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13 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174217/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hyponatremia-compilation-of-the-guidelines
#1
Ewout J Hoorn, Robert Zietse
Hyponatremia is a common water balance disorder that often poses a diagnostic or therapeutic challenge. Therefore, guidelines were developed by professional organizations, one from within the United States (2013) and one from within Europe (2014). This review discusses the diagnosis and treatment of hyponatremia, comparing the two guidelines and highlighting recent developments. Diagnostically, the initial step is to differentiate hypotonic from nonhypotonic hyponatremia. Hypotonic hyponatremia is further differentiated on the basis of urine osmolality, urine sodium level, and volume status...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27153047/saline-is-the-solution-for-crystalloid-resuscitation
#2
Paul Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428117/saline-is-not-the-first-choice-for-crystalloid-resuscitation-fluids
#3
Matthew W Semler, Todd W Rice
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858813/-normal-saline-and-co-what-is-normal
#4
Reto A Stocker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24736393/isotonic-crystalloid-solutions-a-structured-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
D Orbegozo Cort├ęs, A Rayo Bonor, J L Vincent
BACKGROUND: Several different crystalloid solutions are available for i.v. fluid administration but there is little information about their specific advantages and disadvantages. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL up until May 17, 2012, selecting all prospective human studies that directly compared any near-isotonic crystalloids and reported any outcome. RESULTS: From the 5060 articles retrieved in the search, only 28 met the selection criteria...
June 2014: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25007167/the-case-for-0-9-nacl-is-the-undefendable-defensible
#6
REVIEW
Can Ince, A B Johan Groeneveld
Although 0.9% NaCl solution is by far the most-used fluid for fluid therapy in resuscitation, it is difficult to find a paper advocating its use over other types of crystalloid solutions. Literature on the deleterious effects of 0.9% NaCl has accumulated over the last decade, but critical appraisal of alternative crystalloid solutions is lacking. As such, the literature seems to suggest that 0.9% NaCl should be avoided at all costs, whereas alternative crystalloid solutions can be used without scrutiny. The basis of this negative evaluation of 0...
December 2014: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592289/echocardiography-as-a-guide-for-fluid-management
#7
REVIEW
John H Boyd, Demetrios Sirounis, Julien Maizel, Michel Slama
BACKGROUND: In critically ill patients at risk for organ failure, the administration of intravenous fluids has equal chances of resulting in benefit or harm. While the intent of intravenous fluid is to increase cardiac output and oxygen delivery, unwelcome results in those patients who do not increase their cardiac output are tissue edema, hypoxemia, and excess mortality. Here we briefly review bedside methods to assess fluid responsiveness, focusing upon the strengths and pitfalls of echocardiography in spontaneously breathing mechanically ventilated patients as a means to guide fluid management...
September 4, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26507493/a-rational-approach-to-fluid-therapy-in-sepsis
#8
REVIEW
P Marik, R Bellomo
Aggressive fluid resuscitation to achieve a central venous pressure (CVP) greater than 8 mm Hg has been promoted as the standard of care, in the management of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. However recent clinical trials have demonstrated that this approach does not improve the outcome of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Pathophysiologically, sepsis is characterized by vasoplegia with loss of arterial tone, venodilation with sequestration of blood in the unstressed blood compartment and changes in ventricular function with reduced compliance and reduced preload responsiveness...
March 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536693/current-challenges-in-the-evaluation-and-management-of-hyponatremia
#9
REVIEW
Kerri McGreal, Pooja Budhiraja, Nishank Jain, Alan S L Yu
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia is a common electrolyte imbalance that clinicians face on a regular basis. SUMMARY: This review aims to discuss four current challenges that can arise when diagnosing and treating hyponatremia: low solute intake, heart failure, exercise-associated hyponatremia, and mild chronic hyponatremia. Low solute intake in a person who already has a urinary concentrating defect will lead to increased retention of free water. The free water retention will cause or worsen hyponatremia that is already present...
June 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536694/fluid-management-for-critically-ill-patients-a-review-of-the-current-state-of-fluid-therapy-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#10
REVIEW
Erin Frazee, Kianoush Kashani
BACKGROUND: Intravenous fluids (IVF) are frequently utilized to restore intravascular volume in patients with distributive and hypovolemic shock. Although the benefits of the appropriate use of fluids in intensive care units (ICUs) and hospitals are well described, there is growing knowledge regarding the potential risks of volume overload and its impact on organ failure and mortality. To avoid volume overload and its associated complications, strategies to identify fluid responsiveness are developed and utilized more often among ICU patients...
June 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26880451/treatment-of-hyperkalemia-something-old-something-new
#11
REVIEW
Richard H Sterns, Marvin Grieff, Paul L Bernstein
Treatment options for hyperkalemia have not changed much since the introduction of the cation exchange resin, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate, Covis Pharmaceuticals, Cary, NC), over 50 years ago. Although clinicians of that era did not have ready access to hemodialysis or loop diuretics, the other tools that we use today-calcium, insulin, and bicarbonate-were well known to them. Currently recommended insulin regimens provide too little insulin to achieve blood levels with a maximal kalemic effect and too little glucose to avoid hypoglycemia...
March 2016: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26830213/fluid-management-in-the-critically-ill-science-or-invention
#12
EDITORIAL
J Wernerman, G H Sigurdsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25047428/fluid-resuscitation-in-sepsis-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Bram Rochwerg, Waleed Alhazzani, Anees Sindi, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Lehana Thabane, Alison Fox-Robichaud, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Wojciech Szczeklik, Fayez Alshamsi, Sultan Altayyar, Wang-Chun Ip, Guowei Li, Michael Wang, Anna Wludarczyk, Qi Zhou, Gordon H Guyatt, Deborah J Cook, Roman Jaeschke, Djillali Annane
BACKGROUND: Fluid resuscitation is the cornerstone of sepsis treatment. However, whether balanced or unbalanced crystalloids or natural or synthetic colloids confer a survival advantage is unclear. PURPOSE: To examine the effect of different resuscitative fluids on mortality in patients with sepsis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, ACP Journal Club, CINAHL, HealthSTAR, the Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through March 2014...
September 2, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
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