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Free Anaesthesia Papers

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125 papers 100 to 500 followers Only Free Anaesthesia Papers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30475260/dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-local-anesthetics-in-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Qianchuang Sun, Shuyan Liu, Huiying Wu, He Ma, Wei Liu, Meidan Fang, Kexiang Liu, Zhenxiang Pan
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the analgesic effects of dexmedetomidine (DEX) in transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks for abdominal surgery. METHODS: Electronic databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan Fang, and the Cochrane Library , were conducted to collect the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from inception to March 2018. RCTs investigating the impact of adding DEX to local anesthetics for TAP blocks were included in this analysis...
November 20, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670398/remifentanil-induced-postoperative-hyperalgesia-current-perspectives-on-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-strategies
#2
REVIEW
Cristina Santonocito, Alberto Noto, Claudia Crimi, Filippo Sanfilippo
The use of remifentanil in clinical practice offers several advantages and it is used for a wide range of procedures, ranging from day-surgery anesthesia to more complex procedures. Nonetheless, remifentanil has been consistently linked with development of opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH), which is described as a paradoxical increase in sensitivity to painful stimuli that develops after exposure to opioid treatment. The development of OIH may cause several issues, delaying recovery after surgery and preventing timely patient's discharge...
2018: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760560/spinal-anesthesia-instead-of-general-anesthesia-for-infants-undergoing-tendon-achilles-lengthening
#3
EDITORIAL
Mohammad AlSuhebani, David P Martin, Lance M Relland, Tarun Bhalla, Allan C Beebe, Amanda T Whitaker, Walter Samora, Joseph D Tobias
Spinal anesthesia (SA) has been used relatively sparingly in the pediatric population, as it is typically reserved for patients in whom the perceived risk of general anesthesia is high due to comorbid conditions. Recently, concern has been expressed regarding the potential long-term neurocognitive effects of general anesthesia during the early stages of life. In view of this, our center has developed a program in which SA may be used as the sole agent for applicable surgical procedures. While this approach in children is commonly used for urologic or abdominal surgical procedures, there have been a limited number of reports of its use for orthopedic procedures in this population...
2018: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30046251/optimizing-the-securement-of-epidural-catheters-an-in-vitro-trial
#4
Mohammed Hakim, Alexander B Froyshteter, Hina Walia, Dmitry Tumin, Giorgio Veneziano, Tarun Bhalla, Joseph D Tobias
Introduction: Epidural anesthesia is frequently used to provide postoperative analgesia following major surgical procedures. Secure fixation of the epidural catheter is necessary to prevent premature dislodgment and loss of epidural analgesia. Using an in vitro model, the current prospective study evaluates different types of dressings for securement of an epidural catheter by quantifying the force in Newtons (N) required for dislodgment using a digital force gage. Methods: Four methods of epidural catheter securement were used on a simulator mannequin: 1) Suresite® Window Clear Dressing, 2) Op-Site Post-Op® Visible Dressing, 3) Steri-Strips® and Suresite Window Clear Dressing, and 4) Steri-Strips and Op-Site Post-Op Visible Dressing...
2018: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980217/definitions-and-pathophysiology-of-vasoplegic-shock
#5
REVIEW
Simon Lambden, Ben C Creagh-Brown, Julie Hunt, Charlotte Summers, Lui G Forni
Vasoplegia is the syndrome of pathological low systemic vascular resistance, the dominant clinical feature of which is reduced blood pressure in the presence of a normal or raised cardiac output. The vasoplegic syndrome is encountered in many clinical scenarios, including septic shock, post-cardiac bypass and after surgery, burns and trauma, but despite this, uniform clinical definitions are lacking, which renders translational research in this area challenging. We discuss the role of vasoplegia in these contexts and the criteria that are used to describe it are discussed...
July 6, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226044/neuroanatomy-and-neuropsychology-of-pain
#6
REVIEW
Shehzad Khalid, R Shane Tubbs
We have reviewed here the neuroanatomical and neuropsychological literature of the human brain and have proposed the various pain mechanisms that we currently know of. Essentially when tissue is damaged, peripheral nociceptors are activated continuously and prostanoids are hence produced. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and medications aim to target these prostanoids to treat the inflammatory component of pain. Normal pain tends to have a protective response. It is important for the nervous system to learn and recognize this painful stimulus earlier and quicker with repeated exposure to avoid tissue damage...
