collection
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pneumonia

shared collection
21 papers 0 to 25 followers
By M KKhan Pediatric Intensivist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23925826/vitamin-c-for-preventing-and-treating-pneumonia
#1
REVIEW
Harri Hemilä, Pekka Louhiala
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is one of the most common serious infections, causing two million deaths annually among young children in low-income countries. In high-income countries pneumonia is most significantly a problem of the elderly. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prophylactic and therapeutic effects of vitamin C on pneumonia. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL 2013, Issue 3, MEDLINE (1950 to March week 4, 2013), EMBASE (1974 to April 2013) and Web of Science (1955 to April 2013)...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178715/infectious-causes-of-right-middle-lobe-syndrome
#2
Aatif Rashid, Sowmya Nanjappa, John N Greene
Right middle lobe (RML) syndrome is defined as recurrent or chronic obstruction or infection of the middle lobe of the right lung. Nonobstructive causes of middle lobe syndrome include inflammatory processes and defects in the bronchial anatomy and collateral ventilation. We report on 2 case patients with RML syndrome, one due to infection with Mycobacterium avium complex followed by M asiaticum infection and the other due to allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis. A history of atopy, asthma, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has been reported in up to one-half of those with RML...
January 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960213/complication-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-including-cardiac-complications
#3
Marcos I Restrepo, Luis F Reyes, Antonio Anzueto
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) represents an important public health problem and carries significant morbidity, mortality, and costs. The incidence of CAP is highest among children and elderly patients, but the mortality is much higher in patients older than 65 years. Despite the advances in medicine, the administration of antimicrobials, and the overall better care, there are still patients with CAP dying due to systemic complications all over the world. A continuum of CAP disease progression may involve multiple organs beyond the pulmonary parenchyma...
December 2016: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960214/principles-of-antibiotic-management-of-community-acquired-pneumonia
#4
Michael T Bender, Michael S Niederman
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) encompasses a broad spectrum of disease severity and may require outpatient, inpatient, or intensive care management. Successful treatment hinges on expedient delivery of appropriate antibiotic therapy tailored to both the likely offending pathogens and the severity of disease. This review summarizes key principles in starting treatment and provides recommended empiric therapy regimens for each site of care. In addition, we discuss the antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory role macrolides play in CAP, as well as specific information for managing individual CAP pathogens such as community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae...
December 2016: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960215/nonantibiotic-adjunctive-therapies-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-corticosteroids-and-beyond-where-are-we-with-them
#5
Oriol Sibila, Ana Rodrigo-Troyano, Antoni Torres
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a leading cause of hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality. Despite advances in antibiotic treatments, mortality among patients with CAP is still high. For this reason, interest has been focused on nonantibiotic therapeutic measures directed to the host response rather than the microorganism. The development of an efficacious adjunctive treatment has important implications for reducing mortality in CAP. Some clinical studies performed in the last decade have shown a clinically beneficial effect of corticosteroids, possibly by diminishing local and systemic inflammatory host response...
December 2016: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079629/duration-of-pneumonia-therapy-and-the-role-of-biomarkers
#6
Katerina Kaziani, Adamantia Sotiriou, George Dimopoulos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Increasing antimicrobial resistance is a worldwide phenomenon that is threatening public health. Lower respiratory infections are one of the leading causes of morbidity that contribute to antibiotic consumption and thus the emergence of multidrug-resistant microbial strains. The goal of shortening antibiotic regimens' duration in common bacterial infections has been prioritized by antimicrobial stewardship programs as an action against this problem. RECENT FINDINGS: Data coming from randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews support the shortening of antimicrobial regimens in community-acquired, hospital-acquired, and ventilator-associated pneumonia...
January 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26172429/community-acquired-pneumonia-requiring-hospitalization-among-u-s-adults
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Seema Jain, Wesley H Self, Richard G Wunderink, Sherene Fakhran, Robert Balk, Anna M Bramley, Carrie Reed, Carlos G Grijalva, Evan J Anderson, D Mark Courtney, James D Chappell, Chao Qi, Eric M Hart, Frank Carroll, Christopher Trabue, Helen K Donnelly, Derek J Williams, Yuwei Zhu, Sandra R Arnold, Krow Ampofo, Grant W Waterer, Min Levine, Stephen Lindstrom, Jonas M Winchell, Jacqueline M Katz, Dean Erdman, Eileen Schneider, Lauri A Hicks, Jonathan A McCullers, Andrew T Pavia, Kathryn M Edwards, Lyn Finelli
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia is a leading infectious cause of hospitalization and death among U.S. adults. Incidence estimates of pneumonia confirmed radiographically and with the use of current laboratory diagnostic tests are needed. METHODS: We conducted active population-based surveillance for community-acquired pneumonia requiring hospitalization among adults 18 years of age or older in five hospitals in Chicago and Nashville. Patients with recent hospitalization or severe immunosuppression were excluded...
July 30, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25337751/community-acquired-pneumonia
#8
REVIEW
Daniel M Musher, Anna R Thorner
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 371, Issue 17, Page 1619-1628, October 2014.
