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17 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Ismael Medécigo Pediatric surgery resident.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26196260/therapy-of-caustic-ingestion-new-treatment-considerations
#1
REVIEW
Mitchell D Shub
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will focus on therapeutic considerations and recent advances in treatment of caustic ingestion injuries. RECENT FINDINGS: A retrospective study suggests that it may be safe to advance the endoscope beyond the first circumferential burn to allow for a more complete assessment of extent of injury. A randomized controlled prospective study suggested that a 3-day course of high-dose methylprednisolone might reduce the occurrence of esophageal stricture formation...
October 2015: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24864182/high-doses-of-methylprednisolone-in-the-management-of-caustic-esophageal-burns
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Merve Usta, Tülay Erkan, Fugen Cullu Cokugras, Nafiye Urganci, Zerrin Onal, Mahir Gulcan, Tufan Kutlu
OBJECTIVE: Caustic substance ingestion in childhood is a public health issue in developing countries, and several management protocols have been proposed to prevent the resulting esophageal strictures. The role of corticosteroids in preventing corrosive-induced strictures is controversial. Our aim was to study the influence of high doses of corticosteroids in preventing esophageal strictures. METHODS: Eighty-three children with a mean age of 4.10 6 2.63 years and with grade IIb esophageal burns (an esophagogastroscopy was performed within 24–48 hours of injury) due to corrosive substance ingestion were enrolled in our study between 2005 and 2008...
June 2014: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23141564/-management-of-caustic-esophagitis-in-children
#3
REVIEW
E Mas, A Breton, A Lachaux
In children, caustic ingestion is due to accidents at home and inadequate storage of caustic agents. In emergency, it is useful to remove the soiled clothes, rinse the affected area, and prevent vomiting and feeding. Caustic ingestion (pH<2 or>12) induces burns of the upper gastrointestinal tract requiring esophagogastro-duodenoscopy between H12 and H24. Strong alkalis cause necrosis with liquefaction of the esophagus, penetrating deeply with a high-risk of perforation. Management of these children requires a specialized care center with an intensive care unit, endoscopic equipment, and a surgical team...
December 2012: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293700/optimal-age-for-elective-surgery-of-asymptomatic-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformation-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Katrina J Sullivan, Michelle Li, Sarah Haworth, Elizabeth Chernetsova, Carolyn Wayne, Jessica Kapralik, Emily Chan, Ahmed Nasr
Controversy exists on the optimal age for elective resection of asymptomatic congenital pulmonary airway malformation. Current recommendations vary widely, highlighting the overall lack of consensus. A systematic search of Embase, MEDLINE, CINAL, and CENTRAL was conducted in January 2016. Identified citations were screening independently in duplicate and consensus was required for inclusion. Results were pooled using inverse variance fixed effects meta-analysis. Meta-analysis results indicate no statistically significant differences for complications within the 3-month and 6-month age comparison groups [odds ratio (OR) 4...
