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ICU nephro

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58 papers 25 to 100 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206655/pathophysiology-clinical-presentation-and-treatment-of-coma-and-acute-kidney-injury-complicating-falciparum-malaria
#1
Katherine Plewes, Gareth D H Turner, Arjen M Dondorp
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cerebral impairment and acute kidney injury (AKI) are independent predictors of mortality in both adults and children with severe falciparum malaria. In this review, we present recent advances in understanding the pathophysiology, clinical features, and management of these complications of severe malaria, and discuss future areas of research. RECENT FINDINGS: Cerebral malaria and AKI are serious and well recognized complications of severe malaria...
December 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953555/acute-kidney-injury-and-electrolyte-disorders-in-the-critically-ill-patient-with-cancer
#2
Mitchell H Rosner, Giovambattista Capasso, Mark A Perazella
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with cancer increasingly make up a significant proportion of patients receiving care in the intensive care unit (ICU). Acute kidney injury and cancer-associated electrolyte disorders are encountered in many of these patients and can significantly impact both short-term and long-term outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in chemotherapeutic regimens as well as in our understanding of cancer-associated kidney disease highlight the need for specialized knowledge of the unique causes and therapies required in this subset of critically ill patients...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953558/drug-induced-kidney-disease-in-the-icu-mechanisms-susceptibility-diagnosis-and-management-strategies
#3
Linda Awdishu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in the critically ill population, is multifactorial and associated with increased mortality. Drug-induced kidney injury is a significant contributor to the development of AKI. The purpose of this review is to provide updates in the epidemiology, susceptibility and management of drug-induced kidney disease (DIKD). RECENT FINDINGS: Recent changes in guidelines for the management of serious infections in the critically ill have resulted in an increased frequency of DIKD...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023314/renal-dysfunction-and-cirrhosis
#4
François Durand, Jody C Olson, Mitra K Nadim
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) does not represent the predominant phenotype of acute kidney injury (AKI) in cirrhosis. Early recognition of HRS helps initiate appropriate therapy. The aims of this review are to present redefinition of AKI, to list new biomarkers, to report recent data on vasopressors in HRS and to propose criteria for simultaneous liver and kidney transplantation (SLKT). RECENT FINDINGS: Urine output, which was not part of the definition of AKI might be reconsidered as it has an independent prognostic value...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023315/biomarkers-of-drug-induced-kidney-injury
#5
Lynn Redahan, Patrick T Murray
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Drug-induced kidney injury (DIKI) is an important and potentially modifiable cause of acute kidney injury (AKI). The reliance on traditional markers of kidney injury to diagnose DIKI impedes early detection. Biomarkers of DIKI that facilitate early diagnosis and the identification of high-risk patients are essential to ameliorate the clinical burden of this complication. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent progress in this area supports the potential utility of several biomarkers for the diagnosis of DIKI, for the prediction of outcomes and also for monitoring responses to potential nephrotoxic or beneficial therapies...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701840/colistin-nephrotoxicity-in-adults-single-centre-large-series-from-india
#6
Abdul Ghafur, Swati Gohel, Vidyalakshmi Devarajan, T Raja, Jose Easow, M A Raja, Sankar Sreenivas, Balasubramaniam Ramakrishnan, T Ramakrishnan, S G Raman, Dedeepiya Devaprasad, Balaji Venkatachalam, Ramesh Nimmagadda
CONTEXT: Limited Indian data are available on the rate of colistin nephrotoxicity and other risk factors contributing to the development of this important side effect. AIM: This study aims to generate data on colistin nephrotoxicity from a large cohort of Indian patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case record analysis of patients who received colistin, in an oncology center in India, between January 2011 and December 2015...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904487/hemodialysis-for-lactic-acidosis
#7
N Karthiraj, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Ashwin K Mani
Lactic acidosis (Type A) is common in critically ill patients and usually treated by correcting the underlying etiology. We present the case of a young female who presented with life-threatening lactic acidosis secondary to hematological malignancy. Timely initiation of hemodialysis was lifesaving. The case highlights the importance of considering Type B lactic acidosis (in this case secondary to a hematological malignancy) and also initiating renal replacement therapy when routine measures are ineffective.
August 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704229/treatment-of-hyponatremic-encephalopathy-in-the-critically-ill
#8
REVIEW
Steven G Achinger, Juan Carlos Ayus
OBJECTIVES: Hyponatremic encephalopathy, symptomatic cerebral edema due to a low osmolar state, is a medical emergency and often encountered in the ICU setting. This article provides a critical appraisal and review of the literature on identification of high-risk patients and the treatment of this life-threatening disorder. DATA SOURCES, STUDY SELECTION, AND DATA EXTRACTION: Online search of the PubMed database and manual review of articles involving risk factors for hyponatremic encephalopathy and treatment of hyponatremic encephalopathy in critical illness...
