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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776348/the-influence-of-cross-sectoral-treatment-models-on-patients-with-mental-disorders-in-germany-study-protocol-of-a-nationwide-long-term-evaluation-study-eva64
#1
Anne Neumann, Enno Swart, Dennis Häckl, Roman Kliemt, Stefanie March, Denise Küster, Katrin Arnold, Thomas Petzold, Fabian Baum, Martin Seifert, Jessika Weiß, Andrea Pfennig, Jochen Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Close, continuous and efficient collaboration between different professions and sectors of care is necessary to provide patient-centered care for individuals with mental disorders. The lack of structured collaboration between in- and outpatient care constitutes a limitation of the German health care system. Since 2012, a new law in Germany (§64b Social code book (SGB) V) has enabled the establishment of cross-sectoral and patient-centered treatment models in psychiatry. Such model projects follow a capitation budget, i...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769084/resilience-trust-and-civic-engagement-in-the-post-ccsvi-era
#2
Shelly Benjaminy, Andrew Schepmyer, Judy Illes, Anthony Traboulsee
BACKGROUND: Scientific and financial investments in chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) research have been made to address both the hope for and scepticism over this interventional strategy for MS. Despite limited evidence in support of the CCSVI hypothesis, the funding of clinical research was responsive to a demand by the public rarely seen in the history of medicine. We characterize patient perspectives about the CCSVI research trajectory, with particular attention to its impact on other non-pharmaceutical areas of MS research with a focus on stem cell interventions...
May 16, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768673/the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-during-breastfeeding-results-from-the-herbal-supplements-in-breastfeeding-investigation-habit
#3
Alessandra Bettiol, Niccolò Lombardi, Ettore Marconi, Giada Crescioli, Roberto Bonaiuti, Valentina Maggini, Eugenia Gallo, Alessandro Mugelli, Fabio Firenzuoli, Claudia Ravaldi, Alfredo Vannacci
AIMS: Use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) during breastfeeding is commonly increasing, mainly due to their presumed higher safety compared to conventional medications. Indeed, CAMs can cause serious adverse effects, and high-quality evidence supporting their use during lactation is limited. In Italy, specific investigations on the attitude of lactating women towards CAMs are lacking. The Herbal supplements in Breastfeeding InvesTigation (HaBIT) aimed to explore the attitudes and knowledge on CAMs among lactating women...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767395/behavioral-therapy-approaches-for-the-management-of-low-back-pain-an-up-to-date-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Kristallia Vitoula, Annalena Venneri, Giustino Varrassi, Antonella Paladini, Panagiota Sykioti, Joy Adewusi, Panagiotis Zis
Low back pain is one of the most common causes for seeking medical treatment and it is estimated that one in two people will experience low back pain at some point during their lifetimes. Management of low back pain includes pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches. Non-pharmaceutical treatments include interventions such as acupuncture, spinal manipulation, and psychotherapy. The latter is especially important as patients who suffer from low back pain often have impaired quality of life and also suffer from depression...
May 16, 2018: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748113/clinical-spectrum-of-acute-poisoning-in-children-admitted-to-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#5
Jung Lee, Nai-Chia Fan, Tsung-Chieh Yao, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, En-Pei Lee, Jing-Long Huang, Han-Ping Wu
BACKGROUND: Pediatric poisoning is a common emergency worldwide. Routine surveillance is required for public health authorities and physicians to update strategies for prevention and management of pediatric poisoning. This study investigated the epidemiology of poisoning among children admitted to an emergency department (ED). METHODS: This was a retrospective descriptive study. Data were collected from patients under 18 years old (y/o) presenting with poisoning at the largest ED in North Taiwan from 2011 to 2015...
April 19, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728845/the-perceptions-and-experiences-of-osteopathic-treatment-among-cancer-patients-in-palliative-care-a-qualitative-study
#6
Amie Steel, Colombe Tricou, Thomas Monsarrat, Murielle Ruer, Cécile Deslandes, Corinne Sisoix, Marilène Filbet
PURPOSE: This research aimed to explore the perceptions and experiences of cancer patients receiving osteopathic treatment as a complementary therapy when it is used in addition to conventional treatment for cancer pain. METHODS: This qualitative study employed semi structured interviews of cancer patients in a palliative care unit in Lyon, France, who received treatment from an osteopath alongside their conventional cancer treatment. We analysed data using grounded theory and qualitative methods...
