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Modalities in Physical Therapy

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38 papers 0 to 25 followers Therapeutic modalities, dry needling and other modalities used in PT practice.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736289/acute-effects-of-foam-rolling-static-stretching-and-dynamic-stretching-during-warm-ups-on-muscular-flexibility-and-strength-in-young-adults
#1
Hsuan Su, Nai-Jen Chang, Wen-Lan Wu, Lan-Yuen Guo, I-Hua Chu
CONTEXT: Foam rolling has been proposed to improve muscle function, performance, and joint range of motion (ROM). However, whether a foam rolling protocol can be adopted as a warm-up to improve flexibility and muscle strength is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine and compare the acute effects of foam rolling, static stretching, and dynamic stretching used as part of warm-up on flexibility and muscle strength of knee flexion and extension. DESIGN: Crossover study...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757280/the-effectiveness-of-dry-needling-and-stretching-vs-stretching-alone-on-hamstring-flexibility-in-patients-with-knee-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
John S Mason, Michael Crowell, Jeffery Dolbeer, Jamie Morris, Aspen Terry, Shane Koppenhaver, Donald Lee Goss
BACKGROUND: Recently, dry needling has emerged as a popular treatment for muscular pain and impairments. While there are numerous studies detailing the benefits of dry needling for pain, few studies exist examining the effects on soft tissue mobility. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if the addition of hamstring dry needling to a standard stretching program results in greater improvements in hamstring flexibility compared to sham dry needling and stretching in subjects with atraumatic knee pain...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757293/pertinent-dry-needling-considerations-for-minimizing-adverse-effects-part-two
#3
John S Halle, Rob J Halle
BACKGROUND: Dry needling (DN) is an evidence based treatment technique that is accepted and used by physical therapists in the United States. This clinical commentary is the second in a two-part series outlining some of the pertinent anatomy and other issues that are needed for optimal utilization of this treatment modality. Part one was an overview of the thorax with a summary of reported adverse effects (AEs) and the underlying anatomy that could be used to minimize patient risk. As is the case with any intervention, the technique of dry needling has some inherent patient risk...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749358/blood-flow-restriction-training-after-knee-arthroscopy-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#4
David J Tennent, Christina M Hylden, Anthony E Johnson, Travis C Burns, Jason M Wilken, Johnny G Owens
INTRODUCTION: Quadriceps strength after arthroscopic knee procedures is frequently diminished several years postoperation. Blood flow restriction (BFR) training uses partial venous occlusion while performing submaximal exercise to induce muscle hypertrophy and strength improvements. The purpose of this study was to evaluate BFR as a postoperative therapeutic intervention after knee arthroscopy. METHODS: A randomized controlled pilot study comparing physical therapy with and without BFR after knee arthroscopy was conducted...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630439/the-effects-of-trunk-kinesio-taping-on-balance-ability-and-gait-function-in-stroke-patients
#5
Yang Jin Lee, Ji Young Kim, Seong Yoel Kim, Kyung Hoon Kim
[Purpose] Kinesio taping is a therapeutic method used in the treatment of various musculoskeletal and neuromuscular deficits, but there is limited evidence of the effects of trunk kinesio taping in neurologic patients. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the effects of trunk kinesio taping on balance ability and gait function in persons after a stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-five post-stroke patients were included in this study. Kinesio tape was applied to four trunk muscles. Before and after the taping, in all subjects, the balance ability was measured using the Wii Balance Board, and gait function was assessed using the GAITRite system...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686616/optimizing-ankle-performance-when-taped-effects-of-kinesiology-and-athletic-taping-on-proprioception-in-full-weight-bearing-stance
#6
Zhi Long, Renwei Wang, Jia Han, Gordon Waddington, Roger Adams, Judith Anson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects of kinesiology taping (KT) and athletic taping (AT) on ankle proprioception when tested in functional, full weight-bearing stance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy university students participated. Proprioception was measured using the Active Movement Extent Discrimination Apparatus (AMEDA). The three testing conditions: no-taping, KT, AT, and foot tested were randomly assigned...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575565/use-of-cold-water-immersion-to-reduce-muscle-damage-and-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-and-preserve-muscle-power-in-jiu-jitsu-athletes
#7
Líllian Beatriz Fonseca, Ciro J Brito, Roberto Jerônimo S Silva, Marzo Edir Silva-Grigoletto, Walderi Monteiro da Silva, Emerson Franchini
CONTEXT: Cold-water immersion (CWI) has been applied widely as a recovery method, but little evidence is available to support its effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of CWI on muscle damage, perceived muscle soreness, and muscle power recovery of the upper and lower limbs after jiu-jitsu training. DESIGN: Crossover study. SETTING: Laboratory and field. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 8 highly trained male athletes (age = 24...
