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Therapeutic exercise

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80 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Ainsley Rossi Clinician & Asst Professor Emory University Division of PT. Specialist in orthopedic PT.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433236/stretch-for-the-treatment-and-prevention-of-contracture-an-abridged-republication-of-a-cochrane-systematic-review
#1
Lisa A Harvey, Owen M Katalinic, Robert D Herbert, Anne M Moseley, Natasha A Lannin, Karl Schurr
QUESTION: Is stretch effective for the treatment and prevention of contractures in people with neurological and non-neurological conditions? DESIGN: A Cochrane Systematic Review with meta-analyses of randomised trials. PARTICIPANTS: People with or at risk of contractures. INTERVENTION: Trials were considered for inclusion if they compared stretch to no stretch, or stretch plus co-intervention to co-intervention only...
April 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641896/there-s-an-app-for-that-iortho-special-tests-and-manual-techniques-is-a-useful-resource-for-students-and-recently-graduated-physiotherapists
#2
Tim Foulcher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662834/an-app-with-remote-support-achieves-better-adherence-to-home-exercise-programs-than-paper-handouts-in-people-with-musculoskeletal-conditions-a-randomised-trial
#3
Tara E Lambert, Lisa A Harvey, Christos Avdalis, Lydia W Chen, Sayanthinie Jeyalingam, Carin A Pratt, Holly J Tatum, Jocelyn L Bowden, Barbara R Lucas
QUESTION: Do people with musculoskeletal conditions better adhere to their home exercise programs when these are provided to them on an app with remote support compared to paper handouts? DESIGN: Randomised, parallel-group trial with intention-to-treat analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty participants with upper or lower limb musculoskeletal conditions were recruited to the trial. Each participant was prescribed a 4-week home exercise program by a physiotherapist at a tertiary teaching hospital in Australia...
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217412/exercises-that-facilitate-optimal-hamstring-and-quadriceps-co-activation-to-help-decrease-acl-injury-risk-in-healthy-females-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Rachel Dedinsky, Lindsey Baker, Samuel Imbus, Melissa Bowman, Leigh Murray
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is common among females due to many anatomic, hormonal, and neuromuscular risk factors. One modifiable risk factor that places females at increased risk of ACL injury is a poor hamstrings: quadriceps (H:Q) co-activation ratio, which should be 0.6 or greater in order to decrease the stress placed on the ACL. Exercises that produce more quadriceps dominant muscle activation can add to the tension placed upon the ACL, potentially increasing the risk of ACL injury...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217415/muscle-activation-patterns-during-suspension-training-exercises
#5
Sean Harris, Elise Ruffin, Wayne Brewer, Alexis Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Suspension training (ST) has been utilized over exercises performed on a stable surface to train multiple muscle groups simultaneously to increase muscle activation and joint stability. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether ST augments muscle activation compared to similar exercises performed on a stable surface. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Twenty-five healthy adults (male: 16; women: 9; BMI: 23...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515979/comparison-of-video-guided-live-instructed-and-self-guided-foam-roll-interventions-on-knee-joint-range-of-motion-and-pressure-pain-threshold-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Scott W Cheatham, Morey J Kolber, Matt Cain
BACKGROUND: The use of foam rollers to provide tissue massage is a commonly used intervention by rehabilitation professionals for their patients and clients. Currently, there is no consensus on the optimal foam rolling treatment approach. Of particular interest are the effects of different instructional methods of foam rolling, as individuals ultimately perform these interventions independently outside of formal care. Finding the optimal instructional method may help improve the individual's understanding of the technique, allowing for a safe and effective intervention...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515984/improving-the-reporting-of-therapeutic-exercise-interventions-in-rehabilitation-research
#7
Phil Page, Barb Hoogenboom, Michael Voight
The foundation of evidence-based practice lies in clinical research, which is based on the utilization of the scientific method. The scientific method requires that all details of the experiment be provided in publications to support replication of the study in order to evaluate and validate the results. More importantly, clinical research can only be translated into practice when researchers provide explicit details of the study. Too often, rehabilitation exercise intervention studies lack the appropriate detail to allow clinicians to replicate the exercise protocol in their patient populations...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593096/emg-of-shoulder-muscles-during-reactive-isometric-elastic-resistance-exercises
