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By Bhuvnesh Kansara MD Anaesthesia, Cardiac Anaesthesia
Sridhar Venkatachalam, Geru Wu, Masood Ahmad
The right ventricle has unique structural and functional characteristics. It is now well recognized that the so-called forgotten ventricle is a key player in cardiovascular physiology. Furthermore, there is accumulating evidence that demonstrates right ventricular dysfunction as an important marker of morbidity and mortality in several commonly encountered clinical situations such as heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary embolism, right ventricular myocardial infarction, and adult congenital heart disease...
December 2017: Echocardiography
Lisa Sangkum, Geoffrey L Liu, Ling Yu, Hong Yan, Alan D Kaye, Henry Liu
Although cardiac output (CO) by pulmonary artery catheterization (PAC) has been an important guideline in clinical management for more than four decades, some studies have questioned the clinical efficacy of CO in certain patient populations. Further, the use of CO by PAC has been linked to numerous complications including dysrhythmia, infection, rupture of pulmonary artery, injury to adjacent arteries, embolization, pulmonary infarction, cardiac valvular damage, pericardial effusion, and intracardiac catheter knotting...
June 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Steven H Abman, D Dunbar Ivy, Stephen L Archer, Kevin Wilson
Although pulmonary hypertension (PH) contributes significantly to poor outcomes in diverse pediatric diseases, approaches toward the care of children with PH have been limited by the lack of consensus guidelines from experts in the field. In a joint effort from the American Heart Association and American Thoracic Society, a committee of experienced clinicians was formed to systematically identify, synthesize, and appraise relevant evidence and then to formulate evidence-based recommendations regarding the diagnosis and management of pediatric PH...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
J P van den Berg, H E M Vereecke, J H Proost, D J Eleveld, J K G Wietasch, A R Absalom, M M R F Struys
This review describes the basics of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic drug interactions and methodological points of particular interest when designing drug interaction studies. It also provides an overview of the available literature concerning interactions, with emphasis on graphic representation of interactions using isoboles and response surface models. It gives examples on how to transform this knowledge into clinically and educationally applicable (bedside) tools.
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Leigh White, Alice Halpin, Marianne Turner, Laurent Wallace
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound is a well-validated adjunct to central venous cannulation; however, previous reviews of ultrasound-guided radial artery cannulation have been inconclusive. The aim of this study was to assess the use of ultrasound in radial artery cannulation in adult and paediatric populations. METHODS: A systematic search of five major databases for all relevant articles published until November 2015 was conducted. Randomized controlled trials of radial artery cannulation with and without ultrasound guidance were included...
May 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Young Ae Kang
Unplanned readmission to the intensive care unit (ICU) is associated with poor prognosis, longer hospital stay, increased costs, and higher mortality rate. In this retrospective study, involving 1368 patients, the risk factors for and outcomes of ICU readmission after cardiac surgery were analyzed. The readmission rate was 5.9%, and the most common reason for readmission was cardiac issues. Preoperative risk factors were comorbid conditions, mechanical ventilation, and admission route. Perioperative risk factors were nonelective surgery, duration of cardiopulmonary bypass, and longer operation time...
February 2016: AACN Advanced Critical Care
S Jill Ley, Deirdre Koulakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: AACN Advanced Critical Care
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