May 4, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706882/cognitive-function-and-brain-atrophy-predict-non-pharmacological-efficacy-in-dementia-the-mihama-kiho-scan-project2
#7
Ken-Ichi Tabei, Masayuki Satoh, Jun-Ichi Ogawa, Tomoko Tokita, Noriko Nakaguchi, Koji Nakao, Hirotaka Kida, Hidekazu Tomimoto
We aimed to determine whether neuropsychological deficits and brain atrophy could predict the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions. Forty-six participants with mild-to-moderate dementia were monitored for 6 months; 25 underwent an intervention involving physical exercise with music, and 21 performed cognitive stimulation tasks. Participants were categorized into improvement (IMP) and no-IMP subgroups. In the exercise-with-music group, the no-IMP subgroup performed worse than the IMP subgroup on the Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test at baseline...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688638/-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-accessibility-and-availability-of-services-in-israel
#8
Asher Ornoy, Dori Rivkin, Lital Barlev
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among children ranges from 8% -12% and is more common in males. Most ADHD children suffer from related disorders such as learning disabilities and behavioral problems. Treatment with stimulants improves the learning and social abilities of most children and the addition of non-pharmaceutical treatments induces further improvement. OBJECTIVES: Our previous study, four years ago, screened 1,129 1st and 2nd grade children in Jerusalem and identified 105 with high risk for ADHD...
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678668/the-effect-of-music-on-postoperative-recovery-in-older-patients-a-systematic-review
#9
Hanneke van der Wal-Huisman, Karolien S K Dons, Rineke Smilde, Erik Heineman, Barbara L van Leeuwen
OBJECTIVE: Surgery is an important part of the treatment modalities offered to older patients with cancer. Natural ageing processes lead to deterioration of organ function, making older patients more vulnerable and at risk for experiencing less-favourable outcomes and complications after surgery. Non-pharmaceutical interventions, such as music, may be preferable to medical interventions in older people, who are at risk for adverse effects and drug interactions due to altered physiology and drug metabolism...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649849/-copd-importance-of-lung-function-testing-for-diagnosis-and-treatment
#10
Wolfram Windisch, Carl Peter Criée
Pulmonary function testing is essential for diagnosis and treatment-guidance of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Airway obstruction as assessed by spirometry should follow the reference-values provided by the Global Lung Initiative (GLI) of the European Respiratory Society (ERS). In addition, lung function testing should also include the assessment of lung hyperinflation and pulmonary emphysema by full-body plethysmography and determination of diffusion capacity. This is important since both, lung hyperinflation and pulmonary emphysema, can present without existing airway obstruction...
April 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535068/a-critical-review-of-brain-and-cognitive-reserve-in-huntington-s-disease
#11
REVIEW
Maria V Soloveva, Sharna D Jamadar, Govinda Poudel, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis
The 'reserve' hypothesis posits that the brain undergoes structural and functional reorganisation to actively cope with brain damage or disease. Consistent with passive and active components of 'reserve', the brain moderates its biological substrates (brain reserve) and differentially changes the level of neural activity in tasks-specific networks and/or by recruiting additional non-task related brain regions (cognitive reserve) to optimise behavioural performance. How the 'reserve' hypothesis applies in neurodegenerative disorders such as Huntington's disease (HD) remains unknown...
May 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493875/efficiency-of-physiotherapy-with-caycedian-sophrology-on-children-with-asthma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Huguette Romieu, Françoise Charbonnier, Dora Janka, Aymeric Douillard, Valérie Macioce, Kathleen Lavastre, Hamouda Abassi, Marie-Catherine Renoux, Thibault Mura, Pascal Amedro
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic disease in pediatrics. Along with the usual drug therapy using corticosteroids and bronchodilators, some interest has been shown for adjuvant therapies, such as sophrology. However, the level of evidence for non-pharmaceutical therapies in asthma remains low, especially in children. This study aimed to assess whether in children with asthma, peak expiratory flow (PEF) improved more after a sophrology session alongside standard treatment than after standard treatment alone...
May 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475853/acupuncture-dose-number-of-treatments-and-insurance-benefits-in-the-usa
#13
Natalie A Schwehr, Nathan D Shippee, Pamela Jo Johnson
BACKGROUND: An adequate treatment dose, including a sufficient number of acupuncture treatments, is important for the clinical effectiveness of acupuncture treatment for common conditions. OBJECTIVE: To examine the characteristics of US adults who used a full course of acupuncture (≥6 treatments), a short course (1-5 treatments) or no acupuncture, including use of insurance benefits for acupuncture among users. METHODS: We used population-based survey data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), the most current nationally representative data including use of acupuncture...
