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Lung ultrasound newborn

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14 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108881/diagnostic-performance-of-point-of-care-ultrasonography-in-identifying-the-etiology-of-respiratory-distress-in-neonates
#1
Harish Rachuri, Tejo Pratap Oleti, Srinivas Murki, Sreeram Subramanian, Jayalatha Nethagani
OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic test performance of Point of care ultrasonography (PoC-USG) for identifying the etiology of respiratory distress (RD) in neonates when combination of radiological and clinical criteria is considered as the gold standard. METHODS: A neonate was included in the study if he/she had RD and underwent x-ray chest and ultrasound within 4 h of admission and the age was less than 24 h. The neonates admitted with non-respiratory illness were chosen as controls...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249708/lung-ultrasound-during-the-initiation-of-breathing-in-healthy-term-and-late-preterm-infants-immediately-after-birth-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
Douglas A Blank, Sheryle R Rogerson, C Omar F Kamlin, Lisa M Fox, Laila Lorenz, Stefan C Kane, Graeme R Polglase, Stuart B Hooper, Peter G Davis
INTRODUCTION: Lung ultrasound (LUS) has shown promise for evaluation of newborns with respiratory distress. However, no study has described the appearance of LUS during the initiation of breathing. We used LUS to describe the appearance of the lungs in healthy infants immediately after birth, starting with the infant's first breath, through the first 20min after birth. METHODS: This was a single-center observational study enrolling neonates born at ≥35 weeks. We obtained LUS video recordings with the initiation of breathing...
May 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404216/lung-ultrasonography-to-diagnose-pneumothorax-of-the-newborn
#3
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jing Liu, Jing-Han Chi, Xiao-Ling Ren, Jie Li, Ya-Juan Chen, Zu-Lin Lu, Ying Liu, Wei Fu, Rong-Ming Xia
OBJECTIVE: To explore the reliability and accuracy of lung ultrasound for diagnosing neonatal pneumothorax. METHODS: This study was divided into two phases. (1) In the first phase, from January 2013 to June 2015, 40 patients with confirmed pneumothorax had lung ultrasound examinations performed to identify the sonographic characteristics of neonatal pneumothorax. (2) In the second phase, from July 2015 to August 2016, lung ultrasound was undertaken on 50 newborn infants with severe lung disease who were suspected of having pneumothorax, to evaluate the sonographic accuracy and reliability to diagnose pneumothorax...
September 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659360/lung-ultrasound-immediately-after-birth-to-describe-normal-neonatal-transition-an-observational-study
#4
Douglas A Blank, C Omar Farouk Kamlin, Sheryle R Rogerson, Lisa M Fox, Laila Lorenz, Stefan Charles Kane, Graeme R Polglase, Stuart B Hooper, Peter G Davis
OBJECTIVE: Lung ultrasound (LUS) has shown promise as a diagnostic tool for the evaluation of the newborn with respiratory distress. No study has described LUS during 'normal' transition. Our goal was to characterise the appearance of serial LUS in healthy newborns from the first minutes after birth until airway liquid clearance is achieved. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Single-centre tertiary perinatal centre in Australia...
March 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870125/role-of-chest-ultrasound-in-neonatal-lung-disease-a-review-of-current-evidences
#5
Deepak Sharma, Nazanin Farahbakhsh
Among the common causes of neonatal admission to NICU, respiratory distress is one of the important causes. The neonatal respiratory distress is end result of various pulmonary and non-pulmonary causes. Differentiation of pulmonary causes of respiratory distress is important for the neonatologist as treatment differs with different etiologies. Conventionally, chest X-ray and sometimes CT scan have been used to identify the etiology of respiratory distress but these modalities have several limitations which make their use in NICU doubtful...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248322/-can-a-simple-lung-ultrasound-score-predict-length-of-ventilation-for-infants-with-severe-acute-viral-bronchiolitis
#6
M Taveira, N Yousef, J Miatello, C Roy, C Claude, B Boutillier, C Dubois, A-F Pierre, P Tissières, P Durand
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LU) is a bedside point-of-care technique in critical care and emergency medicine. LU is quick and non-irradiating, and provides accurate diagnostic information when compared with chest radiographs. Specific LU signs have been described for bronchiolitis. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between severity of LU-diagnosed lung lesions, using a quantitative LU score, and the length of non-invasive ventilation (LOV) for infants diagnosed with severe viral bronchiolitis...
February 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107409/laryngeal-ultrasound-and-vocal-fold-movement-in-the-pediatric-cardiovascular-intensive-care-unit
#7
Julina Ongkasuwan, Elena Ocampo, Brandon Tran
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Vocal fold motion impairment (VFMI) is a known sequela of cardiovascular surgery. The gold standard for the evaluation of vocal fold movement is flexible nasolaryngoscopy (FNL). Although safe, FNL does cause measurable physiologic changes. Noxious stimuli in cardiovascular intensive care unit (CVICU) neonates may cause imbalance between the pulmonary and systemic circulations and potentially circulatory collapse. The goals of this project were to determine the accuracy of laryngeal ultrasound (LUS) compared to FNL to identify VFMI in CVICU neonates and compare their physiologic impact...
