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Therapeutic exercise

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39 papers 0 to 25 followers
Mansueto Gomes-Neto, Jordana Moura Lopes, Cristiano Sena Conceição, Anderson Araujo, Alécio Brasileiro, Camila Sousa, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho, Fabio Luciano Arcanjo
AIM: We performed a systematic review with a meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of stabilization exercises versus general exercises or manual therapy in patients with low back pain. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Controlled Trials, Scielo, and CINAHL (from the earliest date available to November 2014) for randomized controlled trials that examined the efficacy of stabilization exercises compared to general exercises or manual therapy on pain, disability, and function in patients with low back pain...
August 18, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Hsuan Su, Nai-Jen Chang, Wen-Lan Wu, Lan-Yuen Guo, I-Hua Chu
CONTEXT: Foam rolling has been proposed to improve muscle function, performance, and joint range of motion (ROM). However, whether a foam rolling protocol can be adopted as a warm-up to improve flexibility and muscle strength is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine and compare the acute effects of foam rolling, static stretching, and dynamic stretching used as part of warm-up on flexibility and muscle strength of knee flexion and extension. DESIGN: Crossover study...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Brian J Coulombe, Kenneth E Games, Elizabeth R Neil, Lindsey E Eberman
: Reference: Wang XQ, Zheng JJ, Yu ZW, et al. A meta-analysis of core stability exercise versus general exercise for chronic low back pain. PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e52082. Clinical Questions: Is core stability exercise more effective than general exercise in the treatment of patients with nonspecific low back pain (LBP)? DATA SOURCES: The authors searched the following databases: China Biological Medicine disc, Cochrane Library, Embase, and PubMed from 1970 through 2011...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Erin B Chapman, Jena Hansen-Honeycutt, Alan Nasypany, Russell T Baker, Jim May
BACKGROUND: Appropriate assessment and interventions for breathing patterns prior to assessment of the patient's musculoskeletal complaint may be beneficial. Breathing pattern disorders (BPDs) are remediable and influenced by biochemical, biomechanical, psychological, and/or unknown factors. The purpose of this clinical commentary is to demonstrate the integratration of a BPD assessment into a standard clinical musculoskeletal orthopedic examination. CLINICAL ASSESSMENT: The observation of a patient's breathing pattern begins when they enter the clinic, is followed by palpation and orthopedic tests, which allows for proper classification of BPDs...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Wonder Passoni Higino, Renato Aparecido de Souza, Fabio de Sousa Cavalcanti, Anderlei Dos Santos Cardoso, Murilo Victor Vasconcelos, Fabiano Fernandes da Silva, José Alexandre C A Leme
[Purpose] It is believed that eccentric high-intensity exercise can decrease performance in subsequent exercise. However, with repetition, the deleterious effects can be minimized. Thus, this study evaluated the influence of repeated bouts of eccentric exercise on subsequent high-intensity aerobic performance. [Subjects and Methods] Seven healthy and sedentary male volunteers were recruited. a) Visit 1: determination of maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) and speed associated with maximum oxygen uptake (vVO2max) in incremental treadmill testing; b) Visit 2: run to exhaustion at vVO2max (Tlim control); c) Visit 3: 10 sets of 10 depth jumps, followed by a run to exhaustion at vVO2max (Tlim 1); d) Visit 4: after 6 weeks without any physical training, the volunteers carried out the same procedures as on the third visit (Tlim 2)...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Min-Hyeok Kang, Soo-Yong Kim, Myoung-Joo Kang, So-Hee Yoon, Jae-Seop Oh
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of isometric hip adduction and abduction on trunk muscle activity during plank exercises. [Subjects and Methods] Nineteen healthy male subjects were recruited for this study. All subjects performed the traditional plank exercise (TP), plank exercise with isometric hip adduction (PHAD), and plank exercise with isometric hip abduction (PHAB) by using an elastic band. Electromyographic (EMG) activities of the internal oblique (IO) and external oblique (EO) were measured during the 3 plank exercises by using an Electromyography system...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Simon Spencer, Alex Wolf, Alison Rushton
CONTEXT: Identification of strategies to prevent spinal injury, optimize rehabilitation, and enhance performance is a priority for practitioners. Different exercises produce different effects on neuromuscular performance. Clarity of the purpose of a prescribed exercise is central to a successful outcome. Spinal exercises need to be classified according to the objective of the exercise and planned physical outcome. OBJECTIVE: To define the modifiable spinal abilities that underpin optimal function during skilled athletic performance, clarify the effect of spinal pain and pathologic conditions, and classify spinal exercises according to the objective of the exercise and intended physical outcomes to inform training and rehabilitation...
August 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
T Mizuno, Y Umemura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
T Turnes, R A de Aguiar, R S de Oliveira Cruz, K Pereira, A F Salvador, F Caputo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Sonia Bird, Cristina Thompson, Kathryn E Williams
QUESTION: Can primary contact physiotherapists reduce waiting and treatment times and facilitate faster discharge in Australian emergency departments? DESIGN: Data on patients treated by primary contact physiotherapists were collected prospectively and compared with historical and concurrent cohorts of patients treated by other clinicians, using diagnosis and urgency. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine primary contact physiotherapists, working at 10 sites, treated a total of 14 452 patients with musculoskeletal conditions in triage categories 3, 4 and 5...
