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Status Epilepticus

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5 papers 0 to 25 followers
Adam Strzelczyk, Sonja Ansorge, Jana Hapfelmeier, Vijayveer Bonthapally, M Haim Erder, Felix Rosenow
OBJECTIVE: Super-refractory status epilepticus (SRSE) is a severe condition in which a patient in status epilepticus (SE) for ≥24 h does not respond to first-, second-, or third-line therapy. The economic impact of SRSE treatment remains unclear. A health insurance research database was used for a population-based estimation of SRSE-associated inpatient costs, length of stay, and mortality in Germany. METHODS: An algorithm using International Classification of Diseases, 10th Edition coding and treatment parameters identified and classified patients in a German statutory health insurance database covering admissions from 2008 to 2013 as having refractory SE (RSE) or SRSE...
September 2017: Epilepsia
Adam Strzelczyk, Johann Philipp Zöllner, Laurent M Willems, Julie Jost, Esther Paule, Susanne Schubert-Bast, Felix Rosenow, Sebastian Bauer
OBJECTIVE: The intravenous formulation of lacosamide (LCM) and its good overall tolerability and safety favor the use in status epilepticus (SE). The aim of this systematic review was to identify and evaluate studies reporting on the use of LCM in SE. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search of electronic databases using a combined search strategy from 2008 until October 2016. Using a standardized assessment form, information on the study design, methodologic framework, data sources, efficacy, and adverse events attributed to LCM were extracted from each publication and systematically reported...
June 2017: Epilepsia
Amélia Mendes, Luísa Sampaio
PURPOSE: Status epilepticus (SE) is a neurological emergency with multiple etiologies and a complex pathophysiology, which is incompletely understood. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) represents a noninvasive tool to increase our knowledge about epileptogenesis. This paper aims to review the main MRI findings in SE. METHOD: We conducted a search in Medline database using the terms "MRI", "brain" and "status epilepticus" and further crossed for "diffusion-weighted image" (DWI), "perfusion", "spectroscopy", "susceptibility-weighted image" (SWI), "mortality", "morbidity" and "outcome"...
May 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Sara E Hocker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Status epilepticus, which is simultaneously a neurologic and systemic emergency, often results in significant disability and may be fatal. This article presents a pragmatic approach to the evaluation and management of status epilepticus in adults for the practicing clinician. RECENT FINDINGS: Rapid recognition, treatment respecting a written protocol, and careful attention to potential complications may limit sequelae. Studies aimed at earlier identification of etiologies in cryptogenic status epilepticus and improving the treatment of established status epilepticus are urgently needed to limit the development of refractoriness...
October 2015: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Eugen Trinka, Francesco Brigo, Simon Shorvon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses advances in the understanding of the mechanisms of status epilepticus and its current treatment approaches. Many of these have been topics at the 5th London-Innsbruck Colloquium on status epilepticus 2015. RECENT FINDINGS: A new definition and classification of status epilepticus was proposed, which is expected to improve treatment and stimulate research. A better understanding of the failure of seizure suppressing mechanisms and the initiation of self-sustaining seizures begins to translate into the clinical arena...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
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