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596 papers 100 to 500 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284458/p53-dysregulation-in-b-cell-malignancies-more-than-a-single-gene-in-the-pathway-to-hell
#1
REVIEW
B Tessoulin, M Eveillard, A Lok, D Chiron, P Moreau, M Amiot, A Moreau-Aubry, S Le Gouill, C Pellat-Deceunynck
TP53 deletion or mutation is frequent in B-cell malignancies and is associated with a low response rate. We describe here the p53 landscape in B-cell malignancies, from B-Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia to Plasma Cell Leukemia, by analyzing incidence of gain or loss of function of actors both upstream and within the p53 pathway, namely MYC, RAS, ARF, MDM2, ATM and TP53. Abnormalities are not equally distributed and their incidence is highly variable among malignancies. Deletion and mutation, usually associated, of ATM or TP53 are frequent in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma and Mantle Cell Lymphoma...
March 4, 2017: Blood Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240562/guidelines-for-management-of-incidental-pulmonary-nodules-detected-on-ct-images-from-the-fleischner-society-2017
#2
Heber MacMahon, David P Naidich, Jin Mo Goo, Kyung Soo Lee, Ann N C Leung, John R Mayo, Atul C Mehta, Yoshiharu Ohno, Charles A Powell, Mathias Prokop, Geoffrey D Rubin, Cornelia M Schaefer-Prokop, William D Travis, Paul E Van Schil, Alexander A Bankier
The Fleischner Society Guidelines for management of solid nodules were published in 2005, and separate guidelines for subsolid nodules were issued in 2013. Since then, new information has become available; therefore, the guidelines have been revised to reflect current thinking on nodule management. The revised guidelines incorporate several substantive changes that reflect current thinking on the management of small nodules. The minimum threshold size for routine follow-up has been increased, and recommended follow-up intervals are now given as a range rather than as a precise time period to give radiologists, clinicians, and patients greater discretion to accommodate individual risk factors and preferences...
February 23, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298458/2017-aha-acc-focused-update-of-the-2014-aha-acc-guideline-for-the-management-of-patients-with-valvular-heart-disease-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice-guidelines
#3
REVIEW
Rick A Nishimura, Catherine M Otto, Robert O Bonow, Blase A Carabello, John P Erwin, Lee A Fleisher, Hani Jneid, Michael J Mack, Christopher J McLeod, Patrick T O'Gara, Vera H Rigolin, Thoralf M Sundt, Annemarie Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114143/electrolyte-and-acid-base-disorders-in-chronic-kidney-disease-and-end-stage-kidney-failure
#4
REVIEW
Tsering Dhondup, Qi Qian
The kidneys play a pivotal role in the regulation of electrolyte and acid-base balance. With progressive loss of kidney function, derangements in electrolytes and acid-base inevitably occur and contribute to poor patient outcomes. As chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a worldwide epidemic, medical providers are increasingly confronted with such problems. Adequate diagnosis and treatment will minimize complications and can potentially be lifesaving. In this review, we discuss the current understanding of the disease process, clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment strategies, integrating up-to-date knowledge in the field...
2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302313/influenza
#5
REVIEW
Catharine Paules, Kanta Subbarao
Influenza is an acute respiratory illness, caused by influenza A, B, and C viruses, that occurs in local outbreaks or seasonal epidemics. Clinical illness follows a short incubation period and presentation ranges from asymptomatic to fulminant, depending on the characteristics of both the virus and the individual host. Influenza A viruses can also cause sporadic infections or spread worldwide in a pandemic when novel strains emerge in the human population from an animal host. New approaches to influenza prevention and treatment for management of both seasonal influenza epidemics and pandemics are desirable...
March 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257716/the-risks-and-benefits-of-long-term-use-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-expert-review-and-best-practice-advice-from-the-american-gastroenterological-association
#6
REVIEW
Daniel E Freedberg, Lawrence S Kim, Yu-Xiao Yang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The purpose of this review is to evaluate the risks associated with long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), focusing on long-term use of PPIs for three common indications: gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Barrett's esophagus (BE), and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) bleeding prophylaxis. METHODS: The recommendations outlined in this review are based on expert opinion and on relevant publications from PubMed, EMbase, and the Cochrane library (through July 2016)...
March 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258332/progress-in-difficult-airway-management
#7
EDITORIAL
Takashi Asai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249994/duration-of-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-in-acute-coronary-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Simon John Wilson, David E Newby, Dana Dawson, John Irving, Colin Berry
Despite a large volume of evidence supporting the use of dual antiplatelet therapy in patients with acute coronary syndrome, there remains major uncertainty regarding the optimal duration of therapy. Clinical trials have varied markedly in the duration of therapy, both across and within trials. Recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses suggest that shorter durations of dual antiplatelet therapy are superior because the avoidance of atherothrombotic events is counterbalanced by the greater risks of excess major bleeding with apparent increases in all-cause mortality with longer durations...
March 1, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223445/diabetic-retinopathy-a-position-statement-by-the-american-diabetes-association
#9
REVIEW
Sharon D Solomon, Emily Chew, Elia J Duh, Lucia Sobrin, Jennifer K Sun, Brian L VanderBeek, Charles C Wykoff, Thomas W Gardner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959707/epidemiology-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-children-and-young-adults
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ahmad Kaddourah, Rajit K Basu, Sean M Bagshaw, Stuart L Goldstein
Background The epidemiologic characteristics of children and young adults with acute kidney injury have been described in single-center and retrospective studies. We conducted a multinational, prospective study involving patients admitted to pediatric intensive care units to define the incremental risk of death and complications associated with severe acute kidney injury. Methods We used the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes criteria to define acute kidney injury. Severe acute kidney injury was defined as stage 2 or 3 acute kidney injury (plasma creatinine level ≥2 times the baseline level or urine output <0...
