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3 Biotech

Arun Kumar Pradhan, Animesha Rath, Nilotpala Pradhan, Rupenangshu Kumar Hazra, Rati Ranjan Nayak, Sanjit Kanjilal
Bacillus tequilensis strain CH had been previously shown to produce a biosurfactant. In this study, chemical structure of the purified biosurfactant was determined by using high performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy as a 10 amino acid cyclic lipopeptide (CL). The cyclic lipopeptide was found to be active against Anopheles culicifacies larvae with a LC50 of 110 µg/ml in 2 days. 1 ppm cadmium (Cd) which had a profound mutagenic effect on the cell division of onion ( Allium cepa ) root tip cell resulting in abnormal metaphase, abnormal anaphase and nuclei elongation was partially reversed in the presence of 0...
June 2018: 3 Biotech
Tatiana Zheleznichenko, Evgenii Banaev, Sergey Asbaganov, Maria Voronkova, Tatiana Kukushkina, Ekaterina Filippova, Natalia Mazurkova, Larisa Shishkina, Tatyana Novikova
The hairy root culture of halophyte Nitraria schoberi was obtained by transforming seedlings' primary leaves with a wild strain of Agrobacterium rhizogenes 15834 SWISS (transformation frequency was 78.7%). The roots' transgenic status was confirmed by PCR analysis using rolB -, rolC -, virC -, virD1 -specific primers. There was a significant increase in the biosynthesis of flavonoids, hydroxycinnamic acids, pectins, protopectins and saponins in hairy roots as compared to intact plant roots. The сatechin content in ethanol extracts of transformed roots' exceeded this factor 3...
June 2018: 3 Biotech
Mohamed Roslan Mohamad Ikubar, Musaalbakri Abdul Manan, Madihah Md Salleh, Adibah Yahya
In current practice, oil palm frond leaflets and stems are re-used for soil nutrient recycling, while the petioles are typically burned. Frond petioles have high commercialization value, attributed to high lignocellulose fiber content and abundant of juice containing free reducing sugars. Pressed petiole fiber is the subject of interest in this study for the production of lignocellulolytic enzyme. The initial characterization showed the combination of 0.125 mm frond particle size and 60% moisture content provided a surface area of 42...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Lei Xiao, Yunyun Li, Yuansong Liao, Huirong Ma, Jianjun Wu, Yixin Zhang, Jinghua Yao
Lignite humic acids (LHAs) were sequentially separated from lignite with aqueous NaOH and HCl and biotreated by an isolated fungus WF8. The liquid product (LP), residues (RS) and LHAs were analyzed using a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR) and a proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1 H NMR). Three main enzymes in WF8 (i.e., lignin peroxidase, manganese peroxidase and laccase) were also measured and analyzed with and without LHAs. The results show that LHAs can induce the ligninolytic enzymes. The oxidation and hydrogenation reactions proceeded to some extent, aromaticity in LHAs and carboxyl in LP decreased, and LHAs were converted into simpler LP via biochemical reactions by WF8...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Mamta Besra, Vipin Kumar
The study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of medicinal plant extracts against the bacterial pathogens prominent in dental caries. A total of 20 plant species (herbs, shrubs and trees) belonging to 18 genera and 15 families were documented for dental caries. Antimicrobial activity of solvent extracts and essential oil from plants were determined by zone of inhibition on the growth of Streptococcus mutans (MTCC 497) and Lactobacillus acidophilus (MTCC 10307) using the agar well diffusion method. The results of in vitro antimicrobial assay prove that methanol is more successful in the extraction of phytochemicals from plant samples than aqueous solvent, as methanol extracts show higher antimicrobial activity than aqueous extracts against both the test pathogens...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Shahzaib Ahamad, Md Imtaiyaz Hassan, Neeraja Dwivedi
Tuberculosis (Tb) is an airborne infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Beta-carbonic anhydrase 1 ( β-CA1 ) has emerged as one of the potential targets for new antitubercular drug development. In this work, three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationships (3D-QSAR), molecular docking, and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation approaches were performed on a series of natural and synthetic phenol-based β-CA1 inhibitors. The developed 3D-QSAR model ( r 2  = 0.94, q 2  = 0...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Xiaona Yu, Dong Hyun Kang, Su Ryun Choi, Yinbo Ma, Lu Lu, Sang Heon Oh, Sushil Satish Chhapekar, Yong Pyo Lim
