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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343292/psychometric-validation-of-the-heart-failure-caregiver-questionnaire-hf-cq-%C3%A2
#1
Anna Strömberg, Nicola Bonner, Laura Grant, Bryan Bennett, Misook L Chung, Tiny Jaarsma, Marie Louise Luttik, Eldrin F Lewis, Frederico Calado, Celine Deschaseaux
BACKGROUND: The Heart Failure Caregiver Questionnaire (HF-CQ(®)) was developed to assess subjective outcomes of heart failure caregivers. The HF-CQ(®) comprises 21 questions on three domains, namely physical, emotional/psychological and lifestyle. The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the HF-CQ(®). METHODS: Patients (n = 150) with heart failure and their primary caregivers (n = 150) were recruited from 11 sites in USA...
March 25, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343280/relationships-between-work-related-factors-and-musculoskeletal-health-with-current-and-future-work-ability-among-male-workers
#2
J S Boschman, A Noor, R Lundström, T Nilsson, J K Sluiter, M Hagberg
PURPOSE: The purpose was to increase job-specific knowledge about individual and work-related factors and their relationship with current and future work ability (WA). We studied cross-sectional relationships between mental demands, physical exertion during work, grip strength, musculoskeletal pain in the upper extremities and WA and the relationships between these variables and WA 11 years later. METHODS: We used a dataset of a prospective cohort study (1997-2008) among employees of an engineering plant (n = 157)...
March 25, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343212/suicide-case-with-multiple-injuries-with-sharp-objects
#3
Валентина В Черняк, Александр Е Девяткин, Галия М Мустафина, Артём Г Никифоров
The work of forensic - medical expert examination of the corpse at the place of its discovery and further research in the morgue often there are certain difficulties associated with the solution of a number of issues, including the establishment of a kind of death. Bringing the case demonstrates that, during the initial examination of the corpse to the place of its discovery the presence of multiple injuries on the body of a different nature, as a rule, initially suggest investigators to suspect that the murder occurred...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343186/-profile-of-adults-suffering-from-copd-in-poland
#4
Marcin Nowak, Mateusz Jankowski, Grzegorz M Brożek, Szymon Skoczyński, Patrycja Rzepka-Wrona, Ewa Pierzchała, Jan E Zejda, Władysław Pierzchała
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common chronic diseases in adults. It is estimated, that in Poland around two million people suffer from COPD. THE AIM: The aim of this study, was to characterize population of patients with COPD in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study, established and coordinated by the Polish Respiratory Society, included a representative sample of 500 GPs where were asked to fill questionnaires on diagnosis and treatment of their COPD patients...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343113/how-four-u-s-states-are-regulating-recreational-marijuana-edibles
#5
Camille Gourdet, Kristen C Giombi, Katherine Kosa, Jenny Wiley, Sheryl Cates
BACKGROUND: Sales of edible marijuana products have been strong in Colorado and Washington State since the legalization of recreational marijuana. Initially, these states did not have comprehensive labelling or packaging requirements in place. In response to increases in marijuana-related emergency room visits and poison control centre calls, additional regulations were implemented. Currently, Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington each have passed into law various labelling and packaging requirements for edibles...
March 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343059/internal-cycling-not-external-loading-decides-the-nutrient-limitation-in-eutrophic-lake-a-dynamic-model-with-temporal-bayesian-hierarchical-inference
#6
Zhen Wu, Yong Liu, Zhongyao Liang, Sifeng Wu, Huaicheng Guo
Lake eutrophication is associated with excessive anthropogenic nutrients (mainly nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P)) and unobserved internal nutrient cycling. Despite the advances in understanding the role of external loadings, the contribution of internal nutrient cycling is still an open question. A dynamic mass-balance model was developed to simulate and measure the contributions of internal cycling and external loading. It was based on the temporal Bayesian Hierarchical Framework (BHM), where we explored the seasonal patterns in the dynamics of nutrient cycling processes and the limitation of N and P on phytoplankton growth in hyper-eutrophic Lake Dianchi, China...
March 19, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343023/classification-of-footwear-outsole-patterns-using-fourier-transform-and-local-interest-points
#7
Nicole Richetelli, Mackenzie C Lee, Carleen A Lasky, Madison E Gump, Jacqueline A Speir
Successful classification of questioned footwear has tremendous evidentiary value; the result can minimize the potential suspect pool and link a suspect to a victim, a crime scene, or even multiple crime scenes to each other. With this in mind, several different automated and semi-automated classification models have been applied to the forensic footwear recognition problem, with superior performance commonly associated with two different approaches: correlation of image power (magnitude) or phase, and the use of local interest points transformed using the Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) and compared using Random Sample Consensus (RANSAC)...
