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Limb lengthening

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By Rajesh Purushothaman Additional Professor of Orthopaedics, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
B Vargas Barreto, J Caton, Z Merabet, J C Panisset, J P Pracros
The Ilizarov technique has been used to treat severe limb length discrepancy and short stature. However, complications of this treatment are frequent. Between 1984 and 2001, 57 patients (94 tibias) had an Ilizarov procedure for limb lengthening. Twenty patients had limb discrepancy and 37 had short stature. Their mean age was 20.2 years (range 15-34). The average limb lengthening was 8.37 cm (range 3.2-14.7), which was equivalent to 26% (range 9.2-60%) average tibial lengthening. A total of 90 complications were observed...
October 2007: International Orthopaedics
Hubert J Oostenbroek, Ronald Brand, Peter M van Roermund
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Growth inhibition and stimulation have both been reported after juvenile limb lengthening. Distraction of a joint usually suspends and unloads the growth plate and may stimulate growth. We investigated the influence of knee joint distraction on the speed of growth after limb lengthening. METHODS In a retrospective study, growth patterns were analyzed in 30 children mean 61 (24-109) months after limb lengthening with the Ilizarov method, each child having more than 2 years of remaining growth...
June 2009: Acta Orthopaedica
P Lascombes, D Popkov, H Huber, T Haumont, P Journeau
INTRODUCTION: Long bone lengthening surgery using progressive surgical methods has been the source of frequent complications. Some authors have classified these complications either descriptively, according to the date of onset after the operation, or based on their severity. The Caton classification (1985) has had the virtue of contributing the notion of the treatment contract stipulating the objective to reach in treatment. Within the context of the preoperative information delivered to patients and their family, this contract can be improved by adding a notion of maximum treatment duration...
October 2012: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Timour F El-Husseini, Nabil A M Ghaly, Mahmoud A Mahran, Mohamed Ahmed Al Kersh, Khaled M Emara
The aim of this study is to compare lengthening over an intramedullary nail to the conventional Ilizarov method with regard to percentage length increase, external fixation index, consolidation index and incidence of complications. This is a prospective randomized controlled study. Thirty-one limbs in 28 patients were included in the study; 15 were lengthened over an intramedullary nail, and 16 limbs were lengthened conventionally. The mean duration of external fixation in the lengthening over nail group was 52...
August 2013: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
M A Catagni, L Lovisetti, F Guerreschi, A Combi, G Ottaviani
The Ilizarov method for leg lengthening was used for cosmetic reasons in 54 patients with constitutional short stature. A mean lengthening of 7 cm with a low rate of complications produced an excellent or good outcome in all the patients, including improvement in psychological disturbances related to short stature. Those who undergo the procedure must be highly motivated, fully informed and understand the technique and possible complications. We suggest that the Ilizarov method for cosmetic limb lengthening is a technique without major complications...
October 2005: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume
Qianchen Guo, Tao Zhang, Yongfa Zheng, Shiqing Feng, Xinlong Ma, Feng Zhao
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to review our experiences with tibial lengthening over an intramedullary nail in comparison to the conventional Ilizarov method. METHODS: We performed a retrospective comparison of tibial lengthening using the conventional Ilizarov method (group A: 23 limbs in 13 patients) versus over a nail (group B: 51 limbs in 26 patients). The percentage increase in tibial length, lengthening index, external fixation index, consolidation index and complications were assessed...
January 2012: International Orthopaedics
Andreas H Krieg, Ulrich Lenze, Bernhard M Speth, Carol C Hasler
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In the last decade, intramedullary limb lengthening has become a viable alternative to traditional external systems. We retrospectively analyzed the use of an intramedullary motorized nail (Fitbone) in a consecutive series of 32 patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During the period September 2006 to December 2008, 32 consecutive patients with a median age of 17 (IQR: 15-19) years were treated with a fully implantable, motorized intramedullary lengthening device (Fitbone)...
June 2011: Acta Orthopaedica
Shahab Mahboubian, Matthew Seah, Austin T Fragomen, S Robert Rozbruch
BACKGROUND: Lengthening over a nail and internal lengthening nails have been developed to minimize or eliminate patients' time wearing a frame during femur lengthening. However it is unclear whether either of these two approaches results in faster times to union or fewer complications over the other. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We asked which technique better achieved: (1) the lengthening goals, (2) the distraction rate control, (3) quality of the regenerate bone, (4) fewer complications, and (5) if SF-36 scores and American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Lower Limb Module (AAOS LLM) scores differ in each treatment modality? METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records and radiographs of 11 patients who had 12 Intramedullary Skeletal Kinetic Distractor (ISKD) procedures between 2002 and 2005, and 21 patients with 22 femoral lengthenings performed as lengthening over nail procedures between 2005 and 2009...
April 2012: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
K J Noonan, C T Price
In conclusion, monolateral external fixation can be effectively utilized in the management of limb length discrepancy and angular deformity. This manuscript outlines the pertinent theory, application and problems important in these cases. When faced with specific congenital conditions the surgeon is encouraged to reference relevant literature that is more focused than the current paper.
