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Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology

Janelle F Coyle, Graciela L Lorca, Claudio F Gonzalez
Citrus greening disease, or huanglongbing, may entirely eradicate all varieties of citrus cultivars worldwide in the near future. This disease is caused by non-cultivable bacteria of the genus Liberibacter; among them, the more pathogenic being Liberibacter asiaticus. The complexity of the host-pathogen relationship, associated with the impossibility of performing research using axenic cultures, has severely hindered the basic research on microbiology. Since its genome sequence was published in 2009, most of the scientific publications in the field were dedicated to in silico analysis and selection of targets to design early detection methods...
September 3, 2018: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Peter Robert Tupa, Hisako Masuda
While growing on propane as a sole source of carbon, many strains cometabolically degrade environmental pollutants, such as ethers and chlorinated hydrocarbons. To gain insights into the molecular basis behind such a high metabolic versatility of propanotrophs, we examined the propane-inducible protein expression patterns of 2 soil actinobacteria that are known to degrade a variety of ethers (i.e., Mycobacterium sp. strain ENV421 and Rhodococcus sp. strain ENV425). In both strains, soluble diiron monooxygenase(s), that would catalyze the first step of the pathway, were induced by propane...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Laura Emilce Navas, Mónica Florin-Christensen, Graciela Beatriz Benintende, Rubén Oreste Zandomeni, Marcelo Facundo Berretta
Phospholipases are classified in different enzyme families according to the ester bond they cleave within phospholipids. The use of phospholipases in industrial processes has prompted the search for new enzymes with differential properties. A gene encoding a novel phospholipase (PLP_2.9) was identified in the genome of the thermophilic strain Thermus sp. 2.9. The analysis of the primary sequence unveiled a patatin-like domain. The alignment of the amino acid sequence of PLP_2.9 to other bacterial patatin-related proteins showed that the four blocks characteristic of this type of phospholipases and the amino acids representing the catalytic dyad are conserved in this protein...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Claudia Thomas, Mandy Waclawek, Kerstin Nutschan, Constanze Pinske, R Gary Sawers
Members of the HypC protein family are chaperone-like proteins that play a central role in the maturation of [NiFe]-hydrogenases (Hyd). Escherichia coli has a second copy of HypC, called HybG, and, as a component of the HypDEF maturation scaffold, these proteins help synthesize the NiFe-cofactor and guide the scaffold to its designated hydrogenase large subunit precursor. HypC is required to synthesize active Hyd-1 and Hyd-3, while HybG facilitates Hyd-2 and Hyd-1 synthesis. To identify determinants on HypC that allow it to discriminate against Hyd-2, we made amino acid exchanges in 3 variable regions, termed VR1, VR2, and VR3, of HypC, that make it more similar to HybG...
2018: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Shu-Fen Weng, Yung-Chieh Fu, Juey-Wen Lin, Tsai-Tien Tseng
Virion-associated peptidoglycan hydrolases (VAPGH) in bacteriophages are potential antimicrobials. Xop411 is a syphophage infecting the Gram-negative Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae that causes bacterial leaf blight in rice plants. The Xop411 gp21 protein was identified here as a peptidoglycan glycohydrolase by Western blotting and zymogram assay, and localized to the phage tail by immunogold-labelling electron microscopy. This protein showed an apparent molecular mass of 17 kDa in SDS-polyacrylamide gels, larger than that calculated from the amino acid sequence, 15 kDa with 130 residues...
2018: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Jiyoung Lee, Jae-Hyun Lim, Junhyung Park, Il-Nam Kim
Microbial communities play an essential role in marine biogeochemical cycles. Physical and biogeochemical changes in Jinhae Bay, the most anthropogenically eutrophied bay on the coasts of South Korea, are well described, but less is known about the associated changes in microbial communities. Temporal and vertical variation in microbial communities at three depths (surface, middle, and bottom) at seven time points (June to December) at the J1 sampling site were investigated on the MiSeq platform based on the 16S rRNA gene...
2018: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Ying Huang, Xiaolin Zhang, Chen Zhao, Xuhui Zhuang, Lin Zhu, Chao Guo, Yuan Song
Spinosad, a member of polyketide-derived macrolides produced in the actinomycete Saccharopolyspora spinosa, has been developed as a broad-spectrum and effective insecticide. The β-oxidation pathway could be an important source of building blocks for the biosynthesis of spinosad, thus the effect of vegetable oils on the production of spinosad in a high-yield strain was investigated. The spinosad production increased significantly with the addition of strawberry seed oil (511.64 mg/L) and camellia oil (520.07 mg/L) compared to the control group without oil (285...
