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Modalities in Physical Therapy

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72 papers 0 to 25 followers Therapeutic modalities, dry needling and other modalities used in PT practice.
By Ainsley Rossi Clinician & Asst Professor Emory University Division of PT. Specialist in orthopedic PT.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181252/comparison-of-dry-needling-vs-sham-on-the-performance-of-vertical-jump
#1
William D Bandy, Russell Nelson, Lisa Beamer
Introduction: Dry needling has been reported to decrease pain in subjects having myofascial trigger points, as well as pain in muscle and connective tissue. Objective: The purpose of the study was to compare the effects on the ability to perform a two-legged vertical jump between a group who received one bout of dry needling and a group who received one bout of a sham treatment. Methods: Thirty-five healthy students (19 males, 16 females) were recruited to participate in this study (mean age 22...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234555/spinal-and-peripheral-dry-needling-versus-peripheral-dry-needling-alone-among-individuals-with-a-history-of-lateral-ankle-sprain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ainsley Rossi, Sara Blaustein, Joshua Brown, Kari Dieffenderfer, Elaine Ervin, Steven Griffin, Elizabeth Frierson, Kathleen Geist, Marie Johanson
Background: In addition to established interventions, dry needling may reduce impairments leading to greater functional abilities for individuals following ankle sprain. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare effects of spinal and peripheral dry needling (DN) with peripheral DN alone on impairments and functional performance among individuals with a history of lateral ankle sprain. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210705/effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-pain-and-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#3
Yung-Tsan Wu, Kao-Chih Hsu, Tsung-Ying Li, Cheng-Kuang Chang, Liang-Cheng Chen
OBJECTIVE: No studies comparing the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection and placebo injection in bilateral knee osteoarthritis in the same patient, or discussing muscle strength after PRP injection, have been published. DESIGN: Twenty patients with bilateral knee osteoarthritis were eligible, and 40 knees were randomized into two groups: PRP (knees [right or left by a coin toss] receiving a single intra-articular PRP injection) and saline group (the contralateral knee of the same patient, into which single 4-mL intra-articular injection of normal saline was administered)...
April 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181560/stability-and-alignment-do-not-improve-by-using-patient-specific-instrumentation-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Nienke M Kosse, Petra J C Heesterbeek, Janneke J P Schimmel, Gijs G van Hellemondt, Ate B Wymenga, Koen C Defoort
PURPOSE: The primary aim of the study was to examine stability and alignment after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) and conventional instrumentation (CI). The hypothesis was that stability and alignment would be better using PSI than CI, 12 months postoperatively. The secondary aim included the evaluation of clinical outcomes after TKA. METHODS: In this prospective randomized controlled trial, 42 patients with knee osteoarthritis received a Genesis II PS prosthesis with either PSI or CI...
November 28, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231243/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-for-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#5
REVIEW
Ana Luiza C Martimbianco, Maria Regina Torloni, Brenda Ng Andriolo, Gustavo Jm Porfírio, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain syndrome, now generally referred to as patellofemoral pain (PFP), is one of the most common orthopaedic disorders, characterised by pain in the anterior or retropatellar knee region. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been proposed generally as a complementary treatment, associated with other interventions such as exercise, or as a single treatment to increase muscle force, reduce knee pain, and improve function. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of neuromuscular electrical stimulation for people with patellofemoral pain...
December 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240612/extracellular-matrix-applications-in-the-treatment-of-open-fractures-with-complex-wounds-and-large-soft-tissue-defects
#6
Alexander A Fokin, Ivan Puente, Nir Hus, Eugenio Rodriguez, Russell D Weisz
Use of biologic scaffolds such as extracellular matrix (ECM) is a promising trend in the treatment of complex wounds in orthopedic trauma patients. In this clinical series we describe the technique of the successful application of porcine urinary bladder ECM products in the treatment of open fractures of the extremities with complex wounds and large soft tissue defects. The clinical outcomes demonstrated that even in challenging cases where local flap coverage of bone or neurovascular structures is not possible, sequential xenograft implantation allowed us to achieve a stable soft tissue envelope...
