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3 Biotech

Tripti Singh, Neha Srivastava, A K Bhatiya, P K Mishra
This study evaluated the capability of Serratia marcescens ABHI001 to effectively degrade p-cresol through different techniques. The molecular identity of the laboratory isolate S. marcescens ABHI001 was confirmed through the 16S ribosomal DNA gene pattern, and its morphological features were investigated through field-emission scanning electron microscopy. In addition, the degradation behavior of the isolate for cresol was verified using several techniques, including UV-visible spectroscopy, followed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), gas chromatography, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Lei Guo, Cong Wang
Statistical methodologies, including Plackett-Burman design and Box-Behnken design, were employed to optimize the fermentation conditions for the production of active substances against aquatic pathogen Vibrio harveyi by marine-derived Aspergillus flavipes strain HN4-13. The optimal crucial fermentation values for maximum production of active substances against V. harveyi were obtained as follows: X1 (peptone) = 0.3%, X2 (KCl) = 0.25%, and X3 (inoculum size) = 4.5%. The predicted diameter of inhibitory zone against V...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Nehanjali Parmar, Ajay Kumar Thakur, Pardeep Kumar, P D Thakur, Sat Vrat Bhardwaj
Nine isolates of Turnip mosaic potyvirus (TuMV)-infecting radish collected from different regions of Northern India were characterized. All isolates except for New Delhi and Rajasthan isolates resulted positive for TuMV in double antibody sandwich-enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (DAS-ELISA). RNA was isolated from leaves of infected plants and used in reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with TuMV coat protein (CP) gene-specific primers. Viral amplicons of expected 1000 bp size were obtained, which were further subjected to cloning and sequencing...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Naveen Kumar Arora, Maya Verma
In this study, siderophore production by various bacteria amongst the plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria was quantified by a rapid and efficient method. In total, 23 siderophore-producing bacterial isolates/strains were taken to estimate their siderophore-producing ability by the standard method (chrome azurol sulphonate assay) as well as 96 well microplate method. Production of siderophore was estimated in percent siderophore unit by both the methods. It was observed that data obtained by both methods correlated positively with each other proving the correctness of microplate method...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Yuly A Ramírez-Tapias, Aldana S Lapasset Laumann, Claudia N Britos, Cintia W Rivero, Jorge A Trelles
Enzyme immobilization using hydrogels is a low-cost and effective system for the degradation of bulk pectin derived from orange industry residues. Polygalacturonases obtained from four different bacterial strains of Streptomyces genus were immobilized in alginate gel and assayed for pectin hydrolysis. The enzyme from Streptomyces halstedii ATCC 10897 proved to be superior and more stable within the alginate matrix. Furthermore, a new strategy to improve alginate bead stability using a mixture of calcium and strontium is reported; this technique allowed enhancing the mechanical properties by combining different amounts of these cations for ionotropic gelation...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Daqiu Zhao, Xing Xia, Mengran Wei, Jing Sun, Jiasong Meng, Jun Tao
microRNAs (miRNAs) play critical regulatory roles in plant growth and development. In the present study, the function of herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.) miR156e-3p in the regulation of color formation has been investigated. Firstly, P. lactiflora miR156e-3p precursor sequence (pre-miR156e-3p) was isolated. Subsequently, the overexpression vector of pre-miR156e-3p was constructed and transformed into Arabidopsis thaliana. Moreover, the medium screening, GUS staining, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the GUS region and real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) of miR156e-3p all confirmed that the purpose gene had been successfully transferred into Arabidopsis plants and expressed, which resulted in apparent purple lateral branches...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Dasharath Kondhare, Harshad Lade
