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Oncology

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4 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647842/clinical-presentation-of-childhood-leukaemia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Rachel T Clarke, Ann Van den Bruel, Clare Bankhead, Christopher D Mitchell, Bob Phillips, Matthew J Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Leukaemia is the most common cancer of childhood, accounting for a third of cases. In order to assist clinicians in its early detection, we systematically reviewed all existing data on its clinical presentation and estimated the frequency of signs and symptoms presenting at or prior to diagnosis. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for all studies describing presenting features of leukaemia in children (0-18 years) without date or language restriction, and, when appropriate, meta-analysed data from the included studies...
October 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348695/critical-care-of-patients-with-cancer
#2
Alexander Shimabukuro-Vornhagen, Boris Böll, Matthias Kochanek, Éli Azoulay, Michael S von Bergwelt-Baildon
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE The increasing prevalence of patients living with cancer in conjunction with the rapid progress in cancer therapy will lead to a growing number of patients with cancer who will require intensive care treatment. Fortunately, the development of more effective oncologic therapies, advances in critical care, and improvements in patient selection have led to an increased survival of critically ill patients with cancer. As a consequence, critical care has become an important cornerstone in the continuum of modern cancer care...
June 27, 2016: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27196265/early-discharge-of-neutropenic-pediatric-oncology-patients-admitted-with-fever
#3
Melanie A Villanueva, Keith J August
BACKGROUND: Fever and neutropenia (FN) is a common complication of pediatric oncology therapy and accounts for a large number of hospital admissions. Standard therapy for FN includes hospital admission and empiric antibiotics. Strict adherence to this practice leads to prolonged hospitalizations that may be unnecessary for patients at low risk of having an underlying significant infection. PROCEDURE: Children admitted with FN could be discharged after a minimum of 48 hr with no further antibiotic therapy once they had been afebrile for 24 hr with negative blood cultures from initial presentation, regardless of their neutrophil count...
October 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27157931/the-2016-world-health-organization-classification-of-tumors-of-the-central-nervous-system-a-summary
#4
REVIEW
David N Louis, Arie Perry, Guido Reifenberger, Andreas von Deimling, Dominique Figarella-Branger, Webster K Cavenee, Hiroko Ohgaki, Otmar D Wiestler, Paul Kleihues, David W Ellison
The 2016 World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System is both a conceptual and practical advance over its 2007 predecessor. For the first time, the WHO classification of CNS tumors uses molecular parameters in addition to histology to define many tumor entities, thus formulating a concept for how CNS tumor diagnoses should be structured in the molecular era. As such, the 2016 CNS WHO presents major restructuring of the diffuse gliomas, medulloblastomas and other embryonal tumors, and incorporates new entities that are defined by both histology and molecular features, including glioblastoma, IDH-wildtype and glioblastoma, IDH-mutant; diffuse midline glioma, H3 K27M-mutant; RELA fusion-positive ependymoma; medulloblastoma, WNT-activated and medulloblastoma, SHH-activated; and embryonal tumour with multilayered rosettes, C19MC-altered...
June 2016: Acta Neuropathologica
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