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Toxicology Letters

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330766/water-metabolism-dysfunction-via-renin-angiotensin-system-activation-caused-by-liver-damage-in-mice-treated-with-microcystin-rr
#1
Qing Zhong, Feng Sun, Weiguang Wang, Wenqing Xiao, Xiaoni Zhao, Kangding Gu
Microcystins (MCs) are a group of monocyclic heptapeptide toxins that have been shown to act as potent hepatotoxins. However, the observed symptoms of water metabolism disruption induced by microcystin-RR (MC-RR) or MCs have rarely been reported, and a relatively clear mechanism has not been identified. In the present study, male mice were divided into 4 groups (A: 140μg/kg, B: 70μg/kg,C: 35μg/kg, and D: 0μg/kg) and administered MC-RR daily for a month. On day 8 of treatment, an increase in water intake and urine output was observed in the high-dose group compared with the control, and the symptoms worsened with the repeated administration of the toxin until day 30...
March 19, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322890/letter-to-the-editor-shannon-m-et-al-toxicology-letters-265-97-2017
#2
LETTER
John D Fernstrom, Miro Smriga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322891/effect-of-antipsychotics-on-mitochondrial-bioenergetics-of-rat-ovarian-theca-cells
#3
Ekramy Elmorsy, Ayat Al-Ghafari, Amal Misbah Aggour, Soaad Mohamed Mosad, Raheela Khan, Saad Amer
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotics (APs) are widely prescribed drugs, which are well known to cause reproductive adverse effects through mechanisms yet to be determined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of antipsychotics on mitochondrial bioenergetics of rat ovarian theca cells as a possible mechanism of reproductive toxicity. METHODS: Isolated rat's theca interstitial cells (TICs) were treated with two typical (chlorpromazine [CPZ] and haloperidol [HAL]) and two atypical APs (risperidone [RIS] and clozapine [CLZ])...
March 17, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315723/response-to-comments-raised-by-fernstrom-and-smiga-toxlet-d-17-00079-on-our-recent-article-shannon-m-et-al-toxicology-letters-265-97-2017
#4
LETTER
Brian Green, Lisa Connolly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315386/card9-mediated-ambient-pm2-5-induced-pulmonary-injury-is-associated-with-th17-cell
#5
Shuo Jiang, Liang Bo, Xihao Du, Jie Liu, Xuejiao Zeng, Guanglong He, Qinghua Sun, Haidong Kan, Weimin Song, Yuquan Xie, Jinzhuo Zhao
Inflammation and oxidative stress are important risk factors in PM2.5-induced injury. The current study attempted to study the role of caspase recruitment domain (CARD) 9 in ambient PM2.5-induced pulmonary injury in mice. The CARD9(-/-) and C57BL/6 mice were exposed to 3.6, 7.8 and 15.6mg/kg.bw of PM2.5 or saline by intratracheal instillation. After the last PM2.5 exposure, the spleen, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and pulmonary tissue were collected and examined. The results showed that PM2.5 exposure induced inflammatory cell infiltration and alveolar septal thickening in the lung...
March 14, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315385/a-study-on-the-in-vitro-percutaneous-absorption-of-silver-nanoparticles-in-combination-with-aluminum-chloride-methyl-paraben-or-di-n-butyl-phthalate
#6
Katarzyna Domeradzka-Gajda, Marek Nocuń, Joanna Roszak, Beata Janasik, C Derrick Quarles, Wojciech Wąsowicz, Jarosław Grobelny, Emilia Tomaszewska, Grzegorz Celichowski, Katarzyna Ranoszek-Soliwoda, Małgorzata Cieślak, Dorota Puchowicz, Jhanis J Gonzalez, Richard E Russo, Maciej Stępnik
Some reports indicate that the silver released from dermally applied products containing silver nanoparticles (AgNP) (e.g. wound dressings or cosmetics) can penetrate the skin, particularly if damaged. AgNP were also shown to have cytotoxic and genotoxic activity. In the present study percutaneous absorption of AgNP of two different nominal sizes (Ag15nm or Ag45nm by STEM) and surface modification, i.e. citrate or PEG stabilized nanoparticles, in combination with cosmetic ingredients, i.e. aluminum chloride (AlCl3), methyl paraben (MPB), or di-n-butyl phthalate (DBPH) was assessed using in vitro model based on dermatomed pig skin...
