keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

islet isolation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210476/delayed-revascularization-of-islets-after-transplantation-by-il-6-blockade-in-pig-to-non-human-primate-islet-xenotransplantation-model
#1
Byoung-Hoon Min, Jun-Seop Shin, Jong-Min Kim, Seong-Jun Kang, Hyun-Je Kim, Il-Hee Yoon, Su-Kyoung Park, Ji-Won Choi, Min-Suk Lee, Chung-Gyu Park
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic islet transplantation is currently proven as a promising treatment for type 1 diabetes patients with labile glycemic control and severe hypoglycemia unawareness. Upon islet transplantation, revascularization is essential for proper functioning of the transplanted islets. As IL-6 is important for endothelial cell survival and systemic inflammation related to xenograft, the effect of IL-6 receptor antagonist, tocilizumab, on revascularization of the transplanted islets was examined in pig to non-human primate islet xenotransplantation model...
December 6, 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210193/islet-damage-during-isolation-as-assessed-by-mirnas-and-the-correlation-of-mirna-levels-with-posttransplant-outcome-in-islet-autotransplantation
#2
Prathab Balaji Saravanan, Mazhar A Kanak, Charles A Chang, Carly Darden, Gumpei Yoshimatsu, Michael C Lawrence, Bashoo Naziruddin
High-quality pancreatic islets are essential for better posttransplant endocrine function in total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation (TPIAT), yet stress during the isolation process affects quality and yield. We analyzed islet-enriched miRNAs -375 and -200c released during isolation to assess damage and correlated the data with posttransplant endocrine function. The absolute concentration of miR-375, miR-200c, and C-peptide was measured in various islet isolation steps, including digestion, dilution, recombination, purification, and bagging, in 12 cases of TPIAT...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209740/early-deficits-in-insulin-secretion-beta-cell-mass-and-islet-blood-perfusion-precede-onset-of-autoimmune-type-1-diabetes-in-biobreeding-rats
#3
Anya Medina, Saba Parween, Sara Ullsten, Neelanjan Vishnu, Yuk Ting Siu, My Quach, Hedvig Bennet, Alexander Balhuizen, Lina Åkesson, Nils Wierup, Per Ola Carlsson, Ulf Ahlgren, Åke Lernmark, Malin Fex
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Genetic studies show coupling of genes affecting beta cell function to type 1 diabetes, but hitherto no studies on whether beta cell dysfunction could precede insulitis and clinical onset of type 1 diabetes are available. METHODS: We used 40-day-old BioBreeding (BB) DRLyp/Lyp rats (a model of spontaneous autoimmune type 1 diabetes) and diabetes-resistant DRLyp/+ and DR+/+ littermates (controls) to investigate beta cell function in vivo, and insulin and glucagon secretion in vitro...
December 6, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208957/neuronal-signals-regulate-obesity-induced-%C3%AE-cell-proliferation-by-foxm1-dependent-mechanism
#4
Junpei Yamamoto, Junta Imai, Tomohito Izumi, Hironori Takahashi, Yohei Kawana, Kei Takahashi, Shinjiro Kodama, Keizo Kaneko, Junhong Gao, Kenji Uno, Shojiro Sawada, Tomoichiro Asano, Vladimir V Kalinichenko, Etsuo A Susaki, Makoto Kanzaki, Hiroki R Ueda, Yasushi Ishigaki, Tetsuya Yamada, Hideki Katagiri
Under insulin-resistant conditions such as obesity, pancreatic β-cells proliferate to prevent blood glucose elevations. A liver-brain-pancreas neuronal relay plays an important role in this process. Here, we show the molecular mechanism underlying this compensatory β-cell proliferation. We identify FoxM1 activation in islets from neuronal relay-stimulated mice. Blockade of this relay, including vagotomy, inhibits obesity-induced activation of the β-cell FoxM1 pathway and suppresses β-cell expansion. Inducible β-cell-specific FoxM1 deficiency also blocks compensatory β-cell proliferation...
