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3 Biotech

Farha Masood, Maria Abdul-Salam, Tariq Yasin, Abdul Hameed
In this study, the influence of different physicochemical parameters on the yield of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) produced by Bacillus cereus FA11 is investigated. The physicochemical factors include pH, temperature, time, inoculum size and its age, agitation speed and composition of the glucose rich peptone deficient (GRPD) medium. During two-stage fermentation, B. cereus FA11 produced a significantly high (p < 0.05) yield (80.59% w/w) of PHAs copolymer using GRPD medium containing glucose (15 g/L) and peptone (2 g/L) at pH 7, 30 °C and 150 rpm after 48 h of incubation...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Yizhou Mao, Biao Jiang, Qingwu Peng, Wenrui Liu, Yue Lin, Dasen Xie, Xiaoming He, Shaoshan Li
The WRKY transcription factors play an important role in plant resistance for biotic and abiotic stresses. In the present study, we cloned 10 WRKY gene homologs (CqWRKY) in Chieh-qua (Benincasa hispida Cogn. var. Chieh-qua) using the rapid-amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) or homology-based cloning methods. We characterized the structure of these CqWRKY genes. Phylogenetic analysis of these sequences with cucumber homologs suggested possible structural conservation of these genes among cucurbit crops. We examined the expression levels of these genes in response to fusaric acid (FA) treatment between resistant and susceptible Chieh-qua lines with quantitative real-time PCR...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Jagadish Kumar Suluvoy, V M Berlin Grace
Averrhoa bilimbi L. belongs to family Oxalidaceae. Traditionally, people use this plant (root, bark, leaves and fruits) for treating several illnesses include itches, boils, syphilis, whooping cough, hypertension, fever and inflammation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the nitric oxide (NO) scavenging activity and GC-MS analysis of A. bilimbi L. fruit extract. Averrhoa bilimbi L. fruits were collected for the preliminary phytochemical analysis, antioxidant scavenging activity and biologically important compounds were identified by GC-MS analysis...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Bazel H Ali Al-Somain, Hussein M Migdadi, Sulieman A Al-Faifi, Salem S Alghamdi, Abdulmalek A Muharram, Nabil A Mohammed, Yahya A Refay
Sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) markers were used to assess the genetic diversity among a collection of 52 sesame accessions representing different geographical environments, including eight Saudi landraces. A combination of seventeen primers generated a high number of alleles (365) with 100% polymorphism. The polymorphic information content (PIC) and primer discrimination power (DP) recorded overall means of 0.88 and 5.88, respectively. Genetic similarity values based on Jaccard coefficients ranged from 0...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Ambika Sahoo, Sudipta Jena, Basudeba Kar, Suprava Sahoo, Asit Ray, Subhashree Singh, Raj Kumar Joshi, Laxmikanta Acharya, Sanghamitra Nayak
Turmeric (Curcuma longa L., family Zingiberaceae) is one of the most economically important plants for its use in food, medicine, and cosmetic industries. Cultivar identification is a major constraint in turmeric, owing to high degree of morphological similarity that in turn, affects its commercialization. The present study addresses this constraint, using EST-SSR marker based, molecular identification of 8 elite cultivars and 88 accessions in turmeric. Fifty EST-SSR primers were screened against eight cultivars of turmeric (Suroma, Roma, Lakadong, Megha, Alleppey Supreme, Kedaram, Pratibha, and Suvarna); out of which 11 primers showed polymorphic banding pattern...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Priyanka Mohan Koul, Vikas Sharma, Maneet Rana, Rakesh K Chahota, Shiv Kumar, Tilak R Sharma
Genetic structure and relationships of 130 lentil accessions belonging to six taxa were analysed. For this purpose, seven morphological traits and 31 polymorphic simple sequence repeat (SSR) primers were used for this purpose. Morphological traits grouped lentil accessions into five main clusters. SSR primers collectively amplified 139 polymorphic alleles in a range of 2-10 with an average of 4.48 alleles. The size of amplified alleles varied from 50 to 650 bp. Polymorphism information content (PIC) ranged from 0...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Priyanka Khati, Parul Chaudhary, Saurabh Gangola, Pankaj Bhatt, Anita Sharma
