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By Manuel C. Co Jr. Informatics, Population Health, Built Environment, Data Visualization, Pedagogy, Classical Music
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26582211/absolute-and-relative-densities-of-fast-food-versus-other-restaurants-in-relation-to-weight-status-does-restaurant-mix-matter
#1
Jane Y Polsky, Rahim Moineddin, James R Dunn, Richard H Glazier, Gillian L Booth
BACKGROUND: Given the continuing epidemic of obesity, policymakers are increasingly looking for levers within the local retail food environment as a means of promoting healthy weights. PURPOSE: To examine the independent and joint associations of absolute and relative densities of restaurants near home with weight status in a large, urban, population-based sample of adults. METHODS: We studied 10,199 adults living in one of four cities in southern Ontario, Canada, who participated in the Canadian Community Health Survey (cycles 2005, 2007/08, 2009/10)...
January 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25311606/neighborhood-influences-on-girls-obesity-risk-across-the-transition-to-adolescence
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lindsay T Hoyt, Lawrence H Kushi, Cindy W Leung, Dana C Nickleach, Nancy Adler, Barbara A Laraia, Robert A Hiatt, Irene H Yen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The neighborhoods in which children live, play, and eat provide an environmental context that may influence obesity risk and ameliorate or exacerbate health disparities. The current study examines whether neighborhood characteristics predict obesity in a prospective cohort of girls. METHODS: Participants were 174 girls (aged 8-10 years at baseline), a subset from the Cohort Study of Young Girls' Nutrition, Environment, and Transitions...
November 2014: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24732146/a-multi-level-analysis-showing-associations-between-school-neighborhood-and-child-body-mass-index
#3
MULTICENTER STUDY
J A Wasserman, R Suminski, J Xi, C Mayfield, A Glaros, R Magie
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine associations between aspects of the environment in school neighborhoods and childhood body mass index percentile (BMIp). METHODS: Trained medical students visited 46 elementary schools in the Kansas City metropolitan area to conduct medical screenings that included the height and weight measurements of 12 118 boys and girls 4-12 years of age in the academic year 2008-2009. For the same time period, aspects of the built environment in a 2-mile radius around each school was obtained from the Walkscore database...
July 2014: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26334715/neighborhood-food-environment-diet-and-obesity-among-los-angeles-county-adults-2011
#4
Nelly Mejia, Amy S Lightstone, Ricardo Basurto-Davila, Douglas M Morales, Roland Sturm
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to examine whether an association exists between the number and type of food outlets in a neighborhood and dietary intake and body mass index (BMI) among adults in Los Angeles County. We also assessed whether this association depends on the geographic size of the food environment. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2011 Los Angeles County Health Survey. We created buffers (from 0.25 to 3.0 miles in radius) centered in respondents' residential addresses and counted the number of food outlets by type in each buffer...
September 3, 2015: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22177365/epistemological-and-ethical-assessment-of-obesity-bias-in-industrialized-countries
#5
Jacquineau Azétsop, Tisha R Joy
Bernard Lonergan's cognitive theory challenges us to raise questions about both the cognitive process through which obesity is perceived as a behaviour change issue and the objectivity of such a moral judgment. Lonergan's theory provides the theoretical tools to affirm that anti-fat discrimination, in the United States of America and in many industrialized countries, is the result of both a group bias that resists insights into the good of other groups and a general bias of anti-intellectualism that tends to set common sense against insights that require any thorough scientific analyses...
December 16, 2011: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19666158/neighborhood-food-environments-and-body-mass-index-the-importance-of-in-store-contents
#6
Donald Rose, Paul L Hutchinson, J Nicholas Bodor, Chris M Swalm, Thomas A Farley, Deborah A Cohen, Janet C Rice
BACKGROUND: Most public health studies on the neighborhood food environment have focused on types of stores and their geographic placement, yet marketing research has long documented the influence of in-store shelf-space on consumer behavior. PURPOSE: This paper combines these two strands of research to test whether the aggregate availability of specific foods in a neighborhood is associated with the BMIs of its residents. METHODS: Fielded from October 2004 to August 2005, this study combines mapping of retail food outlets, in-store surveys, and telephone interviews of residents from 103 randomly sampled urban census tracts in southeastern Louisiana...
September 2009: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24832434/gender-specific-associations-of-objective-and-perceived-neighborhood-characteristics-with-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-among-older-adults-in-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#7
Joshua A Bell, Mark Hamer, Aparna Shankar
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether objective and perceived neighborhood characteristics are independently associated with obesity indicators among older adults and whether associations differ by gender. METHODS: Linear regression was used to examine mutually adjusted associations of objective area-level neighborhood deprivation and perceived individual-level neighborhood disorder in 2002-2003 with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) 2 years later among 6297 community-dwelling older adults in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing...