March 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343000/evidence-for-similar-patterns-of-neural-activity-elicted-by-picture-and-word-based-representations-of-natural-scenes
#8
Manoj Kumar, Kara D Federmeier, Li Fei-Fei, Diane M Beck
A long-standing core question in cognitive science is whether different modalities and representation types (pictures, words, sounds, etc.) access a common store of semantic information. Although different input types have been shown to activate a shared network of brain regions, this does not necessitate that there is a common representation, as the neurons in these regions could still differentially process the different modalities. However, multi-voxel pattern analysis can be used to assess whether, e.g...
March 22, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342992/estimating-removals-of-contaminants-of-emerging-concern-from-wastewater-treatment-plants-the-critical-role-of-wastewater-hydrodynamics
#9
Zeina Baalbaki, Tamanna Sultana, Chris Metcalfe, Viviane Yargeau
Accurate data is needed to evaluate the capacity of wastewater treatments plants (WWTPs) to remove contaminants of emerging concern (CECs). The variability of CEC removals reported in the literature has raised questions about the methods used to estimate removals. In this study, we used the recently proposed "fractionated approach" to account for the influence of hydrodynamics in WWTPs and applied this method for estimating the removal of 23 target CECs. Data on the conductivity and temperature of wastewater at two WWTPs were used to determine the hydraulic model that best described the flow regime of treatment units...
March 19, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342935/interpreting-patient-reported-urinary-and-sexual-function-outcomes-across-multiple-validated-instruments
#10
Emily A Vertosick, Andrew J Vickers, Janet E Cowan, Jeanette M Broering, Peter R Carroll, Matthew R Cooperberg
INTRODUCTION: Comparing patient-reported outcomes such as urinary and erectile function across institutions is critical for prostate cancer research and quality assurance. Such comparisons are complicated by the use of different questionnaires. We aimed to develop a method to convert scores between four commonly used instruments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient-reported data on urinary and sexual function were collected from 1,284 men with localized prostate cancer using the Expanded Prostate Index Composite (EPIC-26), UCLA Prostate Cancer Index (PCI), Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) and International Prostate Symptom Scale (IPSS) questionnaires...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342854/evolution-of-ligands-receptors-and-metabolizing-enzymes-of-thyroid-signaling
#11
Guillaume Holzer, Natacha Roux, Vincent Laudet
Thyroid hormones (THs) play important roles in vertebrates such as the control of the metabolism, development and seasonality. Given the pleiotropic effects of thyroid disorders (developmental delay, mood disorder, tachycardia, etc), THs signaling is highly investigated, specially using mammalian models. In addition, the critical role of TH in controlling frog metamorphosis has led to the use of Xenopus as another prominent model to study THs action. Nevertheless, animals regarded as non-model species can also improve our understanding of THs signaling...
March 22, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342767/developing-cognitive-task-analysis-based-educational-videos-for-basic-surgical-skills-in-plastic-surgery
#12
Celine Yeung, Catherine McMillan, Tomas J Saun, Kimberly Sun, Veerle D'hondt, Herbert P von Schroeder, Glykeria Martou, Matthew Lee, Elizabeth Liao, Paul Binhammer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of cognitive task analysis (CTA)-based multimedia educational videos for surgical trainees in plastic surgery. DESIGN: A needs assessment survey was used to identify 5 plastic surgery skills on which to focus the educational videos. Three plastic surgeons were video-recorded performing each skill while describing the procedure, and were interviewed with probing questions. Three medical student reviewers coded transcripts and categorized each step into "action," "decision," or "assessment," and created a cognitive demands table (CDT) for each skill...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342766/antisocial-behaviour-and-psychopathy-uncovering-the-externalizing-link-in-the-p3-modulation
#13
REVIEW
Rita Pasion, Carina Fernandes, Mariana R Pereira, Fernando Barbosa
In 2009, Gao and Raine's meta-analysis analysed P3 modulation over the antisocial spectrum. However, some questions remained open regarding the P3 modulation patterns across impulsive and violent manifestations of antisocial behaviour, phenotypic components of psychopathy, and P3 components. A systematic review of 36 studies was conducted (N=3514) to extend previous results and to address these unresolved questions. A clear link between decreased P3 amplitude and antisocial behaviour was found. In psychopathy, dimensional approaches become more informative than taxonomic models...
March 22, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342652/effective-hospital-wide-education-in-hemorrhage-control
#14
James R Hegvik, Sarah K Spilman, Sherry D Olson, Carrie A Gilchrist, Richard A Sidwell
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled hemorrhage is the leading cause of potentially preventable traumatic death. Bleeding victims must receive immediate medical attention to save lives, and the first opportunity to control bleeding after trauma often comes from bystanders. Educating the general public is important for improving outcomes for hemorrhaging victims, and it is imperative for all people, including those with no clinical training, to have the knowledge to respond until trained medical specialists arrive...