July 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729321/extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-accelerates-regeneration-after-acute-skeletal-muscle-injury
#8
Angela Zissler, Peter Steinbacher, Reinhold Zimmermann, Stefan Pittner, Walter Stoiber, Arne C Bathke, Alexandra M Sänger
BACKGROUND: Muscle injuries are among the most common sports-related lesions in athletes; however, optimal treatment remains obscure. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) may be a promising approach in this context, because it has gained increasing importance in tissue regeneration in various medical fields. HYPOTHESIS: ESWT stimulates and accelerates regenerative processes of acute muscle injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655986/the-effects-of-acupuncture-on-chronic-knee-pain-due-to-osteoarthritis-a-meta-analysis
#9
Xianfeng Lin, Kangmao Huang, Guiqi Zhu, Zhaobo Huang, An Qin, Shunwu Fan
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture reportedly relieves chronic knee pain and improves physical function in patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis, but the duration of these effects is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the temporal effects of acupuncture on chronic knee pain due to knee osteoarthritis by means of a meta-analysis. METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched for studies published through March 2015...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640922/shockwave-treatment-for-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-sham-controlled-pilot-trial
#10
Phil Newman, Gordon Waddington, Roger Adams
OBJECTIVES: Up to 35% of runners develop medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) which often results in lengthy disruption to training and sometimes affects daily activities. There is currently no high quality evidence to support any particular intervention for MTSS. This study aims to investigate the effect of shockwave therapy for MTSS. DESIGN: A randomized, sham-controlled, pilot trial in a university-based health clinic including 28 active adults with MTSS. METHODS: Intervention included standard dose shockwave therapy for the experimental group versus sham dose for the control group, delivered during Week 1-3, 5 and 9...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637770/functional-electrical-stimulation-cycling-does-not-improve-mobility-in-people-with-acquired-brain-injury-and-its-effects-on-strength-are-unclear-a-randomised-trial
#11
Davide G de Sousa, Lisa A Harvey, Simone Dorsch, Joan Leung, Whitney Harris
QUESTION: Does 4 weeks of active functional electrical stimulation (FES) cycling in addition to usual care improve mobility and strength more than usual care alone in people with a sub-acute acquired brain injury caused by stroke or trauma? DESIGN: Multi centre, randomised, controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Forty patients from three Sydney hospitals with recently acquired brain injury and a mean composite strength score in the affected lower limb of 7 (SD 5) out of 20 points...
October 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637736/effects-of-functional-taping-compared-with-sham-taping-and-minimal-intervention-on-pain-intensity-and-static-postural-control-for-patients-with-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomised-clinical-trial-protocol
#12
F J Jassi, T Del Antônio, R Moraes, S Z George, T C Chaves
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the immediate and 1-month effects of functional taping to lumbar spine for pain intensity and postural control in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain. DESIGN: Randomised clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and twenty participants aged 18 to 50 years. INTERVENTIONS: Participants will be allocated at random to receive one of three interventions: functional star-shape taping for 7 days, sham functional taping for 7 days or minimal intervention, one session...
June 14, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623385/the-association-between-dry-needling-induced-twitch-response-and-change-in-pain-and-muscle-function-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-a-quasi-experimental-study
#13
Shane L Koppenhaver, Michael J Walker, Charles Rettig, Joel Davis, Chenae Nelson, Jonathan Su, Cesar Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Jeffrey J Hebert
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between dry needling-induced twitch response and change in pain, disability, nociceptive sensitivity, and lumbar multifidus muscle function, in patients with low back pain (LBP). DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study. SETTING: Department of Defense Academic Institution. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-six patients with mechanical LBP (38 men, 28 women, age: 41.3 [9.2] years). INTERVENTIONS: Dry needling treatment to the lumbar multifidus muscles between L3 and L5 bilaterally...
May 20, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582622/dry-needling-of-the-trapezius-muscle-in-office-workers-with-neck-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Ester Cerezo-Téllez, María Torres Lacomba, Isabel Fuentes-Gallardo, Orlando Mayoral Del Moral, Beatriz Rodrigo-Medina, Carlos Gutiérrez Ortega
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a frequent complaint in office workers. This pain can be caused by myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in the trapezius muscle. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of deep dry needling (DDN) of active MTrPs in the trapezius muscle. METHODS: A randomized, single blinded clinical trial was carried out at the Physical Therapy Department at Physiotherapy in Women's Health Research Group at Physical Therapy Department of University of Alcalá, in Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain...
