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3 Biotech

Jurairat Rungruangsaphakun, Suttipun Keawsompong
Copra meal is a good source of galactomannan and it s mannooligosaccharides have prebiotic properties. However, limited data are available concerning the ideal requirements for mannan hydrolysis. Thus, optimum hydrolysis conditions for the production of oligosaccharides from copra meal hydrolysate were investigated using response surface methodology. Model validation provided good agreement between experimental results and predicted responses. Maximum oligosaccharide of 14.41 ± 0.09 mg/ml (20 ml) was obtained at an enzyme concentration of 16...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Rashmi Raj, Charanjeet Kaur, Lalit Agrawal, P S Chauhan, Susheel Kumar, S K Raj
Narcissus tazetta L. is a bulbous ornamental plant popular for its notable fragrant flowers which make it the plant of high importance. In spite of its economic value, narcissus is found to be susceptible for a number of diseases borne by fungi, bacteria, nematodes, and viruses. A potyvirus, Cyrtanthus elatus virus - A isolate NBRI16 (CEVA-NBRI16), associated with leaf chlorotic stripe disease of N . tazetta cv. Paperwhite was reported for first time in India from our laboratory based on the partial coat protein gene sequence...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Bruna Leite Sufiate, Filippe Elias de Freitas Soares, Samara Silveira Moreira, Angélica de Souza Gouveia, Evandro Ferreira Cardoso, Fabio Ribeiro Braga, Jackson Victor de Araújo, José Humberto de Queiroz
The objective of this study was to purify, characterize, and phylogenetically and structurally analyze the dextranase produced by the fungus Pochonia chlamydosporia . Dextranase produced by the fungus P. chlamydosporia was purified to homogeneity in two steps, with a yield of 152%, purification factor of 6.84 and specific activity of 358.63 U/mg. Its molecular weight was estimated by SDS-PAGE at 64 kDa. The enzyme presented higher activity at 50 °C and pH 5.0, using 100 mM citrate-phosphate buffer, was inhibited by Ag1+ , Hg2+ , Cu2+ , Mg2+ , and presented KM of 23...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Ruoyu Du, Rongxin Su, Wei Qi, Zhimin He
Ultrasound-assisted soaking in aqueous ammonia (USAA) pretreatment with 15 wt% aqueous ammonia under low temperature (~ 60 °C) and short-time (< 12 min) low-frequency (20 kHz, 60-650 W) ultrasound has been investigated for enhancement of enzymatic hydrolysis of corncob. Operational parameters of energy density (2.93-17.07 W/mL) and sonication time (0.34-11.66 min) that affect cellulose recovery, delignification, and sugar recovery yield were studied and optimized. The maximum cellulose recovery, delignification and sugar recovery yield determined at the optimum conditions (energy density 10 W/mL, sonication time 11...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Hua Wang, Wenxi Zhou, Hua Li, Rie Bu
The cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase) was used to catalyze the conversion of starch into cyclodextrins (CD) in industry. Improving the activity of CGTase to produce more CD with relative low cost is intensely interesting and has drawn wide attention. Amino acid mutation of His167 into Cys significantly enhanced β-CGTase activity; however, optimization of culture conditions for β-CGTase-H167C remains unclear. To determine this, the medium and culture conditions for β-CGTase-H167C were optimized with response surface methodology...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Jatinder Singh, Yogalakshmi Kadapakkam Nandabalan
Butachlor is a chloroacetamide herbicide used worldwide for controlling weeds in plants of rice, corn, soybean and other crops. In this study, indigenous bacterial species Ammoniphilus sp. JF was isolated from the agricultural fields of Punjab and identified using 16S ribosomal RNA analysis. The bacteria utilized butachlor as the sole carbon source and showed complete degradation (100 mg/L) within 24 h of incubation. Two intermediate products, namely 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, bis(2-methylpropyl) ester and 2,4-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-phenol were observed at the end of butachlor degradation...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Vikram Singh Gaur, Lallan Kumar, Supriya Gupta, J P Jaiswal, Dinesh Pandey, Anil Kumar
In this study, we report the isolation and characterization of the mRNA encoding OPAQUE2 (O2) like TF of finger millet (FM) ( Eleusine coracana) ( EcO2 ). Full-length EcO2 mRNA was isolated using conserved primers designed by aligning O2 mRNAs of different cereals followed by 3' and 5' RACE (Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends). The assembled full-length EcO2 mRNA was found to contain an ORF of 1248-nt coding the 416 amino acids O2 protein. Domain analysis revealed the presence of the BLZ and bZIP-C domains which is a characteristic feature of O2 proteins...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Mingliang Zhang, Weibin Wu, Xiaolei Guo, You Weichen, Feng Qi, Xianzhang Jiang, Jianzhong Huang