June 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189452/do-x-rays-after-chest-tube-removal-change-patient-management
#5
Bret Johnson, Michele Rylander, Alana L Beres
BACKGROUND: A link between childhood radiation and future cancer risks exists, and reduction of unnecessary radiation in childhood has been recommended. Pneumothoraces, pleural effusions, and many surgical procedures require placement of a chest tube/pigtail catheter. Traditional management is daily x-rays, with an x-ray after tube removal. Our hypothesis is the "post pull" x-ray rarely results in changing clinical management of the patient. METHODS: With IRB approval, a 5-year retrospective chart review was performed...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213995/thoracoscopic-division-of-vascular-rings
#6
Kevin M Riggle, Samuel E Rice-Townsend, John Ht Waldhausen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Vascular rings are traditionally treated via an open thoracotomy. In recent years the use of thoracoscopy has increased. Herein we report our experience with thoracoscopic division of vascular rings in pediatric patients. METHODS: We reviewed all patients who underwent thoracoscopic or open division of a vascular ring at our institution between 2007 and 2015. We analyzed patient demographics, presenting symptoms, diagnostic imaging modality, ring anatomy, operative details, complications, and symptom resolution...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185629/the-role-of-adjunctive-procedures-in-reducing-postoperative-tracheobronchial-obstruction-in-single-lung-patients-with-congenital-tracheal-stenosis-undergoing-slide-tracheoplasty
#7
Akiko Yokoi, Yoshihiro Oshima, Eiji Nishijima
PURPOSE: Congenital tracheal stenosis (CTS) and a single right lung treated with slide tracheoplasty (ST) has relatively high rates of mortality and morbidity. We report a single institution's experience with adjunctive procedures at the time of ST to reduce postoperative tracheal obstruction in patients with a single right lung and CTS. METHODS: With IRB approval, 8 patients with a single right lung and CTS who underwent ST in our institution between 2008 and 2016 were reviewed...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188033/success-and-safety-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-children
#8
Jordan D Rosen, Rebecca S Lane, Jose M Martinez, Eduardo A Perez, Jun Tashiro, Amy E Wagenaar, Robert M Van Haren, Ashwini Kumar, Juan E Sola
PURPOSE: Despite its diagnostic and therapeutic utility, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is underutilized in children. METHODS: Patients younger than 18years undergoing ERCP from 2000 to 2014 at a children's hospital were identified. Patient characteristics and outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: Overall, 215 ERCPs (78% therapeutic) were performed in 184 patients. Our cohort was 67% female, with a median age (IQR) of 14 (8) years...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168984/pleurectomy-versus-pleural-abrasion-for-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-in-children
#9
Shahrzad Joharifard, Brian A Coakley, Sonia A Butterworth
PURPOSE: Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) represents a common indication for urgent surgical intervention in children. First episodes are often managed with thoracostomy tube, whereas recurrent episodes typically prompt surgery involving apical bleb resection and pleurodesis, either via pleurectomy or pleural abrasion. The purpose of this study was to assess whether pleurectomy or pleural abrasion was associated with lower postoperative recurrence. METHODS: The records of patients undergoing surgery for PSP between February 2005 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040831/pulmonary-lobectomy-techniques-in-infants-and-children
#10
Atsuyuki Yamataka, Hiroyuki Koga, Takanori Ochi, Kota Imashimizu, Kazuhiro Suzuki, Ryohei Kuwatsuru, Geoffrey Lane, Kinya Nishimura, Eiichi Inada, Kenji Suzuki
Thoracoscopic pulmonary lobectomy (TPL) techniques in infants and children are presented practically with concise descriptions and numerous illustrations. TPL is the treatment of choice for congenital pulmonary airway malformation and intralobar pulmonary sequestration, both now commonly diagnosed prenatally. Timing of surgery is somewhat controversial in asymptomatic cases with small isolated lesions. Incomplete fissures and history of chest infections are most problematic. Thorough understanding of anatomic relations preoperatively is vital for successful outcome and thin-slice computed tomography with 3D reconstruction of vessels is valuable...
April 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062891/surgical-techniques-for-esophageal-replacement-in-children
#11
REVIEW
Shilpa Sharma, Devendra K Gupta
PURPOSE: Surgical techniques for esophageal replacement (ER) in children include colon interposition, gastric tube, gastric transposition, and jejunal interposition. This review evaluates the merits and demerits of each. METHOD: Surgical techniques, complications, and outcome of ER are reviewed over last seven decades. RESULTS: Colon interposition is the time-tested procedure with minimal and less serious complications. Long-term complications include reflux, halitosis, colonic segment dilatation, and anastomotic stricture, sometimes requiring surgical interventions especially for dilatation and reflux...
May 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064362/thoracoscopic-surgery-for-esophageal-atresia
#12
REVIEW
George W Holcomb
This review centers on the thoracoscopic management of esophageal atresia (EA) and distal tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). The first thoracoscopic repair of EA was performed by Rothenberg and Lobe in Berlin in 1999 just prior to an IPEG meeting. Since that time, the largest report describing the use of thoracoscopy for EA/TEF repair came in 2005 with a multi-national, multi-institutional retrospective review from six institutions around the world. The outcomes reported were quite good and very comparable to large series of open operations that had been previously reported...
