Read by QxMD icon Read

Critical care

shared collection
34 papers 0 to 25 followers
Daniel Schwarzkopf, Hendrik Rüddel, Daniel O Thomas-Rüddel, Jörg Felfe, Bernhard Poidinger, Claudia T Matthäus-Krämer, Christiane S Hartog, Frank Bloos
OBJECTIVES: Perceiving nonbeneficial treatment is stressful for ICU staff and may be associated with burnout. We aimed to investigate predictors and consequences of perceived nonbeneficial treatment and to compare nurses and junior and senior physicians. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, multicenter paper-pencil survey on personal and work-related characteristics, perceived nonbeneficial treatment, burnout, and intention to leave the job. SETTING: Convenience sample of 23 German ICUs...
October 21, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Tessa W Damm, David J Kramer
Caring for critically ill patients with acute and/or chronic liver dysfunction poses a unique challenge. Proper resuscitation and early consideration for transfer to liver transplant centers have resulted in improved outcomes. Liver support devices and cellular models have not yet shown mortality benefit, but they hold promise in the critical care of patients with liver disease. This article reviews pertinent anatomic and physiologic considerations of the liver in critical illness, followed by a selective review of associated organ dysfunction...
July 2016: Critical Care Clinics
Lee E Morrow, Paul Wischmeyer
Clinicians have traditionally dichotomized bacteria as friendly commensals or harmful pathogens. However, the line separating the two has become blurred with the recognition that the intestinal microbiome is a complex entity wherein species can shift sides - from friend to foe and back again - based on crucial factors in their local environment. Significant disruptions in the homeostasis of the microbiome, a phenomenon called 'dysbiosis,' is increasingly associated with a host of untoward effects. Intensive care unit patients are at high risk for dysbiosis given high rates of antibiotic use, acute changes in diet, and the stress of critical illness...
October 19, 2016: Chest
Stéphanie Malaquin, Yazine Mahjoub, Arianna Musi, Elie Zogheib, Alexis Salomon, Mathieu Guilbart, Hervé Dupont
INTRODUCTION: There has been a growing interest in evaluating the occurrence of burnout syndrome (BOS) among intensive care units (ICU) team over recent years. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of BOS among staff working in the Amiens University Hospital and to assess associated factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective observational study based on self-administered questionnaires filled in by physicians and non-physicians working in 3 ICUs...
September 23, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Daniel J Niven, Kevin B Laupland
Elevation in core body temperature is one of the most frequently detected abnormal signs in patients admitted to adult ICUs, and is associated with increased mortality in select populations of critically ill patients. The definition of an elevated body temperature varies considerably by population and thermometer, and is commonly defined by a temperature of 38.0 °C or greater. Terms such as hyperthermia, pyrexia, and fever are often used interchangeably. However, strictly speaking hyperthermia refers to the elevation in body temperature that occurs without an increase in the hypothalamic set point, such as in response to specific environmental (e...
2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Mallar Bhattacharya, Richard H Kallet, Lorraine B Ware, Michael A Matthay
Negative-pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) or postobstructive pulmonary edema is a well-described cause of acute respiratory failure that occurs after intense inspiratory effort against an obstructed airway, usually from upper airway infection, tumor, or laryngospasm. Patients with NPPE generate very negative airway pressures, which augment transvascular fluid filtration and precipitate interstitial and alveolar edema. Pulmonary edema fluid collected from most patients with NPPE has a low protein concentration, suggesting hydrostatic forces as the primary mechanism for the pathogenesis of NPPE...
October 2016: Chest
Christina J Hayhurst, Pratik P Pandharipande, Christopher G Hughes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2016: Anesthesiology
Jérôme Cecchini, Muriel Fartoukh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review focuses on severe acute vaso-occlusive manifestations of sickle cell disease leading adult patients to the ICU. RECENT FINDINGS: Careful consideration should be paid to look for pulmonary vascular dysfunction and acute kidney injury, because of their prognostic role during acute vaso-occlusive manifestations. Alloimmunization and delayed haemolytic transfusion reactions are emerging complications that should be thought to be diagnosed, as they may imply a conservative management...