December 5, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207921/allyl-isothiocyanate-increases-carbohydrate-oxidation-through-enhancing-insulin-secretion-by-trpv1
#5
Noriyuki Mori, Manami Kurata, Hanae Yamazaki, Shigenobu Matsumura, Takashi Hashimoto, Kazuki Kanazawa, Tomonori Nadamoto, Kazuo Inoue, Tohru Fushiki
The transient receptor potential (TRP) V1 is a cation channel belonging to the TRP channel family and it has been reported to be involved in energy metabolism, especially glucose metabolism. While, we have previously shown that intragastric administration of allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) enhanced glucose metabolism via TRPV1, the underlying mechanism has not been elucidated. In this study, we examined the relationship between insulin secretion and the increase in carbohydrate oxidation due to AITC. Intragastric administration of AITC elevated blood insulin levels in mice and AITC directly enhanced insulin secretion from isolated islets...
December 6, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205751/lh-21-and-abn-cbd-improve-%C3%AE-cell-function-in-isolated-human-and-mouse-islets-through-gpr55-dependent-and-independent-signalling
#6
Inmaculada Ruz-Maldonado, Attilio Pingitore, Bo Liu, Patricio Atanes, Guo Cai Huang, David Baker, Francisco José Alonso, Francisco Javier Bermúdez-Silva, Shanta J Persaud
AIMS: CB1 and GPR55 are GPCRs expressed by islet β-cells. Pharmacological compounds have been used to investigate their function, but off-target effects of ligands have been reported. This study examined the effects of Abn-CBD (GPR55 agonist) and LH-21 (CB1 antagonist) on human and mouse islet function, and islets from GPR55-/- mice were used to determine signalling via GPR55. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Islets isolated from human organ donors and mice were incubated in the absence or presence of Abn-CBD or LH-21 and insulin secretion, [Ca2+ ]i, cAMP, apoptosis, β-cell proliferation and CREB and AKT phosphorylation were examined by standard techniques...
December 5, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198672/hypoxia-induced-damage-in-human-islets-is-reduced-with-the-use-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-preconditioned-medium
#7
D Brandhorst, H Brandhorst, S Acreman, S W Schive, H Bjørnson Scholz, P R V Johnson
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are protective for islets when cotransplanted in a hypoxic environment. However, the risk of neoplasia is increased when MSCs are transplanted into immunosuppressed patients. This initial study aimed to investigate whether the production of protective factors from MSC can be stimulated by different culture conditions to benefit human islets cultured in hypoxia. METHODS: MSC were isolated from human adipose tissue and cultured for 2 days in supplemented Minimum Essential Media α (MEMα) and 21% (21%-MEMα) or 1% oxygen (1%-MEMα)...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198671/effect-of-etanercept-concentration-on-human-islet-integrity
#8
S Acreman, H Brandhorst, A Abraham, P R V Johnson, D Brandhorst
BACKGROUND: Etanercept is widely used as an antiinflammatory drug to improve engraftment after intraportal islet transplantation. In contrast to other immunosuppressive agents, very little is known about detrimental effects of etanercept on islets. The aim of this pilot study was to define the toxic range of etanercept. METHODS: Human islets isolated from 8 donors were cultured for 4-5 days at 37°C in culture medium supplemented with etanercept at concentrations from 2...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192771/phenolic-substances-from-ocimum-species-enhance-glucose-stimulated-insulin-secretion-and-modulate-the-expression-of-key-insulin-regulatory-genes-in-mice-pancreatic-islets