July 2014: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985622/food-environments-and-obesity-household-diet-expenditure-versus-food-deserts
#8
Danhong Chen, Edward C Jaenicke, Richard J Volpe
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations between obesity and multiple aspects of the food environments, at home and in the neighborhood. METHODS: Our study included 38,650 individuals nested in 18,381 households located in 2104 US counties. Our novel home food environment measure, USDAScore, evaluated the adherence of a household's monthly expenditure shares of 24 aggregated food categories to the recommended values based on US Department of Agriculture food plans...
May 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26251559/multilevel-built-environment-features-and-individual-odds-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-utah
#9
Yanqing Xu, Ming Wen, Fahui Wang
Based on the data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 2007, 2009 and 2011 in Utah, this research uses multilevel modeling (MLM) to examine the associations between neighborhood built environments and individual odds of overweight and obesity after controlling for individual risk factors. The BRFSS data include information on 21,961 individuals geocoded to zip code areas. Individual variables include BMI (body mass index) and socio-demographic attributes such as age, gender, race, marital status, education attainment, employment status, and whether an individual smokes...
June 2015: Applied Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034737/strategies-used-by-overweight-and-obese-low-income-mothers-to-feed-their-families-in-urban-brazil
#10
Priscila de Morais Sato, Ramiro Fernandes Unsain, Joel Gittelsohn, João Gabriel Sanches Tavares da Silva, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Perez, Fernanda Baeza Scagliusi
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare strategies adopted by overweight and obese low-income mothers living in different vulnerable contexts to deal with food constraints and feed their families. DESIGN: Qualitative in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed with exploratory content analysis and the number of segments per theme was used to compare neighborhoods. SETTING: Three low-income neighborhoods in Santos, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A purposive sample of 21 overweight or obese mothers...
December 26, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077308/cookie-or-fruit-relative-reinforcing-value-of-snack-foods-among-preschoolers-with-overweight-obesity-compared-to-healthy-weight
#11
Mary Beth McCullough, Hayley Guilkey, Lori Stark
The reinforcing value of food is an important determinant of food intake. Research has yet to examine the relative reinforcing value (RRV) of snack foods in young children with overweight and obesity (OW/OB). The current study compared the RRV of high-energy dense foods (cookies) to low-energy dense foods (fruits) between preschoolers with OW/OB and healthy weight (HW). RRV of cookies and fruits in preschoolers with OW/OB (n = 30; Mage = 4.4 ± 0.84; 60% male) and HW (n = 30; Mage = 4.5 ± 0.85; 70% male) was assessed with a developmentally-tailored computer program which used a progressive fixed ratio reward schedule...
January 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042040/executive-functioning-and-dietary-intake-neurocognitive-correlates-of-fruit-vegetable-and-saturated-fat-intake-in-adults-with-obesity
#12
Emily P Wyckoff, Brittney C Evans, Stephanie M Manasse, Meghan L Butryn, Evan M Forman
Obesity is a significant public health issue, and is associated with poor diet. Evidence suggests that eating behavior is related to individual differences in executive functioning. Poor executive functioning is associated with poorer diet (few fruits and vegetables and high saturated fat) in normal weight samples; however, the relationship between these specific dietary behaviors and executive functioning have not been investigated in adults with obesity. The current study examined the association between executive functioning and intake of saturated fat, fruits, and vegetables in an overweight/obese sample using behavioral measures of executive function and dietary recall...
April 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031046/what-is-the-effectiveness-of-obesity-related-interventions-at-retail-grocery-stores-and-supermarkets-a-systematic-review
#13
Abdulfatah Adam, Jørgen D Jensen
BACKGROUND: The Prevalence of obesity and overweight has been increasing in many countries. Many factors have been identified as contributing to obesity including the food environment, especially the access, availability and affordability of healthy foods in grocery stores and supermarkets. Several interventions have been carried out in retail grocery/supermarket settings as part of an effort to understand and influence consumption of healthful foods. The review's key outcome variable is sale/purchase of healthy foods as a result of the interventions...
