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Diabetes

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3 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099783/ketosis-and-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-response-to-sglt2-inhibitors-basic-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-perspectives
#1
REVIEW
Hongyu Qiu, Aleksandra Novikov, Volker Vallon
Inhibitors of the sodium-glucose cotransporter SGLT2 are a new class of antihyperglycemic drugs that have been approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). These drugs inhibit glucose reabsorption in the proximal tubules of the kidney thereby enhancing glucosuria and lowering blood glucose levels. Additional consequences and benefits include a reduction in body weight, uric acid levels, and blood pressure. Moreover, SGLT2 inhibition can have protective effects on the kidney and cardiovascular system in patients with T2DM and high cardiovascular risk...
July 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334543/the-role-of-sleep-duration-in-diabetes-and-glucose-control
#2
Alia Alnaji, Graham R Law, Eleanor M Scott
Sleep curtailment is common in the Westernised world and coincides with an increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This review considers the recently published evidence for whether sleep duration is involved in the development of T2DM in human subjects and whether sleep has a role to play in glucose control in people who have diabetes. Data from large, prospective studies indicate a U-shaped relationship between sleep duration and the development of T2DM. Smaller, cross-sectional studies also support a relationship between short sleep duration and the development of both insulin resistance and T2DM...
November 2016: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633186/semaglutide-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Steven P Marso, Stephen C Bain, Agostino Consoli, Freddy G Eliaschewitz, Esteban Jódar, Lawrence A Leiter, Ildiko Lingvay, Julio Rosenstock, Jochen Seufert, Mark L Warren, Vincent Woo, Oluf Hansen, Anders G Holst, Jonas Pettersson, Tina Vilsbøll
BACKGROUND: Regulatory guidance specifies the need to establish cardiovascular safety of new diabetes therapies in patients with type 2 diabetes in order to rule out excess cardiovascular risk. The cardiovascular effects of semaglutide, a glucagon-like peptide 1 analogue with an extended half-life of approximately 1 week, in type 2 diabetes are unknown. METHODS: We randomly assigned 3297 patients with type 2 diabetes who were on a standard-care regimen to receive once-weekly semaglutide (0...
November 10, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
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