2018: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Javier Caballero, Cecilia Peralta, Antonella Molla, Eleodoro E Del Valle, Primitivo Caballero, Colin Berry, Verónica Felipe, Pablo Yaryura, Leopoldo Palma
Bacillus cereus is a gram-positive, spore-forming bacterium possessing an important and historical record as a human-pathogenic bacterium. However, several strains of this species exhibit interesting potential to be used as plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of B. cereus strain CITVM-11.1, which consists of 37 contig sequences, accounting for 5,746,486 bp (with a GC content of 34.8%) and 5,752 predicted protein-coding sequences. Several of them could potentially be involved in plant-bacterium interactions and may contribute to the strong antagonistic activity shown by this strain against the charcoal root rot fungus, Macrophomina phaseolina...
2018: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Mahsa Yazdi, Majid Bouzari, Ezzat Allah Ghaemi
Proteus mirabilis is one of the most common causes of urinary tract infection (UTI), particularly in patients undergoing long-term catheterization. Phage vB_PmiS-TH was isolated from wastewater with high lytic activity against P. mirabilis (TH) isolated from UTI. The phage had rapid adsorption, a large burst size (∼260 PFU per infected cell), and high stability at a wide range of temperatures and pH values. As analyzed by transmission electron microscopy, phage vB_PmiS-TH had an icosahedral head of ∼87 × 62 nm with a noncontractile tail about 137 nm in length and 11 nm in width...
2018: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Sureyya Mert Selimoglu, Murat Kasap, Gurler Akpinar, Aynur Karadenizli, Abdul Mounem Wis, Uzay Gormus
Human creatine kinase MB (hCKMB) is one of the most preferred biomarkers used for the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome due to its high sensitivity and specificity. The increasing need for highly purified and biologically active hCKMB in the field of diagnostics makes its production valuable. Currently, the production of hCKMB is mainly achieved in methylotrophic yeast, Pichia pastoris, because the production in Escherichia coli is challenging and generally yields an inactive enzyme with a low quantity. With the aim of finding the best way for the high-yield production of active hCKMB in E...
2018: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Carlos Eduardo Serrano-Maldonado, Israel García-Cano, Augusto González-Canto, Eliel Ruiz-May, Jose Miguel Elizalde-Contreras, Maricarmen Quirasco
The atlD gene from an Enterococcus faecalis strain isolated from a Mexican artisanal cheese was cloned, sequenced and expressed in Escherichia coli in order to perform a biochemical characterization. A partial amino acid sequence of the heterologous protein was obtained by LC-MS/MS, and it corresponded to a novel peptidoglycan hydrolase designated AtlD. Its molecular mass was 62-75 kDa, as determined by SDS-PAGE, zymography, Western blot, and exclusion chromatography. Electrofocusing rendered an isoelectric point (pI) of 4...
2018: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Nancy Coconi Linares, Francisco Fernández, Achim M Loske, Miguel A Gómez-Lim
Ligninolytic enzyme production and lignin degradation are typically the rate-limiting steps in the biofuel industry. To improve the efficiency of simultaneous bio-delignification and enzyme production, Phanerochaete chrysosporium was transformed by shock wave-induced acoustic cavitation to co-overexpress 3 peroxidases and 1 laccase and test it on the degradation of sugarcane bagasse and wheat bran. Lignin depolymerization was enhanced by up to 25% in the presence of recombinant fungi in comparison with the wild-type strain...
2018: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Guiying Y Li, Man Fu, Mei Qin, Liming M Xue
Human cathepsin S production by recombinant Pichia pastoris using cod skin as the co-nitrogen source was investigated in this study. The addition of carbon sources of glycerol in the fed-batch phase and of methanol in the induction stage was also investigated. A new approach to the highly expression of human cathepsin S was developed using 90 g/L of cod skin (wet weight). After 24 h of the initial fermentation, 4% glycerol (v/v, glycerol/culture) was added once to enhance the cell density (OD600) in the cultivation...
2017: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Eugene Y Wu, Angela K Hilliker
Rifampicin is an effective antibiotic against mycobacterial and other bacterial infections, but resistance readily emerges in laboratory and clinical settings. We screened Escherichia coli for rifampicin resistance and identified numerous mutations to the gene encoding the β-chain of RNA polymerase (rpoB), including an unusual 9-nucleotide deletion mutation. Structural modeling of the deletion mutant indicates locations of potential steric clashes with rifampicin. Sequence conservation in the region near the deletion mutation suggests a similar mutation may also confer resistance during the treatment of tuberculosis...
