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Therapeutic exercise

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68 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Ainsley Rossi Clinician & Asst Professor Emory University Division of PT. Specialist in orthopedic PT.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27278468/enhanced-function-and-quality-of-life-following-5%C3%A2-months-of-exercise-therapy-for-patients-with-irreparable-rotator-cuff-tears-an-intervention-study
#1
Birgitte Hede Christensen, Kathrine Skov Andersen, Sten Rasmussen, Elizabeth Lykholt Andreasen, Lotte Mejlvig Nielsen, Steen Lund Jensen
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff rupture is associated with dysfunction, pain and muscular weakness related to the upper extremity. Some evidence exists to support the beneficial effect of exercises but there is lack of evidence of which exercises imply the best effect and how physiotherapy should be administered. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a neuromuscular exercise program for patients with irreparable rotator cuff rupture. METHODS: Based on sample-size calculations thirty patients with chronic irreparable rotator cuff tears (of at least m...
June 8, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576347/scapular-muscle-dysfunction-associated-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#2
Birgit Castelein, Barbara Cagnie, Ann Cools
STUDY DESIGN: Narrative Review. INTRODUCTION: One of the shoulder pain disorders in which the function of the scapula is comprised is the subacromial pain syndrome. Several rehabilitation guidelines and exercises have been proposed to improve scapulothoracic muscle dysfunction. Consideration of muscle activation patterns may help to select the most appropriate rehabilitation exercise in these patients. To date, suggesting rehabilitation exercises is often based upon the knowledge of the superficial lying scapulothoracic muscles' activity...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596288/should-exercises-be-painful-in-the-management-of-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Benjamin E Smith, Paul Hendrick, Toby O Smith, Marcus Bateman, Fiona Moffatt, Michael S Rathleff, James Selfe, Pip Logan
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal disorders are a prevalent and costly global health issue. A new form of exercise therapy focused on loading and resistance programmes that temporarily aggravates a patient's pain has been proposed. The object of this review was to compare the effect of exercises where pain is allowed/encouraged compared with non-painful exercises on pain, function or disability in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain within randomised controlled trials. METHODS: Two authors independently selected studies and appraised risk of bias...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435335/what-is-the-effect-of-a-shoulder-strengthening-program-to-prevent-shoulder-pain-among-junior-female-team-handball-players
#4
Maria Sommervold, Håvard Østerås
BACKGROUND: Excessively high stresses are applied to the shoulder joint of handball players, mainly caused by overhead throwing. Shoulder pain is a significant problem among junior female team handball players and both male and female top-level team handball players in Norway. METHOD: A randomized selection was performed among the best female junior teams (J 16) in the Trøndelag region of Norway in the 2014-2015 season. Three teams were randomized to the intervention group and three teams to the control group...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436583/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#5
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427472/optimising-conservative-management-of-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Katherine J Simson, Clint T Miller, Jon Ford, Andrew Hahne, Luana Main, Timo Rantalainen, Wei-Peng Teo, Megan Teychenne, David Connell, Guy Trudel, Guoyan Zheng, Gary Thickbroom, Daniel L Belavy
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain is a global health issue affecting approximately 80% of people at some stage in their life. The current literature suggests that any exercise is beneficial for reducing back pain. However, as pain is a subjective evaluation and physical deficits are evident in low back pain, using it as the sole outcome measure to evaluate superiority of an exercise protocol for low back pain treatment is insufficient. The overarching goal of the current clinical trial is to implement two common, conservative intervention approaches and examine their impact on deficits in chronic low back pain...
