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Osteometabolism

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4 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698344/maternal-vitamin-d-beneficially-programs-metabolic-gut-and-bone-health-of-mouse-male-offspring-in-an-obesogenic-environment
#1
C R Villa, J Chen, B Wen, S M Sacco, A Taibi, W E Ward, E M Comelli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D is an anti-inflammatory nutrient and a determinant of bone health. Some prospective studies suggest that maternal vitamin D status is positively associated with offspring bone mass. We found that serum concentrations of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an inflammatory molecule related to adiposity, insulin resistance and bone resorption, is lower in healthy mouse offspring exposed to high dietary vitamin D during pregnancy and lactation. LPS reaches the circulation via the gut...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629594/serum-25-oh-d-and-adipokines-levels-in-people-with-abdominal-obesity
#2
T Karonova, O Belyaeva, E B Jude, A Tsiberkin, A Andreeva, E Grineva, P Pludowski
Abdominal obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus and has been associated with vitamin D deficiency. Some studies have suggested an association between obesity and adipokine levels as well as low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level but the underlying mechanisms of the interlink between vitamin D status and serum leptin and adiponectin concentrations are still disputed. We included 435 residents (132 males) from St. Petersburg, Russia into this study. All subjects had physical examination and demographics noted...
September 11, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662816/associations-of-vitamin-d-with-insulin-resistance-obesity-type-2-diabetes-and-metabolic-syndrome
#3
Sunil J Wimalawansa
The aim of this study is to determine the relationships of vitamin D with diabetes, insulin resistance obesity, and metabolic syndrome. Intra cellular vitamin D receptors and the 1-α hydroxylase enzyme are distributed ubiquitously in all tissues suggesting a multitude of functions of vitamin D. It plays an indirect but an important role in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism as reflected by its association with type 2 diabetes (T2D), metabolic syndrome, insulin secretion, insulin resistance, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and obesity...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588937/vitamin-d-mediated-hypercalcemia-mechanisms-diagnosis-and-treatment
#4
Peter J Tebben, Ravinder J Singh, Rajiv Kumar
Hypercalcemia occurs in up to 4% of the population in association with malignancy, primary hyperparathyroidism, ingestion of excessive calcium and/or vitamin D, ectopic production of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D], and impaired degradation of 1,25(OH)2D. The ingestion of excessive amounts of vitamin D3 (or vitamin D2) results in hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria due to the formation of supraphysiological amounts of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] that bind to the vitamin D receptor, albeit with lower affinity than the active form of the vitamin, 1,25(OH)2D, and the formation of 5,6-trans 25(OH)D, which binds to the vitamin D receptor more tightly than 25(OH)D...
October 2016: Endocrine Reviews
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