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Reactive Attachment

Maximiliano Martínez-Cifuentes, Boris Weiss-López, Ramiro Araya-Maturana
In this work, a computational study of a series of N-substitued-4-piperidones curcumin analogues is presented. The molecular structure of the neutral molecules and their radical anions, as well as their reactivity, are investigated. N-substituents include methyl and benzyl groups, while substituents on the aromatic rings cover electron-donor and electron-acceptor groups. Substitutions at the nitrogen atom do not significantly affect the geometry and frontier molecular orbitals (FMO) energies of these molecules...
December 2, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Paulette D Chandler, Akintunde O Akinkuolie, Deirdre K Tobias, Patrick R Lawler, Chungying Li, M Vinayaga Moorthy, Lu Wang, Daniel A Duprez, David R Jacobs, Robert J Glynn, James Otvos, Margery A Connelly, Wendy S Post, Paul M Ridker, JoAnn E Manson, Julie E Buring, I-Min Lee, Samia Mora
BACKGROUND: Acute phase proteins highlight the dynamic interaction between inflammation and oncogenesis. GlycA, a novel nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) inflammatory marker that identifies primarily circulating N-acetyl glycan groups attached to acute phase proteins, may be a future CRC risk biomarker. METHODS: We examined the association between GlycA and incident CRC and mortality in two prospective cohorts (N = 34,320); Discovery cohort: 27,495 participants from Women's Health Study (WHS); Replication cohort: 6,784 participants from Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)...
2016: PloS One
Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Daniel A Waschbusch, Raman Baweja
DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition) Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED) are rare disorders sharing social difficulties with autism. The DSM-5 and ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases, 10th revsion) state that RAD/DSED should not be diagnosed in children with autism. The purpose of our study is to determine whether children can meet criteria for both autism and RAD/DSED and to identify specific symptoms discriminating the disorders...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Irina Matetovici, Guy Caljon, Jan Van Den Abbeele
BACKGROUND: For their transmission, African trypanosomes rely on their blood feeding insect vector, the tsetse fly (Glossina sp.). The ingested Trypanosoma brucei parasites have to overcome a series of barriers in the tsetse fly alimentary tract to finally develop into the infective metacyclic forms in the salivary glands that are transmitted to a mammalian host by the tsetse bite. The parasite population in the salivary gland is dense with a significant number of trypanosomes tightly attached to the epithelial cells...
November 25, 2016: BMC Genomics
Leanna R Staben, Stefan G Koenig, Sophie M Lehar, Richard Vandlen, Donglu Zhang, Josefa Chuh, Shang-Fan Yu, Carl Ng, Jun Guo, Yanzhou Liu, Aimee Fourie-O'Donohue, MaryAnn Go, Xin Linghu, Nathaniel L Segraves, Tao Wang, Jinhua Chen, BinQing Wei, Gail D Lewis Phillips, Keyang Xu, Katherine R Kozak, Sanjeev Mariathasan, John A Flygare, Thomas H Pillow
The reversible attachment of a small-molecule drug to a carrier for targeted delivery can improve pharmacokinetics and the therapeutic index. Previous studies have reported the delivery of molecules that contain primary and secondary amines via an amide or carbamate bond; however, the ability to employ tertiary-amine-containing bioactive molecules has been elusive. Here we describe a bioreversible linkage based on a quaternary ammonium that can be used to connect a broad array of tertiary and heteroaryl amines to a carrier protein...
December 2016: Nature Chemistry
Erica Nathan, K Vijayashree, A Harikrishna, Makoto Takafuji, Hirokuni Jintoku, Hirotaka Ihara, N M Rao
Photosensitizers (PS) are used in photodynamic therapy to treat several cancers. The efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) could be further improved by overcoming aggregation-dependent quenching of PS and by improving the biodistribution of the PS. In this work we attempted to overcome these issues by conjugating a PS with a lipid molecule and tested the liposomes prepared with this PS conjugated lipid for PDT. A novel lipid-porphyrin conjugate (1 : 1) was synthesized by attaching a PS, 5-(4-methoxycarbonylphenyl)-10,15,20-triphenyl-(21)H,(23)H-porphine, to the head group of a glutamide lipid...