October 23, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25830421/antibiotic-treatment-strategies-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-adults
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Douwe F Postma, Cornelis H van Werkhoven, Leontine J R van Elden, Steven F T Thijsen, Andy I M Hoepelman, Jan A J W Kluytmans, Wim G Boersma, Clara J Compaijen, Eva van der Wall, Jan M Prins, Jan J Oosterheert, Marc J M Bonten
BACKGROUND: The choice of empirical antibiotic treatment for patients with clinically suspected community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) who are admitted to non-intensive care unit (ICU) hospital wards is complicated by the limited availability of evidence. We compared strategies of empirical treatment (allowing deviations for medical reasons) with beta-lactam monotherapy, beta-lactam-macrolide combination therapy, or fluoroquinolone monotherapy. METHODS: In a cluster-randomized, crossover trial with strategies rotated in 4-month periods, we tested the noninferiority of the beta-lactam strategy to the beta-lactam-macrolide and fluoroquinolone strategies with respect to 90-day mortality, in an intention-to-treat analysis, using a noninferiority margin of 3 percentage points and a two-sided 90% confidence interval...
April 2, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26864426/jama-patient-page-pneumonia
#10
Amy E Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846240/efficacy-and-safety-of-adjunctive-corticosteroids-therapy-for-severe-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-adults-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Jirui Bi, Jin Yang, Ying Wang, Cijiang Yao, Jing Mei, Ying Liu, Jiyu Cao, Youjin Lu
BACKGROUND: Adjunctive corticosteroids therapy is an attractive option for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) treatment. However, the effectiveness of adjunctive corticosteroids on mortality of CAP remains inconsistent, especially in severe CAP. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adjunctive corticosteroids in severe CAP patients. METHODS: Three databases of PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library were searched for related studies published in English up to December, 2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784331/lung-ultrasound-a-promising-tool-to-monitor-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-critically-ill-patients
#12
REVIEW
Guyi Wang, Xiaoying Ji, Yongshan Xu, Xudong Xiang
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most frequent intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired infection that is independently associated with mortality. Accurate diagnosis and timely treatment have been shown to improve the prognosis of VAP. Chest X-ray or computed tomography imaging are used for conventional assessment of VAP, but these methods are impractical for real-time measurement in critical patients. Therefore, lung ultrasound (LUS) has been increasingly used for the assessment of VAP in the ICU. Traditionally, LUS has seemed unsuitable for the detection of lung parenchyma owing to the high acoustic impedance of air; however, the fact that the reflection and reverberation in the detection region of the ultrasound reflect the underlying pathology of lung diseases has led to the increased use of ultrasound imaging as a standard of care supported by evidence-based and expert consensus in the ICU...
October 27, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716262/new-aspects-in-the-management-of-pneumonia
#13
REVIEW
Elena Prina, Adrian Ceccato, Antoni Torres
Despite improvements in the management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), morbidity and mortality are still high, especially in patients with more severe disease. Early and appropriate antibiotics remain the cornerstone in the treatment of CAP. However, two aspects seem to contribute to a worse outcome: an uncontrolled inflammatory reaction and an inadequate immune response. Adjuvant treatments, such as corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulins, have been proposed to counterbalance these effects. The use of corticosteroids in patients with severe CAP and a strong inflammatory reaction can reduce the time to clinical stability, the risk of treatment failure, and the risk of progression to acute respiratory distress syndrome...
October 1, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26277247/community-acquired-pneumonia
#14
REVIEW
Elena Prina, Otavio T Ranzani, Antoni Torres
Community-acquired pneumonia causes great mortality and morbidity and high costs worldwide. Empirical selection of antibiotic treatment is the cornerstone of management of patients with pneumonia. To reduce the misuse of antibiotics, antibiotic resistance, and side-effects, an empirical, effective, and individualised antibiotic treatment is needed. Follow-up after the start of antibiotic treatment is also important, and management should include early shifts to oral antibiotics, stewardship according to the microbiological results, and short-duration antibiotic treatment that accounts for the clinical stability criteria...
September 12, 2015: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23117911/diagnosing-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-critically-ill-patients-with-sepsis
#15
Long-xiang Su, Kun Meng, Xin Zhang, Hui-juan Wang, Peng Yan, Yan-hong Jia, Dan Feng, Li-xin Xie
BACKGROUND: Timely diagnosis and prognostic assessment of ventilator-associated pneumonia remain major challenges in critical care. OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1, procalcitonin, and the Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score in the diagnosis and prognostic assessment of ventilator-associated pneumonia. METHODS: For 92 patients, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was cultured for detection of microorganisms, serum levels of the receptor and procalcitonin and levels of the receptor in exhaled ventilator condensate were measured, and the Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score was calculated...
November 2012: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694410/corticosteroids-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-critical-view-of-the-evidence
#16
EDITORIAL
James D Chalmers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664941/bronchiolitis-more-evidence-fewer-interventions-shifting-paradigms-with-evidence-based-diagnostics
#17
Mohamed Eltorki, Daniel Rosenfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514006/nebulised-hypertonic-saline-for-acute-bronchiolitis-or-there-and-back-again-to-use-tolkien-s-subtitle-for-the-hobbit
#18
EDITORIAL
Michael B Anthracopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26735994/viral-bronchiolitis-in-children
#19
REVIEW
H Cody Meissner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25780071/lung-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-pneumonia-in-children-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Maria A Pereda, Miguel A Chavez, Catherine C Hooper-Miele, Robert H Gilman, Mark C Steinhoff, Laura E Ellington, Margaret Gross, Carrie Price, James M Tielsch, William Checkley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pneumonia is the leading cause of death of children. Diagnostic tools include chest radiography, but guidelines do not currently recommend the use of lung ultrasound (LUS) as a diagnostic method. We conducted a meta-analysis to summarize evidence on the diagnostic accuracy of LUS for childhood pneumonia. METHODS: We performed a systematic search in PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, Global Health, World Health Organization-Libraries, and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature of studies comparing LUS diagnostic accuracy against a reference standard...
April 2015: Pediatrics
label_collection
label_collection
8039
1
2
2016-10-12 15:44:24
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"