October 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540198/contrast-induced-acute-kidney-injury-a-review-of-practical-points
#9
REVIEW
Sercin Ozkok, Abdullah Ozkok
Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is one of the most common causes of AKI in clinical practice. CI-AKI has been found to be strongly associated with morbidity and mortality of the patients. Furthermore, CI-AKI may not be always reversible and it may be associated with the development of chronic kidney disease. Pathophysiology of CI-AKI is not exactly understood and there is no consensus on the preventive strategies. CI-AKI is an active research area thus clinicians should be updated periodically about this topic...
May 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474317/acute-kidney-injury-in-the-icu-from-injury-to-recovery-reports-from-the-5th-paris-international-conference
#10
REVIEW
Rinaldo Bellomo, Claudio Ronco, Ravindra L Mehta, Pierre Asfar, Julie Boisramé-Helms, Michael Darmon, Jean-Luc Diehl, Jacques Duranteau, Eric A J Hoste, Joannes-Boyau Olivier, Matthieu Legrand, Nicolas Lerolle, Manu L N G Malbrain, Johan Mårtensson, Heleen M Oudemans-van Straaten, Jean-Jacques Parienti, Didier Payen, Sophie Perinel, Esther Peters, Peter Pickkers, Eric Rondeau, Miet Schetz, Christophe Vinsonneau, Julia Wendon, Ling Zhang, Pierre-François Laterre
The French Intensive Care Society organized its yearly Paris International Conference in intensive care on June 18-19, 2015. The main purpose of this meeting is to gather the best experts in the field in order to provide the highest quality update on a chosen topic. In 2015, the selected theme was: "Acute Renal Failure in the ICU: from injury to recovery." The conference program covered multiple aspects of renal failure, including epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and kidney support system, prognosis and recovery together with acute renal failure in specific settings...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284300/renal-replacement-therapy-in-acute-kidney-injury-controversies-and-consensus
#11
REVIEW
Michael Heung, Lenar Yessayan
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication among critically ill patents, and 5% of intensive care unit (ICU) patients require initiation of renal replacement therapy (RRT). In recent years, clinical trials have provided evidence-based guidance for some important aspects of RRT management in patients with AKI, such as dialysis dosing and approaches to anticoagulation in patients undergoing continuous RRT. However, there remain many areas of uncertainty, and delivery of RRT in the ICU requires clinical judgment, flexibility, and an understanding of dialysis principles...
April 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101446/hypertonicity-clinical-entities-manifestations-and-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Helbert Rondon-Berrios, Christos Argyropoulos, Todd S Ing, Dominic S Raj, Deepak Malhotra, Emmanuel I Agaba, Mark Rohrscheib, Zeid J Khitan, Glen H Murata, Joseph I Shapiro, Antonios H Tzamaloukas
Hypertonicity causes severe clinical manifestations and is associated with mortality and severe short-term and long-term neurological sequelae. The main clinical syndromes of hypertonicity are hypernatremia and hyperglycemia. Hypernatremia results from relative excess of body sodium over body water. Loss of water in excess of intake, gain of sodium salts in excess of losses or a combination of the two are the main mechanisms of hypernatremia. Hypernatremia can be hypervolemic, euvolemic or hypovolemic. The management of hypernatremia addresses both a quantitative replacement of water and, if present, sodium deficit, and correction of the underlying pathophysiologic process that led to hypernatremia...
January 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101452/severe-hyperkalemia-following-blood-transfusions-is-there-a-link
#13
Christos V Rizos, Haralampos J Milionis, Moses S Elisaf
Patients with gastrointestinal bleeding often require large volume blood transfusion. Among the various side effects of blood transfusion, the increase of potassium levels is a serious one which is often overlooked. We report a case of severe hyperkalemia in a patient with gastric bleeding after large volume transfusion of packed red blood cells. The patient had hyperkalemia at baseline associated with his receiving medication as well as acute renal failure following hypovolemia. The baseline hyperkalemia was further aggravated after massive transfusions of packed red blood cells in a short period of time...
