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Free Anaesthesia Papers

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98 papers 100 to 500 followers Only Free Anaesthesia Papers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139311/fluid-resuscitation-of-trauma-patients-how-much-fluid-is-enough-to-determine-the-patient-s-response
#1
Yasuaki Mizushima, Shota Nakao, Koji Idoguchi, Tetsuya Matsuoka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25610037/anesthesia-and-airway-management-in-two-cases-of-apert-syndrome-case-reports
#2
Canan Atalay, Nazim Dogan, Şahin Yüksek, Ali Fuat Erdem
Apert syndrome is a type of acrocephalosyndactilia that consists of craniofacial synostosis, midface hypoplasia and syndactyly, with an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. During anesthesia, difficult intubation and ventilation may be observed because of abnormal airways. In one of our patients, visceral anomalies, such as esophageal stricture and post-strictural dilatation, may cause respiratory problems because of aspiration. The second case was a Mallampati grade 2 with craniofacial synostoses, midface hypoplasia and syndactyly...
August 2008: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22500909/comparison-of-postoperative-analgesic-effect-of-intrathecal-magnesium-and-fentanyl-added-to-bupivacaine-in-patients-undergoing-lower-limb-orthopedic-surgery
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Marzieh-Beigom Khezri, Siamak Yaghobi, Mahsa Hajikhani, Saeid Asefzadeh
OBJECTIVE: To compare the analgesic efficacy and side effects of magnesium and fentanyl as an additive to intrathecal bupivacaine. METHODS: Ninety adult patients scheduled for femur surgery under spinal anesthesia were randomly allocated to one of the following three groups to receive intrathecally: bupivacaine 15 mg combined with 0.5 mL magnesium 10%; bupivacaine 15 mg combined with 0.5 mL fentanyl; or bupivacaine 15 mg combined with 0.5 mL distilled water (control)...
March 2012: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23121635/the-analgesic-efficacy-and-safety-of-neuraxial-magnesium-sulphate-a-quantitative-review
#4
REVIEW
E Albrecht, K R Kirkham, S S Liu, R Brull
Eighteen published trials have examined the use of neuraxial magnesium as a peri-operative adjunctive analgesic since 2002, with encouraging results. However, concurrent animal studies have reported clinical and histological evidence of neurological complications with similar weight-adjusted doses. The objectives of this quantitative systematic review were to assess both the analgesic efficacy and the safety of neuraxial magnesium. Eighteen trials comparing magnesium with placebo were identified. The time to first analgesic request increased by 11...
February 2013: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26161320/addition-of-intrathecal-magnesium-sulfate-to-bupivacaine-for-spinal-anesthesia-in-cesarean-section
#5
Nadia Banihashem, Bahman Hasannasab, Ali Esmaeili, Borhaneh Hasannasab
BACKGROUND: Spinal anesthesia is widely used for caesarean section. Addition of intrathecal magnesium sulfate to local anesthetics seems to improve the quality of block and prolong the duration of analgesia. OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to examine whether addition of intrathecal magnesium sulfate enhances the analgesic efficacy of intrathecal bupivacaine in patients undergoing cesarean section. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomized, prospective, double-blind, case-control, clinical trial...
June 2015: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073314/safety-of-the-peripheral-administration-of-vasopressor-agents
#6
Tyler Lewis, Cristian Merchan, Diana Altshuler, John Papadopoulos
Vasopressors are an integral component of the management of septic shock and are traditionally given via a central venous catheter (CVC) due to the risk of tissue injury and necrosis if extravasated. However, the need for a CVC for the management of septic shock has been questioned, and the risk of extravasation and incidence of severe injury when vasopressors are given via a peripheral venous line (PVL) remains poorly defined. We performed a retrospective chart review of 202 patients who received vasopressors through a PVL...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085788/essentials-of-our-current-understanding-abdominal-wall-blocks
#7
Ki Jinn Chin, John G McDonnell, Brendan Carvalho, Aidan Sharkey, Amit Pawa, Jeffrey Gadsden
Abdominal wall blocks rely on the spread of local anesthetic within musculofascial planes to anesthetize multiple small nerves or plexuses, rather than targeting specific nerve structures. Ultrasonography is primarily responsible for the widespread adoption of techniques including transversus abdominis plane and rectus sheath blocks, as well as the introduction of novel techniques such as quadratus lumborum and transversalis fascia blocks. These blocks are technically straightforward and relatively safe and reduce pain and opioid requirements in many clinical settings...
