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Fall Prevention 561-3

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6 papers 0 to 25 followers
Urs Granacher, Albert Gollhofer, Tibor Hortobágyi, Reto W Kressig, Thomas Muehlbauer
BACKGROUND: The aging process results in a number of functional (e.g., deficits in balance and strength/power performance), neural (e.g., loss of sensory/motor neurons), muscular (e.g., atrophy of type-II muscle fibers in particular), and bone-related (e.g., osteoporosis) deteriorations. Traditionally, balance and/or lower extremity resistance training were used to mitigate these age-related deficits. However, the effects of resistance training are limited and poorly translate into improvements in balance, functional tasks, activities of daily living, and fall rates...
July 2013: Sports Medicine
Madeline Louise Singer, Lorinda K Smith, Leland E Dibble, K Bo Foreman
Decreased reactive postural responses in elderly adults may place them at increased risk for falls and related injuries. The first step in addressing the high rate of falls in the elderly population is to determine a baseline for postural response in healthy young and healthy elderly individuals. To determine these age-related differences in reactive postural responses during recovery from posterior and anterior perturbations, we used the tether-release method in conjunction with a motion analysis system to evaluate overall movement latencies, overall movement amplitude and velocity, and joint-specific amplitude and velocity in healthy young (n = 10, mean age=25 ± 5) and healthy elderly participants (n = 10, mean age = 67 ± 6)...
February 2015: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Andrea Trombetti, Mélany Hars, François R Herrmann, Reto W Kressig, Serge Ferrari, René Rizzoli
BACKGROUND: Falls occur mainly while walking or performing concurrent tasks. We determined whether a music-based multitask exercise program improves gait and balance and reduces fall risk in elderly individuals. METHODS: We conducted a 12-month randomized controlled trial involving 134 community-dwelling individuals older than 65 years, who are at increased risk of falling. They were randomly assigned to an intervention group (n = 66) or a delayed intervention control group scheduled to start the program 6 months later (n = 68)...
March 28, 2011: Archives of Internal Medicine
Eliane Gomes da Silva Borges, Rodrigo Gomes de Souza Vale, Samária Ali Cader, Silvania Leal, Francisco Miguel, Carlos Soares Pernambuco, Estélio H M Dantas
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of a ballroom dancing program on the postural balance of institutionalized elderly residents. The sample consisted of 59 sedentary elderly residents of long-stay institutions who were randomly assigned to a ballroom dancing experimental group (EG, n=30) or a control group (CG, n=29). The ballroom dancing program consisted of three 50-min sessions each week on alternate days over a 12-week period. The dances included the foxtrot, waltz, rumba, swing, samba and bolero...
September 2014: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Lenise A Cummings-Vaughn, Julie K Gammack
Osteoporosis and falls are distinct conditions that share the potential clinical endpoint of fracture. This article explores the associations between osteoporosis and falls by examining the epidemiology, risk factors, risk prevention, and treatments. It outlines the evidence on falls prevention, osteoporosis diagnosis, and fracture risk assessment. It includes several studies that challenge the common view on the use of fall prevention tools, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry testing, and postfracture bisphosphonate treatment...
May 2011: Medical Clinics of North America
Hsuei-Chen Lee, Ku-Chou Chang, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Jen-Wen Hung, Yu-Ching Huang, Sang-I Lin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of a multifactorial fall prevention program on fall incidence and physical function in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Multicenter randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Three medical centers and adjacent community health centers. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults (N=616) who have fallen in the previous year or are at risk of falling. INTERVENTIONS: After baseline assessment, eligible subjects were randomly allocated into the intervention group (IG) or the control group (CG), stratified by the Physiological Profile Assessment (PPA) fall risk level...
April 2013: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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