February 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641896/there-s-an-app-for-that-iortho-special-tests-and-manual-techniques-is-a-useful-resource-for-students-and-recently-graduated-physiotherapists
#7
Tim Foulcher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217415/muscle-activation-patterns-during-suspension-training-exercises
#8
Sean Harris, Elise Ruffin, Wayne Brewer, Alexis Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Suspension training (ST) has been utilized over exercises performed on a stable surface to train multiple muscle groups simultaneously to increase muscle activation and joint stability. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether ST augments muscle activation compared to similar exercises performed on a stable surface. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Twenty-five healthy adults (male: 16; women: 9; BMI: 23...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515979/comparison-of-video-guided-live-instructed-and-self-guided-foam-roll-interventions-on-knee-joint-range-of-motion-and-pressure-pain-threshold-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Scott W Cheatham, Morey J Kolber, Matt Cain
BACKGROUND: The use of foam rollers to provide tissue massage is a commonly used intervention by rehabilitation professionals for their patients and clients. Currently, there is no consensus on the optimal foam rolling treatment approach. Of particular interest are the effects of different instructional methods of foam rolling, as individuals ultimately perform these interventions independently outside of formal care. Finding the optimal instructional method may help improve the individual's understanding of the technique, allowing for a safe and effective intervention...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593101/dry-needling-increases-muscle-thickness-in-a-subject-with-persistent-muscle-dysfunction-a-case-report
#10
Kevin M Cross, Michael McMurray
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Muscle dysfunction is very common following musculoskeletal injury. There is very little evidence to suggest that muscle function may be positively impacted by soft tissue interventions, such as dry needling. The purpose of this case report is to describe the immediate effect of dry needling on muscle thickness in a subject after shoulder surgery. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 22 year-old competitive gymnast presented seven months post shoulder surgery with significant impairments and functional limitations...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704555/the-effects-of-cold-water-immersion-and-active-recovery-on-inflammation-and-cell-stress-responses-in-human-skeletal-muscle-after-resistance-exercise
#11
Jonathan M Peake, Llion A Roberts, Vandre C Figueiredo, Ingrid Egner, Simone Krog, Sigve N Aas, Katsuhiko Suzuki, James F Markworth, Jeff S Coombes, David Cameron-Smith, Truls Raastad
KEY POINTS: Cold water immersion and active recovery are common post-exercise recovery treatments. A key assumption about the benefits of cold water immersion is that it reduces inflammation in skeletal muscle. However, no data are available from humans to support this notion. We compared the effects of cold water immersion and active recovery on inflammatory and cellular stress responses in skeletal muscle from exercise-trained men 2, 24 and 48 h during recovery after acute resistance exercise...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363270/hip-pain-dry-needling-versus-cortisone-injections
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
(no author information available yet)
Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) is chronic, intermittent pain and tenderness on the outside of the hip. The medical community once thought that a swollen hip bursa was the source of such pain, which led to the use of corticosteroid injections to the bursa to help decrease swelling and pain. However, researchers now believe that injuries to the muscles and tendons around the hip are the actual cause of this pain, and that inflammation is often not involved. A study published in the April 2017 issue of JOSPT explores dry needling as an alternative to cortisone injections to reduce pain and improve function in patients with GTPS...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665392/kinesiology-taping-does-not-alter-shoulder-strength-shoulder-proprioception-or-scapular-kinematics-in-healthy-physically-active-subjects-and-subjects-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome
#13
Karen A Keenan, Jonathan S Akins, Michelle Varnell, John Abt, Mita Lovalekar, Scott Lephart, Timothy C Sell
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of kinesiology tape (KT) on shoulder strength, proprioception, and scapular kinematics in healthy and Subacromial Impingement Syndrome (SAIS) subjects. DESIGN: Placebo-controlled quasi-experimental study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 30 physically active subjects participated. Ten healthy subjects with no previous history of shoulder pathology received KT on the dominant shoulder...