December 2015: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Richard J Price, Brian H Cuthbertson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Selective digestive or oropharyngeal decontamination has been being used as a means to prevent infections and death in intensive care patients for the past 30 years. It remains controversial and its use is limited. In this review, we summarize the recently published data on efficacy of selective decontamination and effects on antibiotic resistances. RECENT FINDINGS: The most recent meta-analysis shows a reduced mortality when selective digestive or oropharyngeal decontamination are compared with either standard care or oropharyngeal chlorhexidine...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Mette Krag, Anders Perner, Morten H Møller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) is considered standard of care in the majority of critically ill patients in the ICU. In this review, we will present the current evidence for the use of SUP in ICU patients, including data on the prevalence of gastrointestinal bleeding and the balance between benefits and harms of SUP. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of overt gastrointestinal bleeding in critically ill patients is in the area of 5%. Consistent risk factors for gastrointestinal bleeding have been identified, but indications for SUP vary considerably...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Kenneth B Christopher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although low vitamin D levels have been shown to be a risk factor for adverse outcomes in critical care, it is not clear to date if supplementation can alter such outcomes in all ICU patients. The focus of vitamin D research now is on interventional trials to identify a critically ill patient subset who may benefit from high-dose vitamin D supplementation. RECENT FINDINGS: The VITdAL-ICU trial, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single center trial of 475 heterogeneous critically ill patients, did not show improvement in hospital length of stay or overall mortality but did demonstrate in a secondary outcome that high-dose oral vitamin D3 improved mortality in patients with severe vitamin D deficiency...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Mile Stanojcic, Celeste C Finnerty, Marc G Jeschke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A complex network of hormones and other effectors characterize the hypermetabolic response in critical illness; these mediators work together to induce numerous pathophysiologic alterations. Increased incidence of infection, multiorgan failure, long-term debilitation, delays in rehabilitation, and death result from an inability to meet the prohibitively elevated protein and energy requirements, which occur during illness and can persist for several years. Pharmacologic interventions have been successfully utilized to attenuate particular aspects of the hypermetabolic response; these modalities are a component of managing critically ill patients - including those patients with severe burns...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Marije Smit, Matijs van Meurs, Jan G Zijlstra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Floriana Pinto, Gianni Biancofiore
BACKGROUND: The ABCDE (Awakening and Breathing coordination of daily sedation and ventilator removal trials; Choice of sedative or analgesic exposure; Delirium monitoring and management; and Early mobility and exercise) bundle is a multidisciplinary set of evidence-based practices for improving patient outcomes in the intensive care unit. Nurses are critical to all the bundle's requirements. Therefore, understanding their knowledge, attitudes, and perception of the different bundle's components might help for an easier implementation into everyday clinical practice...
November 2016: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
Leanne M Boehm, Eduard E Vasilevskis, Lorraine C Mion
BACKGROUND: The ABCDE bundle is a multifaceted, interprofessional intervention that is associated with reduced ventilator and delirium days as well as increased likelihood of mobility in intensive care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to describe organizational domains that contribute to variation in ABCDE bundle implementation as reported by intensive care unit providers and to examine the capability of a conceptual framework for identifying variation in ABCDE bundle implementation...
November 2016: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
Annika Reintam Blaser, Adam M Deane, Sonja Fruhwald
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize existing evidence on definition, epidemiology, mechanisms, risk factors, consequences, outcome and management of diarrhoea in the critically ill. RECENT FINDINGS: In health, diarrhoea is defined as the passage of three or more loose or liquid stools per day. In the critically ill, the diagnosis is yet to be formalized and reported prevalence of diarrhoea varies according to the definition used. Recent studies estimate the prevalence between 14 and 21% and describe risk factors for diarrhoea in critically ill patients...
April 2015: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Jacob C Jentzer, Michael A Mathier
Pulmonary hypertension occurs as the result of disease processes increasing pressure within the pulmonary circulation, eventually leading to right ventricular failure. Patients may become critically ill from complications of pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular failure or may develop pulmonary hypertension as the result of critical illness. Diagnostic testing should evaluate for common causes such as left heart failure, hypoxemic lung disease and pulmonary embolism. Relatively few patients with pulmonary hypertension encountered in clinical practice require specific pharmacologic treatment of pulmonary hypertension targeting the pulmonary vasculature...
July 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Jonathan B Lundy, Kevin K Chung, Jeremy C Pamplin, Craig R Ainsworth, James C Jeng, Bruce C Friedman
Thermal injury of humans causes arguably the most severe perturbations in physiology that can be experienced. These physiologic derangements start immediately and can persist in some form until months or even years after the burn wounds are healed. Burn shock, marked activation of the systemic inflammatory response, multiple-organ failure, infection, and wound failure are just a few of the insults that may require management by the intensivist. The purpose of this article is to review recent advances in the critical care management of thermally injured patients...
September 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Katlynd M Šunjić, Adam C Webb, Igor Šunjić, Mònica Palà Creus, Stacey L Folse
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize an emerging body of literature describing pharmacokinetic alterations and related pharmacodynamic implications affecting drugs commonly used in patients receiving targeted temperature management following cardiac arrest. DATA SOURCES: Peer-reviewed articles indexed in PubMed. STUDY SELECTION: A systematic search of the PubMed database for relevant preclinical studies and clinical and observational trials of physiologic changes and drug pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic alterations, especially during targeted temperature management/therapeutic hypothermia, but also from cardiac surgery and acute stroke hypothermia models...
October 2015: Critical Care Medicine
Derek J Roberts, Chad G Ball, Andrew W Kirkpatrick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews recent developments related to intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH)/abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) and clinical practice guidelines published in 2013. RECENT FINDINGS: IAH/ACS often develops because of the acute intestinal distress syndrome. Although the incidence of postinjury ACS is decreasing, IAH remains common and associated with significant morbidity and mortality among critically ill/injured patients. Many risk factors for IAH include those findings suggested to be indications for use of damage control surgery in trauma patients...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
2016-10-20 20:18:29
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"