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integrated HBV DNA

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8 papers 0 to 25 followers new articles about integrated HBV DNA, especially in CHB.
Madina Karimova, Niklas Beschorner, Werner Dammermann, Jan Chemnitz, Daniela Indenbirken, Jan-Hendrik Bockmann, Adam Grundhoff, Stefan Lüth, Frank Buchholz, Julian Schulze zur Wiesch, Joachim Hauber
Current antiviral therapies cannot cure hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection; successful HBV eradication would require inactivation of the viral genome, which primarily persists in host cells as episomal covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) and, to a lesser extent, as chromosomally integrated sequences. However, novel designer enzymes, such as the CRISPR/Cas9 RNA-guided nuclease system, provide technologies for developing advanced therapy strategies that could directly attack the HBV genome. For therapeutic application in humans, such designer nucleases should recognize various HBV genotypes and cause minimal off-target effects...
September 3, 2015: Scientific Reports
Peng Ruan, Xiufang Dai, Zequn Sun, Chunfang Zhou, Fan Yang
The present study reported the presence of a hepatitis B virus (HBV) major integration site (MIS) chr16: 51320015 and discussed the significance of quantitative measurement of this site. A total of 30 hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) positive (+) and 30 HBeAg negative (‑) patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) were enrolled in the present study, and the levels of intrahepatic (IH) covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA), serum HBV DNA and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) were detected. Conventional reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR) and Sanger sequencing were designed to verify the chr16: 51320015 integration site, and the copy numbers of this site were measured using molecular clone and SYBR Green I RT‑qPCR...
November 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
Marc Ringelhan, Ulrike Protzer
Due to the limited treatment options hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer related death, and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the major risk factor for development of HCC worldwide. HCC is typically preceded by chronic inflammation, but may also develop in the absence of liver disease on the basis of HBV infection and even when virus replication is controlled by antivirals. In this situation, HBV antigen expression persists and direct oncogenic effects of HBV are integration of the viral DNA into the host genome as well as direct effects of viral proteins...
October 2015: Current Opinion in Virology
Ming Geng, Xuan Xin, Li-Quan Bi, Lu-Ting Zhou, Xiao-Hong Liu
Many factors are considered to contribute to hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), including products of HBV, HBV integration and mutation, and host susceptibility. HBV X protein (HBx) can interfere with several signaling pathways associated with cell proliferation and invasion, and HBx C-terminal truncation has been suggested to impact the development of HCC. This review focuses on the pathological functions of HBx in HBV-induced hepatocarcinogenesis. As a transactivator, HBx can affect regulatory non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), including microRNAs and long ncRNAs...
October 14, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Janet M Doolittle-Hall, Danielle L Cunningham Glasspoole, William T Seaman, Jennifer Webster-Cyriaque
Oncoviruses cause tremendous global cancer burden. For several DNA tumor viruses, human genome integration is consistently associated with cancer development. However, genomic features associated with tumor viral integration are poorly understood. We sought to define genomic determinants for 1897 loci prone to hosting human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) or Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV). These were compared to HIV, whose enzyme-mediated integration is well understood. A comprehensive catalog of integration sites was constructed from the literature and experimentally-determined HPV integration sites...
November 10, 2015: Cancers
Lemonica Koumbi, Peter Karayiannis
Epigenetic modifications are stable alterations in gene expression that do not involve mutations of the genetic sequence itself. It has become increasingly clear that epigenetic factors contribute to the outcome of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection by affecting cellular and virion gene expression, viral replication and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. HBV persists in the nucleus of infected hepatocytes as a stable non-integrated covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) which functions as a minichromosome...
2015: Frontiers in Microbiology
Yanan Pang, Weixing Guo, Jiaqi Wang, Guixia Xu, Kai Cheng, Guangwen Cao, Mengchao Wu, Shuqun Cheng, Shanrong Liu
Integration of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA into the human liver cell genome is believed to promote HBV-related carcinogenesis. This study aimed to quantify the integration of HBV DNA into the leukocyte genome in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients in order to identify potential biomarkers for HBV-related diseases. Whole-genome comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) chip array analyses were performed to screen gene copy number variations (CNV) in the leukocyte genome, and the results were confirmed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)...
February 16, 2016: Oncotarget
William S Mason, Upkar S Gill, Samuel Litwin, Yan Zhou, Suraj Peri, Oltin Pop, Michelle L W Hong, Sandhia Naik, Alberto Quaglia, Antonio Bertoletti, Patrick T F Kennedy
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) progresses through different phases. The first, called the immune-tolerant phase, has been associated with a lack of disease activity. We examined HBV-DNA integration, clonal hepatocyte expansion, HBV antigen expression, and HBV-specific immune responses in patients in the immune-tolerant phase to assess whether this designation is appropriate or if there is evidence of disease activity. METHODS: We studied HBV-DNA integration, clonal hepatocyte expansion, and expression of hepatitis B surface antigen and core antigen in liver tissues from 26 patients with chronic HBV infection (ages, 14-39 y); 9 patients were positive for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) in the immune-tolerant phase and were matched for age with 10 HBeAg-positive patients with active disease and 7 HBeAg-negative patients with active disease...
November 2016: Gastroenterology
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