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124 papers 25 to 100 followers
Yasser Sakr, Paolo Nahuel Rubatto Birri, Katarzyna Kotfis, Rahul Nanchal, Bhagyesh Shah, Stefan Kluge, Mary E Schroeder, John C Marshall, Jean-Louis Vincent
OBJECTIVES: Excessive fluid therapy in patients with sepsis may be associated with risks that outweigh any benefit. We investigated the possible influence of early fluid balance on outcome in a large international database of ICU patients with sepsis. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Seven hundred and thirty ICUs in 84 countries. PATIENTS: All adult patients admitted between May 8 and May 18, 2012, except admissions for routine postoperative surveillance...
December 5, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Xavier Monnet, Paul E Marik, Jean-Louis Teboul
In patients with acute circulatory failure, the decision to give fluids or not should not be taken lightly. The risk of overzealous fluid administration has been clearly established. Moreover, volume expansion does not always increase cardiac output as one expects. Thus, after the very initial phase and/or if fluid losses are not obvious, predicting fluid responsiveness should be the first step of fluid strategy. For this purpose, the central venous pressure as well as other "static" markers of preload has been used for decades, but they are not reliable...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Ronald Chang, John B Holcomb
The resuscitation of traumatic hemorrhagic shock has undergone a paradigm shift in the last 20 years with the advent of damage control resuscitation (DCR). Major principles of DCR include minimization of crystalloid, permissive hypotension, transfusion of a balanced ratio of blood products, and goal-directed correction of coagulopathy. In particular, plasma has replaced crystalloid as the primary means for volume expansion for traumatic hemorrhagic shock. Predicting which patient will require DCR by prompt and accurate activation of a massive transfusion protocol, however, remains a challenge...
January 2017: Critical Care Clinics
Rob Loflin, Michael E Winters
Since its original description in 1832, fluid resuscitation has become the cornerstone of early and aggressive treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock. However, questions remain about optimal fluid composition, dose, and rate of administration for critically ill patients. This article reviews pertinent physiology of the circulatory system, pathogenesis of septic shock, and phases of sepsis resuscitation, and then focuses on the type, rate, and amount of fluid administration for severe sepsis and septic shock, so providers can choose the right fluid, for the right patient, at the right time...
February 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
Peter Buhl Hjortrup, Anthony Delaney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
J Strul, D L Braham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Daniela Nasu Monteiro Medeiros, Juliana Ferreira Ferranti, Artur Figueiredo Delgado, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
AIM: The goal of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature assessing the use of colloids for the initial treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock in pediatric patients. DESIGN: The PICO [Patient, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome] method was used for the selection of studies, and the Cochrane Bias Tool was used to analyze the quality of the selected studies. DATA SEARCH: Relevant studies were sought using the following databases: EMBASE (1980 to March 2014), PubMed (1970 to March 2014), Cochrane (1980 to March 2014), Web of Science, and Scopus...
November 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Nchafatso Obonyo, Kathryn Maitland
Management of shock in children with severe malnutrition remains controversial. To date, the evidence supporting either benefit or harm of fluid resuscitation or rehydration is weak. This issue, however, is not unique to children with severe malnutrition; pediatric guidelines worldwide have a weak level of evidence and remain unsupported by appropriate clinical studies. In this review we give an overview of the current recommendations in other pediatric populations and appraise the strength of evidence supporting these...
June 2014: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Joelle N Simpson, Stephen J Teach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Intravenous and enteral fluid resuscitation are frequently used therapies in the management of pediatric patients in emergency departments and critical care settings. Any state of intravascular fluid deficit, ranging from mild dehydration due to gastroenteritis to fulminant septic shock, requires careful assessment and early restoration of hemodynamic stability. Rapid fluid resuscitation has gained increased recognition since the most recent pediatric shock management guidelines...
June 2011: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Paul R Mouncey, Tiffany M Osborn, G Sarah Power, David A Harrison, M Zia Sadique, Richard D Grieve, Rahi Jahan, Sheila E Harvey, Derek Bell, Julian F Bion, Timothy J Coats, Mervyn Singer, J Duncan Young, Kathryn M Rowan
BACKGROUND: Early, goal-directed therapy (EGDT) is recommended in international guidelines for the resuscitation of patients presenting with early septic shock. However, adoption has been limited, and uncertainty about its effectiveness remains. METHODS: We conducted a pragmatic randomized trial with an integrated cost-effectiveness analysis in 56 hospitals in England. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either EGDT (a 6-hour resuscitation protocol) or usual care...
April 2, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Colin K Grissom, Eliotte L Hirshberg, Justin B Dickerson, Samuel M Brown, Michael J Lanspa, Kathleen D Liu, David Schoenfeld, Mark Tidswell, R Duncan Hite, Peter Rock, Russell R Miller, Alan H Morris
OBJECTIVES: In the Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial (FACTT) of the National Institutes of Health Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network, a conservative fluid protocol (FACTT Conservative) resulted in a lower cumulative fluid balance and better outcomes than a liberal fluid protocol (FACTT Liberal). Subsequent Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network studies used a simplified conservative fluid protocol (FACTT Lite). The objective of this study was to compare the performance of FACTT Lite, FACTT Conservative, and FACTT Liberal protocols...
