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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525999/is-soft-tissue-repair-a-right-choice-to-avoid-early-dislocation-after-tha-in-posterior-approach
#1
Yiqin Zhou, Shiqi Cao, Lintao Li, Manoj Narava, Qiwei Fu, Qirong Qian
BACKGROUND: Dislocation is the second most common complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The effectiveness of soft tissue repair to reduce dislocation rate is still debated and thus a meta-analysis was conducted. METHODS: A systematic search in PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases was conducted for this meta-analysis. INCLUSION CRITERIA: clinical comparative trials on the use of soft tissue repair including rotators and capsule repair in primary THA...
May 19, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525196/-burnout-syndrome-among-generalist-medical-doctors-of-douala-region-cameroon-can-physical-activities-be-a-protective-factor
#2
S H Mandengue, L J Owona Manga, M Y Lobè-Tanga, P B Assomo-Ndemba, S Nsongan-Bahebege, C Bika-Lélé, F Ngo Sack, A K Njamnshi, S L Etoundi-Ngoa
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate and document the importance of Burnout syndrome among generalist medical doctors (GMD) since no investigation have been carried in Cameroon. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 85 GMD using a self-administered questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics, socioprofessional conditions, Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) to evaluate burnout, and Ricci-Gagnon physical activities level metrics...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516106/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-surgical-treatment-modalities-for-chondral-lesions-of-the-knee-microfracture-osteochondral-autograft-transplantation-and-autologous-chondrocyte-implantation
#3
REVIEW
John B Schrock, Matthew J Kraeutler, Darby A Houck, Matthew B McQueen, Eric C McCarty
BACKGROUND: Numerous surgical options exist to treat chondral lesions in the knee, including microfracture (MFx), osteochondral autograft transplantation (OAT), first-generation autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI-1), and next-generation ACI (ACI-2). PURPOSE: To compare the cost-effectiveness of MFx, OAT, and ACI-1. The secondary purpose of this study was to compare the functional outcomes of MFx, OAT, ACI-1, and ACI-2. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 2...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503360/risk-criteria-in-hospital-site-selection-a-systematic-review
#4
Mohammad Javad Moradian, Ali Ardalan, Amir Nejati, Ali Darvishi Boloorani, Ali Akbarisari, Behnaz Rastegarfar
INTRODUCTION: Hospitals should be safe and remain functional in emergencies and disasters as it is mentioned in the Sendai Framework. Proper selection of a hospital location has a direct effect on survival of affected population in disasters as well as cost and benefit of the hospital in non-emergency situation. Different studies applied different criteria for Hospital Site Selection (HSS). The present study through a systematic review aimed to find out a categorized criteria list that have been used for (HSS) in the literature...
May 1, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484205/clinical-outcome-evaluation-of-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Pengcheng Liu, Junfeng Liu, Kuo Xia, Liyang Chen, Xing Wu
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and clinical outcome of primary total knee arthroplasty in patients with diabetes mellitus. MATERIAL AND METHODS Among the patients who were treated with total knee arthroplasty, there were 98 patients (116 knees) associated with diabetes. Osteoarthritis was diagnosed in 90 patients and rheumatoid arthritis was diagnosed in 8 patients. Various degrees of preoperative knee deformities were found in 82 knees. The average fasting blood glucose was 9.8±3...
May 9, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459239/effect-of-ultrasound-guided-acupotomy-vs-electro-acupuncture-on-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Yu Ding, Yuexiang Wang, Xian Shi, Yun Luo, Yuhong Gao, Jingkun Pan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of acupotomy on knee osteoarthritis (KOA), compared to electro- acupuncture (EA). METHODS: Sixty KOA patients were randomly divided into 2 groups: ultrasound-guided acupotomy group and EA group; each had 3 weeks' therapy. After the treatment, by contrast before and after therapy, by comparing curative effects among groups, we looked into disease improvement degree through activities of daily living score (ADL), hospital for special surgery index (HSS), visual analogue scales score (VAS) and knee joint's infrared thermal imaging detection ...
August 2016: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455785/hypertonic-saline-as-a-useful-tool-for-sputum-induction-and-pathogen-detection-in-cystic-fibrosis
#7
Adriana Carolina Marques Ferreira, Fernando Augusto Lima Marson, Milena Antonelli Cohen, Carmen Silvia Bertuzzo, Carlos Emilio Levy, Antonio Fernando Ribeiro, Jose Dirceu Ribeiro
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the qualitative and semi-quantitative detection of pathogens in the airway secretions of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and the sputum induction capacity before and after inhalation of 7% hypertonic saline solution (HSS). METHODS: The study enrolled 64 patients with CF. Airway secretions were collected from all enrolled patients with CF before and after inhalation of 7% HSS, and the samples were screened for pathogens...