April 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344586/clinical-equivalency-of-cardiopulmonary-bypass-and-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support-for-pediatric-tracheal-reconstruction
#13
Tomomi Hasegawa, Yoshihiro Oshima, Hironori Matsuhisa, Yuichi Okata, Akiko Yokoi, Shinji Yokoyama, Kosaku Maeda
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric surgery for congenital tracheal stenosis continues to be a therapeutic challenge, and it often requires cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for intra-operative extracorporeal cardiorespiratory support. The purpose of this study was to compare the peri-operative outcomes of CPB with ECMO in pediatric tracheal reconstruction. METHODS: Forty-three consecutive patients who underwent tracheal reconstruction without intra-cardiac repair for congenital tracheal stenosis at Kobe Children's Hospital between January 2000 and August 2012 were enrolled in this retrospective study...
November 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457232/surgical-intervention-strategies-for-congenital-tracheal-stenosis-associated-with-a-tracheal-bronchus-based-on-the-location-of-stenosis
#14
Keiichi Morita, Akiko Yokoi, Hiroaki Fukuzawa, Chieko Hisamatsu, Kosuke Endo, Yuichi Okata, Akihiko Tamaki, Yasuhiko Mishima, Yoshihiro Oshima, Kosaku Maeda
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the appropriate surgical intervention strategies for congenital tracheal stenosis (CTS) associated with a tracheal bronchus based on the location of stenosis. METHODS: The medical records of 13 pediatric patients with CTS associated with a tracheal bronchus at a single institution between January 2006 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Type 1: tracheal stenosis above the right upper lobe bronchus (RULB) (n = 1)...
September 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469501/steroid-pulse-therapy-prevents-restenosis-following-balloon-dilatation-for-esophageal-stricture
#15
Kazuki Yokota, Hiroo Uchida, Akihide Tanano, Chiyoe Shirota, Takahisa Tainaka, Akinari Hinoki, Naruhiko Murase, Kazuo Oshima, Ryo Shirotsuki, Kosuke Chiba
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of intravenous steroid pulse therapy following balloon dilatation for esophageal stenosis and stricture in children. METHODS: The study enrolled six children, including three with congenital esophageal stenosis and three with anastomotic strictures after surgery for esophageal atresia, all of whom were treated by balloon dilatation combined with high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone pulse therapy. Methylprednisolone was injected intravenously at a dose of 20 mg/kg/day for 2 days, starting from the day of dilatation, followed by 10 mg/kg/day for 2 days, for a total of 4 days...
September 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616617/categorization-and-repair-of-recurrent-and-acquired-tracheoesophageal-fistulae-occurring-after-esophageal-atresia-repair
#16
C Jason Smithers, Thomas E Hamilton, Michael A Manfredi, Lawrence Rhein, Peter Ngo, Dorothy Gallagher, John E Foker, Russell W Jennings
PURPOSE: Recurrent trachea-esophageal fistula (recTEF) is a frequent (5%-10%) complication of congenital TEF (conTEF) and esophageal atresia (EA) repair. In addition, postoperative acquired TEF (acqTEF) can occur in addition to or even in the absence of prior conTEF in the setting of esophageal anastomotic complications. Reliable repair often proves difficult by endoluminal or standard surgical techniques. We present the results of an approach that reliably identifies the TEF and facilitates airway closure as well as repair of associated tracheal and esophageal problems...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495934/therapeutic-evaluation-of-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-versus-open-thoracotomy-for-pediatric-pulmonary-hydatid-disease
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jinshan Ma, Xiaolei Wang, Xaokat Mamatimin, Nuerlan Ahan, Kang Chen, Chuanliang Peng, Yongwei Yang
BACKGROUND: Hydatid disease is a severe and widespread human cestode infection, and in children, the lung is the most commonly infected organ. In current practice, the standard surgical procedure for the removal of pulmonary hydatid cysts is thoracotomy; therefore, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) to treat pediatric pulmonary hydatid disease. To our knowledge, this is the first and large sample comparative study of VATS and thoracotomy for pediatric pulmonary hydatid disease...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
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