1996: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
B Blondel, F Launay, Y Glard, S Jacopin, J -L Jouve, G Bollini
Limb deformities in children can be corrected using different techniques, notably external fixation following the Ilizarov principles. However, correction can be difficult in cases of multiple deformities. In 1994, Charles Taylor developed a new computer-assisted hexapodal external fixator system to treat these pathologies, the Taylor Spatial Frame. The objective of this study was to evaluate the results obtained with this technique in treating lower-limb deformities in children. Thirty-six patients were included in this prospective study, with a mean age of 11...
October 2009: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
T H Hughes, N Maffulli, J A Fixsen
The appearance of regenerate bone during the process of limb lengthening using a mono-axial device was studied using radiographs and ultrasound scanning in nine patients. The corticotomy site initially appeared as a sonolucent area. Poorly organized echogenic foci were detectable 2 weeks after the distraction was begun. After 4 weeks, these areas became aligned. At 7-8 weeks, a clear impression of a new cortical margin was seen. The formation of a medullary canal started at this point, progressing to a radiographically evident canal...
January 1993: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
C E Blane, J E Herzenberg, M A DiPietro
The Ilizarov method for limb lengthening is rapidly gaining popularity in North America. Use of this new technique has necessitated modifications in radiographic protocol. Initial imaging problems gained from our experience with twenty children are detailed including accurate centering for the plain films, correcting for magnification to accurately measure the distraction gap and the expected radiographic appearance of the regenerate bone. Ultrasonography has potential value in accurately measuring the distraction gap and in imaging the new bone prior to radiographic appearance...
1991: Pediatric Radiology
D Paley
Difficulties that occur during limb lengthening were subclassified into problems, obstacles, and complications. Problems represented difficulties that required no operative intervention to resolve, while obstacles represented difficulties that required an operative intervention. All intraoperative injuries were considered true complications, and all problems during limb lengthening that were not resolved before the end of treatment were considered true complications. The difficulties that occurred during limb lengthening include muscle contractures, joint luxation, axial deviation, neurologic injury, vascular injury, premature consolidation, delayed consolidation, nonunion, pin site problems, and hardware failure...
January 1990: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
G De Bastiani, R Aldegheri, L Renzi Brivio, G Trivella
We describe a technique for slow, progressive, symmetrical distraction of the growth plate using a lightweight dynamic axial fixation system. Results are given for the elongation of 40 bony segments in children with limb-length discrepancies and 60 segments in children with achondroplasia or hypochondroplasia. Increases in limb length of up to 36% were obtained in non-achondroplastic and up to 64.5% in achondroplastic patients. There were no nerve or vascular lesions or bony infections and no case required a bone graft...
August 1986: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume
S Simard, M Marchant, G Mencio
The purpose of this article is to provide a historical and clinical perspective on the Ilizarov method of external fixation for limb lengthening and deformity correction of the lower extremity. Though relatively new in the United States, the technique has been applied for orthopedic problems with great success for over three decades in Russia and Europe. Physical therapy management is discussed from the preoperative planning phase to removal of the apparatus.
January 1992: Physical Therapy
C W Walker, J Aronson, P A Kaplan, W M Molpus, J J Seibert
Limb-lengthening procedures are being performed at an increasing rate in the United States. A successful outcome relies heavily on serial radiologic evaluation. Therefore, it is important for radiologists to become familiar with the various techniques, their normal radiologic appearance, and associated complications. Lengthening by the Wagner method, distraction epiphysiolysis, and the Ilizarov technique are illustrated. Chondrodiatasis and callotasis also are discussed.
February 1991: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
David W Lowenberg, Stuart A Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2008: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Charles J Jordan, Rachel Y Goldstein, Toni M McLaurin, Alfred Grant
The history of limb-lengthening surgery can be traced back to the nineteenth century. Since that time, the orthopaedic community has made tremendous progress in performing successful lengthening procedures. Among the important contributors to the field, Dr. Gavril Ilizarov remains one of the most significant innovators. Because of advancements over the past century, limb lengthening has become a viable method of treating severe bony deformities and defects. This article, the first of a two-part series, reviews the history of distraction osteosynthesis...
2013: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Judith M Moraal, Alda Elzinga-Plomp, Marian J Jongmans, Peter M van Roermund, Petra E Flikweert, René M Castelein, Gerben Sinnema
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few studies have been concerned with the patient's perception of the outcome of limb lengthening. We describe the psychological and social functioning after at least 2 years of follow-up in patients who had had a leg length discrepancy and who had undergone an Ilizarov limb lengthening procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Self-esteem and perceived competence were measured in 37 patients (aged 17-30 years) both preoperatively and at a mean follow-up of 7 (2-14) years...
December 2009: Acta Orthopaedica
Frank M Schiedel, Tim C Buller, Robert Rödl
UNLABELLED: Limb-lengthening procedures include a series of radiographic examinations to follow the lengthening process and callus formation. We quantified ionizing radiation exposure during lengthening treatment and estimated the risks associated with this exposure in 53 patients undergoing lengthening procedures. Field size and tube voltage of all radiographs and fluoroscopy time during surgery were recorded. According to conversion factor tables of organ doses, the cumulative organ dose was estimated...
April 2009: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
2014-02-17 16:34:01
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