#8
Michael J Mullaney, Christine Perkinson, Ian Kremenic, Timothy F Tyler, Karl Orishimo, Christopher Johnson
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, shoulder isometrics are introduced in the early stages of shoulder rehabilitation. A patient's isometric torque output is based on a subjective perception of force generation. By utilizing elastic resistance elongation (strain) to standardize force output, clinicians could prescribe shoulder therapeutic isometrics based on % maximum voluntary contraction (%MVC). PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to measure electromyographic (EMG) activity and determine the %MVC during shoulder flexion, external rotation and abduction isometrics at varying lengths of TheraBand® elastic resistance...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704884/prone-hip-extension-muscle-recruitment-is-associated-with-hamstring-injury-risk-in-amateur-soccer
#9
Joke Schuermans, Damien Van Tiggelen, Erik Witvrouw
'Core stability' is considered essential in rehabilitation and prevention. Particularly with respect to hamstring injury prevention, assessment and training of lumbo-pelvic control is thought to be key. However, supporting scientific evidence is lacking. To explore the importance of proximal neuromuscular function with regard to hamstring injury susceptibility, this study investigated the association between the Prone Hip Extension (PHE) muscle activation pattern and hamstring injury incidence in amateur soccer players...
September 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772336/the-effect-of-clinical-pilates-on-functional-movement-in-recreational-runners
#10
Anna Laws, Sean Williams, Cassie Wilson
Biomechanical imbalances and inefficient functional movements are considered contributing factors to running-related injuries. Clinical Pilates uses a series of exercises focused on retraining normal movement patterns. This study investigated whether a 6-week course of Clinical Pilates improves functional movement and thereby, potentially, reduces the risk of running-related injuries associated with movement dysfunction. A modified functional movement screen was used to analyze the functional movement ability of forty runners...
September 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806100/including-the-copenhagen-adduction-exercise-in-the-fifa-11-provides-missing-eccentric-hip-adduction-strength-effect-in-male-soccer-players-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Joar Harøy, Kristian Thorborg, Andreas Serner, André Bjørkheim, Linn E Rolstad, Per Hölmich, Roald Bahr, Thor Einar Andersen
BACKGROUND: The FIFA 11+ was developed as a complete warm-up program to prevent injuries in soccer players. Although reduced hip adduction strength is associated with groin injuries, none of the exercises included in the FIFA 11+ seem to specifically target hip adduction strength. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect on eccentric hip adduction strength of the FIFA 11+ warm-up program with or without the Copenhagen adduction exercise. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759729/the-effects-of-injury-prevention-programs-on-the-biomechanics-of-landing-tasks-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#12
Thiago Jambo Alves Lopes, Milena Simic, Gregory D Myer, Kevin R Ford, Timothy E Hewett, Evangelos Pappas
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear is a common injury in sports and often occurs during landing from a jump. PURPOSE: To synthesize the evidence on the effects of injury prevention programs (IPPs) on landing biomechanics as they relate to the ligament, quadriceps, trunk, and leg dominance theories associated with ACL injury risk. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis. METHODS: Six electronic databases were searched for studies that investigated the effect of IPPs on landing task biomechanics...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27278468/enhanced-function-and-quality-of-life-following-5%C3%A2-months-of-exercise-therapy-for-patients-with-irreparable-rotator-cuff-tears-an-intervention-study
#13
Birgitte Hede Christensen, Kathrine Skov Andersen, Sten Rasmussen, Elizabeth Lykholt Andreasen, Lotte Mejlvig Nielsen, Steen Lund Jensen
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff rupture is associated with dysfunction, pain and muscular weakness related to the upper extremity. Some evidence exists to support the beneficial effect of exercises but there is lack of evidence of which exercises imply the best effect and how physiotherapy should be administered. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a neuromuscular exercise program for patients with irreparable rotator cuff rupture. METHODS: Based on sample-size calculations thirty patients with chronic irreparable rotator cuff tears (of at least m...