The resistance gene analog (RGA)-based marker strategy is an effective supplement for current marker reservoir of radish disease-resistance breeding. In this study, we identified RGAs based on the conserved nucleotide-binding site (NBS) and S-receptor-like kinase (SRLK) domains. A total of 68 NBS-RGAs and 46 SRLK-RGAs were isolated from two FW-resistant radish inbred lines, B2 and YR31, and one susceptible line, YR15. A BLASTx search revealed that the NBS-RGAs contained six conserved motifs (i.e., P loop, RNBS-A, Kinase-2, RNBS-B, RNBS-C, and GLPL) and the SRLK-RGAs, contained two conserved motifs (i...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Nidhi Puranik, N K Tripathi, V Pal, Ajay Kumar Goel
Surface array protein (Sap) can be an important biomarker for specific detection of Bacillus anthracis , which is released by the bacterium during its growth in culture broth. In the present work, we have cloned and expressed Sap in Escherichia coli . The culture conditions and cultivation media were optimized and used in batch fermentation process for scale up of Sap in soluble form. The recombinant Sap was purified employing affinity chromatography followed by diafiltration. The final yield of purified protein was 20 and 46 mg/l of culture during shake flasks and batch fermentation, respectively...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Long Chen, Wei Gu, Hai-Yan Xu, Gui-Lian Yang, Xiao-Feng Shan, Guang Chen, Yuan-Huan Kang, Chun-Feng Wang, Ai-Dong Qian
Genomes of 24 sequenced Bacillus velezensis strains were characterized to identity shared and unique genes of lignocellulolytic enzymes and predict potential to degrade lignocellulose. All 24 strains had genes that encoded lignocellulolytic enzymes, with potential to degrade cellulose and hemicelluloses. Several lignocellulosic genes related to cellulose degradation were universally present, including one GH5 (endo-1,4-β-glucanase), one GH30 (glucan endo-1,6-β-glucosidase), two GH4 (6-phospho-β-glucosidase, 6-phospho-α-glucosidase), one GH1 (6-phospho-β-galactosidase), one GH16 (β-glucanase) and three GH32 (two sucrose-6-phosphate hydrolase and levanase)...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Tingting Liu, Anwen Liang, Ziqiang Liang, Guanghong Li, Fanghai Wang
One of the most representative core gene sequence of Araneus ventricosus dragline silk protein partial cDNA monomer (JN857964.2) was selected and multimerized using a "head-to-tail" strategy by compatible but nonregenerable sites at both ends resulting in a concatemer of 16 contiguous monomers. This concatemer was cloned into pET-28a(+) expression vector and transformed into Escherichia coli . A 52.6 kDa silk protein was successfully expressed and detected by SDS-PAGE and confirmed by Western blotting...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Satheesh Kumar Palanisamy, Velusamy Arumugam, Magesh D Peter, Umamaheswari Sundaresan
The complex nature of marine biodiversity is partially responsible for the lack of studies in Indian ascidian species, which often target a small number of novel biomolecules. We performed untargeted metabolomics using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) in two invasive ascidian species to investigate the inter-specific chemical diversity of Phallusia nigra and P. arabica in search of drug-like properties and metabolic pathways. The chemical profiling of individual ascidian species was obtained using GC-MS, and the metabolites were determined by searching in NIST library and literature data...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Hilal Ozkilinc, Unal Sevinc
Many important pathogens of crops worldwide are members of section Alternaria within the genus Alternaria . Representative species in this section such as Alternaria alternata, Alternaria tenuissima , and Alternaria arborescens show high variability, intermediate characters and plasticity in morphological features, which makes species identification difficult. The aim of this study was to characterize Alternaria species associated with pistachio and wild relatives in Turkey using molecular phylogenetics. One hundred isolates of Alternaria spp...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Shraddha Shukla, Kashyap Kumar Dubey
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ) or ubiquinone is found in the biological system which is synthesized by the conjugation of benzoquinone ring with isoprenoid chain of variable length. Coenzyme Q10 supplementation energizes the body and increases body energy production in the form of ATP and helps to treat various human diseases such as cardiomyopathy, muscular dystrophy, periodontal disease, etc. Reports of these potential therapeutic advantages of CoQ10 have resulted in its high market demand, which focus the researchers to work on this molecule and develop better bioprocess methods for commercial level production...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Varsha Bohra, Nishant A Dafale, Hemant J Purohit