October 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471884/should-we-measure-the-central-venous-pressure-to-guide-fluid-management-ten-answers-to-10-questions
#7
Daniel De Backer, Jean-Louis Vincent
The central venous pressure (CVP) is the most frequently used variable to guide fluid resuscitation in critically ill patients, although its use has been challenged. In this viewpoint, we use a question and answer format to highlight the potential advantages and limitations of using CVP measurements to guide fluid resuscitation.
February 23, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376560/inotropic-agents-and-vasodilator-strategies-for-the-treatment-of-cardiogenic-shock-or-low-cardiac-output-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Julia Schumann, Eva C Henrich, Hellen Strobl, Roland Prondzinsky, Sophie Weiche, Holger Thiele, Karl Werdan, Stefan Frantz, Susanne Unverzagt
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock (CS) and low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) as complications of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), heart failure (HF) or cardiac surgery are life-threatening conditions. While there is a broad body of evidence for the treatment of people with acute coronary syndrome under stable haemodynamic conditions, the treatment strategies for people who become haemodynamically unstable or develop CS remain less clear. We have therefore summarised here the evidence on the treatment of people with CS or LCOS with different inotropic agents and vasodilative drugs...
January 29, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313912/complications-in-obstetric-anaesthesia
#9
REVIEW
L Maronge, D Bogod
'Obstetric anaesthesia is a litigious area of medical practice - patient expectations are high, and many of the interventions undertaken by anaesthetists are performed urgently or emergently, frequently out of hours. The complications that occur during obstetric practice are not unique to this area of anaesthesia, but some of the physiological and anatomical changes that take place during pregnancy can affect the frequency with which these happen. In this narrative review, we hope to cover a few of the more common complications in obstetric anaesthesia, as well as some of the more severe, yet less frequently occurring problems...
January 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828371/extracorporeal-techniques-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
Madhavi Parekh, Darryl Abrams, Daniel Brodie
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was first introduced for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in the 1970s. However, enthusiasm was tempered due to the high mortality seen at that time. The use of ECMO has grown considerably in recent years due to technological advances and the evidence suggesting potential benefit. While the efficacy of ECMO has yet to be rigorously demonstrated with high-quality evidence, it has the potential not only to have a substantial impact on outcomes, including mortality, but also to change the paradigm of ARDS management...
July 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803657/early-extubation-after-cardiac-surgery-the-evolution-continues
#11
EDITORIAL
Hilary P Grocott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854551/efficacy-of-perineural-vs-systemic-dexamethasone-to-prolong-analgesia-after-peripheral-nerve-block-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
M Baeriswyl, K R Kirkham, A Jacot-Guillarmod, E Albrecht
Perineural dexamethasone has gained popularity in regional anaesthesia to prolong the duration of analgesia, but its advantage over systemic administration is disputed. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the analgesic efficacy of both routes of administration during peripheral nerve block. The methodology followed the PRISMA statement guidelines. The primary outcome was the duration of analgesia analysed according to the type of local anaesthetic administered (bupivacaine or ropivacaine). Secondary outcomes included cumulative opioid consumption in morphine i...
August 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856511/local-infiltration-analgesia-a-2-year-follow-up-of-patients-undergoing-total-hip-arthroplasty
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ján Kuchálik, Anders Magnuson, Anders Lundin, Anil Gupta
PURPOSE: Local infiltration analgesia (LIA) is commonly used for postoperative pain management following total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, the long-term effects of the component drugs are unclear. The aim of our study was to investigate functional outcome, quality of life, chronic post-surgical pain, and adverse events in patients within 2 years of undergoing THA. METHODS: The study was a secondary analysis of data from a previous larger study. Eighty patients were randomized to receive either intrathecal morphine (Group ITM) or local infiltration analgesia (Group LIA) for pain management in a double-blind study...
