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Therapeutic exercise

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59 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Ainsley Rossi Clinician & Asst Professor Emory University Division of PT. Specialist in orthopedic PT.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419032/formal-physical-therapy-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-is-not-required-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Matthew S Austin, Brian T Urbani, Andrew N Fleischman, Navin D Fernando, James J Purtill, William J Hozack, Javad Parvizi, Richard H Rothman
BACKGROUND: The value of formal physical therapy after total hip arthroplasty is unknown. With substantial changes that have occurred in surgical and anesthesia techniques, self-directed therapy may be efficacious in restoring function to patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, randomized trial of 120 patients undergoing primary, unilateral total hip arthroplasty who were eligible for direct home discharge. The experimental group followed a self-directed home exercise program for 10 weeks...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125270/response-to-tendon-vibration-questions-the-underlying-rationale-of-proprioceptive-training
#2
Anat Vilnai Lubetzky, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Robert Price, Deborah Kartin
CONTEXT: Proprioceptive training on compliant surfaces is used to rehabilitate and prevent ankle sprains. The ability to improve proprioceptive function via such training has been questioned. Achilles tendon vibration is used in motor-control research as a form of proprioceptive stimulus. Using measures of postural steadiness with nonlinear measures to elucidate control mechanisms, tendon vibration can be applied to investigate the underlying rationale of proprioceptive training. OBJECTIVE: To test whether the effect of vibration on young adults' postural control depended on the support surface...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145739/achilles-tendon-loading-during-heel-raising-and-lowering-exercises
#3
Andrew Revak, Keith Diers, Thomas W Kernozek, Naghmeh Gheidi, Christina Olbrantz
CONTEXT: Achilles tendinopathies are common injuries during sport participation, although men are more prone to Achilles tendon injuries than women. Heel-raising and -lowering exercises are typically suggested for Achilles tendon rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the estimated Achilles tendon loading variables and the ankle range of motion (ROM) using a musculoskeletal model during commonly performed heel-raising and -lowering exercises. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459281/self-managed-exercises-strength-and-fitness-training-and-multifidus-muscle-size-in-elite-footballers
#4
Julie A Hides, Jazmin Walsh, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, M Dilani Mendis
CONTEXT:   Low back pain (LBP) and lower limb injuries are common among Australian Football League (AFL) players. Smaller size of 1 key trunk muscle, the lumbar multifidus (MF), has been associated with LBP and injuries in footballers. The size of the MF muscle has been shown to be modifiable with supervised motor-control training programs. Among AFL players, supervised motor-control training has also been shown to reduce the incidence of lower limb injuries and was associated with increased player availability for games...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360142/do-functional-movement-screen-fms-composite-scores-predict-subsequent-injury-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Robert W Moran, Anthony G Schneiders, Jesse Mason, S John Sullivan
AIM: This paper aims to systematically review studies investigating the strength of association between FMS composite scores and subsequent risk of injury, taking into account both methodological quality and clinical and methodological diversity. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted for the period between their inception and 3 March 2016 using PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, Scopus, Academic Search Complete, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database), CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), Health Source and SPORTDiscus...
March 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391391/the-acute-benefits-and-risks-of-passive-stretching-to-the-point-of-pain
#6
Pornpimol Muanjai, David A Jones, Mantas Mickevicius, Danguole Satkunskiene, Audrius Snieckus, Albertas Skurvydas, Sigitas Kamandulis
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the acute effects of two different stretch intensities on muscle damage and extensibility. METHODS: Twenty-two physically active women (age 20 ± 1.0 years) were divided into two matched groups and undertook eight sets of 30-s passive hamstring stretching. One group stretched to the point of discomfort (POD) and the other to the point of pain (POP). Hamstring passive torque, sit and reach (S&R), straight leg raise (SLR), and markers of muscle damage were measured before, immediately after stretching and 24 h later...