To obtain high-cell-density cultures of Schizochytrium sp. FJU-512 for DHA production, two stages of fermentation strategy were used and carbon/nitrogen ratio, DO and temperature were controlled at different levels. The final dry cell weight, total lipid production and DHA yield in 15 l bioreactor reached 103.9, 37.2 and 16.0 g/l, respectively. For the further study of microbial growth and DHA production dynamics, we established a set of kinetic models for the fed-batch production of DHA by Schizochytrium sp...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Satisha Hegde, Archana Saini, Harsha Vasudev Hegde, Sanjiva D Kholkute, Subarna Roy
Saraca asoca (Roxb.) De Wilde is an important medicinal plant from the Western Ghats of India, traditionally used in treatment of various gynecological disorders. Increasing commercial demand and decreasing numbers has resulted in this plant becoming endangered with crude drug materials being extensively substituted/adulterated with other plant species. The present study was undertaken with the objective of development and evaluation of multivariate cluster analysis of ISSR fingerprints against rbcL -based DNA barcodes as tool to understand the relationships and to differentiate common adulterants and substituents from S...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Juan Wang, Yanfen Gong, Shengming Zhao, Gang Liu
Myceliophthora thermophila (ATCC 42464) is a thermophilic fungus that produces cellulolytic enzymes with high thermal stability. Unlike its mesophile counterparts, study on gene expression regulation of cellulolytic enzymes in M. thermophila is inadequate. This work identified the function of MHR1, a putative transcription regulator of cellulolytic enzymes in M. thermophila that was found through RNA-Seq based gene expression profile analysis. RNA interference was used to study the role of MHR1. A recombinant plasmid, pUC19-P pdc - mhr1 -T pdc , which contained the RNAi sequence for mhr1 was constructed and transformed into M...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Yong Zhou, Lifang Hu, Shuifeng Ye, Lunwei Jiang, Shiqiang Liu
Plant glutathione peroxidases (GPXs) are non-heme thiol peroxidases that play vital roles in maintaining H2 O2 homeostasis and regulating plant response to abiotic stress. Here, we performed a comparative genomic analysis of the GPX gene family in cucumber ( Cucumis sativus ). As a result, a total of 6 CsGPX genes were identified, which were unevenly located in four out of the seven chromosomes in cucumber genome. Based on the phylogenetic analysis, the GPX genes of cucumber, Arabidopsis and rice could be classified into five groups...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Pankajkumar R Waghmare, Anuprita D Watharkar, Byong-Hun Jeon, Sanjay P Govindwar
In this study, we have described three steps to produce ethanol from Pogonatherum crinitum , which was derived after the treatment of textile wastewater. (a) Production of biomass: biomass samples collected from a hydroponic P. crinitum phytoreactor treating dye textile effluents and augmented with Ca-alginate immobilized growth-promoting bacterium, Bacillus pumilus strain PgJ (consortium phytoreactor), and waste sorghum husks were collected and dried. Compositional analysis of biomass (consortium phytoreactor) showed that the concentration of cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin was 42, 30 and 17%, respectively, whereas the biomass samples without the growth-promoting bacterium (normal phytoreactor) was slightly lower, 40, 29 and 16%, respectively...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Padmavathi A V Thangella, Srinivas N B S Pasumarti, Raghu Pullakhandam, Bhanuprakash Reddy Geereddy, Manohar Rao Daggu
Drought is a major constraint to the productivity of many crops affecting various physiological and biochemical processes. Seventy percent of the peanuts are grown in semiarid tropics that are frequently prone to drought stress. So, we analyzed its effect in 4 cultivars of peanut, with different degrees of drought tolerance, under 10 and 20 days of water stress using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. A total of 189 differentially expressed protein spots were identified in the leaf proteome of all the 4 cultivars using PD Quest Basic software; 74 in ICGV 91114, 41 in ICGS 76, 44 in J 11 and 30 in JL 24...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Suman Joshi D S Doddapaneni, Chander Amgoth, Arunasree M Kalle, Surya Narayana Suryadevara, Krishna Satya Alapati