March 14, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302560/2-3-7-8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin-tcdd-induces-hepatic-stellate-cell-hsc-activation-and-liver-fibrosis-in-c57bl6-mouse-via-activating-akt-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathways
#7
Ming Han, Xipeng Liu, Suyi Liu, Guanglei Su, Xikang Fan, Jie Chen, Qianting Yuan, Guangfei Xu
2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a widespread environmental pollutant that could induce serious toxic effects in both humans and rodents. Some studies suggested that TCDD exposure may facilitate the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and liver injury. However, the underlying molecular mechanism by which environmental pollutants promote liver injury remains poorly understood. In the present study, we established an animal model of TCDD exposure by intraperitoneal injection of TCDD in male C57BL/6J mice...
March 13, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302559/in-vitro-monoamine-oxidase-inhibition-potential-of-alpha-methyltryptamine-analog-new-psychoactive-substances-for-assessing-possible-toxic-risks
#8
Lea Wagmann, Simon D Brandt, Pierce V Kavanagh, Hans H Maurer, Markus R Meyer
Tryptamines have emerged as new psychoactive substances (NPS), which are distributed and consumed recreationally without preclinical studies or safety tests. Within the alpha-methylated tryptamines, some of the psychoactive effects of the prototypical alpha-methyltryptamine (AMT) have been described decades ago and a contributing factor of its acute toxicity appears to involve the inhibition of monoamine oxidase (MAO). However, detailed information about analogs is scarce. Therefore, thirteen AMT analogs were investigated for their potential to inhibit MAO...
March 13, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300666/curcumin-attenuates-bpa-induced-insulin-resistance-in-hepg2-cells-through-suppression-of-jnk-p38-pathways
#9
Shanshan Geng, Shijia Wang, Weiwei Zhu, Chunfeng Xie, Xiaoting Li, Jieshu Wu, Jianyun Zhu, Ye Jiang, Xue Yang, Yuan Li, Yue Chen, Xiaoqian Wang, Yu Meng, Mingming Zhu, Rui Wu, Cong Huang, Caiyun Zhong
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an artificial environmental endocrine disrupting chemicals. Accumulating evidence indicates that exposure to BPA contributes to insulin resistance through diverse mechanism including inflammation and oxidative stress. Previous studies have suggested curcumin as a safe phytochemical which can improve obesity-related insulin resistance, inflammation and oxidative stress. The present study aimed to investigate the ability of curcumin to prevent BPA-induced insulin resistance in vitro and the underlying mechanism...
March 11, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300665/grape-seed-extract-ameliorates-bleomycin-induced-mouse-pulmonary-fibrosis
#10
Qi Liu, Jun-Xia Jiang, Ya-Nan Liu, Yan Guan, Wei Zhao, Yong-Liang Jia, Xin-Wei Dong, Yun Sun, Qiang-Min Xie
Pulmonary fibrosis is common in a variety of inflammatory lung diseases, such as interstitial pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and silicosis. There is currently no effective clinical drug treatment. It has been reported that grape seed extracts (GSE) has extensive pharmacological effects with minimal toxicity. Although it has been found that GSE can improve the lung collagen deposition and fibrosis pathology induced by bleomycin in rat, its effects on pulmonary function, inflammation, growth factors, matrix metalloproteinases and epithelial-mesenchymal transition remain to be researched...
March 11, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300664/gene-expression-changes-in-immune-response-pathways-following-oral-administration-of-tetrabromobisphenol-a-tbbpa-in-female-wistar-han-rats
#11
Samantha M Hall, Sherry J Coulter, Gabriel A Knudsen, J Michael Sanders, Linda S Birnbaum
Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) is a brominated flame retardant used globally at high volumes, primarily in the epoxy resin of circuit boards. It has been detected in the environment and in humans. The National Toxicology Program found that chronic oral TBBPA treatment of 250mg/kg and higher caused an increased incidence of uterine lesions in female Wistar Han rats. The present laboratory has previously reported changes in gene expression associated with estrogen homeostasis in liver and uterine tissue of adult female Wistar Han rats after five days of gavage with 250mg/kg of TBBPA...
