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Alia Alnaji, Graham R Law, Eleanor M Scott
Sleep curtailment is common in the Westernised world and coincides with an increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This review considers the recently published evidence for whether sleep duration is involved in the development of T2DM in human subjects and whether sleep has a role to play in glucose control in people who have diabetes. Data from large, prospective studies indicate a U-shaped relationship between sleep duration and the development of T2DM. Smaller, cross-sectional studies also support a relationship between short sleep duration and the development of both insulin resistance and T2DM...
June 23, 2016: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Steven P Marso, Stephen C Bain, Agostino Consoli, Freddy G Eliaschewitz, Esteban Jódar, Lawrence A Leiter, Ildiko Lingvay, Julio Rosenstock, Jochen Seufert, Mark L Warren, Vincent Woo, Oluf Hansen, Anders G Holst, Jonas Pettersson, Tina Vilsbøll
Background Regulatory guidance specifies the need to establish cardiovascular safety of new diabetes therapies in patients with type 2 diabetes in order to rule out excess cardiovascular risk. The cardiovascular effects of semaglutide, a glucagon-like peptide 1 analogue with an extended half-life of approximately 1 week, in type 2 diabetes are unknown. Methods We randomly assigned 3297 patients with type 2 diabetes who were on a standard-care regimen to receive once-weekly semaglutide (0.5 mg or 1.0 mg) or placebo for 104 weeks...
September 15, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
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