April 8, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356648/effect-of-maitland-mobilization-in-cervical-and-thoracic-spine-and-therapeutic-exercise-on-functional-impairment-in-individuals-with-chronic-neck-pain
#7
Keun-Su Lee, Joon-Hee Lee
[Purpose] This study evaluated joint mobilization and therapeutic exercise applied to the cervical spine and upper thoracic spine for functional impairment caused by chronic neck pain. [Subjects and Methods] Eighteen study subjects were randomly assigned to two groups of nine people each. Therapeutic exercise only was applied to the cervical and upper thoracic spine for Group I, while both therapeutic exercise and joint mobilization were applied to Group II. The visual analog scale, neck disability index, active cervical range of motion, static balance capacity, and muscle tone were assessed with a pre-test...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212587/prevalence-of-urinary-incontinence-in-females-performing-high-impact-exercises
#8
Magdaléna Hagovska, Ján Švihra, Alena Buková, Agáta Hrobacz, Dana Dračková, Viera Švihrová, Lenka Kraus
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to monitor the prevalence of symptoms of stress (SUI) and mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) in sportswomen performing high-impact exercises. A further objective was to compare the symptoms of urinary incontinence (UI) and quality of life in sportswomen. We used the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ-SF), the Overactive Bladder Questionnaire (OAB-q), the Urinary Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (I-QOL) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), short version...
March 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290757/hip-musculoskeletal-conditions-and-associated-factors-that-influence-squat-performance-a-systematic-review
#9
Scott W Cheatham, Kyle R Stull, Mike Fantigrassi, Ian Montel
CONTEXT: The squat is a fundamental movement for weight lifting and sports performance. Both unilateral and bilateral squats are also used to assess transitional and dynamic lower extremity control. Common lower extremity conditions can have an influence on squat performance. Of interest, are the effects of hip musculoskeletal conditions and associated factors such as hip muscle pain, fatigue, and tightness on squat performance. Currently, there has been no appraisal of the evidence regarding the association of these conditions and associated factors on squat performance...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331575/lumbar-lordosis-in-prone-position-and-prone-hip-extension-test-comparison-between-subjects-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#10
Amir Massoud Arab, Arash Haghighat, Zahra Amiri, Fariba Khosravi
BACKGROUND: Prone hip extension (PHE) is a common and widely accepted test used for assessment of the lumbo-pelvic movement pattern. Considerable increased in lumbar lordosis during this test has been considered as impairment of movement patterns in lumbo-pelvic region. The purpose of this study was to investigate the change of lumbar lordosis in PHE test in subjects with and without low back pain (LBP). METHOD: A two-way mixed design with repeated measurements was used to investigate the lumbar lordosis changes during PHE in two groups of subjects with and without LBP...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253044/wearing-an-inflatable-vest-alters-muscle-activation-and-trunk-angle-while-paddling-a-surfboard
#11
Jeff A Nessler, Thomas Hastings, Kevin Greer, Sean C Newcomer
Low back pain is a commonly reported problem among recreational surfers. Some individuals report that wearing a vest with an inflatable bladder that alters trunk angle may help to alleviate pain. The purpose of this study was to determine whether such a vest has an effect on muscle activation and extension of the lower back. Twelve recreational surfers completed 12 paddling trials at 1.1 m/s in a swim flume on both a shortboard and a longboard on two separate days. Three conditions of no vest, vest uninflated, and vest inflated were presented to participants in random order...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#12
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667760/the-assessment-of-abdominal-and-multifidus-muscles-and-their-role-in-physical-function-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
W A Cuellar, A Wilson, C L Blizzard, P Otahal, M L Callisaya, G Jones, J A Hides, T M Winzenberg
BACKGROUND: Age-related changes in the trunk (abdominal and lumbar multifidus) muscles and their impact on physical function of older adults are not clearly understood. OBJECTIVES: To systematically summarise studies of these trunk muscles in older adults. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, Pubmed, EMBASE and CINAHL were searched using terms for abdominal and MF muscles and measurement methods. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently assessed studies and included those reporting measurements of abdominal muscles and/or MF by ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging or electromyography of adults aged ≥50 years...