March 4, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342618/a-realist-synthesis-of-social-connectivity-interventions-during-transition-to-parenthood-the-value-of-relationships
#15
Claudine T Bennett, Judy L Buchan, Nicole Letourneau, Stuart G Shanker, Anne Fenwick, Brenda Smith-Chant, Cyndi Gilmer
BACKGROUND: Social connections are important during the transition to parenthood. A wide body of literature suggests that these connections enhance health and contribute to wellbeing. In the case of parents and families, social connections can influence child development. Nurses and public health agencies are in a unique position to advocate for resources and approaches to enhance social connectivity for parents during this important life transition. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to identify the universal social connectivity interventions that work, and the conditions that foster social connections for parents and enhance child development...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342535/-professional-stressors-and-common-mental-health-disorders-causal-links
#16
C Nicolas, N Chawky, C Jourdan-Ionescu, M-S Drouin, C Page, N Houlfort, G Beauchamp, M Séguin
According to the World Health Organization, depression has become the leading cause of disability in the world, contributing significantly to the burden of health issues especially in the industrialized countries. This is a major public health problem, with potential impact on work climates, productivity at work and the continued existence of the organizations. Some recent studies have examined potential links between professional factors and common mental health disorders, but none have demonstrated a direct causal link...
March 22, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342453/ionizing-radiation-biomarkers-in-epidemiological-studies-an-update
#17
REVIEW
Janet Hall, Penny A Jeggo, Catharine West, Maria Gomolka, Roel Quintens, Christophe Badie, Olivier Laurent, An Aerts, Nataša Anastasov, Omid Azimzadeh, Tamara Azizova, Sarah Baatout, Bjorn Baselet, Mohammed A Benotmane, Eric Blanchardon, Yann Guéguen, Siamak Haghdoost, Mats Harms-Ringhdahl, Julia Hess, Michaela Kreuzer, Dominique Laurier, Ellina Macaeva, Grainne Manning, Eileen Pernot, Jean-Luc Ravanat, Laure Sabatier, Karine Tack, Soile Tapio, Horst Zitzelsberger, Elisabeth Cardis
Recent epidemiology studies highlighted the detrimental health effects of exposure to low dose and low dose rate ionizing radiation (IR): nuclear industry workers studies have shown increased leukaemia and solid tumour risks following cumulative doses of <100mSv and dose rates of <10mGy per year; paediatric patients studies have reported increased leukaemia and brain tumours risks after doses of 30-60mGy from computed tomography scans. Questions arise, however, about the impact of even lower doses and dose rates where classical epidemiological studies have limited power but where subsets within the large cohorts are expected to have an increased risk...
January 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342425/how-neighborhoods-influence-health-lessons-to-be-learned-from-the-application-of-political-ecology
#18
Tendai Chitewere, Janet K Shim, Judith C Barker, Irene H Yen
This paper articulates how political ecology can be a useful tool for asking fundamental questions and applying relevant methods to investigate structures that impact relationship between neighborhood and health. Through a narrative analysis, we identify how political ecology can develop our future agendas for neighborhood-health research as it relates to social, political, environmental, and economic structures. Political ecology makes clear the connection between political economy and neighborhood by highlighting the historical and structural processes that produce and maintain social inequality, which affect health and well-being...
March 22, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340406/a-local-adjustment-strategy-for-the-initialization-of-dynamic-causal-modelling-to-infer-effective-connectivity-in-brain-epileptic-structures
#19
Wentao Xiang, Ahmad Karfoul, Huazhong Shu, Régine Le Bouquin Jeannès
This paper addresses the question of effective connectivity in the human cerebral cortex in the context of epilepsy. Among model based approaches to infer brain connectivity, spectral Dynamic Causal Modelling is a conventional technique for which we propose an alternative to estimate cross spectral density. The proposed strategy we investigated tackles the sub-estimation of the free energy using the well-known variational Expectation-Maximization algorithm highly sensitive to the initialization of the parameters vector by a permanent local adjustment of the initialization process...
March 7, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340354/mechanism-of-substrate-translocation-in-an-alternating-access-transporter
#20
Naomi R Latorraca, Nathan M Fastman, A J Venkatakrishnan, Wolf B Frommer, Ron O Dror, Liang Feng
Transporters shuttle molecules across cell membranes by alternating among distinct conformational states. Fundamental questions remain about how transporters transition between states and how such structural rearrangements regulate substrate translocation. Here, we capture the translocation process by crystallography and unguided molecular dynamics simulations, providing an atomic-level description of alternating access transport. Simulations of a SWEET-family transporter initiated from an outward-open, glucose-bound structure reported here spontaneously adopt occluded and inward-open conformations...
March 23, 2017: Cell
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