March 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039239/non-opioid-analgesics-in-adults-after-major-surgery-systematic-review-with-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#8
V Martinez, H Beloeil, E Marret, D Fletcher, P Ravaud, L Trinquart
BACKGROUND: Morphine, and analgesics other than morphine (AOM), are commonly used to treat postoperative pain after major surgery. However, which AOM provides the best efficacy-safety profile remains unclear. METHODS: Randomized trials of any AOM alone or any combination of AOM compared with placebo or another AOM in adults undergoing major surgery and receiving morphine patient-controlled analgesia were included in a network meta-analysis. The outcomes were morphine consumption, pain, incidence of nausea, vomiting at 24 h and severe adverse effects...
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821785/anesthetic-considerations-for-surgery-on-the-aortic-arch
#9
REVIEW
Barbara J Wilkey, Nathaen S Weitzel
Aortic arch surgery requires meticulous teamwork in the true perioperative sense. Planning and communication at all phases from preoperative evaluation, through intraoperative management, to postoperative care should be well coordinated between surgical, anesthesia, perfusion, and intensive care unit teams. This review discusses intraoperative management from the anesthesiologist's perspective, with particular emphasis on transesophageal echo evaluation and coagulation management.
December 2016: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990270/recent-advances-in-the-management-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#10
REVIEW
Halley Tsai, Yon K Sung, Vinicio de Jesus Perez
Over the past 20 years, there has been an explosion in the development of therapeutics to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a rare but life-threatening disorder associated with progressive elevation of pulmonary pressures and severe right heart failure. Recently, the field has seen the introduction of riociguat, a soluble guanylate cyclase stimulator, a new endothelin receptor antagonist (macitentan), and oral prostanoids (treprostinil and selexipag). Besides new drugs, there have been significant advances in defining the role of upfront combination therapy in treatment-naïve patients as well as proposed methods to deliver systemic prostanoids by use of implantable pumps...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858374/prediction-of-fluid-responsiveness-an-update
#11
REVIEW
Xavier Monnet, Paul E Marik, Jean-Louis Teboul
In patients with acute circulatory failure, the decision to give fluids or not should not be taken lightly. The risk of overzealous fluid administration has been clearly established. Moreover, volume expansion does not always increase cardiac output as one expects. Thus, after the very initial phase and/or if fluid losses are not obvious, predicting fluid responsiveness should be the first step of fluid strategy. For this purpose, the central venous pressure as well as other "static" markers of preload has been used for decades, but they are not reliable...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785098/single-shot-lamina-thoracic-paravertebral-block-with-ketofol-for-modified-radical-mastectomy
#12
Ambrose Rukewe, Oludolapo O Afuwape, Austin Ugheoke, Akinola A Fatiregun
We describe the use of single-shot lamina thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) with sedation for a 56-year-old female patient who had modified radical mastectomy with axillary clearance. Two years ago, she suffered vocal cord palsy post thyroidectomy, which was managed with tracheostomy. The tracheostomy tube was removed 8 months later, leaving the patient with persistent hoarseness of voice and left vocal cord palsy. She declined general anesthesia and consented for TPVB. The surgery lasted 95 minutes and was successfully completed with TPVB...
2016: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940457/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-primary-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-review-of-the-evidence
#13
E M Soffin, J T YaDeau
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols produce significant clinical and economic benefits in a range of surgical subspecialties. There is a long tradition of applying clinical pathways to the perioperative care of joint arthroplasty patients. Enhanced recovery after surgery represents the next step in the evolution of standardized care. To date, reports of full ERAS pathways for hip or knee arthroplasty are lacking. In this narrative review, we present the evidence base that can be usefully applied to constructing ERAS pathways for hip or knee arthroplasty...
