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Lung ultrasound newborn

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Javier Rodríguez-Fanjul, Ana Serrano Llop, Monica Balaguer, Carles Bautista-Rodriguez, Julio Moreno Hernando, Iolanda Jordan
This study aimed to explore the pattern of lung ultrasound (LUS) in newborns with congenital heart disease (CHD) and to investigate the accuracy of LUS assessing pulmonary overflow (PO) during the first days of life. Lung ultrasound was performed in 51 newborns during the first days of life, and newborns were classified in two groups depending on the predisposition to develop POas evaluated by the abundance of B-lines. The results were compared to the physical examination (PE), chest X-ray, and echocardiography...
September 13, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
Luigi Cattarossi, Roberto Copetti, Giacomo Brusa, Stefano Pintaldi
Background. Pneumothorax (PTX) still remains a common cause of morbidity in critically ill and ventilated neonates. At the present time, lung ultrasound (LUS) is not included in the diagnostic work-up of PTX in newborns despite of excellent evidence of reliability in adults. The aim of this study was to compare LUS, chest X-ray (CXR), and chest transillumination (CTR) for PTX diagnosis in a group of neonates in which the presence of air in the pleural space was confirmed. Methods. In a 36-month period, 49 neonates with respiratory distress were enrolled in the study...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
Javier Rodríguez-Fanjul, Carla Balcells, Victoria Aldecoa-Bilbao, Julio Moreno, Martín Iriondo
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of neonatal respiratory distress may be difficult to estimate at admission. Lung ultrasound is a useful diagnostic tool that is quick, requires little training, and is radiation free. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze whether early lung ultrasound can predict respiratory failure. METHODS: From January to December 2014, lung ultrasound was performed on neonates admitted with breathing difficulties if they were older than 32 weeks and not intubated...
2016: Neonatology
Marco Piastra, Nadya Yousef, Roselyne Brat, Paolo Manzoni, Mostafa Mokhtari, Daniele De Luca
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is a rare and life-threatening neonatal lung injury induced by meconium in the lung and airways. Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a quick, easy and cheap imaging technique that is increasingly being used in critical care settings, also for newborns. In this paper we describe ultrasound findings in MAS. Six patients with MAS of variable severity were examined by LUS during the first hours of life. Chest X-rays were used as reference. The following dynamic LUS signs were seen in all patients: (1) B-pattern (interstitial) coalescent or sparse; (2) consolidations; (3) atelectasis; (4) bronchograms...
September 2014: Early Human Development
Michela Vergine, Roberto Copetti, Giacomo Brusa, Luigi Cattarossi
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a promising technique for the diagnosis of neonatal respiratory diseases. Preliminary data has shown a good sensitivity and specificity of LUS in the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to calculate the sensitivity, specificity, and negative (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV) of LUS for RDS and TTN, using an external reader blinded to the clinical condition...
2014: Neonatology
Francesco Raimondi, Fiorella Migliaro, Angela Sodano, Angela Umbaldo, Antonia Romano, Gianfranco Vallone, Letizia Capasso
INTRODUCTION: At birth, lung fluid is rapidly cleared to allow gas exchange. As pulmonary sonography discriminates between liquid and air content, we have used it to monitor extrauterine fluid clearance and respiratory adaptation in term and late preterm neonates. Ultrasound data were also related to the need for respiratory support. METHODS: Consecutive infants at 60 to 120 minutes after birth underwent lung echography. Images were classified using a standardized protocol of adult emergency medicine with minor modifications...
2012: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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