The present study evaluated the effect of nanochitosan in combination with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), PS2 and PS10 on maize growth. The PGPR were earlier recognized as Bacillus spp. on the basis of 16S rDNA sequencing. The observation revealed enhanced plant health parameters like seed germination (from 60 to 96.97%), plant height (1.5-fold increase), and leaf area (twofold). Variability in different physicochemical parameters (pH, oxidizable organic carbon, available phosphorous, available potassium, ammoniacal nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen) was observed...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Girish Chandel, Mahima Dubey, Saurabh Gupta, Arun H Patil, A R Rao
Minor millets are considered as nutrient-rich cereals having significant effect in improving human health. In this study, a rice ortholog of Ferric Chelate Reductase (FRO2) gene involved in plant metal uptake has been identified in iron-rich Little millet (LM) using PCR and next generation sequencing-based strategy. FRO2 gene-specific primers designed from rice genome amplified 2.7 Kb fragment in LM genotype RLM-37. Computational genomics analyses of the sequenced amplicon showed high level sequence similarity with rice OsFRO2 gene...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Shaima Saqib, Attiya Akram, Sobia Ahsan Halim, Raazia Tassaduq
The enzyme β-galactosidases have been isolated from various sources such as bacteria, fungi, yeast, vegetables, and recombinant sources. This enzyme holds importance due to its wide applications in food industries to manufacture lactose-hydrolyzed products for lactose-intolerant people and the formation of glycosylated products. Absorption of undigested lactose in small intestine requires the activity of this enzyme; hence, the deficiency of this enzyme leads to lactose intolerance. Lactose intolerance affects around 70% of world's adult population, while the prevalence rate of lactose intolerance is 60% in Pakistan...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Nozipho Ntsangani, Kunle Okaiyeto, Nwodo U Uchechukwu, Ademola O Olaniran, Leonard V Mabinya, Anthony I Okoh
Bioflocculants are secondary metabolites produced by microorganisms during their growth which have received attentions due to their biodegradability, innocuousness and lack of secondary pollution from degradation intermediates. This study reports on a bioflocculant produced by Bacillus specie isolated from Thyume River in South Africa. The bacterial isolate was identified through 16S rDNA sequencing and the BLAST analysis of the nucleotide sequences revealed 99% similarity to Bacillus sp. BCT-7112. The sequence was subsequently deposited in the GenBank as Bacillus sp...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Mustafa Germec, Ercan Yatmaz, Ercan Karahalil, İrfan Turhan
Mannanases, one of the important enzyme group for industry, are produced by numerous filamentous fungi, especially Aspergillus species with different fermentation methods. The aim of this study was to show the best fermentation method of β-mannanase production for fungal growth in fermenter. Therefore, different fermentation strategies in fed-batch fermentation (suspended, immobilized cell, biofilm and microparticle-enhanced bioreactor) were applied for β-mannanase production from glucose medium (GM) and carob extract medium (CEM) by using recombinant Aspergillus sojae...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Shivraj Hariram Nile, Arti Shivraj Nile, Young-Soo Keum
The phenolic content, antioxidant, antitumor, and enzyme inhibitory activities of commonly used medicinal herbs from a Unani system of medicine were investigated using four different extraction methods. Among the plants studied, the Hyssopus officinalis L, Origanum vulgare L, and Portulaca oleracea L. extracts showed the highest amount of total phenolics (64.40, 60.35, and 58.81 mg GAE/g) and revealed significant antioxidant activities. The plants also showed a maximum cytotoxic activity as indicated by H...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Nor Azura Azami, Ira Aryani Wirjon, Shantini Kannusamy, Aik-Hong Teh, Amirul Al-Ashraf Abdullah
The contribution of microbial depolymerase has received much attention because of its potential in biopolymer degradation. In this study, the P(3HB) depolymerase enzyme of a newly isolated Burkholderia cepacia DP1 from soil in Penang, Malaysia, was optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). The factors affecting P(3HB) depolymerase enzyme production were studied using one-variable-at-a-time approach prior to optimization. Preliminary experiments revealed that the concentration of nitrogen source, concentration of carbon source, initial pH and incubation time were among the main factors influencing the enzyme productivity...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Tatyaso Yewale, Shruti Panchwagh, Shaileshkumar Sawale, Rishi Jain, Pradip B Dhamole