April 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567426/treatment-of-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-platelet-rich-plasma-or-exercise-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Parisa Nejati, Armita Ghahremaninia, Farrokh Naderi, Safoora Gharibzadeh, Ali Mazaherinezhad
BACKGROUND: Subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS) is the most common disorder of the shoulder. The evidence for the effectiveness of treatment options is inconclusive and limited. Therefore, there is a need for more evidence in this regard, particularly for long-term outcomes. HYPOTHESIS: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) would be an effective method in treating subacromial impingement. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188077/development-of-a-preliminary-evidence-based-neuromusculoskeletal-exercise-guideline-to-reduce-injury-risk-in-the-lower-limb
#8
REVIEW
Michael E Lehr, Devin Kime, Cayce Onks, Matthew Silvis, Megan Streisel
Athletic participation growth has resulted in increased exposures and neuromusculoskeletal (NMSK) non-contact injuries. Based on current evidence, the primary objective of this literature review is to create a preliminary evidence-based NMSK exercise guideline, addressing these intrinsic modifiable risk factors. Systematic searches were conducted September 2014 prior to data extraction utilizing CINAHL Plus (1995 to September 2014), MEDLINE (1995 to September 2014), and Academic Search Premier (1995 to September 2014)...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16558646/a-kinetic-chain-approach-for-shoulder-rehabilitation
#9
J McMullen, T L Uhl
OBJECTIVE: To introduce an approach to shoulder rehabilitation that integrates the kinetic chain throughout the rehabilitation program while providing the theoretical rationale for this program. BACKGROUND: The focus of a typical rehabilitation program is to identify and treat the involved structures. However, in activities of sport and daily life, the body does not operate in isolated segments but rather works as a dynamic unit. Recently, rehabilitation programs have emphasized closed kinetic chain exercises, core-stabilization exercises, and functional programs...
July 2000: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419032/formal-physical-therapy-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-is-not-required-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Matthew S Austin, Brian T Urbani, Andrew N Fleischman, Navin D Fernando, James J Purtill, William J Hozack, Javad Parvizi, Richard H Rothman
BACKGROUND: The value of formal physical therapy after total hip arthroplasty is unknown. With substantial changes that have occurred in surgical and anesthesia techniques, self-directed therapy may be efficacious in restoring function to patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, randomized trial of 120 patients undergoing primary, unilateral total hip arthroplasty who were eligible for direct home discharge. The experimental group followed a self-directed home exercise program for 10 weeks...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125270/response-to-tendon-vibration-questions-the-underlying-rationale-of-proprioceptive-training
#11
Anat Vilnai Lubetzky, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Robert Price, Deborah Kartin
CONTEXT: Proprioceptive training on compliant surfaces is used to rehabilitate and prevent ankle sprains. The ability to improve proprioceptive function via such training has been questioned. Achilles tendon vibration is used in motor-control research as a form of proprioceptive stimulus. Using measures of postural steadiness with nonlinear measures to elucidate control mechanisms, tendon vibration can be applied to investigate the underlying rationale of proprioceptive training. OBJECTIVE: To test whether the effect of vibration on young adults' postural control depended on the support surface...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145739/achilles-tendon-loading-during-heel-raising-and-lowering-exercises
#12
Andrew Revak, Keith Diers, Thomas W Kernozek, Naghmeh Gheidi, Christina Olbrantz
CONTEXT: Achilles tendinopathies are common injuries during sport participation, although men are more prone to Achilles tendon injuries than women. Heel-raising and -lowering exercises are typically suggested for Achilles tendon rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the estimated Achilles tendon loading variables and the ankle range of motion (ROM) using a musculoskeletal model during commonly performed heel-raising and -lowering exercises. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459281/self-managed-exercises-strength-and-fitness-training-and-multifidus-muscle-size-in-elite-footballers
#13
Julie A Hides, Jazmin Walsh, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, M Dilani Mendis
CONTEXT:   Low back pain (LBP) and lower limb injuries are common among Australian Football League (AFL) players. Smaller size of 1 key trunk muscle, the lumbar multifidus (MF), has been associated with LBP and injuries in footballers. The size of the MF muscle has been shown to be modifiable with supervised motor-control training programs. Among AFL players, supervised motor-control training has also been shown to reduce the incidence of lower limb injuries and was associated with increased player availability for games...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360142/do-functional-movement-screen-fms-composite-scores-predict-subsequent-injury-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Robert W Moran, Anthony G Schneiders, Jesse Mason, S John Sullivan
AIM: This paper aims to systematically review studies investigating the strength of association between FMS composite scores and subsequent risk of injury, taking into account both methodological quality and clinical and methodological diversity. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted for the period between their inception and 3 March 2016 using PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, Scopus, Academic Search Complete, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database), CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), Health Source and SPORTDiscus...