March 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441294/effects-of-myofascial-release-in-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
María D Arguisuelas, Juan Francisco Lisón, Daniel Sánchez-Zuriaga, Isabel Martínez-Hurtado, Julio Doménech-Fernández
STUDY DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized parallel sham-controlled trial with concealed allocation and intention-to treat analysis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of an isolate myofascial release (MFR) protocol on pain, disability, and fear-avoidance beliefs in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: MFR is a form of manual medicine widely used by physiotherapists in the management of different musculoskeletal pathologies...
May 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532896/healing-of-fracture-nonunions-treated-with-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-lipus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Ross Leighton, J Tracy Watson, Peter Giannoudis, Costas Papakostidis, Andrew Harrison, R Grant Steen
INTRODUCTION: Bone fractures fail to heal and form nonunions in roughly 5% of cases, with little expectation of spontaneous healing thereafter. We present a systematic review and meta-analysis of published papers that describe nonunions treated with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS). METHODS: Articles in PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, AMED, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Scopus databases were searched, using an approach recommended by the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies (MINORS), with a Level of Evidence rating by two reviewers independently...
May 15, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290704/predicting-manual-therapy-treatment-success-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability-improving-self-reported-function
#16
Erik A Wikstrom, Patrick O McKeon
CONTEXT:   Therapeutic modalities that stimulate sensory receptors around the foot-ankle complex improve chronic ankle instability (CAI)-associated impairments. However, not all patients have equal responses to these modalities. Identifying predictors of treatment success could improve clinician efficiency when treating patients with CAI. OBJECTIVE:   To conduct a response analysis on existing data to identify predictors of improved self-reported function in patients with CAI...
April 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319422/phototherapy-for-improvement-of-performance-and-exercise-recovery-comparison-of-3-commercially-available-devices
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Thiago De Marchi, Vinicius Mazzochi Schmitt, Carla Danúbia da Silva Fabro, Larissa Lopes da Silva, Juliane Sene, Olga Tairova, Mirian Salvador
CONTEXT:   Recent studies suggest the prophylactic use of low-powered laser/light has ergogenic effects on athletic performance and postactivity recovery. Manufacturers of high-powered lasers/light devices claim that these can produce the same clinical benefits with increased power and decreased irradiation time; however, research with high-powered lasers is lacking. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate the magnitude of observed phototherapeutic effects with 3 commercially available devices...
May 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418696/eccentric-exercise-kinesiology-tape-and-balance-in-healthy-men
#18
Simona Hosp, Ramona Folie, Robert Csapo, Michael Hasler, Werner Nachbauer
CONTEXT:   Deficits in balance have been identified as a possible risk factor for knee injuries in athletes. Despite a lack of evidence for its effectiveness, kinesiology tape (KT) is widely used to prevent knee injuries. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the influence of KT at the knee joint on balance ability in healthy men after eccentric exercise. DESIGN:   Crossover study. SETTING:   University laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Twelve young men with no history of lower limb injury volunteered for the study (age = 23...
July 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360142/do-functional-movement-screen-fms-composite-scores-predict-subsequent-injury-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Robert W Moran, Anthony G Schneiders, Jesse Mason, S John Sullivan
AIM: This paper aims to systematically review studies investigating the strength of association between FMS composite scores and subsequent risk of injury, taking into account both methodological quality and clinical and methodological diversity. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted for the period between their inception and 3 March 2016 using PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, Scopus, Academic Search Complete, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database), CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), Health Source and SPORTDiscus...
December 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391391/the-acute-benefits-and-risks-of-passive-stretching-to-the-point-of-pain
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Pornpimol Muanjai, David A Jones, Mantas Mickevicius, Danguole Satkunskiene, Audrius Snieckus, Albertas Skurvydas, Sigitas Kamandulis
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the acute effects of two different stretch intensities on muscle damage and extensibility. METHODS: Twenty-two physically active women (age 20 ± 1.0 years) were divided into two matched groups and undertook eight sets of 30-s passive hamstring stretching. One group stretched to the point of discomfort (POD) and the other to the point of pain (POP). Hamstring passive torque, sit and reach (S&R), straight leg raise (SLR), and markers of muscle damage were measured before, immediately after stretching and 24 h later...
June 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
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