Immobilized Candida tropicalis cells in freeze dried calcium alginate beads were used for production of xylitol from lignocellulosic waste like corn cob hydrolysate without any detoxification and sterilization of media. Media components for xylitol fermentation were screened by statistical methods. Urea, KH2PO4 and initial pH were identified as significant variables by Plackett-Burman (PB) design. Significant medium components were optimized by response surface methodology (RSM). Predicted xylitol yield by RSM model and experimental yield was 0...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Shraddha Awasthi, Neha Srivastava, Tripti Singh, D Tiwary, Pradeep Kumar Mishra
Polythene is considered as one of the important object used in daily life. Being versatile in nature and resistant to microbial attack, they effectively cause environmental pollution. In the present study, biodegradation of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) have been performed using fungal lab isolate Rhizopus oryzae NS5. Lab isolate fungal strain capable of adhering to LDPE surface was used for the biodegradation of LDPE. This strain was identified as Rhizopus oryzae NS5 (Accession No. KT160362). Fungal growth was observed on the surface of the polyethylene when cultured in potato dextrose broth at 30 °C and 120 rpm, for 1 month...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Chandrasekaran Muthukumaran, Loganathan Banupriya, Somasundharam Harinee, Sivagurunathan Sivaranjani, Govindasamy Sharmila, Vinayagam Rajasekar, Narasimhan Manoj Kumar
Pectin derived from plant waste sources is currently focused as an economical and eco-friendly approach. Optimization of pectin extraction from muskmelon peel by response surface methodology (RSM) was investigated in this study. Box-Behnken Design (BBD) was used to identify the optimal level of the extraction variables such as time, pH and temperature. A second-order model equation for pectin extraction was obtained from multiple regression analysis of experimental data with the correlation coefficient (R (2)) value of 0...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Yujiao Liu, Xuexia Wu, Wanwei Hou, Ping Li, Weichao Sha, Yingying Tian
The protein subunit is the most important basic unit of protein, and its study can unravel the structure and function of seed storage proteins in faba bean. In this study, we identified six specific protein subunits in Faba bean (cv. Qinghai 13) combining liquid chromatography (LC), liquid chromatography-electronic spray ionization mass (LC-ESI-MS/MS) and bio-information technology. The results suggested a diversity of seed storage proteins in faba bean, and a total of 16 proteins (four GroEL molecular chaperones and 12 plant-specific proteins) were identified from 97-, 96-, 64-, 47-, 42-, and 38-kD-specific protein subunits in faba bean based on the peptide sequence...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Esmaeil Khaleghi, Karim Sorkheh, Maryam Hosseni Chaleshtori, Sezai Ercisli
Currently, study of the inter and the intra-population genetic disparity was done by use of the 200 Olea europaea L. which is found growing naturally in the nation of Iran, and this study was carried out by AFLP and IRAP markers. The fingerprints that were similar to the AFLP and the IRAP markers were evidence of high concentrations of heterozygosity and this shows that O. europaea L. is primarily the out crossing species. The average percentage of polymorphism is as shown below: 87.15 and 87.38% of the information used in regard to the AFLP and the IRAP, respectively...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Velu Manikandan, Palanivel Velmurugan, Jung-Hee Park, Woo-Suk Chang, Yool-Jin Park, Palaniyappan Jayanthi, Min Cho, Byung-Taek Oh
In the present study, the use of silver oxide nanoparticles (Ag2O NPs) synthesized using Ficus benghalensis prop root extract (FBPRE) as a reducing and stabilizing agent is reported and evaluated for its antibacterial activity against dental bacterial strains. The effects of pH, extract concentration, metal ion concentration, and contact time were studied to confirm the optimum production of Ag2O NPs. Our results suggest that, by increasing the extract concentration and the time frame, there will be a significant increase in the formation of nanoparticles...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
Ami Naik, Pravin Prajapat, R Krishnamurthy, J M Pathak
Costus pictus, belonging to the family Costaceae, is one of the valuable medicinal plants with its anti-diabetic property. Despite ever-increasing demand from the pharmaceutical industry, this species is being less exploited at molecular level. Hence, an effort has been made in the present study to characterize the 15 accessions of C. pictus collected from different geographical regions of India through random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSR) markers. A total of 25 RAPD and 20 ISSR primers were used in the present study...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
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