2017: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Iva Kotásková, Barbora Mališová, Hana Obručová, Veronika Holá, Tereza Peroutková, Filip Růžička, Tomáš Freiberger
Complex samples are a challenge for sequencing-based broad-range diagnostics. We analysed 19 urinary catheter, ureteral Double-J catheter, and urine samples using 3 methodological approaches. Out of the total 84 operational taxonomic units, 37, 61, and 88% were identified by culture, PCR-DGGE-SS (PCR denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis followed by Sanger sequencing), and PCR-DGGE-RM (PCR- DGGE combined with software chromatogram separation by RipSeq Mixed tool), respectively. The latter approach was shown to be an efficient tool to complement culture in complex sample assessment...
2017: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Fereshteh Heidari Tajabadi, Arturo Medrano-Soto, Masoud Ahmadzadeh, Gholamreza Salehi Jouzani, Milton H Saier
Bdellovibrio, δ-proteobacteria, including B. bacteriovorus (Bba) and B. exovorus (Bex), are obligate predators of other Gram-negative bacteria. While Bba grows in the periplasm of the prey cell, Bex grows externally. We have analyzed and compared the transport proteins of these 2 organisms based on the current contents of the Transporter Classification Database (TCDB; Bba has 103 transporters more than Bex, 50% more secondary carriers, and 3 times as many MFS carriers. Bba has far more metabolite transporters than Bex as expected from its larger genome, but there are 2 times more carbohydrate uptake and drug efflux systems, and 3 times more lipid transporters...
2017: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Smarajit Maiti, Tanmoy Samanta, Sumit Sahoo, Sudipta Roy
A protein showing endoglucanase-peptidase activity was prepared from a newly isolated bacterium (ST15c10). We identified ST15c10 as Brevibacillus agri based on electron-microscopic images and its 16S-rDNA sequence (GenBank accession No. HM446043), which exhibits 98.9% sequence identity to B. agri (KZ17)/B. formosus (DSM-9885T)/B. brevis. The enzyme was purified to homogeneity and gave a single peak during high-performance liquid chromatography on a Seralose 6B-150 gel-matrix/C-18 column. MALDI-TOF mass-spectrometry and bioinformatics studies revealed significant similarity to M42-aminopeptidases/endoglucanases of the CelM family...
2017: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Liliana Pampillón-González, Nadia L Ortiz-Cornejo, Marco Luna-Guido, Luc Dendooven, Yendi E Navarro-Noya
Biogas production from animal waste is an economically viable way to reduce environmental pollution and produce valuable products, i.e., methane and a nutrient-rich organic waste product. An anaerobic digestion reactor for biogas production from pig waste was sampled at the entrance, middle (digestion chamber), and exit of a digester, while the bacterial and archaeal community structure was studied by 16S rRNA gene metagenomics. The number of bacterial operational taxonomic units (OTU)-97% was 3-7 times larger than that of archaeal ones...
2017: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
Adam Kuzdraliński, Anna Kot, Hubert Szczerba, Agnieszka Ostrowska, Michał Nowak, Marta Muszyńska, Michał Lechowski, Paweł Muzyka
The species Puccinia triticina (Pt) and Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst) are devastating cereal pathogens that cause leaf and stripe rust diseases. We developed PCR assays for the species-specific detection of Pt and Pst, 2 biological agents that cause wheat rust disease. For each pathogen, we validated 3 primer sets that target the second largest subunits of the RNA polymerase II (rpb2) and β-tubulin 1 (tub1) genes. The specificities of the primers were verified using naturally infected plant materials with visual symptoms of disease...
2017: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
José H Pisa, Adriana P Manfredi, Nora I Perotti, Héctor G Romero, Javier D Breccia, María Alejandra Martínez
Members of Cohnella sp. isolated from a variety of environments have been shown to be glycoside hydrolase producers. Nevertheless, most evaluations of members of this genus are limited to their taxonomic description. The strain AR92, previously identified as belonging to the genus Cohnella, formed a well-supported cluster with C. thailandensis and C. formosensis (>80% bootstrap confidence). Its growth and xylanase production were approached by using a mineral-based medium containing alkali-pretreated sugarcane bagasse as the main carbon source, which was assayed as a convenient source to produce biocatalysts potentially fitting its degradation...
2017: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
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