March 11, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300663/1-2-dichloropropane-generates-phosphorylated-histone-h2ax-via-cytochrome-p450-2e1-mediated-metabolism
#12
Tatsushi Toyooka, Yukie Yanagiba, Megumi Suda, Yuko Ibuki, Rui-Sheng Wang
1,2-dichloropropane (1,2-DCP), a synthetic chlorinated solvent, was recently classified as carcinogenic. Genotoxic events are known as a crucial step in the initiation of cancer. However, studies on the genotoxicity of 1,2-DCP are very limited, particularly studies investigating the mechanism behind DNA damage by 1,2-DCP. In this study, we examined the genotoxicity of 1,2-DCP using phosphorylated histone H2AX (γ-H2AX), a sensitive DNA damage marker. 1,2-DCP showed dose- (1-10 mM: 4 h) and time-dependent (1-24 h: 5 mM) γ-H2AX generation in cultured human hepatocytes (WRL-68) and cholangiocytes (MMNK-1)...
March 11, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300662/diisononyl-phthalate-induces-asthma-via-modulation-of-th1-th2-equilibrium
#13
Yun-Ho Hwang, Man-Jeong Paik, Sung-Tae Yee
Diisononyl phthalate (DINP), a member of the phthalate family, is used to plasticize polyvinyl chloride (PVC). This chemical is known to enhance airway inflammation in the OVA-induced asthma model (adjuvant effects) and aggravate allergic dermatitis. Moreover, DINP enhances the production of interleukin-4 in activated CD4(+) T cells. However, the effect of DINP itself on the differentiation of naïve CD4(+) T cells into T helper cells (Th1/Th2) in vitro and allergic asthma in vivo has not yet been studied. In this study, DINP was shown to suppress the polarization of Th1 and enhance the polarization of Th2 from naïve CD4(+) T cells in vitro...
March 11, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286018/acyl-glucuronide-metabolites-implications-for-drug-safety-assessment
#14
Terry R Van Vleet, Hong Liu, Anthony Lee, Eric A G Blomme
Acyl glucuronides are important metabolites of compounds with carboxylic acid moieties and have unique properties that distinguish them from other phase 2 metabolites. In particular, in addition to being often unstable, acyl glucuronide metabolites can be chemically reactive leading to covalent binding with macromolecules and toxicity. While there is circumstantial evidence that drugs forming acyl glucuronide metabolites can be associated with rare, but severe idiosyncratic toxic reactions, many widely prescribed drugs with good safety records are also metabolized through acyl glucuronidation...
March 7, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279687/airborne-particulate-matter-in-vitro-exposure-induces-cytoskeleton-remodeling-through-activation-of-the-rock-mypt1-mlc-pathway-in-a549-epithelial-lung-cells
#15
Yolanda I Chirino, Claudia María García-Cuellar, Carlos García-García, Ernesto Soto-Reyes, Álvaro Román Osornio-Vargas, Luis A Herrera, Alejandro López-Saavedra, Javier Miranda, Raúl Quintana-Belmares, Irma Rosas Pérez, Yesennia Sánchez-Pérez
Airborne particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤10μm (PM10) is considered a risk factor for the development of lung cancer. Little is known about the cellular mechanisms by which PM10 is associated with cancer, but there is evidence that its exposure can lead to an acquired invasive phenotype, apoptosis evasion, inflammasome activation, and cytoskeleton remodeling in lung epithelial cells. Cytoskeleton remodeling occurs through actin stress fiber formation, which is partially regulated through ROCK kinase activation, we aimed to investigate if this protein was activated in response to PM10 exposure in A549 lung epithelial cells...