October 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
Jay R Ebert, Peter K Edwards, Daniel P Fick, Gregory C Janes
CONTEXT: Gluteus medius rehabilitation is of critical importance given its role in pelvic and lower limb stability, and the known link between gluteus medius weakness and many lower limb conditions. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature and present an evidence-based graduated series of exercises to progressively load gluteus medius. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic literature search was conducted in January 2016 to identify studies reporting gluteus medius muscle activity as a percentage of maximal volitional isometric contraction (%MVIC), during rehabilitation exercises...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Stefan C Garcia, Jeffrey J Dueweke, Christopher L Mendias
CONTEXT: Manual isometric muscle testing is a common clinical technique that is used to assess muscle strength. To provide the most accurate data for the test, the muscle being assessed should be at a length in which it produces maximum force. However there is tremendous variability in the recommended positions and joint angles used to conduct these tests, with little apparent objective data used to position the joint such that muscle force production is greatest. OBJECTIVE: To use validated anatomically and biomechanically-based musculoskeletal models to identify the optimal joint positions in which to perform manual isometric testing...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Andrew R Nealon, Alex Kountouris, Jill L Cook
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the published literature on epidemiology, pathomechanics and risk factors for side strain injury in sport, complemented by clinical perspectives of diagnosis and management strategies that are not covered in the literature. DESIGN: Narrative review METHODS: A review of the literature was completed with all studies on side strain up until October 2015 included. As the studies were unable to be synthesised the findings were placed in a clinical context...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
M Schumann, P Pelttari, K Doma, L Karavirta, K Häkkinen
This study examined neuromuscular adaptations in recreational endurance runners during 24 weeks of same-session combined endurance and strength training (E+S, n=13) vs. endurance training only (E, n=14). Endurance training was similar in the 2 groups (4-6x/week). Additional maximal and explosive strength training was performed in E+S always after incremental endurance running sessions (35-45 min, 65-85% HRmax). Maximal dynamic leg press strength remained statistically unaltered in E+S but decreased in E at week 24 (-5±5%, p=0...
August 30, 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Steven E Perkins, Herbert F Jelinek, Hayder A Al-Aubaidy, Berverlie de Jong
OBJECTIVES: Recovery of cardiac autonomic modulation following exercise can be measured using heart rate variability. The objective of this study was to investigate and compare recovery of autonomic cardiac regulation over three days following a single session of high intensity interval training compared to endurance training. DESIGN: Nine untrained students completed two exercise protocols in a one-way crossover design. The endurance protocol consisted of 45min of moderate intensity cycling, and the high intensity interval protocol of six 30s sets of high intensity cycling...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Hiroyuki Iwasawa, Masato Nomura, Naoyoshi Sakitani, Kosuke Watanabe, Daichi Watanabe, Hideki Moriyama
BACKGROUND: Contractures are a prevalent and potentially severe complication in patients with neurologic disorders. Although heat, cold, and stretching are commonly used for treatment of contractures and/or spasticity (the cause of many contractures), the sequential effects of these modalities remain unclear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Using an established rat model with spinal cord injury with knee flexion contracture, we sought to determine what combination of heat or cold before stretching is the most effective for treatment of contractures derived from spastic paralyses and investigated which treatment leads to the best (1) improvement in the loss of ROM; (2) restoration of deterioration in the muscular and articular factors responsible for contractures; and (3) amelioration of histopathologic features such as muscular fibrosis in biceps femoris and shortening of the joint capsule...
December 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Myoung-Kwon Kim
[Purpose] This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of the balance exercises with a Swiss ball on static and dynamic balance abilities in elderly (≥65 years) subjects. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty elderly subjects with no relevant orthopedic history of a back condition were selected for trunk stabilization exercises with a Swiss ball (Thera-Band, USA). The subjects performed these trunk stabilization exercises for 20 minutes, five times per week for 4 weeks. The experimental group (n=10) was blindfolded during these balance exercises, while the control group control group (n=10) was not...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Hidefumi Aramaki, Munenori Katoh, Yukinobu Hiiragi, Tsubasa Kawasaki, Tomohisa Kurihara, Yorikatsu Ohmi
[Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the relatedness, reliability, and validity of isometric muscle strength measurements of hip abduction and abduction with an external hip rotation in a bent-hip position using a handheld dynamometer with a belt. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty healthy young adults, with a mean age of 21.5 ± 0.6 years were included. Isometric hip muscle strength in the subjects' right legs was measured under two posture positions using two devices: a handheld dynamometer with a belt and an isokinetic dynamometer...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
George Gioftsos, Michail Arvanitidis, Dimitrios Tsimouris, Assimakis Kanellopoulos, George Paras, Panagiotis Trigkas, Vasiliki Sakellari
[Purpose] The appropriate exercise prescription is crucial for achieving scapular stability and providing successful rehabilitation, and the Push-up Plus (PuP) exercise has an important role in shoulder rehabilitation. Consequently, this study examined the effect of support surface stability, hand positioning, and phase of exercise, on the trapezius and serratus anterior muscle contractions as well as on the EMG ratio of the upper/lower trapezius. [Subjects and Methods] Thirteen healthy male volunteers participated in this study...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Hyoung-Chun Nam, Hyun-Gyu Cha, Myoung-Kwon Kim
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine that therapeutic efficacy of an unstable surface on balance and gait ability in normal individuals. [Subjects and Methods] Forty subjects participated in the experiment and were randomly assigned to an experimental group of 20 subjects and a control group of 20 subjects. The experimental group performed balance exercise on an Aero-Step device (Aero-Step XL, TOGU, Prien-Bachham, Germany). The control group performed balance exercise on rigid ground. All subjects performed balance training 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week, for 4 weeks...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
2016-10-19 01:15:02
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