The synthesis and characterization of an aggregate of AgNPs coated with plant extract (PE) from Alphonsea sclerocarpa and its significant antimicrobial activity and inhibition on K562 (blood cancer) cells have been appended in the article. Synthesis of aggregate [(AgNPs)-(PE)] has been followed by a facile eco-friendly approach without using any harmful chemicals. The morphology of an aggregate [(AgNPs)-(PE)] was confirmed by TEM and SEM microscopic characterizations. Properties like solid state, the presence of functional groups, and elemental composition have been characterized through the XRD, FTIR, and EDAX...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Eun Young Ko, Shivraj Hariram Nile, Yi-Sook Jung, Young Soo Keum
In this study, we reported the potential of various methanol fractions of onion (MFO) and its components quercetin and quercetin glucosides on platelet aggregation and antioxidant activity. The onion extracts were separated into several fractions using methanol and water. Further, these extracts were analyzed using simple high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector method to separate quercetin (Q), quercetin-4'- O -monoglucoside and quercetin-3, 4'- O -diglucoside from onion sample. It was observed that the bioactive compounds were accumulated in the non-polar portions rather than in the polar one...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Parthasarathy Radhapriya, Andimuthu Ramachandran, Perumal Palani
The present study was aimed to isolate indigenous plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) from Nanmangalam reserve forest, India and to analyze their positive impact on nursery plant species. In total, 160 isolates were obtained from different nitrogen-free Media (LGI, JMV, NFB). Amongst these, 12 isolates were shown positive for 5-8% of ammonia production nif H positive and then isolates were further tested for their plant growth-promoting (PGP) activity. Based on their PGP activity, nine isolates were selected, and applied in nurseries of twelve native plant species, along with organic manure and inorganic fertilizer...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Chao Fan, Xinxin Xu, Liya Song, Weishi Guan, Jinyang Li, Bo Liu, Pengjun Shi, Wei Zhang
A transfer DNA (T-DNA)-tagged mutant library of Humicola insolens was screened for mutants with altered cellulase production using the plate-clearing zone assay. Three selected mutants (5-A7, 5-C6, and 13-B7) exhibited significantly depressed FPase, CMCase and xylanase activities compared with the wild-type strain upon shake-flask fermentation, while the pNPCase and pNPGase activities of the three mutants were relatively higher than those of the parental strain. Combined with the results of SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry, we suggest that expression of the CMCases Cel6B, Cel7B, CMC3, and XynA/B/C was reduced in the mutant strains...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Devendra Kumar Pandey, Prabhjot Kaur
In the present investigation, pentacyclic triterpenoids were extracted from different parts of Swertia chirata by solid-liquid reflux extraction methods. The total pentacyclic triterpenoids (UA, OA, and BA) in extracted samples were determined by HPTLC method. Preliminary studies showed that stem part contains the maximum pentacyclic triterpenoid and was chosen for further studies. Response surface methodology (RSM) has been employed successfully by solid-liquid reflux extraction methods for the optimization of different extraction variables viz...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Kuldeep Mahato, Pawan Kumar Maurya, Pranjal Chandra
Among various problems faced by mankind, health-related concerns are prevailing since long which are commonly found in the form of infectious diseases and different metabolic disorders. The clinical cure and management of such abnormalities are greatly dependent on the availability of their diagnoses. The conventional diagnostics used for such purposes are extremely powerful; however, most of these are limited by time-consuming protocols and require higher volume of test sample, etc. A new evolving technology called "biosensor" in this context shows an enormous potential for an alternative diagnostic device, which constantly compliments the conventional diagnoses...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Evelin Kámán-Tóth, Miklós Pogány, Tamás Dankó, Ágnes Szatmári, Zoltán Bozsó
Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a widely used microbial tool in plant molecular biology to transfer DNA into plant cells and produce, e.g., stable or transient transformants or induce gene silencing. In our study, we present a simplified version of electrocompetent cell preparation that is not only time and cost efficient, but it requires minimal handling of bacterial cells. Liquid cultures are normally used to prepare competent Agrobacterium cells. To overcome the difficulties of working with liquid cultures, we propose suspending bacterial cells directly from overnight agar plate cultures...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
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