. In particular we discuss little league shoulder, glenohumeral internal rotation deficit, glenohumeral instability, superior labrum anterior posterior lesions, Little League elbow, Panner disease, osteochondritis dissecans of the capitellum, posteromedial elbow impingement, and posterolateral rotatory instability of the elbow...
December 2016: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800066/-anterior-shoulder-instabilities-about-73-cases
#12
Louaste Jamal, Hicham Bousbaa, Taoufik Cherrad, Mohammed Wahidi, Larbi Amhajji, Khalid Rachid
Between 2005 and 2014, 73 patients (77 shoulders) underwent Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder instability. This retrospective study aims to evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of this surgical technique. Surgical intervention was performed to treat 69 cases with recurrent dislocation, 5 cases with recurrent painful subluxation and 3 cases with painful shoulder. All patients underwent radiographic evaluation before surgery and during the most recent medical control. According to Rowe score, 73 (94...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776520/anatomical-study-of-the-coracoid-process-in-mongolian-male-cadavers-using-the-latarjet-procedure
#13
Jianqiang Lian, Lele Dong, Yanjun Zhao, Jinlei Sun, Wenlong Zhang, Chunzheng Gao
BACKGROUND: The Latarjet procedure addresses recurrent anterior shoulder instability in the context of a significant bony defect. However, the bony and soft tissue anatomy of the coracoid in coracoid transfer procedures has not yet been defined in Mongolian men. The aims of this study were to describe the soft tissue attachments of the coracoid regarding the bony anatomy, define the average amount of bone available for coracoid transfer, analyze the characteristics of the pectoralis minor and coracoid, and study the relationship between the bony dimensions of the coracoid and body length in Mongolian men...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769608/variability-in-outcome-reporting-for-operatively-managed-anterior-glenohumeral-instability-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Jayd Lukenchuk, Laura A Sims, Jason J Shin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to quantify the degree of variability in outcomes assessed after surgery for anterior shoulder instability in recent high-impact literature. METHODS: Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, an extensive review of the literature during a 5-year period from January 2011 through December 2015 was performed across 6 orthopaedic journals with high impact factors to identify all studies investigating outcomes after anterior shoulder instability...
February 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735979/eden-hybinette-and-pectoralis-major-transfer-for-recurrent-shoulder-instability-due-to-failed-latarjet-and-chronic-subscapularis-rupture
#15
Xinning Li, Antonio Cusano, Josef Eichinger
Shoulder dislocations are a common injury, with anterior shoulder dislocation among male patients being the most common presentation. A patient with recurrent shoulder instability, anterior-superior escape, and chronic subscapularis tendon rupture following multiple shoulder stabilization surgeries presents the surgeon with a complex and challenging case. This report describes a 40-year-old man with an extensive left shoulder history that included a failed Latarjet procedure, an irreparable, chronic subscapularis tear with grade 4 Goutallier fatty infiltration, and associated anterior-superior escape...
October 13, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735978/glenoid-reconstruction-with-distal-tibia-allograft-for-recurrent-anterior-shoulder-instability
#16
Rachel M Frank, Anthony A Romeo, Matthew T Provencher
Anterior glenoid bone loss is present in nearly all cases of recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability. Treating glenoid bone loss in the setting of recurrent instability is challenging, and often, soft tissue stabilization procedures in isolation are inadequate. The nonanatomic, incongruous joint resulting from most bony augmentation procedures has motivated investigators to find an alternative solution. Recently, the use of fresh distal tibia allograft has been reported as an anatomic, osteoarticular reconstructive option for restoring the glenoid arc and maintaining glenohumeral congruency...
October 13, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727051/three-dimensional-analysis-of-the-locked-position-in-patients-with-recurrent-shoulder-instability
#17
Julien Clément, Jérémie Ménard, Maxime Raison, Jennifer Dumais, Laura Dubois, Dominique M Rouleau
BACKGROUND: Although recurrent anterior shoulder instability (RASI) is a common condition in young patients, no studies to date have measured the 3-dimensional (3D) locked position of the glenohumeral joint during an anterior dislocation. Therefore, our goal was to estimate it with 3D computed tomography (CT) scans. METHODS: Patients in this prospective observational study were separated in 3 groups: normal laxity, hyperlaxity, and epilepsy. They were characterized by questionnaires (Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index, 11-item version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand, and Beighton Laxity Score), and a CT scan revealing bipolar bone defects...
March 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726737/imaging-the-glenoid-labrum-and-labral-tears
#18
Tineke De Coninck, Steven S Ngai, Monica Tafur, Christine B Chung
The shoulder joint is the most unstable articulation in the entire human body. While this certainly introduces vulnerability to injury, it also confers the advantage of broad range of motion. There are many elements that work in combination to offset the inherent instability of the glenohumeral joint, but the glenoid labrum is perhaps related most often. Broadly, clinical unidirectional instability can be subdivided into anterior and posterior instability, which usually raise concern for anteroinferior and posteroinferior labral lesions, respectively...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709063/assessment-and-evaluation-of-glenoid-bone-loss
#19
Jason T Hamamoto, Timothy Leroux, Jorge Chahla, Sanjeev Bhatia, John D Higgins, Anthony A Romeo, Adam B Yanke, Nikhil N Verma
The preoperative assessment of anterior glenoid bone loss is a critical step in surgical planning for patients with recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability. The structural integrity of the glenoid has been identified as one of the most important factors influencing the success of operative repair. The currently accepted gold standard for glenoid structural assessment among most orthopaedic surgeons is the use of 3-dimensional reconstructed computed tomography images with the humeral head digitally subtracted, yielding an en face sagittal oblique view of the glenoid...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709057/arthroscopic-iliac-crest-bone-grafting-to-the-anterior-glenoid
#20
Chad M Fortun, Ivan Wong, Joseph P Burns
Failed arthroscopic soft-tissue stabilization and anterior glenoid bone loss have been shown to have high failure rates after standard arthroscopic stabilization techniques. For patients with recurrent glenohumeral instability, the Bristow-Latarjet procedure is currently the standard of care. It is predominantly performed through an open deltopectoral approach but has recently been described arthroscopically. Although providing excellent clinical outcomes, the Bristow-Latarjet procedure violates the subscapularis muscle, has a steep learning curve with a high complication rate, and permanently changes the anterior shoulder anatomy, making any future revision surgery more challenging...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
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