January 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119408/a-decision-making-algorithm-for-initiation-and-discontinuation-of-rrt-in-severe-aki
#14
Mallika L Mendu, George R Ciociolo, Sarah R McLaughlin, Dionne A Graham, Roya Ghazinouri, Siddharth Parmar, Alissa Grossier, Rebecca Rosen, Karl R Laskowski, Leonardo V Riella, Emily S Robinson, David M Charytan, Joseph V Bonventre, Jeffrey O Greenberg, Sushrut S Waikar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: AKI is an increasingly common and devastating complication in hospitalized patients. Severe AKI requiring RRT is associated with in-hospital mortality rates exceeding 40%. Clinical decision making related to RRT initiation for patients with AKI in the medical intensive care unit is not standardized. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a 13-month (November of 2013 to December of 2014) prospective cohort study in an academic medical intensive care unit involving the implementation of an AKI Standardized Clinical Assessment and Management Plan, a decision-making algorithm to assist front-line clinicians caring for patients with AKI...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182208/systematic-review-and-metaanalysis-of-acute-kidney-injury-associated-with-concomitant-vancomycin-and-piperacillin-tazobactam
#15
Drayton A Hammond, Melanie N Smith, Chenghui Li, Sarah M Hayes, Katherine Lusardi, P Brandon Bookstaver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181941/sodium-bicarbonate-versus-sodium-chloride-for-preventing-contrast-associated-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Xavier Valette, Isabelle Desmeulles, Benoit Savary, Romain Masson, Amélie Seguin, Bertrand Sauneuf, Jennifer Brunet, Pierre Verrier, Véronique Pottier, Marie Orabona, Désiré Samba, Gérald Viquesnel, Mathilde Lermuzeaux, Pascal Hazera, Jean-Jacques Dutheil, Jean-Luc Hanouz, Jean-Jacques Parienti, Damien du Cheyron
OBJECTIVES: To test whether hydration with bicarbonate rather than isotonic sodium chloride reduces the risk of contrast-associated acute kidney injury in critically ill patients. DESIGN: Prospective, double-blind, multicenter, randomized controlled study. SETTING: Three French ICUs. PATIENTS: Critically ill patients with stable renal function (n = 307) who received intravascular contrast media. INTERVENTIONS: Hydration with 0...
April 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875032/management-of-renal-failure-in-end-stage-liver-disease-a-critical-appraisal
#17
REVIEW
Xingxing S Cheng, Jane C Tan, W Ray Kim
Renal failure is a late consequence of end-stage liver disease (ESLD). Even with liver transplantation, pretransplant renal impairment remains a strong predictor of posttransplant mortality. This review seeks to summarize and critically appraise common therapies used in this setting, including pharmacologic agents, procedures (transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, renal replacement therapy), and simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation. More experimental extracorporal modalities, eg, albumin dialysis or bioartificial livers, will not be discussed...
December 2016: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940946/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-acute-kidney-injury-associated-with-concomitant-vancomycin-and-piperacillin-tazobactam
#18
REVIEW
Drayton A Hammond, Melanie N Smith, Chenghui Li, Sarah M Hayes, Katherine Lusardi, P Brandon Bookstaver
Concomitant vancomycin and piperacillin/tazobactam may be associated with increased acute kidney injury (AKI) compared to vancomycin without piperacillin/tazobactam. A systematic search of Medline, Cochrane Library, and Scopus through October 2016 using ["vancomycin" and "piperacillin" and "tazobactam"] and ["AKI" or "acute renal failure" or "nephrotoxicity"] and registered meta-analysis (PROSPERO: CRD42016041646) with relevant scenarios was performed. From 307 results, fourteen observational studies totaling 3549 patients were analyzed...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872830/bacteremia-in-hemodialysis-patients
#19
REVIEW
Masashi Suzuki, Nobuhiko Satoh, Motonobu Nakamura, Shoko Horita, George Seki, Kyoji Moriya
Infection is a common complication and is the second leading cause of death in hemodialysis patients. The risk of bacteremia in hemodialysis patients is 26-fold higher than in the general population, and 1/2-3/4 of the causative organisms of bacteremia in hemodialysis patients are Gram-positive bacteria. The ratio of resistant bacteria in hemodialysis patients compared to the general population is unclear. Several reports have indicated that hemodialysis patients have a higher risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection...
November 6, 2016: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853353/update-on-sepsis-associated-acute-kidney-injury-emerging-targeted-therapies
#20
REVIEW
James F Doyle, Lui G Forni
Sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (SA-AKI) is an independent predictor of increased mortality and morbidity. It is essential that further advances in the treatment of sepsis should prioritize targeted therapies in SA-AKI in order to improve these bleak outcomes. As yet, a unique therapy that effectively reduces the impact of acute kidney injury has not been demonstrated. However, the emergence of novel targeted therapies, perhaps in combination, has the possibility of significantly reducing the long-term sequelae of an episode of SA-AKI...
2016: Biologics: Targets & Therapy
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