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Dominick Latremouille-Viau, Annie Guerin, Roy Nitulescu, Patrick S Gagnon, George J Joseph, Lei Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare treatment patterns and economic outcomes of dasatinib and nilotinib as 1st-line therapies for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). METHODS: Adult CML patients initiated on first-line dasatinib or nilotinib in 2010-2014 were identified from two large US administrative claims databases. Treatment patterns, tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) adherence and healthcare resource utilization (HRU) and costs were measured from the 1st-line TKI initiation (index date) to the end of follow-up...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Lauren Caldemeyer, Luke P Akard
With BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), such as imatinib, nilotinib, dasatinib, bosutinib, and ponatinib, many patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP) can expect to live near-normal life spans. Current treatment recommendations of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network and the European LeukemiaNet state that patients with CML-CP should remain on TKI therapy indefinitely. However, there is increasing evidence from clinical trials that some patients with sustained deep molecular responses may be able to achieve treatment-free remission (TFR), whereby they can suspend TKI therapy without losing previously achieved responses...
December 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Stéphanie Dulucq, Francois-Xavier Mahon
Several clinical trials have demonstrated that some patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP) who achieve sustained deep molecular responses on tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy can safely suspend therapy and attempt treatment-free remission (TFR). Many TFR studies to date have enrolled imatinib-treated patients; however, the feasibility of TFR following nilotinib or dasatinib has also been demonstrated. In this review, we discuss available data from TFR trials and what these data reveal about the molecular biology of TFR...
September 2016: Cancer Medicine
Kendra Sweet, Javier Pinilla-Ibarz
Response to frontline BCR-ABL1-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy is associated with an improved prognosis for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Accordingly, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and European LeukemiaNet (ELN) recommend the use of specific response milestones (eg, BCR-ABL1≤10% on the International Scale at 3 months) to assess treatment success and inform follow-up care, including potentially switching to another TKI therapy. However, prior to any treatment change, the potential benefits and risks of each TKI and the goals of the patient must be considered...
July 2016: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
J L Steegmann, M Baccarani, M Breccia, L F Casado, V García-Gutiérrez, A Hochhaus, D-W Kim, T D Kim, H J Khoury, P Le Coutre, J Mayer, D Milojkovic, K Porkka, D Rea, G Rosti, S Saussele, R Hehlmann, R E Clark
Most reports on chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) focus on efficacy, particularly on molecular response and outcome. In contrast, adverse events (AEs) are often reported as infrequent, minor, tolerable and manageable, but they are increasingly important as therapy is potentially lifelong and multiple TKIs are available. For this reason, the European LeukemiaNet panel for CML management recommendations presents an exhaustive and critical summary of AEs emerging during CML treatment, to assist their understanding, management and prevention...
August 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Elias Jabbour
The advent of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has drastically changed the treatment outcome of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Imatinib was the first TKI approved, and has been considered the standard of care for more than a decade. Second generation compounds, namely dasatinib and nilotinib, are highly effective in newly diagnosed patients as well as those who fail imatinib. Second generation TKIs have been demonstrated to induce deeper and faster responses compared to imatinib, however no survival advantage has been observed so far...
January 2016: American Journal of Hematology
Richard A Larson
The development of BCR/ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) over the past 20 years has dramatically improved the outcomes for patients with every stage of Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Clinicians now have access to 5 oral, generally well-tolerated, and highly effective TKIs. How should these agents be used for an individual patient to ensure the best possible duration and quality-of-life, to avoid treatment-related complications, and potentially to achieve a cure at an affordable cost? Because CML patients may need to continue TKI therapy indefinitely, the long-term safety of each treatment option must be considered...
November 19, 2015: Blood
Philip A Thompson, Hagop M Kantarjian, Jorge E Cortes
Few neoplastic diseases have undergone a transformation in a relatively short period like chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has in the last few years. In 1960, CML was the first cancer in which a unique chromosomal abnormality was identified and a pathophysiologic correlation suggested. Landmark work followed, recognizing the underlying translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22 that gave rise to this abnormality and, shortly afterward, the specific genes involved and the pathophysiologic implications of this novel rearrangement...
October 2015: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
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