December 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785097/regional-anesthesia-or-patient-controlled-analgesia-and-compartment-syndrome-in-orthopedic-surgical-procedures-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Elizabeth Bs Driscoll, Ana Hosseinzadeh Maleki, Leila Jahromi, Brittany Nelson Hermecz, Lauren E Nelson, Imelda L Vetter, Spencer Evenhuis, Lee Ann Riesenberg
A systematic review of the literature on the use of regional anesthesia (RA) and patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) was conducted in patients who require orthopedic extremity procedures to determine whether either analgesic technique contributes to a delayed diagnosis of compartment syndrome (CS). A total of 34 relevant articles (28 case reports and six research articles) were identified. Of all case report articles published after 2009, the majority (75%) concluded that RA does not put the patient at an increased risk of a delayed diagnosis of CS...
2016: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871631/-benefit-of-general-anesthesia-monitored-by-bispectral-index-compared-with-monitoring-guided-only-by-clinical-parameters-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Carlos Rogério Degrandi Oliveira, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Victor Moisés Nunes
BACKGROUND: The bispectral index parameter is used to guide the titration of general anesthesia; however, many studies have shown conflicting results regarding the benefits of bispectral index monitoring. The objective of this systematic review with meta-analysis is to evaluate the clinical impact of monitoring with the bispectral index parameter. METHODS: The search for evidence in scientific information sources was conducted during December 2013 to January 2015, the following primary databases: Medline/PubMed, LILACS, Cochrane, CINAHL, Ovid, SCOPUS and TESES...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26660675/pharmacological-adjuncts-to-stop-bleeding-options-and-effectiveness
#16
M Panteli, I Pountos, P V Giannoudis
Severe trauma and massive haemorrhage represent the leading cause of death and disability in patients under the age of 45 years in the developed world. Even though much advancement has been made in our understanding of the pathophysiology and management of trauma, outcomes from massive haemorrhage remain poor. This can be partially explained by the development of coagulopathy, acidosis and hypothermia, a pathological process collectively known as the "lethal triad" of trauma. A number of pharmacological adjuncts have been utilised to stop bleeding, with a wide variation in the safety and efficacy profiles...
June 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842708/-effects-of-different-levels-of-end-expiratory-pressure-on-hemodynamic-respiratory-mechanics-and-systemic-stress-response-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#17
Oznur Sen, Yasemin Erdogan Doventas
OBJECTIVE: General anesthesia causes reduction of functional residual capacity. And this decrease can lead to atelectasis and intrapulmonary shunting in the lung. In this study we want to evaluate the effects of 5 and 10cmH2O PEEP levels on gas exchange, hemodynamic, respiratory mechanics and systemic stress response in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: American Society of Anesthesiologist I-II physical status 43 patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly selected to receive external PEEP of 5cmH2O (PEEP 5 group) or 10cmH2O PEEP (PEEP 10 group) during pneumoperitoneum...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806241/case-23-2016-a-man-with-somnolence-after-orthopedic-surgery
#18
LETTER
Alden W Dudley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774838/tranexamic-acid-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-surgery
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Paul S Myles, Julian A Smith, Andrew Forbes, Brendan Silbert, Mohandas Jayarajah, Thomas Painter, D James Cooper, Silvana Marasco, John McNeil, Jean S Bussières, Shay McGuinness, Kelly Byrne, Matthew T V Chan, Giovanni Landoni, Sophie Wallace
Background Tranexamic acid reduces the risk of bleeding among patients undergoing cardiac surgery, but it is unclear whether this leads to improved outcomes. Furthermore, there are concerns that tranexamic acid may have prothrombotic and proconvulsant effects. Methods In a trial with a 2-by-2 factorial design, we randomly assigned patients who were scheduled to undergo coronary-artery surgery and were at risk for perioperative complications to receive aspirin or placebo and tranexamic acid or placebo. The results of the tranexamic acid comparison are reported here...
12, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592289/echocardiography-as-a-guide-for-fluid-management
#20
REVIEW
John H Boyd, Demetrios Sirounis, Julien Maizel, Michel Slama
BACKGROUND: In critically ill patients at risk for organ failure, the administration of intravenous fluids has equal chances of resulting in benefit or harm. While the intent of intravenous fluid is to increase cardiac output and oxygen delivery, unwelcome results in those patients who do not increase their cardiac output are tissue edema, hypoxemia, and excess mortality. Here we briefly review bedside methods to assess fluid responsiveness, focusing upon the strengths and pitfalls of echocardiography in spontaneously breathing mechanically ventilated patients as a means to guide fluid management...
September 4, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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