December 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790863/great-auricular-neuropraxia-with-beach-chair-position
#14
Minal Joshi, Ruth Cheng, Hattiyangadi Kamath, Joel Yarmush
Shoulder arthroscopy has been shown to be the procedure of choice for many diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. Neuropraxia of the great auricular nerve (GAN) is an uncommon complication of shoulder surgery, with the patient in the beach chair position. We report a case of great auricular neuropraxia associated with direct compression by a horseshoe headrest, used in routine positioning for uncomplicated shoulder surgery. In this case, an arthroscopic approach was taken, under regional anesthesia with sedation in the beach chair position...
2017: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790864/case-report-bilateral-tunneled-epidural-catheters-to-prevent-unilateral-analgesia-for-cancer-related-pain
#15
Raj B Padalia, Corey J Reeves, Neal Shah, Ankur A Patel, Devang M Padalia
OBJECTIVE: Unilateral analgesia often occurs with epidural analgesia. Traditional methods of troubleshooting this problem can be insufficient in obtaining adequate pain relief in a timely manner for terminal cancer patients. This case report demonstrates a safe and effective solution which can be utilized in these circumstances. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old female with stage IV pancreatic cancer and life expectancy of a few weeks presented to the interventional pain clinic with intractable sacral pain...
2017: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860857/preventing-nausea-and-vomiting-in-women-undergoing-regional-anesthesia-for-cesarean-section-challenges-and-solutions
#16
REVIEW
Yvonne Jelting, Christian Klein, Thomas Harlander, Leopold Eberhart, Norbert Roewer, Peter Kranke
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative nausea and vomiting (IONV) or postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) affecting women undergoing regional anesthesia for cesarean section is an important clinical problem since these techniques are used widely. There are burdens of literature about IONV/PONV and several in parturient and cesarean. However, it needs more attention. The underlying mechanisms of IONV and PONV in the obstetrical setting mainly include hypotension due to sympathicolysis during neuraxial anesthesia, bradycardia owing to an increased vagal tone, the visceral stimulation via the surgical procedure and intravenously administered opioids...
2017: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483834/wide-qrs-complex-tachycardia-what-is-the-diagnosis
#17
Gaopin Wang, Renguang Liu, Qinghua Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302612/difficult-lumbar-puncture-pitfalls-and-tips-from-the-trenches
#18
REVIEW
P A Hudgins, A J Fountain, P R Chapman, L M Shah
Lumbar puncture has, for many years, been the responsibility of the internal medicine physician or the neurologist. As more patients have undergone spine surgery and with the current increase in body mass index of the general population, the radiologist has been consulted with increasing frequency to perform lumbar puncture with fluoroscopic guidance. Radiology, in fact, is now the dominant overall provider of lumbar puncture procedures. The procedure is more difficult when the needle length increases, and if fluoroscopy is used, landmarks are more difficult to visualize with increasing subcutaneous fat...
July 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331362/anesthesia-for-the-patient-undergoing-total-knee-replacement-current-status-and-future-prospects
#19
REVIEW
Zachary A Turnbull, Dahniel Sastow, Gregory P Giambrone, Tiffany Tedore
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has become one of the most common orthopedic surgical procedures performed nationally. As the population and surgical techniques for TKAs have evolved over time, so have the anesthesia and analgesia used for these procedures. General anesthesia has been the dominant form of anesthesia utilized for TKA in the past, but regional anesthetic techniques are on the rise. Multiple studies have shown the potential for regional anesthesia to improve patient outcomes, such as a decrease in intraoperative blood loss, length of stay, and patient mortality...
2017: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360535/assessment-of-risk-factors-for-postdural-puncture-headache-in-women-undergoing-cesarean-delivery-in-jordan-a-retrospective-analytical-study
#20
Wail N Khraise, Mohammed Z Allouh, Khaled M El-Radaideh, Raed S Said, Anas M Al-Rusan
PURPOSE: Postdural puncture headache (PDPH) is one of the most recognized complications after spinal anesthesia in women undergoing cesarean delivery. This study aimed to investigate the incidence of PDPH and its associated risk factors in women undergoing cesarean delivery in Jordan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included all women who underwent cesarean delivery at King Abdullah University Hospital in Jordan during 2015. Patient characteristics including age, weight, occurrence of PDPH, needle type, repeated puncture attempt, history of spinal anesthesia and PDPH, presence of tension headache, preeclampsia, migraine, sinusitis, and caffeine withdrawal were collated from hospital records...
2017: Local and Regional Anesthesia
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