September 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530397/stretching-after-heat-but-not-after-cold-decreases-contractures-after-spinal-cord-injury-in-rats
#15
Hiroyuki Iwasawa, Masato Nomura, Naoyoshi Sakitani, Kosuke Watanabe, Daichi Watanabe, Hideki Moriyama
BACKGROUND: Contractures are a prevalent and potentially severe complication in patients with neurologic disorders. Although heat, cold, and stretching are commonly used for treatment of contractures and/or spasticity (the cause of many contractures), the sequential effects of these modalities remain unclear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Using an established rat model with spinal cord injury with knee flexion contracture, we sought to determine what combination of heat or cold before stretching is the most effective for treatment of contractures derived from spastic paralyses and investigated which treatment leads to the best (1) improvement in the loss of ROM; (2) restoration of deterioration in the muscular and articular factors responsible for contractures; and (3) amelioration of histopathologic features such as muscular fibrosis in biceps femoris and shortening of the joint capsule...
December 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525188/pertinent-dry-needling-considerations-for-minimizing-adverse-effects-part-one
#16
John S Halle, Rob J Halle
BACKGROUND: Dry needling is an evidence-based treatment technique that is accepted and used by physical therapists in the United States. This treatment approach focuses on releasing or inactivating muscular trigger points to decrease pain, reduce muscle tension, and assist patients with an accelerated return to active rehabilitation. ISSUE: While commonly used, the technique has some patient risk and value of the treatment should be based on benefit compared to the potential risk...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512291/effect-of-pain-scrambler-therapy-on-shoulder-joint-pain-and-range-of-motion-in-patients-who-had-undergone-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-for-the-first-time
#17
Dong-Kyu Lee, Eun-Kyung Kim
[Purpose] This study aimed to determine the effect of pain scrambler therapy on shoulder joint pain and range of motion in patients who had undergone arthroscopic rotator cuff repair for the first time. [Subjects and Methods] Pain scrambler therapy was administered once a day every 40 minutes for 10 days to patients that had undergone arthroscopic rotator cuff repair for the first time. The visual analog scale was used to measure pain, and a goniometer was used to measure shoulder range of motion. [Results] After 10 sessions of pain scrambler therapy, pain was significantly reduced from that before the treatment...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512259/short-term-effects-of-kinesio-tape-on-joint-position-sense-isokinetic-measurements-and-clinical-parameters-in-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#18
Emine Eda Kurt, Öznur Büyükturan, Hatice Rana Erdem, Figen Tuncay, Hicabi Sezgin
[Purpose] To evaluate the short-term effects of kinesio tape on joint position sense, isokinetic measurements, kinesiophobia, symptoms, and functional limitations in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 90 patients (112 knees) with patellofemoral pain syndrome were randomized into a kinesio tape group (n=45) or placebo kinesio tape group (n=45). Baseline isokinetic quadriceps muscle tests and measurements of joint position sense were performed in both groups. Pain was measured with a Visual Analog Scale, kinesiophobia with the Tampa kinesiophobia scale, and symptoms and functional limitations with the Kujala pain scale...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410163/immediate-and-short-term-effects-of-the-combination-of-dry-needling-and-percutaneous-tens-on-post-needling-soreness-in-patients-with-chronic-myofascial-neck-pain
#19
Jose V León-Hernández, Aitor Martín-Pintado-Zugasti, Laura G Frutos, Isabel M Alguacil-Diego, Ana I de la Llave-Rincón, Josue Fernandez-Carnero
Background: Dry needling (DN) and percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS) are widely used techniques in the treatment of myofascial pain. Objective: To investigate the immediate and short-term effects of the combination of DN and PENS compared to DN alone on the upper trapezius muscle. Method: This is a 72-hour follow-up single-blinded randomized controlled trial. Sixty-two volunteer patients with chronic myofascial neck pain with active Myofascial Trigger Points (MTrPs) in the upper trapezius muscle were recruited...
July 11, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408510/low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-in-the-treatment-of-long-bone-nonunions-evaluation-of-cytokine-expression-as-a-tool-for-objectifying-nonunion-therapy
#20
Arash Moghaddam, Timur Mert Yildirim, Fabian Westhauser, Wolfgang Danner, Tyler Swing, Thomas Bruckner, Bahram Biglari
BACKGROUND: Nonunion is one of the most common complications in bone healing. After several clinical studies, the effect of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) in the treatment of nonunions remains unclear because of the difficulty in evaluating its effect on bone healing. In former studies, the analysis of serum cytokine expression patterns over time has proven to be an objective method for showing the bone healing process and evaluating nonunion therapies. This study evaluates LIPUS as a treatment option for patients with nonunions based on the analysis of serum cytokine expression...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics
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