November 30, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Faezeh Moghadam Ariaee, Maryam Hashemi, Sara Amel Farzad, Khalil Abnous, Mohammad Ramezani
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, polypropyleneimine (PPI) dendrimers have attracted great interest as non-viral gene delivery systems because of their attractive features including highly branched architecture with number of reactive end groups. However, without being structurally modified, they are not efficient gene carriers. In the present study, generation 2 and 3 (G2 and G3) of PPI dendrimers were conjugated with alkylcarboxylate groups as linker to enhance the transfection efficiency while maintaining their low cell toxicity...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Diana Yepes, Pablo Jaque, Israel Fernández
H2 activation mediated by geminal aminoborane-based frustrated Lewis pairs (FLPs; R2 N-CH2 -BR'2 ) has been computationally explored within the density functional theory framework. It is found that the activation barrier of this process as well as the geometry of the corresponding transition states strongly depend on the nature of the substituents directly attached either to the acidic or the basic centers of the FLPs. The physical factors controlling the whole activation path are quantitatively described in detail by means of the activation strain model of reactivity combined with the energy decomposition analysis method...
November 16, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Bo-Ram Kim, Sy-Miin Chow, Bethany Bray, Douglas M Teti
The present study examined observations of parenting quality (mothers' emotional availability - EA) during infant bedtimes at 4 points across the infants' first year, assessing relations between levels and trajectories of EA and infant attachment at 12 months and the role of infant temperament in moderating these associations. The sample (N = 128) was predominantly Euro-American (82.5%) and at low socioeconomic risk. Latent growth curve modeling with latent basis coefficients indicated substantial individual differences in initial levels and slopes in EA trajectories across the first year...
November 16, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
Jurgina Sakalauskiene, Dalia Giedrimiene, Darius Gleiznys, Alvydas Gleiznys, Rymante Gleizniene, Astra Vitkauskiene
BACKGROUND Levels of pro-inflammatory cytokine (IL-1β) released by peripheral blood leukocyte medium (PBLM), isolated from chronic periodontitis patients (P) before therapy and matched to controls, were determined in the presence or absence of non-opsonized Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this investigation, 26 patients with untreated, severe, generalized, chronic periodontitis and 26 healthy subjects (H) were enrolled. Periodontal status was assessed by measuring bleeding on probing (BOP), clinical attachment loss (CAL), probing pocket depth (PPD), and Ramfjord index (PDI)...
November 12, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Yuli Wang, Hongxia Wu, Ming Shen, Siyang Ding, Jing Miao, Ning Chen
Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease induced by bacterial pathogens,which not only affect connective tissue attachments but also cause alveolar bone loss.In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of Human amnion-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HAMSCs) on human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (HBMSCs) under lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory conditions. Proliferation levels were measured by flow cytometry and immunofluorescence staining of 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU)...
November 7, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Miglė Tomkuvienė, Edita Kriukienė, Saulius Klimašauskas
DNA methyltransferases (MTases) uniquely combine the ability to recognize and covalently modify specific target sequences in DNA using the ubiquitous cofactor S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet). Although DNA methylation plays important roles in biological signaling, the transferred methyl group is a poor reporter and is highly inert to further biocompatible derivatization. To unlock the biotechnological power of these enzymes, two major types of cofactor AdoMet analogs were developed that permit targeted MTase-directed attachment of larger moieties containing functional or reporter groups onto DNA...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Tara Essock-Burns, Neeraj V Gohad, Beatriz Orihuela, Andrew S Mount, Christopher M Spillmann, Kathryn J Wahl, Daniel Rittschof
Mobile barnacle cypris larvae settle and metamorphose, transitioning to sessile juveniles with morphology and growth similar to adults. Because biofilms exist on immersed surfaces on which they attach, barnacles must interact with bacteria during initial attachment and subsequent growth. The objective of this study was to characterize the developing interface of the barnacle and substratum during this key developmental transition to inform potential mechanisms that promote attachment. The interface was characterized using confocal microscopy and fluorescent dyes to identify morphological and chemical changes in the interface and the status of bacteria present as a function of barnacle developmental stage...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
Charles H Zeanah, Tessa Chesher, Neil W Boris
This Practice Parameter is a revision of a previous Parameter addressing reactive attachment disorder that was published in 2005. It reviews the current status of reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and disinhibited social engagement disorder (DESD) with regard to assessment and treatment. Attachment is a central component of social and emotional development in early childhood, and disordered attachment is defined by specific patterns of abnormal social behavior in the context of "insufficient care" or social neglect...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Luisa L Mendes, Daniel Englert, Christiane Fernandes, Lawrence R Gahan, Gerhard Schenk, Adolfo Horn
The structural and functional properties of zinc(ii) complexes of two nitrogen rich polydentate ligands, HTPDP = 1,3-bis(bis-pyridin-2-ylmethylamino)propan-2-ol and HTPPNOL = N,N,N'-tris-(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,3-diaminopropan-2-ol, are compared. HTPDP is a hepta-dentate ligand with four pyridyl groups attached to a 1,3-diaminopropan-2-ol backbone while HTPPNOL contains only three pyridyl groups. In reactions with Zn(ClO4)2, HTPDP forms a dinuclear zinc compound [Zn2(TPDP)(OAc)](ClO4)2, 1. On the other hand, mononuclear [Zn(HTPPNOL)](ClO4)2, 2, and tetranuclear [Zn4(TPPNOL)2(OAc)3](ClO4)3, 3, complexes were isolated with the ligand HTPPNOL...