March 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984843/acute-and-long-term-responses-to-different-rest-intervals-in-low-load-resistance-training
#14
Julius Etienne Fink, Brad Jon Schoenfeld, Naoki Kikuchi, Koichi Nakazato
We investigated the effects of low-load resistance training to failure performed with different rest intervals on acute hormonal responses and long-term muscle and strength gains. In the acute study, 14 participants were assigned to either a short rest (S, 30 s) or long rest (L, 150 s) protocol at 40% one-repetition maximum. Blood samples were taken before and after the workout. Both groups showed significant (p<0.05) increases in growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor 1 immediately post-workout...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064532/open-versus-closed-kinetic-chain-exercises-for-patellofemoral-pain
#15
Erik Witvrouw, Roeland Lysens, Johan Bellemans, Koen Peers, Guy Vanderstraeten
The goal of this prospective study was to evaluate the efficacy of open versus closed kinetic chain exercises in the nonoperative management of patellofemoral pain. Sixty patients were randomized into a 5-week program that consisted of only closed kinetic chain exercises or only open kinetic chain exercises. Muscle characteristics, subjective symptoms, and functional performance were evaluated in this study at the time of the initial physical examination, at the end of the treatment period, and 3 months later...
May 2000: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001268/the-evolving-role-of-physical-therapists-in-the-long-term-management-of-chronic-low-back-pain-longitudinal-care-using-assisted-self-management-strategies
#16
Paul F Beattie, Sheri P Silfies, Max Jordon
Background: Longitudinal studies have shown that the symptoms of chronic low back pain (CLBP) will follow an episodic trajectory characterized by periods of high and low pain intensity that can persist for many years. There is a growing belief that the contemporary approach of limiting physical therapy to short, but intense courses of treatment for (CLBP) may be sub-optimal because these limited "windows" of clinical care are not congruent with the natural history of this condition. Recent research has suggested that people with CLBP undergo substantial, and individualized long-term variations in the neural processing of nociception over time...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027065/joint-contractures-resulting-from-prolonged-immobilization-etiology-prevention-and-management
#17
Christopher T Born, Joseph A Gil, Avi D Goodman
Patients who are immobilized for a prolonged period are at risk for developing joint contractures, which often affect functional outcomes. Nonsurgical interventions are useful for preventing joint contractures. However, once contractures develop, these interventions frequently fail to restore function over the long term. To increase the rehabilitation potential of an extremity with refractory function-limiting contractures, surgery is often required.
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045881/associations-between-low-back-pain-and-muscle-strengthening-activity-in-u-s-adults
#18
Albatool H Alnojeidi, Tammie M Johnson, Michael R Richardson, James R Churilla
STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study was to examine the association between LBP and MSA among U.S. adults using gender-stratified analyses. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Low back pain (LBP) is a common medical condition that impacts quality of life and professional productivity and increasesthe financial burden on the healthcare system by augmenting medical treatment costs. Previous studies analyzing gender-dependent relationships between muscle-strengthening activity (MSA) and LBP have produced mixed results...
December 30, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942146/effect-of-a-simple-and-adherent-home-exercise-program-on-the-physical-function-of-community-dwelling-adults-sixty-years-of-age-and-older-with-pre-sarcopenia-or-sarcopenia
#19
Kohei Maruya, Yasuyoshi Asakawa, Hideaki Ishibashi, Hiroaki Fujita, Tomoyuki Arai, Haruyasu Yamaguchi
[Purpose] To evaluate the effect of a home exercise program on physical function in community dwelling elderly with pre-sarcopenia or sarcopenia. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty-two community-dwelling individuals, over 60 years and meeting the diagnostic criteria for pre-sarcopenia or sarcopenia, were randomly assigned to intervention group (n=34) and control group (n=18). The intervention group completed 6-months home exercise programs, combining walking with lower limb resistance exercises. Body mass index, skeletal mass index, body fat percentage, handgrip strength, single-leg standing, walking speed (comfortable and maximal), and knee extension strength were evaluated at baseline and post-intervention...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942147/effects-of-elastic-band-resistance-exercise-on-balance-mobility-and-gait-function-flexibility-and-fall-efficacy-in-elderly-people
#20
Cheol-Jin Kwak, You Lim Kim, Suk Min Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of elastic-band resistance exercise on balance, gait function, flexibility and fall efficacy in the elderly people of rural community. [Subjects and Methods] It is selected by 45 outpatients. They have come into the clinic continually to treat of physical therapy at least 1-2 times for a week. A group treated with both general physical therapy and elastic-band resistance exercise (23 patients), and the other group treated with only general physical therapy (22 patients)...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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