April 2018: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452743/medication-wasted-contents-and-costs-of-medicines-ending-up-in-household-garbage
#14
Sabine Vogler, Roger H P F de Rooij
BACKGROUND: Despite potentially considerable implications for public health, the environment and public funds, medicine waste is an under-researched topic. This study aims to analyse medicines drawn from household garbage in Vienna (Austria) and to assess possible financial implications for public payers. METHODS: Four pharmaceutical waste samples collected by the Vienna Municipal Waste Department between April 2015 and January 2016 were investigated with regard to their content...
February 10, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435834/physician-assistants-and-nurse-practitioners-in-head-and-neck-surgery
#15
Chrysanta Patio, Nabilah Ali, Jill Ketner, Candy Young, Esther Chou, Carrie Chong, Wanchi Su
This chapter explores the role of advanced practice clinicians (APCs) and patient care coordinators in the head and neck cancer setting. APCs, which include physician assistants (PAs) and nurse practitioners (NPs), are licensed professional healthcare providers who diagnose and treat illnesses, order and interpret diagnostic tests, and prescribe pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical therapies. Although the training, education, and licensure differ between PAs and NPs, their roles are quite similar in head and neck surgery...
2018: Cancer Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396256/school-closure-during-novel-influenza-a-systematic-review
#16
Sharafaldeen Bin Nafisah, Aliyah H Alamery, Aminah Al Nafesa, Bakhitah Aleid, Nora Ayman Brazanji
BACKGROUND: School closure as a non-pharmaceutical measure appeared as an efficient strategy in previous epidemics. We investigated the impact of school closure on the epidemic peak whether implemented before or after the epidemic reaches its peak. We also investigated the optimal duration of closure. METHODS: Data sources included Medline-PubMed, ProQuest and Cochrane databases. The inclusion criteria were all articles that reported a quantified effect on school closure on an influenza epidemic...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385628/evaluating-in-vitro-in-vivo-extrapolation-of-toxicokinetics
#17
John F Wambaugh, Michael F Hughes, Caroline L Ring, Denise K MacMillan, Jermaine Ford, Timothy R Fennell, Sherry R Black, Rodney W Snyder, Nisha S Sipes, Barbara Wetmore, Joost Westerhout, R Woodrow Setzer, Robert Pearce, Jane-Ellen Simmons, Russell S Thomas
Prioritizing the risk posed by thousands of chemicals potentially present in the environment requires exposure, toxicity, and toxicokinetic (TK) data, which are often unavailable. Relatively high throughput, in vitro TK (HTTK) assays and in vitro-to-in vivo extrapolation (IVIVE) methods have been developed to predict TK, but most of the in vivo TK data available to benchmark these methods are from pharmaceuticals. Here we report on new, in vivo rat TK experiments for 26 non-pharmaceutical chemicals with environmental-relevance...
January 27, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363292/acute-intoxications-among-turkish-children
#18
Baran S Kizilyildiz, Kamuran Karaman, Selvi Özen, Abdurrahman Üner
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate characteristics, outcomes and clinical features of acute intoxications among children in Van region of Turkey. METHODS: All cases with a diagnosis of acute intoxication admitted to the Pediatric Emergency Department of the Yüzüncü Yıl University of Van from June 1, 2010 to November 30, 2011 were evaluated. We retrospectively examined the medical records for demographical and etiological characteristics of patients below 17 years of age...
February 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286319/cellular-and-molecular-mechanisms-underlying-non-pharmaceutical-ischemic-stroke-therapy-in-aged-subjects
#19
REVIEW
Raluca Elena Sandu, Danut Dumbrava, Roxana Surugiu, Daniela-Gabriela Glavan, Andrei Gresita, Eugen Bogdan Petcu
The incidence of ischemic stroke in humans increases exponentially above 70 years both in men and women. Comorbidities like diabetes, arterial hypertension or co-morbidity factors such as hypercholesterolemia, obesity and body fat distribution as well as fat-rich diet and physical inactivity are common in elderly persons and are associated with higher risk of stroke, increased mortality and disability. Obesity could represent a state of chronic inflammation that can be prevented to some extent by non-pharmaceutical interventions such as calorie restriction and hypothermia...
December 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178863/estimating-disease-burden-of-a-potential-a-h7n9-pandemic-influenza-outbreak-in-the-united-states
#20
Walter Silva, Tapas K Das, Ricardo Izurieta
BACKGROUND: Since spring 2013, periodic emergence of avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China has heightened the concern for a possible pandemic outbreak among humans, though it is believed that the virus is not yet human-to-human transmittable. Till June 2017, A(H7N9) has resulted in 1533 laboratory-confirmed cases of human infections causing 592 deaths. The aim of this paper is to present disease burden estimates (measured by infection attack rates (IAR) and number of deaths) in the event of a possible pandemic outbreak caused by human-to-human transmission capability acquired by A(H7N9) virus...
November 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
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