Coccinia grandis (L.) fruits (CGFs) are commonly used for culinary purposes and has several therapeutic applications in the Southeast Asia. The aim of this work was to evaluate phytochemical profile, aldose reductase inhibitory (ARI), and antioxidant activities of CGF extract. The CGFs were extracted with different solvents including petroleum ether, dichloromethane, acetone, methanol, and water. The highest yield of total extractable compounds (34.82%) and phenolic content (11.7 ± 0.43 mg of GAE/g dried extract) was found in methanol extract, whereas water extract showed the maximum content of total flavonoids (82...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Lei Guo, Jiacai Guo, Fuquan Xu
Response surface optimization was applied for the extraction of antibacterial substances from Rhubarb (ASR) against aquatic pathogenic Vibrio harveyi. Based on the experimental results of single factors, the optimal extraction conditions were determined by Box-Behnken design combined with response surface methodology with conditions: 100% ethanol as extraction solvent, liquid/material ratio of 29 mL/g and extraction temperature at 88 °C for 148 min. The factual value of inhibition zones can reach 21.31 ± 0...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Pradeep Matam, Giridhar Parvatam, Nandini P Shetty
The flavour rich tuberous roots of Decalepis hamiltonii are known for its edible and medicinal use and have become endangered due to commercial over-exploitation. Besides 2-Hydroxy-4-methoxy benzaldehyde (2H4MB), other flavour metabolites in tuberous roots include vanillin, 4-Methoxy Cinnamic acid derivatives, aromatic alcohols etc. So far, there are no reports on the pathway of 2H4MB biosynthesis nor there is an organized work on biotransformation using normal and cell suspension cultures for obtaining these metabolites using precursors...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Ashira Roopnarain, Mashudu Mukhuba, Rasheed Adeleke, Mokhele Moeletsi
The anaerobic digestion (AD) of organic waste for biogas production has received much attention in recent years due to the increasing need for renewable energy and environmentally friendly waste management systems. Identification of the microbial community involved in AD aids in better understanding and optimising of the process. The choice of DNA extraction method is an integral step in any molecular biodiversity study. In the present study, potential biases introduced by DNA extraction methods were examined by comparing quality, quantity and representability of DNA extracted from AD samples using various extraction methods...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Jayaraman Narenkumar, Kuppusamy Sathishkumar, Adikesavan Selvi, Rajagopalan Gobinath, Kadarkarai Murugan, Aruliah Rajasekar
The present investigation deals with the role of calcium-depositing bacterial community on corrosion of various engineering metals, namely, brass alloy (BS), copper (Cu), stainless steel (SS) and mild steel (MS). Based on the corrosion behavior, Agrobacterium tumefaciens EN13, an aerobic bacterium is identified as calcium-depositing bacteria on engineering metals. The results of the study are supported with biochemical characterization, 16S rRNA gene sequencing, calcium quantification, weight loss, electrochemical (impedance and polarization) and surface analysis (XRD and FTIR) studies...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Javed Ahmad, M Affan Baig, Arlene A Ali, Asma Al-Huqail, M M Ibrahim, M Irfan Qureshi
Isolation of high-quality RNA from weed plants such as Parthenium hysterophorus is a difficult task due to the hindrance caused by numerous secondary metabolites. Such metabolites not only affect the quality and yield of RNA, but also limit the quality of downstream applications. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to design a protocol for yielding RNA with better quality and quantity from P. hysterophorus leaf which could be suitable for functional genomics. To achieve the objective, four different important RNA extraction protocols, viz...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Vimalkumar S Prajapati, Sanket Ray, Jitendra Narayan, Chaitanya C Joshi, Kamlesh C Patel, Ujjval B Trivedi, R M Patel
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain KCP2 was isolated from municipal food waste samples collected in Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, India. Strain KCP2 is noteworthy due to its ability to produce a thermostable, alkaliphilic α-amylase and a protease. These enzymes have importance in several industrial processes including bread making, brewing, starch processing, pharmacy, and textile industries. Whole genome sequencing of strain KCP2 showed that the estimated genome size was 3.9 Mb, the G + C content was 46%, and it coded for 4113 genes...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Lihua Zhang, Guimin Zhang, Yueli Yun, Yu Peng
