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Eva Angenete, David Bock, Jacob Rosenberg, Eva Haglind
PURPOSE: Perforated diverticulitis often requires surgery with a colon resection such as Hartmann's procedure, with inherent morbidity. Recent studies suggest that laparoscopic lavage may be an alternative surgical treatment. The aim of this study was to compare re-operations, morbidity, and mortality as well as health economic outcomes between laparoscopic lavage and colon resection for perforated purulent diverticulitis. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane, Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, and Embase were searched...
August 27, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Erin Frazee, Kianoush Kashani
BACKGROUND: Intravenous fluids (IVF) are frequently utilized to restore intravascular volume in patients with distributive and hypovolemic shock. Although the benefits of the appropriate use of fluids in intensive care units (ICUs) and hospitals are well described, there is growing knowledge regarding the potential risks of volume overload and its impact on organ failure and mortality. To avoid volume overload and its associated complications, strategies to identify fluid responsiveness are developed and utilized more often among ICU patients...
June 2016: Kidney Diseases
Sami A Chadi, Abe Fingerhut, Mariana Berho, Steven R DeMeester, James W Fleshman, Neil H Hyman, David A Margolin, Joseph E Martz, Elisabeth C McLemore, Daniela Molena, Martin I Newman, Janice F Rafferty, Bashar Safar, Anthony J Senagore, Oded Zmora, Steven D Wexner
Anastomotic leaks represent one of the most alarming complications following any gastrointestinal anastomosis due to the substantial effects on post-operative morbidity and mortality of the patient with long-lasting effects on the functional and oncologic outcomes. There is a lack of consensus related to the definition of an anastomotic leak, with a variety of options for prevention and management. A number of patient-related and technical risk factors have been found to be associated with the development of an anastomotic leak and have inspired the development of various preventative measures and technologies...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Quentin Denost, Philippe Rouanet, Jean-Luc Faucheron, Yves Panis, Bernard Meunier, Eddy Cotte, Guillaume Meurette, Sylvain Kirzin, Charles Sabbagh, Jèrôme Loriau, Stèphane Benoist, Christophe Mariette, Igor Sielezneff, Bernard Lelong, François Mauvais, Benoit Romain, Marie-Line Barussaud, Christine Germain, Marie-Quitterie Picat, Eric Rullier, Christophe Laurent
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of pelvic drainage after rectal surgery for cancer. BACKGROUND: Pelvic sepsis is one of the major complications after rectal excision for rectal cancer. Although many studies have confirmed infectiveness of drainage after colectomy, there is still a controversy after rectal surgery. METHODS: This multicenter randomized trial with 2 parallel arms (drain vs no drain) was performed between 2011 and 2014. Primary endpoint was postoperative pelvic sepsis within 30 postoperative days, including anastomotic leakage, pelvic abscess, and peritonitis...
September 14, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Amy E Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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