March 6, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267559/site-specific-neural-hyperactivity-via-the-activation-of-mapk-and-pka-creb-pathways-triggers-neuronal-degeneration-in-methylmercury-intoxicated-mice
#16
Masatake Fujimura, Fusako Usuki
Methylmercury (MeHg) induces site-specific neurotoxicity in the adult brain. In this study, we investigated the site-specific expression of the signaling cascade related to neural activity in a mouse model of MeHg intoxication showing neurodegeneration only in the deep layer of the cerebral cortex, especially layer IV. We performed time course studies of c-fos and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression levels which are proper markers of neural activity. We showed that upregulation of both markers preceded the neuronal degeneration in the cerebral cortex...
March 4, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257910/biomonitoring-of-toxic-metals-in-incinerator-workers-a-systematic-review
#17
Maria Chiara Mauriello, Carmine Sbordone, Paolo Montuori, Rossella Alfano, Maria Triassi, Ivo Iavicoli, Maurizio Manno
Exposure to chemicals released during urban waste disposal and treatment is increasingly regarded as a potential occupational health issue. Indeed, several toxic metals emitted by an incinerator, including As, Be, Cd, Cr, Pb, Mn, Hg, Ni and V, have potentially toxic properties and their exposure, therefore, may be of concern for the health of the workers involved. The levels of exposure should therefore be carefully measured. Environmental monitoring, however, may be unable, alone, to assess true exposure, due to its intrinsic limitations mainly concerning its inability to assess oral and dermal absorption...
March 1, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245986/dj-1-regulating-pi3k-nrf2-signaling-plays-a-significant-role-in-bibenzyl-compound-20c-mediated-neuroprotection-against-rotenone-induced-oxidative-insult
#18
Xiao-Ling Zhang, Yu-He Yuan, Qian-Hang Shao, Zhen-Zhen Wang, Cheng-Gen Zhu, Jian-Gong Shi, Kai-Li Ma, Xu Yan, Nai-Hong Chen
Oxidative stress is thought to be involved in the development of Parkinson's disease (PD). We previously reported that 20C, a bibenzyl compound isolated from Gastrodia elata, possesses antioxidative properties, but its in-depth molecular mechanisms against rotenone-induced neurotoxicity remains unknown. Recent studies indicate that without intact DJ-1, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2) protein becomes unstable, and the activity of Nrf2-mediated downstream antioxidant enzymes are thereby suppressed...
February 27, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245985/4-pba-inhibits-lps-induced-inflammation-through-regulating-er-stress-and-autophagy-in-acute-lung-injury-models
#19
Meichun Zeng, Wenhua Sang, Sha Chen, Ran Chen, Hailin Zhang, Feng Xue, Zhengmao Li, Yu Liu, Yongsheng Gong, Hongyu Zhang, Xiaoxia Kong
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a common clinical disorder that causes substantial health problems worldwide. An excessive inflammatory response is the central feature of ALI, but the mechanism is still unclear, especially the role of endoplasmic-reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy. To identify the cellular mechanism of lung inflammation during lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mouse model of ALI, we investigated the influence of classic ER stress inhibitor 4-phenyl butyric acid (4-PBA) on ER stress and autophagy, which partially affect the activation of inflammation, both in LPS-induced ALI mouse model and human alveolar epithelial cell model...
February 27, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242422/toxicological-response-of-sprague-dawley-rats-from-inhalation-exposure-to-perfluorooctane-sulfonyl-fluoride-posf
#20
John L Butenhoff, Geary W Olsen, Sue Chang
Perfluorooctane sulfonyl fluoride (POSF) was a volatile starting material in the production of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), a stable surfactant that has been extensively studied due to its ubiquitous environmental distribution and slow clearance in humans. Because the inhalation toxicity of POSF on repeated exposure has not been previously reported, the current study evaluated the inhalation toxicity of POSF at 30, 100, and 300ppm (v/v) in rats for up to 13 weeks with a four-week recovery period. The extent of PFOS formation was also measured because POSF hydrolyzed to form PFOS...
February 27, 2017: Toxicology Letters
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