#9
Livia Marques Casanova, Wenqian Gu, Sônia Soares Costa, Per Bendix Jeppesen
Ocimum gratissimum and Ocimum basilicum are plants ethnopharmacologically used to treat diabetes mellitus, a life-threatening disease that affects millions of people worldwide. In order to further understand their antidiabetic potential, which has been previously demonstrated in animal models, we aimed to investigate the acute and chronic effects of major phenolic substances from both plants on insulin secretion and gene expression in pancreatic islets isolated from NMRI mice. Insulin secretion was measured after acute (1 h) and long-term (72 h) incubation of islets with one of four cinnamic acid derivatives (caftaric, caffeic, chicoric, and rosmarinic acids) or a C-glucosylated flavonoid (vicenin-2)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186709/dynamic-profiling-of-insulin-secretion-and-atp-generation-in-isolated-human-and-mouse-islets-reveals-differential-glucose-sensitivity
#10
Attilio Pingitore, Inmaculada Ruz-Maldonado, Bo Liu, Guo Cai Huang, Pratik Choudhary, Shanta J Persaud
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Rodent islets are often used for basic science research but they do not always recapitulate signalling events in human islets. This study evaluated the glucose-dependent responses of human and mouse islets in terms of dynamic insulin secretion, metabolic coupling and the role of glucose transporters. METHODS: Glucose-induced insulin secretion from isolated mouse and human islets was profiled by perifusion and islet ATP levels were measured by chemoluminescence assay...
November 30, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185012/systems-biology-of-the-imidia-biobank-from-organ-donors-and-pancreatectomised-patients-defines-a-novel-transcriptomic-signature-of-islets-from-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Michele Solimena, Anke M Schulte, Lorella Marselli, Florian Ehehalt, Daniela Richter, Manuela Kleeberg, Hassan Mziaut, Klaus-Peter Knoch, Julia Parnis, Marco Bugliani, Afshan Siddiq, Anne Jörns, Frédéric Burdet, Robin Liechti, Mara Suleiman, Daniel Margerie, Farooq Syed, Marius Distler, Robert Grützmann, Enrico Petretto, Aida Moreno-Moral, Carolin Wegbrod, Anke Sönmez, Katja Pfriem, Anne Friedrich, Jörn Meinel, Claes B Wollheim, Gustavo B Baretton, Raphael Scharfmann, Everson Nogoceke, Ezio Bonifacio, Dorothée Sturm, Birgit Meyer-Puttlitz, Ugo Boggi, Hans-Detlev Saeger, Franco Filipponi, Mathias Lesche, Paolo Meda, Andreas Dahl, Leonore Wigger, Ioannis Xenarios, Mario Falchi, Bernard Thorens, Jürgen Weitz, Krister Bokvist, Sigurd Lenzen, Guy A Rutter, Philippe Froguel, Manon von Bülow, Mark Ibberson, Piero Marchetti
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Pancreatic islet beta cell failure causes type 2 diabetes in humans. To identify transcriptomic changes in type 2 diabetic islets, the Innovative Medicines Initiative for Diabetes: Improving beta-cell function and identification of diagnostic biomarkers for treatment monitoring in Diabetes (IMIDIA) consortium ( www.imidia.org ) established a comprehensive, unique multicentre biobank of human islets and pancreas tissues from organ donors and metabolically phenotyped pancreatectomised patients (PPP)...