March 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391391/the-acute-benefits-and-risks-of-passive-stretching-to-the-point-of-pain
#15
Pornpimol Muanjai, David A Jones, Mantas Mickevicius, Danguole Satkunskiene, Audrius Snieckus, Albertas Skurvydas, Sigitas Kamandulis
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the acute effects of two different stretch intensities on muscle damage and extensibility. METHODS: Twenty-two physically active women (age 20 ± 1.0 years) were divided into two matched groups and undertook eight sets of 30-s passive hamstring stretching. One group stretched to the point of discomfort (POD) and the other to the point of pain (POP). Hamstring passive torque, sit and reach (S&R), straight leg raise (SLR), and markers of muscle damage were measured before, immediately after stretching and 24 h later...
April 8, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356648/effect-of-maitland-mobilization-in-cervical-and-thoracic-spine-and-therapeutic-exercise-on-functional-impairment-in-individuals-with-chronic-neck-pain
#16
Keun-Su Lee, Joon-Hee Lee
[Purpose] This study evaluated joint mobilization and therapeutic exercise applied to the cervical spine and upper thoracic spine for functional impairment caused by chronic neck pain. [Subjects and Methods] Eighteen study subjects were randomly assigned to two groups of nine people each. Therapeutic exercise only was applied to the cervical and upper thoracic spine for Group I, while both therapeutic exercise and joint mobilization were applied to Group II. The visual analog scale, neck disability index, active cervical range of motion, static balance capacity, and muscle tone were assessed with a pre-test...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212587/prevalence-of-urinary-incontinence-in-females-performing-high-impact-exercises
#17
Magdaléna Hagovska, Ján Švihra, Alena Buková, Agáta Hrobacz, Dana Dračková, Viera Švihrová, Lenka Kraus
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to monitor the prevalence of symptoms of stress (SUI) and mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) in sportswomen performing high-impact exercises. A further objective was to compare the symptoms of urinary incontinence (UI) and quality of life in sportswomen. We used the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ-SF), the Overactive Bladder Questionnaire (OAB-q), the Urinary Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (I-QOL) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), short version...
March 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290757/hip-musculoskeletal-conditions-and-associated-factors-that-influence-squat-performance-a-systematic-review
#18
Scott W Cheatham, Kyle R Stull, Mike Fantigrassi, Ian Montel
CONTEXT: The squat is a fundamental movement for weight lifting and sports performance. Both unilateral and bilateral squats are also used to assess transitional and dynamic lower extremity control. Common lower extremity conditions can have an influence on squat performance. Of interest, are the effects of hip musculoskeletal conditions and associated factors such as hip muscle pain, fatigue, and tightness on squat performance. Currently, there has been no appraisal of the evidence regarding the association of these conditions and associated factors on squat performance...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331575/lumbar-lordosis-in-prone-position-and-prone-hip-extension-test-comparison-between-subjects-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#19
Amir Massoud Arab, Arash Haghighat, Zahra Amiri, Fariba Khosravi
BACKGROUND: Prone hip extension (PHE) is a common and widely accepted test used for assessment of the lumbo-pelvic movement pattern. Considerable increased in lumbar lordosis during this test has been considered as impairment of movement patterns in lumbo-pelvic region. The purpose of this study was to investigate the change of lumbar lordosis in PHE test in subjects with and without low back pain (LBP). METHOD: A two-way mixed design with repeated measurements was used to investigate the lumbar lordosis changes during PHE in two groups of subjects with and without LBP...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253044/wearing-an-inflatable-vest-alters-muscle-activation-and-trunk-angle-while-paddling-a-surfboard
#20
Jeff A Nessler, Thomas Hastings, Kevin Greer, Sean C Newcomer
Low back pain is a commonly reported problem among recreational surfers. Some individuals report that wearing a vest with an inflatable bladder that alters trunk angle may help to alleviate pain. The purpose of this study was to determine whether such a vest has an effect on muscle activation and extension of the lower back. Twelve recreational surfers completed 12 paddling trials at 1.1 m/s in a swim flume on both a shortboard and a longboard on two separate days. Three conditions of no vest, vest uninflated, and vest inflated were presented to participants in random order...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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