December 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893853/four-decades-of-obesity-trends-among-non-hispanic-whites-and-blacks-in-the-united-states-analyzing-the-influences-of-educational-inequalities-in-obesity-and-population-improvements-in-education
#14
Yan Yu
Both obesity (body mass index ≥ 30) and educational attainment have increased dramatically in the United States since the 1970s. This study analyzed the influences of educational inequalities in obesity and population improvements in education on national obesity trends between 1970 and 2010. For non-Hispanic white and black males and females aged 25-74 years, educational differences in the probability of being obese were estimated from the 1971-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, and population distributions of age and educational groups, from the 1970 Census and 2010 American Community Survey...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27039046/the-spatial-distribution-of-gender-differences-in-obesity-prevalence-differs-from-overall-obesity-prevalence-among-us-adults
#15
Danielle R Gartner, Daniel R Taber, Jana A Hirsch, Whitney R Robinson
PURPOSE: Although obesity disparities between racial and socioeconomic groups have been well characterized, those based on gender and geography have not been as thoroughly documented. This study describes obesity prevalence by state, gender, and race and/or ethnicity to (1) characterize obesity gender inequality, (2) determine if the geographic distribution of inequality is spatially clustered, and (3) contrast the spatial clustering patterns of obesity gender inequality with overall obesity prevalence...
April 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684808/performance-of-obesity-indices-for-screening-elevated-blood-pressure-in-pediatric-population-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Chunming Ma, Rui Wang, Yue Liu, Qiang Lu, Na Lu, Yiming Tian, Xiaoli Liu, Fuzai Yin
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is closely related with obesity in pediatric population. Obesity indices were used for screening elevated blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents. The present study was to perform a meta-analysis to assess the performance of obesity indices, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), for identifying elevated BP in children and adolescents. METHODS: Data sources were PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane, and SCOPUS up to May 2016...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27654602/effect-of-wearable-technology-combined-with-a-lifestyle-intervention-on-long-term-weight-loss-the-idea-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
John M Jakicic, Kelliann K Davis, Renee J Rogers, Wendy C King, Marsha D Marcus, Diane Helsel, Amy D Rickman, Abdus S Wahed, Steven H Belle
Importance: Effective long-term treatments are needed to address the obesity epidemic. Numerous wearable technologies specific to physical activity and diet are available, but it is unclear if these are effective at improving weight loss. Objective: To test the hypothesis that, compared with a standard behavioral weight loss intervention (standard intervention), a technology-enhanced weight loss intervention (enhanced intervention) would result in greater weight loss...
September 20, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682272/cross-sectional-and-prospective-examination-of-weight-misperception-and-depressive-symptoms-among-youth-with-overweight-and-obesity
#18
Idia B Thurston, Kendrin R Sonneville, Carly E Milliren, Rebecca C Kamody, Holly C Gooding, Tracy K Richmond
This study aims to determine the association between weight misperception (considering oneself average or underweight) and depressive symptoms among youth with overweight/obesity. Linear regression models (adjusted for age, BMI, parental education, percent poverty) were used to examine cross-sectional (wave II, 1996, n = 3898, M age = 15.9, SD = 0.13) and longitudinal (from wave II to IV, 1996-2008/2009, n = 2738, M age = 28.5, SD = 0.06) associations between weight misperception and depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale) in a subsample of White, Black, Asian, Hispanic, and Multi-racial male and female youth with overweight/obesity participating in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health...
February 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677854/associations-among-measures-of-energy-balance-related-behaviors-and-psychosocial-determinants-in-urban-upper-elementary-school-children
#19
Lorraine N Bandelli, Heewon Lee Gray, Rachel C Paul, Isobel R Contento, Pamela A Koch
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity prevention is a pressing issue. Understanding the relationships among eating and physical activity behaviors and potential psychosocial determinants of behavior will help us design more effective interventions. This study aimed to examine such relationships in a large sample of urban elementary school children. METHODS: Fifth grade students in 20 recruited New York City public schools completed a validated questionnaire on six "do more" (fruits and vegetables and physical activity) and "do less" (sweetened beverages, processed packaged snacks, fast food and sedentary behavior) energy balance related behaviors (EBRBs) and psychosocial determinants of behavior from social cognitive and self-determination theories...
January 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083491/neighbourhood-food-physical-activity-and-educational-environments-and-black-white-disparities-in-obesity-a-complex-systems-simulation-analysis
#20
Mark G Orr, George A Kaplan, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Multiple approaches that can contribute to reducing obesity have been proposed. These policies may share overlapping pathways, and may have unanticipated consequences, creating considerable complexity. Aiming to illuminate the use of agent-based models to explore the consequences of key policies, this paper simulates the effects of increasing neighbourhood availability of good food stores, physical activity infrastructure and higher school quality on the reduction of black/white disparities in body mass index (BMI) in the USA...
September 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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