November 28, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160954/islet-allo-autotransplantation-allogeneic-pancreas-transplantation-followed-by-transplant-pancreatectomy-and-islet-transplantation
#12
M F Nijhoff, J Dubbeld, A R van Erkel, P J M van der Boog, T J Rabelink, M A Engelse, E J P de Koning
Simultaneous pancreas/kidney (SPK) transplantation is an important treatment option for patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and end stage renal disease (ESRD). Due to complications, in up to 10% of cases allograft pancreatectomy is necessary shortly after transplantation. Usually the donor pancreas is discarded. Here we report on a novel procedure to rescue endocrine tissue after allograft pancreatectomy. A 39-year-old woman with T1D and ESRD who had received an SPK transplantation required emergency allograft pancreatectomy due to bleeding at the vascular anastomosis...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157578/evaluation-of-the-insulinotropic-and-glucose-lowering-actions-of-zebrafish-gip-in-mammalian-systems-evidence-for-involvement-of-the-glp-1-receptor
#13
Galyna V Graham, J Michael Conlon, Yasser H Abdel-Wahab, Victor A Gault, Peter R Flatt
The insulinotropic properties of zebrafish GIP (zfGIP) were assessed in vitro using clonal pancreatic β-cell lines and isolated mouse islets and acute effects on glucose tolerance and insulin release in vivo were evaluated in mice. The peptide produced a dose-dependent increase in the rate of insulin release from BRIN-BD11 rat clonal β-cells at concentrations ≥30nM. Insulin release from 1.1 B4 human clonal β-cells and mouse islets was significantly increased by zfGIP (10nM and 1μM). The in vitro insulinotropic activity of zfGIP was decreased after incubating BRIN-BD11 cells with the GLP-1 receptor antagonist, exendin-4(9-39) (p<0...
November 17, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157116/perinatal-exposure-to-high-dietary-advanced-glycation-end-products-in-transgenic-nod8-3-mice-leads-to-pancreatic-beta-cell-dysfunction
#14
Danielle J Borg, Felicia Y T Yap, Sahar Keshvari, David G Simmons, Linda A Gallo, Amelia K Fotheringham, Aowen Zhuang, Robyn M Slattery, Sumaira Z Hasnain, Melinda T Coughlan, Phillip Kantharidis, Josephine M Forbes
The contribution of environmental factors to pancreatic islet damage in type 1 diabetes remains poorly understood. In this study, we crossed mice susceptible to type 1 diabetes, where parental male (CD8(+) T cells specific for IGRP206-214; NOD8.3) and female (NOD/ShiLt) mice were randomized to a diet either low or high in AGE content and maintained on this diet throughout pregnancy and lactation. After weaning, NOD8.3(+) female offspring were identified and maintained on the same parental feeding regimen for until day 28 of life...
November 20, 2017: Islets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150986/memory-t-cells-are-significantly-increased-in-rejecting-liver-allografts-of-rhesus-monkeys
#15
Hwajung Kim, Hyeyoung Kim, Sun-Kyung Lee, Xue-Li Jin, Tae Jin Kim, Chanho Park, Jae-Il Lee, Hyo-Sin Kim, Suk Kyun Hong, Kyung Chul Yoon, Sung Woo Ahn, Kyoung-Bun Lee, Nam-Joon Yi, Jaeseok Yang, Kwang-Woong Lee, Wayne J Hawthorne, Kyung-Suk Suh
INTRODUCTION: The Rhesus monkey (RM) is an excellent preclinical model in kidney, heart and islet transplantation that has provided the basis for new immunosuppressive protocols for clinical studies. However, there remain relatively few liver transplantation (LT) models in nonhuman primates. In this study, we analyzed the immune cell populations of PBMCs and secondary lymphoid organs along with livers of normal rhesus monkeys and compared them to those of rejecting liver transplanted recipient's following withdrawal of immunosuppression...
November 18, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148426/stabilization-and-structural-analysis-of-a-membrane-associated-hiapp-aggregation-intermediate
#16
Diana C Rodriguez Camargo, Kyle J Korshavn, Alexander Jussupow, Kolio Raltchev, David Goricanec, Markus Fleisch, Riddhiman Sarkar, Kai Xue, Michaela Aichler, Gabriele Mettenleiter, Axel Karl Walch, Carlo Camilloni, Franz Hagn, Bernd Reif, Ayyalusamy Ramamoorthy
Membrane-assisted amyloid formation is implicated in human diseases, and many of the aggregating species accelerate amyloid formation and induce cell death. While structures of membrane-associated intermediates would provide tremendous insights into the pathology and aid in the design of compounds to potentially treat the diseases, it has not been feasible to overcome the challenges posed by the cell membrane. Here we use NMR experimental constraints to solve the structure of a type-2 diabetes related human islet amyloid polypeptide intermediate stabilized in nanodiscs...
