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Neema Izadi, Donald Y M Leung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
G W M Millington, A Collins, C R Lovell, T A Leslie, A S W Yong, J D Morgan, T Ajithkumar, M J Andrews, S M Rushbook, R R Coelho, S J Catten, K Y C Lee, A M Skellett, A G Affleck, L S Exton, M F Mohd Mustapa, N J Levell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
Mark Boguniewicz, Luz Fonacier, Emma Guttman-Yassky, Peck Y Ong, Jonathan Silverberg, Judith Rosen Farrar
The implementation of treatment guidelines for atopic dermatitis is challenging, in part because of different guidance documents being used by different groups of specialists and in part because the language of guidelines often reflects the evidence base rather than the practical "how to." The Atopic Dermatitis Yardstick is part of a series developed in response to the need to proactively address the loss of disease control for atopic illnesses at all levels of severity. It presents a comprehensive update on how to conduct a sustained step-up in therapy for the patient with inadequately controlled or poorly controlled atopic dermatitis...
January 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Carla Mastrorilli, Carlo Caffarelli, Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber
The rising burden of allergic diseases in childhood requires a compelling need to identify individuals at risk for atopy very early in life or even predict the onset of food allergy and atopic dermatitis since pregnancy. The development and clinical phenotypes of atopic diseases in childhood depend on a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors, such as allergen exposure, air pollution, and infections. Preventive strategies may include avoidance measures, diet supplements, and early complementary food introduction...
December 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Margaret Chou, Nikhil Dhingra, Tamara Lazic Strugar
Ingredients found in the nail cosmetic industry, including but not limited to methacrylate and acrylate monomers, formaldehyde, and toluene sulfonamide-formaldehyde resin, can incite allergic contact dermatitis. An eczematous outbreak presents on areas surrounding the nail plate and may spread through contact transfer of the allergen, commonly to the face and neck. Even components that were originally deemed nonsensitizing, such as the ubiquitous cyanoacrylate adhesive family, have been found to be allergenic...
June 13, 2017: Dermatitis
Lawrence F Eichenfield, Jusleen Ahluwalia, Andrea Waldman, Jenna Borok, Jeremy Udkoff, Mark Boguniewicz
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic pruritic inflammatory disease that commonly presents in the pediatric population. Although definitions and diagnosis of AD have largely been agreed upon, allergists and dermatologists have similar and divergent approaches to the management of AD. This review facilitated integration of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology/American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Joint Task Force 2012 AD Practice Parameter and the 2014 American Academy of Dermatology guidelines to highlight the basic principles of AD management and discuss therapies and management of AD from the distinct perspectives of the allergist and dermatologist...
April 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Calvin W Myint, Amy L Rutt, Robert T Sataloff
Fiddler's neck is a common dermatologic condition associated with instrument use in violin and viola players. It typically manifests as a submandibular and/or supraclavicular lesion. It is a benign condition, but it may be mistaken for lymphedema or a salivary gland malignancy. Otolaryngologists who treat patients with fiddler's neck should be aware of appropriate management protocols and the need to avoid surgical excision. We obtained informed consent from 3 violinists to present their cases as specific examples of fiddler's neck...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Leena Chularojanamontri, Papapit Tuchinda, Kamolwan Pongparit, Sumruay Pinkaew, Piyavadee Nuchkull, Kanokvalai Kulthanan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Takashi Nomura, Kenji Kabashima
This review aims to highlight recently published articles on atopic dermatitis (AD). Updated are the insights into epidemiology, pathology, diagnostics, and therapy. Epidemiologic studies have revealed a positive correlation between AD and systemic conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and neonatal adiposity. Pathologic findings highlight the involvement of novel barrier factors (desmoplakin and claudin), novel immune cell subsets (pathogenic effector TH2 cells and group 2 innate lymphoid cells), and differential skewing of helper T cells (eg, TH17 dominance in Asians with AD)...
December 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Sam Hassan, Mary Jacqueline Saviour
Causes of facial rashes and erythema in infants are many but rarely only happen during feeding times which are commonly and sometimes wrongly attributed to food allergy. There is a rare condition called Auriculotemporal nerve syndrome that is characterized by recurrent episodes of gustatory facial flushing and sweating along the cutaneous distribution of Auriculotemporal nerve: the so-called Frey syndrome. This condition is most frequently observed in adults usually after parotid surgery. It is rare in children and is mostly attributed to forceps assisted delivery...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Hengameh Kasrae, Leila Amiri Farahani, Parsa Yousefi
Infant atopic eczema is an inflammatory lesion usually involving the epidermis of the skin. About 50% of infants are affected by this lesion in the first years of their lives. Studies show human breast milk (HBM) as a preventive measure and effective treatment of some sores and infections. This article evaluates the short-term efficacy of HBM versus hydrocortisone 1% ointment in infants with mild to moderate atopic dermatitis (AD). We conducted a randomized clinical trial among infants with diagnosed AD within a pediatrics unit...
August 2015: International Journal of Dermatology
A Heratizadeh, T Werfel
The pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD) is multifactorial and complex. Consequently, clinical signs and symptoms vary strongly depending on individually relevant trigger factors and the stage of the disease. So far, treatment of AD was commonly limited to topical treatment or, in more severe cases, to systemic drugs mostly approved for other indications than AD. However, emerging data on new anti-inflammatory agents have been published in the recent years. As these new substances specifically focus on immune responses in AD, these are partially considered as possible 'breakthrough' in the treatment of AD...
December 2016: Allergy
C Schlapbach, D Simon
Skin diseases with an allergic background such as atopic dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, and urticaria are very common. Moreover, diseases arising from a dysfunction of immune cells and/or their products often manifest with skin symptoms. This review aims to summarize recently published articles in order to highlight novel research findings, clinical trial results, and current guidelines on disease management. In recent years, an immense progress has been made in understanding the link between skin barrier dysfunction and allergic sensitization initiating the atopic march...
December 2014: Allergy
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