Genome sequence of Paenibacillus polymyxa ND25 isolated from cow rumen is reported for being a potential candidate in hydrolysis of lignocellulosic plant biomass. Draft genome sequence generated 5.73 Mb data containing 4922 putative protein coding genes, of which 140 are annotated for glycoside hydrolases. P. polymyxa ND25 strain comprises diverse lignocellulolytic components, especially 12 cellulase along with 23 hemicellulases and 11 esterases, signifying its potential for lignocellulose hydrolysis. Subsequent enzyme assay exhibited the potential of strain to produce 0...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Bin Zhang, Bang-Ce Ye
5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is a non-protein amino acid with a significant potential for cancer treatment and plant stress resistance. Microbial fermentation has gradually replaced the traditional chemical-based method for ALA production, thus increasing the need for high-ALA-producing strains. In this study, we engineered the glutamate producing strain, Corynebacterium glutamicum S9114, for ALA production. To efficiently convert l-glutamate to ALA, hemA and hemL from Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli were tandemly overexpressed...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Xinxin Tong, Yixuan Wang, Zhengyao Xue, Lu Chen, Yi Qiu, Jing Cao, Cheng Peng, Jinlin Guo
Ophi o cordyceps sinensis ( O. sinensis ) is a highly valuable fungus because of its nutritious and medicinal properties. The objective of this study was to identify protein markers using a proteomics approach followed by the development of an immunoassay to authenticate O. sinensis . Four authentic O. sinensis samples collected from four production regions and four counterfeit samples were examined individually. Overall 22 characteristic proteins of O. sinensis were identified by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) coupled with the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-light mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/MS)...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Neha Srivastava, Manish Srivastava, Vijai Kumar Gupta, Ambepu Manikanta, Kajal Mishra, Shipra Singh, Sangram Singh, P W Ramteke, P K Mishra
Biodiesel as a renewable energy is an important alternative to biofuels in current scenario to explore green energy sources. It is well known that the major cost involved in biodiesel production technology is dependent upon the used feedstock. This review presents an overview of biodiesel production using municipal sewage sludge as a cost-effective substrate. Municipal sewage sludge which possesses high lipid content with zero cost availability can meet the characteristics of a potential feedstock to produce biodiesel...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Eren Canbay, Ayse Kose, Suphi S Oncel
Hydrogen photoproduction from microalgae has been an emerging topic for biofuel development. However, low yield for large-scale cultivations seems to be the main challenge. Immobilization seems to be an alternative method for sustainable hydrogen generation. In this study we examined the bead stability, bead diameter and immobilization method in accordance with photobioreactors (PBR). 2.1 mm diameter beads were selected for PBR experiments. CSTR, tubular and panel type PBRs give important results to develop suitable immobilization matrixes and techniques for mass production in scalable PBR systems...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Priyanka Varun, Sangeeta Saxena
Papaya leaf curl is an economically important disease occurring in papaya growing tropical and subtropical areas. Papaya leaf curl virus, a begomovirus, is the main causative agent for the disease, but many other begomoviruses as well as betasatellites have also been reported on papaya leaf curl disease. Rapidly evolving host range of begomoviruses is a major issue for developing successful resistance strategies against begomoviral infection considering their expanding host range and mixed infection. In our study, we have identified the presence of begomovirus and associated satellite molecule on papaya showing severe leaf curl symptoms in Lucknow, India...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Murugan Sumathi, Vijaya Kumar Waman Bachpai, A Mayavel, Modhumita Ghosh Dasgupta, Binai Nagarajan, D Rajasugunasekar, Veerasamy Sivakumar, Ramasamy Yasodha
The eucalypt species, Eucalyptus tereticornis and Eucalyptus camaldulensis , show tolerance to drought and salinity conditions, respectively, and are widely cultivated in arid and semiarid regions of tropical countries. In this study, genetic linkage map was developed for interspecific cross E. tereticornis  ×  E. camaldulensis using pseudo-testcross strategy with simple sequence repeats (SSRs), intersimple sequence repeats (ISSRs), and sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) markers. The consensus genetic map comprised totally 283 markers with 84 SSRs, 94 ISSRs, and 105 SRAP markers on 11 linkage groups spanning 1163...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
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