November 2, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Aleksandra J Ozga, Federica Moalli, Jun Abe, Jim Swoger, James Sharpe, Dietmar Zehn, Mario Kreutzfeldt, Doron Merkler, Jorge Ripoll, Jens V Stein
During adaptive immune responses, CD8(+) T cells with low TCR affinities are released early into the circulation before high-affinity clones become dominant at later time points. How functional avidity maturation is orchestrated in lymphoid tissue and how low-affinity cells contribute to host protection remains unclear. In this study, we used intravital imaging of reactive lymph nodes (LNs) to show that T cells rapidly attached to dendritic cells irrespective of TCR affinity, whereas one day later, the duration of these stable interactions ceased progressively with lowering peptide major histocompatibility complex (pMHC) affinity...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Michael F Dizon
The field of transfusion medicine has evolved rapidly in recent years, but the central principle of transfusion is still simple, namely, the antigen-antibody interaction. Daratumumab (DARA), a monoclonal antibody (MoAb), was developed to treat relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). DARA works by targeting the CD38 portion of malignant cells; however, this drug attaches to the red blood cell (RBC) reagents used in blood banks, further complicating the antibody identification work-up. The AABB (formerly known as the American Association of Blood Banks) has issued a memorandum on how blood banks can effectively address panreactivity caused by DARA...
October 28, 2016: Laboratory Medicine
Adrienne T Perkins, Thomas M Das, Lauren C Panzera, Sharon E Bickel
In humans, errors in meiotic chromosome segregation that produce aneuploid gametes increase dramatically as women age, a phenomenon termed the "maternal age effect." During meiosis, cohesion between sister chromatids keeps recombinant homologs physically attached and premature loss of cohesion can lead to missegregation of homologs during meiosis I. A growing body of evidence suggests that meiotic cohesion deteriorates as oocytes age and contributes to the maternal age effect. One hallmark of aging cells is an increase in oxidative damage caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
November 1, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Brandi L Baldock, James E Hutchison
DNA-functionalized gold nanoparticles have been increasingly applied as sensitive and selective analytical probes and biosensors. The DNA ligands bound to a nanoparticle dictate its reactivity, making it essential to know the type and number of DNA strands bound to the nanoparticle surface. Existing methods used to determine the number of DNA strands per gold nanoparticle (AuNP) require that the sequences be fluorophore labeled, which may affect the DNA surface coverage and reactivity of the nanoparticle, and/or require specialized equipment and other fluorophore-containing reagents...
October 26, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Devin A Matthews, John F Stanton
Accurate methods for excited, ionized, and electron-attached states are critical to the study of many chemical species such as reactive intermediates, radicals, and ionized systems. The equation-of-motion coupled cluster singles, doubles, and triples (EOM-CCSDT) family of methods is very accurate (roughly similar in accuracy as for CCSDT calculations of the ground state), but the computational cost scales iteratively as the eighth power of the system size. Many approximations already exist, although most either correct only the excited state or require an iterative ...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
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