January 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809611/lung-ultrasonography-to-diagnose-pulmonary-hemorrhage-of-the-newborn
#8
Xiao-Ling Ren, Wei Fu, Jing Liu, Ying Liu, Rong-Ming Xia
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to investigate the application of lung ultrasound for the diagnosis of pulmonary hemorrhage of the newborn (PHN). METHODS: From July 2013 to June 2016, 157 neonates were enrolled in the study. They were divided into two groups: a study group of 57 neonates, who were diagnosed with PHN according to their medical history, clinical manifestations and chest X-ray findings, and a control group of 100 neonates with no lung disease. All subjects underwent bedside lung ultrasound in a quiet state in a supine, lateral or prone position, performed by a single expert physician...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623867/usefulness-of-lung-ultrasound-in-neonatal-congenital-heart-disease-lusnehdi-lung-ultrasound-to-assess-pulmonary-overflow-in-neonatal-congenital-heart-disease
#9
Javier Rodríguez-Fanjul, Ana Serrano Llop, Monica Balaguer, Carles Bautista-Rodriguez, Julio Moreno Hernando, Iolanda Jordan
This study aimed to explore the pattern of lung ultrasound (LUS) in newborns with congenital heart disease (CHD) and to investigate the accuracy of LUS assessing pulmonary overflow (PO) during the first days of life. Lung ultrasound was performed in 51 newborns during the first days of life, and newborns were classified in two groups depending on the predisposition to develop POas evaluated by the abundance of B-lines. The results were compared to the physical examination (PE), chest X-ray, and echocardiography...
December 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445558/lung-ultrasound-diagnostic-accuracy-in-neonatal-pneumothorax
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Luigi Cattarossi, Roberto Copetti, Giacomo Brusa, Stefano Pintaldi
Background. Pneumothorax (PTX) still remains a common cause of morbidity in critically ill and ventilated neonates. At the present time, lung ultrasound (LUS) is not included in the diagnostic work-up of PTX in newborns despite of excellent evidence of reliability in adults. The aim of this study was to compare LUS, chest X-ray (CXR), and chest transillumination (CTR) for PTX diagnosis in a group of neonates in which the presence of air in the pleural space was confirmed. Methods. In a 36-month period, 49 neonates with respiratory distress were enrolled in the study...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220313/lung-ultrasound-as-a-predictor-of-mechanical-ventilation-in-neonates-older-than-32-weeks
#11
Javier Rodríguez-Fanjul, Carla Balcells, Victoria Aldecoa-Bilbao, Julio Moreno, Martín Iriondo
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of neonatal respiratory distress may be difficult to estimate at admission. Lung ultrasound is a useful diagnostic tool that is quick, requires little training, and is radiation free. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze whether early lung ultrasound can predict respiratory failure. METHODS: From January to December 2014, lung ultrasound was performed on neonates admitted with breathing difficulties if they were older than 32 weeks and not intubated...
2016: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25220126/lung-ultrasound-findings-in-meconium-aspiration-syndrome
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Marco Piastra, Nadya Yousef, Roselyne Brat, Paolo Manzoni, Mostafa Mokhtari, Daniele De Luca
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is a rare and life-threatening neonatal lung injury induced by meconium in the lung and airways. Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a quick, easy and cheap imaging technique that is increasingly being used in critical care settings, also for newborns. In this paper we describe ultrasound findings in MAS. Six patients with MAS of variable severity were examined by LUS during the first hours of life. Chest X-rays were used as reference. The following dynamic LUS signs were seen in all patients: (1) B-pattern (interstitial) coalescent or sparse; (2) consolidations; (3) atelectasis; (4) bronchograms...
September 2014: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24819542/lung-ultrasound-accuracy-in-respiratory-distress-syndrome-and-transient-tachypnea-of-the-newborn
#13
Michela Vergine, Roberto Copetti, Giacomo Brusa, Luigi Cattarossi
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a promising technique for the diagnosis of neonatal respiratory diseases. Preliminary data has shown a good sensitivity and specificity of LUS in the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to calculate the sensitivity, specificity, and negative (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV) of LUS for RDS and TTN, using an external reader blinded to the clinical condition...
2014: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23151314/can-neonatal-lung-ultrasound-monitor-fluid-clearance-and-predict-the-need-of-respiratory-support
#14
Francesco Raimondi, Fiorella Migliaro, Angela Sodano, Angela Umbaldo, Antonia Romano, Gianfranco Vallone, Letizia Capasso
INTRODUCTION: At birth, lung fluid is rapidly cleared to allow gas exchange. As pulmonary sonography discriminates between liquid and air content, we have used it to monitor extrauterine fluid clearance and respiratory adaptation in term and late preterm neonates. Ultrasound data were also related to the need for respiratory support. METHODS: Consecutive infants at 60 to 120 minutes after birth underwent lung echography. Images were classified using a standardized protocol of adult emergency medicine with minor modifications...
November 14, 2012: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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