February 2015: Critical Care Medicine
Joseph A Carcillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2010: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Ben Gelbart, Neil J Glassford, Rinaldo Bellomo
OBJECTIVES: To review systematically data from randomized and nonrandomized studies of fluid bolus therapy in hospitalized children with septic shock. DATA SOURCES: Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. STUDY SELECTION: We searched for randomized controlled studies of fluid bolus therapy in children with severe sepsis. We identified retrospective, prospective, and observational studies. We excluded studies of severe sepsis/septic shock due to a specific microbiological etiology, neonatal studies, and studies where advanced supportive therapies were unavailable...
October 2015: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Stacey L Valentine, Anil Sapru, Renee A Higgerson, Phillip C Spinella, Heidi R Flori, Dionne A Graham, Molly Brett, Maureen Convery, LeeAnn M Christie, Laurie Karamessinis, Adrienne G Randolph
OBJECTIVES: In the Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial (NCT00281268), adults with acute lung injury randomized to a conservative vs. liberal fluid management protocol had increased days alive and free of mechanical ventilator support (ventilator-free days). Recruiting sufficient children with acute lung injury into a pediatric trial is challenging. A Bayesian statistical approach relies on the adult trial for the a priori effect estimate, requiring fewer patients. Preparing for a Bayesian pediatric trial mirroring the Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial, we aimed to: 1) identify an inverse association between fluid balance and ventilator-free days; and 2) determine if fluid balance over time is more similar to adults in the Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial liberal or conservative arms...
October 2012: Critical Care Medicine
Ole Bayer, Konrad Reinhart, Matthias Kohl, Björn Kabisch, John Marshall, Yasser Sakr, Michael Bauer, Christiane Hartog, Daniel Schwarzkopf, Niels Riedemann
OBJECTIVE: To assess shock reversal and required fluid volumes in patients with septic shock. DESIGN: Prospective before and after study comparing three different treatment periods. SETTING: Fifty-bed single-center surgical intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Consecutive patients with severe sepsis. INTERVENTIONS: Fluid therapy directed at preset hemodynamic goals with hydroxyethyl starch (predominantly 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0...
September 2012: Critical Care Medicine
Fernando Godinho Zampieri, Marcelo Park, Luciano Cesar Pontes Azevedo
Colloids are frequently used for fluid expansion in the intensive care unit, although its use on several clinical scenarios remains unproven of any relevant clinical benefit. The purpose of this article was to carry out a narrative review regarding the safety and efficacy of colloids in patients with sepsis and septic shock, with emphasis on the most commonly used colloids, albumin and starches. Colloids are effective fluid expanders and are able to restore the hemodynamic profile with less total volume than crystalloids...
May 2013: Shock
Owen Bodger, Abrie Theron, David Williams
CONTEXT: Inadequate fluid resuscitation of acute burns may result in hypovolaemic shock. Excessive fluid resuscitation may result in fluid overload. A nomogram which uses the popular Parkland formula and '4-2-1' regime has been recently described to facilitate the calculation of fluid requirements in children during the first 24 h following burn injury. OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy and speed of calculation of three different methods (pen and paper, electronic calculator and nomogram), which all use the Parkland formula and '4-2-1' regime to calculate maintenance and resuscitation fluid requirements for children in the first 24 h after burn injury...
August 2013: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Karthik Raghunathan, Andrew Shaw, Brian Nathanson, Til Stürmer, Alan Brookhart, Mihaela S Stefan, Soko Setoguchi, Chris Beadles, Peter K Lindenauer
OBJECTIVE: Isotonic saline is the most commonly used crystalloid in the ICU, but recent evidence suggests that balanced fluids like Lactated Ringer's solution may be preferable. We examined the association between choice of crystalloids and in-hospital mortality during the resuscitation of critically ill adults with sepsis. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of patients admitted with sepsis, not undergoing any surgical procedures, and treated in an ICU by hospital day 2...
July 2014: Critical Care Medicine
E A Hoste, K Maitland, C S Brudney, R Mehta, J-L Vincent, D Yates, J A Kellum, M G Mythen, A D Shaw
I.V. fluid therapy plays a fundamental role in the management of hospitalized patients. While the correct use of i.v. fluids can be lifesaving, recent literature demonstrates that fluid therapy is not without risks. Indeed, the use of certain types and volumes of fluid can increase the risk of harm, and even death, in some patient groups. Data from a recent audit show us that the inappropriate use of fluids may occur in up to 20% of patients receiving fluid therapy. The delegates of the 12th Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative (ADQI) Conference sought to obtain consensus on the use of i...
November 2014: British Journal of Anaesthesia
K Raghunathan, P T Murray, W S Beattie, D N Lobo, J Myburgh, R Sladen, J A Kellum, M G Mythen, A D Shaw
Fluid management during critical illness is a dynamic process that may be conceptualized as occurring in four phases: rescue, optimization, stabilization, and de-escalation (mobilization). The selection and administration of resuscitation fluids is one component of this complex physiological sequence directed at restoring depleted intravascular volume. Presently, the selection of i.v. fluid is usually dictated more by local practice patterns than by evidence. The debate on fluid choice has primarily focused on evaluating outcome differences between 'crystalloids vs colloids'...
November 2014: British Journal of Anaesthesia
2016-11-05 16:03:41
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