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Status Epilepticus

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3 papers 0 to 25 followers
Amélia Mendes, Luísa Sampaio
PURPOSE: Status epilepticus (SE) is a neurological emergency with multiple etiologies and a complex pathophysiology, which is incompletely understood. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) represents a noninvasive tool to increase our knowledge about epileptogenesis. This paper aims to review the main MRI findings in SE. METHOD: We conducted a search in Medline database using the terms "MRI", "brain" and "status epilepticus" and further crossed for "diffusion-weighted image" (DWI), "perfusion", "spectroscopy", "susceptibility-weighted image" (SWI), "mortality", "morbidity" and "outcome"...
May 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Sara E Hocker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Status epilepticus, which is simultaneously a neurologic and systemic emergency, often results in significant disability and may be fatal. This article presents a pragmatic approach to the evaluation and management of status epilepticus in adults for the practicing clinician. RECENT FINDINGS: Rapid recognition, treatment respecting a written protocol, and careful attention to potential complications may limit sequelae. Studies aimed at earlier identification of etiologies in cryptogenic status epilepticus and improving the treatment of established status epilepticus are urgently needed to limit the development of refractoriness...
October 2015: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Eugen Trinka, Francesco Brigo, Simon Shorvon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses advances in the understanding of the mechanisms of status epilepticus and its current treatment approaches. Many of these have been topics at the 5th London-Innsbruck Colloquium on status epilepticus 2015. RECENT FINDINGS: A new definition and classification of status epilepticus was proposed, which is expected to improve treatment and stimulate research. A better understanding of the failure of seizure suppressing mechanisms and the initiation of self-sustaining seizures begins to translate into the clinical arena...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
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