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By Oswaldo Vargas Health system pharmacist currently working on Medication Safety as a part of Patient Safety work task force group
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248988/pharmacovigilance-in-developing-countries-part-i-importance-and-challenges
#1
Shaimaa Elshafie, Iman Zaghloul, Anne Marie Roberti
The thalidomide disaster was the significant historical event that acted as a catalyst for pharmacovigilance activity. Following this event developed countries initiated drug monitoring systems that evolved and now extend their scope to broader drug-related safety issues; however, this was not the case in developing countries. Pharmacovigilance is still a relatively new concept with low priority in developing countries although various issues are raising concerns that magnify the need for systems to monitor post marketing drug safety in these countries...
December 16, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951135/linking-pharmacists-to-the-delivery-of-public-health-services
#2
Mark A Strand, Kaylee M Davidson, Natalie Schulze
OBJECTIVE: To describe components fundamental to the process of linking pharmacy to the delivery of public health services in a sustainable way. SUMMARY: Pharmacists deliver public health services with varying frequency. A literature review was conducted to create a set of fundamental links necessary for pharmacists to deliver public health services in a sustainable way. The service needed to be in alignment with public health priorities, be incorporated in the pharmacy curriculum, have postgraduate training opportunities, have a policy or legal platform supporting the service, and have a business model for financial sustainability...
November 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219992/a-new-handheld-device-for-the-detection-of-falsified-medicines-demonstration-on-falsified-artemisinin-based-therapies-from-the-field
#3
Benjamin K Wilson, Harparkash Kaur, Elizabeth Louise Allan, Anthony Lozama, David Bell
AbstractPoor-quality medicines are a major problem for health-care systems in resource-poor settings as identifying falsified medicines requires a complex laboratory infrastructure such as a Medicines Quality Control Laboratory. We report here an evaluation of a low-cost, handheld near-infrared spectrometer (NIRS) device by analyzing a library of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) medicines to determine its usefulness as a drug-screening tool. The "SCiO" research prototype device was used to collect NIR spectra of a library of ACT and artesunate monotherapy medicine samples previously collected in Bioko Island and Equatorial Guinea and Kintampo, Ghana...
May 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289192/characterization-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-klebsiella-species-isolated-from-chicken-broilers
#4
Hao Wu, Mingyu Wang, Yuqing Liu, Xinhua Wang, Yunkun Wang, Jinxing Lu, Hai Xu
The prevalence of antimicrobial resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in poultry products has been a public concern, as it severely endangers food safety and human health. In this study, we investigated 90 antimicrobial resistant Klebsiella strains that were isolated from a commercial broiler slaughter plant in Shandong province of China. Nearly all (89/90) of the isolates were identified as infectious phylogenetic group KpI-type K. pneumoniae. Out of these 90 strains, 87 (96.7%) were multidrug-resistant isolates, and 87 (96...
September 2, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
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