November 17, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143134/reduced-population-size-does-not-affect-the-mating-strategy-of-a-vulnerable-and-endemic-seabird
#17
Cristina Nava, Verónica C Neves, Malvina Andris, Marie-Pierre Dubois, Philippe Jarne, Mark Bolton, Joël Bried
Bottleneck episodes may occur in small and isolated animal populations, which may result in decreased genetic diversity and increased inbreeding, but also in mating strategy adjustment. This was evaluated in the vulnerable and socially monogamous Monteiro's Storm-petrel Hydrobates monteiroi, a seabird endemic to the Azores archipelago which has suffered a dramatic population decline since the XVth century. To do this, we conducted a genetic study (18 microsatellite markers) in the population from Praia islet, which has been monitored over 16 years...
November 15, 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135069/impaired-secretion-of-active-glp-1-in-patients-with-hypertriglyceridaemia-a-novel-lipotoxicity-paradigm
#18
Xiangxiang Wang, Jia Liu, Chaolin Li, Meng Zhao, Lu Liu, Qingbo Guan, Haiqing Zhang, Xu Zhang, Ling Gao, Jiajun Zhao, Yongfeng Song
AIM: Lipotoxicity plays an important role in the pathogenesis of β-cell dysfunction. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone that exerts beneficial effects on the number and function of islet β cells. However, the effect of lipotoxicity on GLP-1 secretion is still unknown. METHODS: Twenty-five patients who were newly diagnosed with diabetes were recruited from 400 subjects based on 75 g Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). Patients were divided into diabetes (DM) and DM combined with hypertriglyceridaemia (DM+HTG) groups according to their serum triglyceride (TG) levels...
November 14, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135052/enhanced-effect-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-expressing-human-tnf-%C3%AE-r-fc-and-ho-1-gene-on-porcine-islet-xenotransplantation-in-humanized-mice
#19
Han-Sin Lee, Sanghyun Song, Du Yeon Shin, Geun-Soo Kim, Jong-Hyun Lee, Chan Woo Cho, Kyo Won Lee, Hyojun Park, Curie Ahn, Jaeseok Yang, Heung-Mo Yang, Jae Berm Park, Sung-Joo Kim
BACKGROUND: Porcine islet xenotransplantation is considered an attractive alternative treatment for type 1 diabetes mellitus. However, it is largely limited because of initial rejection due to Instant Blood-Mediated Inflammatory Reaction (IBMIR), oxidative stress, and inflammatory responses. Recently, soluble tumor necrosis factor-ɑ receptor type I (sTNF-αR) and heme oxygenase (HO)-1 genes (HO-1/sTNF-αR) have been shown to improve the viability and functionality of porcine islets after transplantation...
November 14, 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131417/culturing-with-modified-egm2-medium-enhances-porcine-neonatal-islet-like-cell-clusters-resistance-to-apoptosis-in-islet-xenotransplantation
#20
Xiaoqian Ma, Cejun Yang, Juan Zhang, Jia Wang, Wei Li, Chang Xu, Pengfei Rong, Bin Ye, Minghua Wu, Jianhui Jiang, Shounan Yi, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Neonatal pig islet-like cell clusters (NICC) are an attractive source of insulin-producing tissue for potential transplantation treatment of type 1 diabetic patients. However, a considerable loss of NICC after their transplantation due to apoptosis resulted from islet isolation and instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction remains to be overcome. METHODS: EGM2 medium depleted with hydrocortisone and supplemented with 50 mmol/L isobutylmethylxanthine, 10 mmol/L nicotinamide, and 10 mmol/L glucose was used to culture NICC at day 1, the day after isolation and changed every other day...
November 12, 2017: Xenotransplantation
keyword
keyword
102559
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"