April 28, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453638/etg-ets-in-serum-by-uhplc-ms-ms-in-suspected-sexual-assault-cases
#8
Solfrid Hegstad, Arne Helland, Cecilie Hagemann, Olav Spigset
A method including semi-automated extraction of ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulfate (EtS) from serum followed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS-MS) has been developed and validated. Sample preparation prior to UHPLC-MS-MS analysis consisted of protein precipitation and filtration through a phospholipid removal plate. Chromatography was achieved using an HSS T3 column and gradient elution with formic acid in water in combination with methanol. The mass spectrometer was monitored in the negative mode with multiple reaction monitoring...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439914/how-does-burnout-impact-the-three-components-of-nursing-professional-commitment
#9
Hao-Yuan Chang, Yea-Ing Lotus Shyu, May-Kuen Wong, Tsung-Lan Chu, Yuan-Yu Lo, Ching-I Teng
BACKGROUND: While the impact of burnout on organisational commitment has been widely observed, its impact on nursing professional commitment has not previously been investigated. The literature has clarified that professional commitment has three distinct components: affective, continuance and normative. AIMS: This study aims to investigate the relationships between burnout and the three components of nursing professional commitment. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using questionnaires to collect data in one large medical centre...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439638/total-knee-arthroplasty-using-ultra-congruent-inserts-can-provide-similar-stability-and-function-compared-with-cruciate-retaining-total-knee-arthroplasty
#10
Eun-Kyoo Song, Hong-An Lim, Sang-Don Joo, Sung-Kyu Kim, Keun-Bae Lee, Jong-Keun Seon
PURPOSE: Recently, ultra-congruent (UC) inserts have shown successful outcomes following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). It was hypothesized that patients in the UC group would not show significantly different in vivo stability or functional outcomes from those in the cruciate-retaining (CR) group. METHODS: The prospective study enrolled patients who had been treated with either CR or UC TKAs (38 cases in each group), after a minimum 3-year follow-up. The same surgical technique was used with the same femoral components in both groups except for the polyethylene inserts (CR or UC)...
April 24, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434435/association-between-burnout-and-cortisol-secretion-perceived-stress-and-psychopathology-in-palliative-care-unit-health-professionals
#11
José Carlos Fernández-Sánchez, José Manuel Pérez-Mármol, Antonia Blásquez, Ana María Santos-Ruiz, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez
OBJECTIVE: A high incidence of burnout has been reported in health professionals working in palliative care units. Our present study aims to determine whether there are differences in the secretion of salivary cortisol between palliative care unit health professionals with and without burnout, and to elucidate whether there is a relationship between burnout syndrome and perceived stress and psychopathological status in this population. METHOD: A total of 69 health professionals who met the inclusion criteria participated in our study, including physicians, nurses, and nursing assistants...
April 24, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429740/micelle-template-synthesis-of-hollow-silica-spheres-for-improving-water-vapor-permeability-of-waterborne-polyurethane-membrane
#12
Yan Bao, Tong Wang, Qiaoling Kang, Chunhua Shi, Jianzhong Ma
Hollow silica spheres (HSS) with special interior spaces, high specific surface area and excellent adsorption and permeability performance were synthesized via micelle-template method using cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) micelles as soft template and tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) as silica precursor. SEM, TEM, FT-IR, XRD, DLS and BET-BJH were carried out to characterize the morphology and structure of as-obtained samples. The results demonstrated that the samples were amorphous with a hollow structure and huge specific surface area...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418041/highly-sensitive-strain-sensor-based-on-helical-structure-combined-with-mach-zehnder-interferometer-in-multicore-fiber
#13
Hailiang Zhang, Zhifang Wu, Perry Ping Shum, Xuan Quyen Dinh, Chun Wah Low, Zhilin Xu, Ruoxu Wang, Xuguang Shao, Songnian Fu, Weijun Tong, Ming Tang
Optical fiber sensors for strain measurement have been playing important roles in structural health monitoring for buildings, tunnels, pipelines, aircrafts, and so on. A highly sensitive strain sensor based on helical structures (HSs) assisted Mach-Zehnder interference in an all-solid heterogeneous multicore fiber (MCF) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Due to the HSs, a maximum strain sensitivity as high as -61.8 pm/με was experimentally achieved. This is the highest sensitivity among interferometer-based strain sensors reported so far, to the best of our knowledge...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417582/hierarchical-tio2-sno2-hollow-spheres-coated-with-graphitized-carbon-for-high-performance-electrochemical-li-ion-storage
#14
Huiqi Xie, Min Chen, Limin Wu
A self-templated strategy is developed to fabricate hierarchical TiO2 /SnO2 hollow spheres coated with graphitized carbon (HTSO/GC-HSs) by combined sol-gel processes with hydrothermal treatment and calcination. The as-prepared mesoporous HTSO/GC-HSs present an approximate yolk-double-shell structure, with high specific area and small nanocrystals of TiO2 and SnO2 , and thus exhibit superior electrochemical reactivity and stability when used as anode materials for Li-ion batteries. A high reversible specific capacity of about 310 mAh g(-1) at a high current density of 5 A g(-1) can be achieved over 500 cycles indicating very good cycle stability and rate performance...