January 5, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232056/prophylactic-corticosteroids-for-prevention-of-post-extubation-stridor-and-reintubation-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Akira Kuriyama, Noriyuki Umakoshi, Rao Sun
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroid administration before elective extubation has been employed to prevent post-extubation stridor and reintubation. We updated a systematic review to identify which patients would benefit from prophylactic corticosteroids before elective extubation. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Wanfang Database, the China Academic Journal Network Publishing Database, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for eligible trials from inception through February 29, 2016...
February 20, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249081/management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-2017-getting-to-goal
#12
Jane E B Reusch, JoAnn E Manson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233512/tuberculosis-associated-with-hiv-infection
#13
Jeffrey A Tornheim, Kelly E Dooley
Tuberculosis (TB) has recently surpassed HIV as the primary infectious disease killer worldwide, but the two diseases continue to display lethal synergy. The burden of TB is disproportionately borne by people living with HIV, particularly where HIV and poverty coexist. The impact of these diseases on one another is bidirectional, with HIV increasing risk of TB infection and disease progression and TB slowing CD4 recovery and increasing progression to AIDS and death among the HIV infected. Both antiretroviral therapy (ART) and latent TB infection (LTBI) treatment mitigate the impact of coinfection, and ART is now recommended for HIV-infected patients independent of CD4 count...
January 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149656/immune-and-inflammatory-gene-expressions-are-different-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-compared-to-those-in-familial-mediterranean-fever
#14
Filiz Türe Özdemir, Emel Ekşioğlu Demiralp, Sibel Z Aydın, Pamir Atagündüz, Tülin Ergun, Haner Direskeneli
OBJECTIVE: The immune classification of Behçet's disease (BD) is still controversial. In this study, we aimed to compare the immune/inflammatory gene expressions in BD with those in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), an autoinflammatory disorder with innate immune activation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: CD4+ T cells and CD14+ monocytes were isolated from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of Behçet's disease patients (n=10), FMF (n=6) patients, and healthy controls (n=4) with microbeads, and then, the mRNA was isolated...
December 2016: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25045326/uric-acid-nephrolithiasis-a-systemic-metabolic-disorder
#15
Michael R Wiederkehr, Orson W Moe
Uric acid nephrolithiasis is characteristically a manifestation of a systemic metabolic disorder. It has a prevalence of about 10% among all stone formers, the third most common type of kidney stone in the industrialized world. Uric acid stones form primarily due to an unduly acid urine; less deciding factors are hyperuricosuria and a low urine volume. The vast majority of uric acid stone formers have the metabolic syndrome, and not infrequently, clinical gout is present as well. A universal finding is a low baseline urine pH plus insufficient production of urinary ammonium buffer...
December 2011: Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244857/diagnostic-validity-of-doppler-ultrasound-in-giant-cell-arteritis
#16
I Concepción Aranda-Valera, Sara García Carazo, Irene Monjo Henry, Eugenio De Miguel Mendieta
OBJECTIVES: To assess the validity of Doppler ultrasound in the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA), using the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria and biopsy and using as gold standard the patient's definitive clinical diagnosis. METHODS: An observational, descriptive and analytical study of 451 consecutive patients with suspected GCA was conducted, and the clinical history and ultrasound findings of the patients were reviewed. The validity of ACR criteria, temporal arteritis biopsy (TAB) and Doppler ultrasound in the diagnosis of GCA was calculated using the final diagnosis of the doctor in charge as the gold standard...
February 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596109/clinical-approach-to-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#17
REVIEW
Paolo F Caimi, Brian T Hill, Eric D Hsi, Mitchell R Smith
Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common subtype of lymphoma. We now recognize that DLBCL corresponds to a biologically heterogeneous family of diseases. Given the potential for cure for most DLBCL patients, appropriate diagnostic and staging evaluation and therapy are essential. Here we review areas of consensus as well as controversy in the evaluation, treatment and monitoring of patients with DLBCL and its related subtypes.
November 2016: Blood Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164544/clinical-significance-of-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-and-inflammatory-factors-for-the-disease-activity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Li Yunchun, Wang Yue, Fang Z Jun, Su Qizhu, Ding Liumei
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the significance of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) and other factors for the disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Each patient underwent clinical examination and blood sampling for assessment of serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), hemoglobin concentration (Hb), hematocrit (HCT), RDW, and other erythrocyte parameters (mean corpuscular volume [MCV], mean cell Hb [MCH], mean corpuscular Hb concentration [MCHC])...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203768/tranexamic-acid-still-far-to-go
#19
S M Goobie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208757/pathogenesis%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-therapeutic%C3%A2-mechanisms%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-immune%C3%A2-thrombocytopenia%C3%A2-itp
#20
REVIEW
Anne Zufferey, Rick Kapur, John W Semple
Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a complex autoimmune disease characterized by low  platelet counts. The pathogenesis of ITP remains unclear although both antibody-mediated and/or  T cell-mediated platelet destruction are key processes. In addition, impairment of T cells, cytokine  imbalances, and the contribution of the bone marrow niche have now been recognized to be  important. Treatment strategies are aimed at the restoration of platelet counts compatible with  adequate hemostasis rather than achieving physiological platelet counts...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
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