June 8, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576347/scapular-muscle-dysfunction-associated-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#14
Birgit Castelein, Barbara Cagnie, Ann Cools
STUDY DESIGN: Narrative Review. INTRODUCTION: One of the shoulder pain disorders in which the function of the scapula is comprised is the subacromial pain syndrome. Several rehabilitation guidelines and exercises have been proposed to improve scapulothoracic muscle dysfunction. Consideration of muscle activation patterns may help to select the most appropriate rehabilitation exercise in these patients. To date, suggesting rehabilitation exercises is often based upon the knowledge of the superficial lying scapulothoracic muscles' activity...
April 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596288/should-exercises-be-painful-in-the-management-of-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Benjamin E Smith, Paul Hendrick, Toby O Smith, Marcus Bateman, Fiona Moffatt, Michael S Rathleff, James Selfe, Pip Logan
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal disorders are a prevalent and costly global health issue. A new form of exercise therapy focused on loading and resistance programmes that temporarily aggravates a patient's pain has been proposed. The object of this review was to compare the effect of exercises where pain is allowed/encouraged compared with non-painful exercises on pain, function or disability in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain within randomised controlled trials. METHODS: Two authors independently selected studies and appraised risk of bias...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435335/what-is-the-effect-of-a-shoulder-strengthening-program-to-prevent-shoulder-pain-among-junior-female-team-handball-players
#16
Maria Sommervold, Håvard Østerås
BACKGROUND: Excessively high stresses are applied to the shoulder joint of handball players, mainly caused by overhead throwing. Shoulder pain is a significant problem among junior female team handball players and both male and female top-level team handball players in Norway. METHOD: A randomized selection was performed among the best female junior teams (J 16) in the Trøndelag region of Norway in the 2014-2015 season. Three teams were randomized to the intervention group and three teams to the control group...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436583/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#17
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427472/optimising-conservative-management-of-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Katherine J Simson, Clint T Miller, Jon Ford, Andrew Hahne, Luana Main, Timo Rantalainen, Wei-Peng Teo, Megan Teychenne, David Connell, Guy Trudel, Guoyan Zheng, Gary Thickbroom, Daniel L Belavy
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain is a global health issue affecting approximately 80% of people at some stage in their life. The current literature suggests that any exercise is beneficial for reducing back pain. However, as pain is a subjective evaluation and physical deficits are evident in low back pain, using it as the sole outcome measure to evaluate superiority of an exercise protocol for low back pain treatment is insufficient. The overarching goal of the current clinical trial is to implement two common, conservative intervention approaches and examine their impact on deficits in chronic low back pain...
April 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567426/treatment-of-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-platelet-rich-plasma-or-exercise-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Parisa Nejati, Armita Ghahremaninia, Farrokh Naderi, Safoora Gharibzadeh, Ali Mazaherinezhad
BACKGROUND: Subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS) is the most common disorder of the shoulder. The evidence for the effectiveness of treatment options is inconclusive and limited. Therefore, there is a need for more evidence in this regard, particularly for long-term outcomes. HYPOTHESIS: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) would be an effective method in treating subacromial impingement. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188077/development-of-a-preliminary-evidence-based-neuromusculoskeletal-exercise-guideline-to-reduce-injury-risk-in-the-lower-limb
#20
REVIEW
Michael E Lehr, Devin Kime, Cayce Onks, Matthew Silvis, Megan Streisel
Athletic participation growth has resulted in increased exposures and neuromusculoskeletal (NMSK) non-contact injuries. Based on current evidence, the primary objective of this literature review is to create a preliminary evidence-based NMSK exercise guideline, addressing these intrinsic modifiable risk factors. Systematic searches were conducted September 2014 prior to data extraction utilizing CINAHL Plus (1995 to September 2014), MEDLINE (1995 to September 2014), and Academic Search Premier (1995 to September 2014)...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
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