Arthropods are associated with various microorganisms which confer benefits to their hosts. Recently, research has been conducted on bacterial communities of insects to provide an insight into the potential interactions of the symbiotic bacteria and their hosts. Spiders are interesting to study as they are perceived to be natural enemies of pests. The effect of endosymbionts on spiders has been reported, but little is known about the overall bacterial communities present in spiders. Here, we report on the characterization of bacterial communities present in the whole body of the spider Marpiss magister using Illumina sequencing of 16S rRNA amplicons...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Tianhao Liu, Zhongshan Yang, Xiaomei Zhang, Niping Han, Jiali Yuan, Yu Cheng
This study aims to explore the effect of FMT on regulations of dysbacteriosis of pulmonary and intestinal flora in rats with 16S rDNA sequencing technology. A total of 27 SPF rats (3-4 weeks old) were randomly divided into three groups: normal control group (K), model control group (MX), and fecal microbiota transplantation group (FMT); each group contained nine rats. The OTU values of the pulmonary and intestinal flora of the MX group decreased significantly compared with the normal control group. After FMT, the OTU value of pulmonary flora increased, while the value of OTU in intestinal flora declined...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Prakasan Priji, Sreedharan Sajith, Panichikkal Abdul Faisal, Sailas Benjamin
The present study describes the characteristics of a thermotolerant and alkaline lipase secreted by Pseudomonas sp. BUP6, a novel rumen bacterium isolated from Malabari goat, and its trans-esterification efficiency in producing biodiesel from used cooking oil (UCO). The extracellular lipase was purified to homogeneity (35.8 times purified with 14.8% yield) employing (NH4)2SO4 salt precipitation and Sephadex G-100 chromatography. The apparent molecular weight of this lipase on SDS-PAGE was 35 kDa, the identity of which was further confirmed by MALDI-TOF/MS...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Ronglin He, Xue Bai, Penglin Cai, Cheng Sun, Dongyuan Zhang, Shulin Chen
Many species of Penicillium have exhibited great potential for lignocellulose hydrolysis. The filamentous fungus Talaromyces piceus 9-3 (anamorph: Penicillium piceum), which was isolated from compost wastes in China, was sequenced in this study. Compared with the cellulase producer T. reesei, T. piceus 9-3 processes a lignocellulolytic enzyme system comprising more diverse enzymatic components, especially hemicellulases. This report will facilitate the use of this strain for biomass degradation.
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Orkun Pinar, Kübra Karaosmanoğlu, Nihat Alpagu Sayar, Ceyda Kula, Dilek Kazan, Ahmet Alp Sayar
The present work focuses firstly on the evaluation of the effect of laccase on enzymatic hydrolysis of hazelnut husk which is one of the most abundant lignocellulosic agricultural residues generated in Turkey. In this respect, the co-enzymatic treatment of hazelnut husk by cellulase and laccase, without a conventional pretreatment step is evaluated. Using 2.75 FPU/g substrate (40 g/L substrate) and a ratio of 131 laccase U/FPU achieved the highest reducing sugars concentration. Gas chromatography mass spectrometry confirmed that the hydrolysate was composed of glucose, xylose, mannose, arabinose and galactose...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Yi-Huan Wang, Nimaichand Salam, Qing Liu, Zi-Wen Yang, Li-Xiang Cao, Xiao-Lin Meng, Guo-Xing Nie, Jian-Hua Ju, Wen-Jun Li
The present study reports the diversity of culturable bacteria associated with the puffer fish Gastrophysus spadiceus. During the study, a total of 31 strains affiliated to the genera Pseudomonas, Janthinobacterium, Rahnella, and Psychrobacter were isolated from liver, intestines, and flesh of G. spadiceus. These strains exhibited a diverse range of metabolites as indicated by the HPLC and TLC profiles of the chemical extracts of their fermentation products. Some of these crude extracts showed strong antimicrobial activities against pathogenic bacterial strains...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Kunal Dutta, Sergey Shityakov, Prangya P Das, Chandradipa Ghosh
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of environmental pollutant that are given top priority to maintain water and soil quality to the most amenable standard. Biodegradation of PAHs by bacteria is the convenient option for decontamination on site or off site. The aim of the present study was to isolate and identify naturally occurring bacteria having mixed PAHs biodegradation ability. The newly isolated Pseudomonas putida strain KD6 was found to efficiently degrade 97.729% of 1500 mg L(-1) mixed PAHs within 12 days in carbon-deficient minimal medium (CSM)...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
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