April 18, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409868/validated-uhplc-ms-ms-assay-for-quantitative-determination-of-etoposide-gemcitabine-vinorelbine-and-their-metabolites-in-lung-cancer-patients
#15
Xiaobin Gong, Le Yang, Feng Zhang, Youtian Liang, Shouhong Gao, Ke Liu, Wansheng Chen
A fully valid ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (UHPLC- MS/MS) method was developed for the determination of etoposide, gemcitabine, vinorelbine and their metabolites (etoposide catechol, 2',2'-difluorodeoxyuridine and 4-O-deacetylvinorelbine) in human plasma. Multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode was performed with an electrospray ionization (ESI) interface operating in both the positive and negative ion modes per compound. The method required only 100 μL plasma with a one-step simple de-proteinization procedure, and a short run time of 7...
April 13, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403345/effects-of-hypertonic-saline-solution-associated-to-remote-ischemic-perconditioning-in-kidney-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#16
Marcus Vinicius Henriques Brito, Edson Yuzur Yasojima, Sandro Percário, Rubens Fernando Gonçalves Ribeiro, Lainy Carollyne da Costa Cavalcante, Andrew Moraes Monteiro, Rodrigo Paracampo Couteiro, Ivone Aline da Silva Rodrigues, Hellen Aparecida Geyer Dos Santos
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of hypertonic saline solution associated to remote ischemic perconditioning in renal ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats. Methods: Twenty five male rats (Wistar) underwent right nephrectomy and were distributed into five groups: Sham group (S); Ischemia/Reperfusion group (I/R) with 30 minutes of renal ischemia; Remote ischemic perconditioning group (Per) with three cycles of 10 minutes of I/R performed during kidney ischemia; Hypertonic saline solution group (HSS) treated with hypertonic saline solution (4ml/kg); remote ischemic perconditioning + Hypertonic saline solution group (Per+HSS) with both treatments...
March 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399575/evaluation-of-the-prevalence-of-burnout-and-psychological-morbidity-among-radiation-oncologist-members-of-the-kyoto-radiation-oncology-study-group-krosg
#17
Wambaka Ange Mampuya, Yukinori Matsuo, Akira Nakamura, Masahiro Hiraoka
This study aimed to evaluate the self-reported prevalence of burnout and psychological morbidity among radiation oncologists members of the Kyoto Radiation Oncology Study Group (KROSG) and to identify factors contributing to burnout. We mailed an anonymous survey to 125 radiation oncologists members of the KROSG. The survey included; the demographic data, the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) and the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). There were 87 responses out of 125 eligible respondents (69...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369056/pulmonary-shunts-in-severe-hepatosplenic-schistosomiasis-diagnosis-by-contrast-echocardiography-and-their-relationship-with-abdominal-ultrasound-findings
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Liana Gonçalves-Macedo, Ana Lucia Coutinho Domingues, Edmundo Pessoa Lopes, Carlos Feitosa Luna, Vitor Gomes Mota, Mônica Moraes de Chaves Becker, Brivaldo Markman-Filho
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is endemic to several parts of the world. Among the species that affect humans, Schistosoma mansoni is one of the most common causes of illness. In regions where schistosomiasis mansoni is endemic, reinfection is responsible for the emergence of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis (HSS) with portal hypertension in about 10% of infected individuals. Regardless of its etiology, portal hypertension may bring about the formation of arteriovenous fistulas and pulmonary vascular dilation, thus constituting a pulmonary shunt and its presence has been associated with the occurrence of neurological complications...
April 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363013/probing-evolution-of-twist-angle-dependent-interlayer-excitons-in-mose2-wse2-van-der-waals-heterostructures
#19
Pramoda K Nayak, Yevhen Horbatenko, Seongjoon Ahn, Gwangwoo Kim, Jae-Ung Lee, Kyung Yeol Ma, A-Rang Jang, Hyunseob Lim, Dogyeong Kim, Sunmin Ryu, Hyeonsik Cheong, Noejung Park, Hyeon Suk Shin
Interlayer excitons were observed at the heterojunctions in van der Waals heterostructures (vdW HSs). However, it is not known how the excitonic phenomena are affected by the stacking order. Here, we report twist-angle-dependent interlayer excitons in MoSe2/WSe2 vdW HSs based on photoluminescence (PL) and vdW-corrected density functional theory calculations. The PL intensity of the interlayer excitons depends primarily on the twist angle: It is enhanced at coherently stacked angles of 0° and 60° (owing to strong interlayer coupling) but disappears at incoherent intermediate angles...
April 25, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356443/a-microrna93-irf9-irg1-itaconic-acid-pathway-modulates-m2-like-macrophage-polarization-to-revascularize-ischemic-muscle
#20
Vijay Chaitanya Ganta, Min Hyub Choi, Anna Kutateladze, Todd E Fox, Charles R Farber, Brian H Annex
Background -Currently no therapies exist for treating, and improving outcomes in patients with severe peripheral arterial disease (PAD). MicroRNA93 (miR93) has been shown to favorably modulate angiogenesis and reduce tissue loss in genetic PAD models. However, the cell specific function, downstream mechanisms or signaling involved in miR93 mediated ischemic muscle neovascularization is not clear. Macrophages were best known to modulate arteriogenic response in PAD and the extent of arteriogenic response induced by macrophages is dependent on greater M2 to M1-activation/polarization state...
March 29, 2017: Circulation
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