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Nephro

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6 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822135/chronic-kidney-disease-identification-and-management-in-primary-care
#1
REVIEW
Simon Ds Fraser, Tom Blakeman
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important and common noncommunicable condition globally. In national and international guidelines, CKD is defined and staged according to measures of kidney function that allow for a degree of risk stratification using commonly available markers. It is often asymptomatic in its early stages, and early detection is important to reduce future risk. The risk of cardiovascular outcomes is greater than the risk of progression to end-stage kidney disease for most people with CKD...
2016: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814935/diuretic-resistance
#2
Ewout J Hoorn, David H Ellison
Diuretic resistance is defined as a failure to achieve the therapeutically desired reduction in edema despite a full dose of diuretic. The causes of diuretic resistance include poor adherence to drug therapy or dietary sodium restriction, pharmacokinetic issues, and compensatory increases in sodium reabsorption in nephron sites that are not blocked by the diuretic. To illustrate the pathophysiology and management of diuretic resistance, we describe a patient with nephrotic syndrome. This patient presented with generalized pitting edema and weight gain despite the use of oral loop diuretics...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807144/clinical-practice-guideline-on-management-of-older-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stage-3b-or-higher-egfr-45-ml-min-1-73-m2
#3
Ken Farrington, Adrian Covic, Fillipo Aucella, Naomi Clyne, Leen de Vos, Andrew Findlay, Denis Fouque, Tomasz Grodzicki, Osasuyi Iyasere, Kitty J Jager, Hanneke Joosten, Juan Florencio Macias, Andrew Mooney, Dorothea Nitsch, Marijke Stryckers, Maarten Taal, James Tattersall, Dieneke Van Asselt, Nele Van den Noortgate, Ionut Nistor, Wim Van Biesen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26671531/early-versus-delayed-erythropoietin-for-the-anaemia-of-end-stage-kidney-disease
#4
REVIEW
Jorge Coronado Daza, Arturo J Martí-Carvajal, Amaury Ariza García, Joaquín Rodelo Ceballos, Nancy Yomayusa González, Carol Páez-Canro, César Loza Munárriz, Gerard Urrútia
BACKGROUND: Anaemia is a common complication in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and mainly develops as a consequence of relative erythropoietin (EPO) deficiency. Anaemia develops early in the course of disease and peaks among people with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Many types of EPO - also called erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) - are used to treat anaemia in people with ESKD.ESAs have changed treatment of severe anaemia among people with CKD by relieving symptoms and avoiding complications associated with blood transfusion...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659469/contrast-induced-acute-kidney-injury
#5
REVIEW
Peter A McCullough, James P Choi, Georges A Feghali, Jeffrey M Schussler, Robert M Stoler, Ravi C Vallabahn, Ankit Mehta
Coronary angiography and percutaneous intervention rely on the use of iodinated intravascular contrast for vessel and chamber imaging. Despite advancements in imaging and interventional techniques, iodinated contrast continues to pose a risk of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) for a subgroup of patients at risk for this complication. There has been a consistent and graded signal of risk for associated outcomes including need for renal replacement therapy, rehospitalization, and death, according to the incidence and severity of CI-AKI...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670788/acute-kidney-injury-2016-diagnosis-and-diagnostic-workup
#6
Marlies Ostermann, Michael Joannidis
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common and is associated with serious short- and long-term complications. Early diagnosis and identification of the underlying aetiology are essential to guide management. In this review, we outline the current definition of AKI and the potential pitfalls, and summarise the existing and future tools to investigate AKI in critically ill patients.
September 27, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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