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Hemato

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9 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26819490/clinical-applications-of-hemolytic-markers-in-the-differential-diagnosis-and-management-of-hemolytic-anemia
#1
REVIEW
W Barcellini, B Fattizzo
Several hemolytic markers are available to guide the differential diagnosis and to monitor treatment of hemolytic conditions. They include increased reticulocytes, an indicator of marrow compensatory response, elevated lactate dehydrogenase, a marker of intravascular hemolysis, reduced haptoglobin, and unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. The direct antiglobulin test is the cornerstone of autoimmune forms, and blood smear examination is fundamental in the diagnosis of congenital membrane defects and thrombotic microangiopathies...
2015: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27001163/hodgkin-lymphoma-2016-update-on-diagnosis-risk-stratification-and-management
#2
REVIEW
Stephen M Ansell
DISEASE OVERVIEW: Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is an uncommon B-cell lymphoid malignancy affecting 9,050 new patients annually and representing approximately 11.2% of all lymphomas in the United States. DIAGNOSIS: HL is composed of two distinct disease entities; the more commonly diagnosed classical HL and the rare nodular lymphocyte predominant HL. Nodular sclerosis, mixed cellularity, lymphocyte depletion, and lymphocyte-rich HL are subgroups under the designation of classical HL...
June 2016: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26408108/how-we-diagnose-and-treat-iron-deficiency-anemia
#3
REVIEW
Michael Auerbach, John W Adamson
It is estimated that one-third of the world's population is anemic, the majority being due to iron deficiency (ID). In adults, ID is associated with fatigue in the absence of anemia, restless legs syndrome, pica and, in neonates, delayed growth and development. In adolescents, ID is associated with decrements in learning and behavioral abnormalities. In the absence of a clear cause, search for a source of bleeding is indicated. No single test is diagnostic of ID unless the serum ferritin is low or the percent transferrin saturation is low with an elevated total iron binding capacity...
January 2016: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341755/the-2016-revision-of-who-classification-of-myeloproliferative-neoplasms-clinical-and-molecular-advances
#4
T Barbui, J Thiele, H Gisslinger, G Finazzi, A M Vannucchi, A Tefferi
Clinical evidence supports the need of changing the diagnostic criteria of the 2008 updated WHO classification for polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF). In JAK2-mutated patients who show characteristic bone marrow (BM) morphology, clinical studies demonstrated that a hemoglobin level of 16.5g/dL in men and 16.0g/dl for women or a hematocrit value of 49% in men and 48% in women are the optimal cut off levels for distinguishing JAK2-mutated ET from "masked/prodromal" PV...
June 11, 2016: Blood Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363832/novel-agents-in-the-treatment-of-multiple-myeloma-a-review-about-the-future
#5
REVIEW
Leonard Naymagon, Maher Abdul-Hay
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a disease that affects plasma cells and can lead to devastating clinical features such as anemia, lytic bone lesions, hypercalcemia, and renal disease. An enhanced understanding of MM disease mechanisms has led to new more targeted treatments. There is now a plethora of treatments available for MM. In this review article, our aim is to discuss many of the novel agents that are being studied or have recently been approved for the treatment of MM. These agents include the following: immunomodulators (pomalidomide), proteasome inhibitors (carfilzomib, marizomib, ixazomib, oprozomib), alkylating agents (bendamustine), AKT inhibitors (afuresertib), BTK inhibitors (ibrutinib), CDK inhibitors (dinaciclib), histone deacetylase inhibitors (panobinostat, rocilinostat, vorinostat), IL-6 inhibitors (siltuximab), kinesin spindle protein inhibitors (filanesib), monoclonal antibodies (daratumumab, elotuzumab, indatuximab, SAR650984), and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417880/acute-myeloid-leukemia-2016-update-on-risk-stratification-and-management
#6
Elihu Estey
Evidence suggest that even patients aged 70 or above benefit from specific AML therapy. The fundamental decision in AML then becomes whether to recommend standard or investigational treatment. This decision must rest on the likely outcome of standard treatment. Hence we review factors that predict treatment related mortality and resistance to therapy, the latter the principal cause of failure even in patients aged 70 or above. We emphasize the limitations of prediction of resistance based only on pre- treatment factors and stress the need to incorporate post-treatment factors, for example indicators of minimal residual disease...
August 2016: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476706/the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-multiple-myeloma
#7
Christian Gerecke, Stephan Fuhrmann, Susanne Strifler, Martin Schmidt-Hieber, Hermann Einsele, Stefan Knop
BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma is a malignant disease of plasma cells with a worldwide incidence of 6-7 cases per 100 000 persons per year. It is among the 20 most common types of cancer in Germany. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications up to December 2015 that were retrieved by a selective search of PubMed employing the terms "multiple myeloma" AND "therapy" OR "diagnostic." Systematic reviews, meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials, and treatment recommendations from Germany and abroad were considered...
July 11, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367478/-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-comprehensive-review-and-2016-update
#8
REVIEW
I De Kouchkovsky, M Abdul-Hay
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common acute leukemia in adults, with an incidence of over 20 000 cases per year in the United States alone. Large chromosomal translocations as well as mutations in the genes involved in hematopoietic proliferation and differentiation result in the accumulation of poorly differentiated myeloid cells. AML is a highly heterogeneous disease; although cases can be stratified into favorable, intermediate and adverse-risk groups based on their cytogenetic profile, prognosis within these categories varies widely...
July 1, 2016: Blood Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291302/multiple-myeloma-2016-update-on-diagnosis-risk-stratification-and-management
#9
S Vincent Rajkumar
Multiple myeloma accounts for approximately 10% of hematologic malignancies.The diagnosis requires ≥10% clonal bone marrow plasma cells or a biopsy proven plasmacytoma plus evidence of one or more multiple myeloma defining events (MDE): CRAB (hypercalcemia, renal failure, anemia, or lytic bone lesions) features felt related to the plasma cell disorder, bone marrow clonal plasmacytosis ≥60%, serum involved/uninvolved free light chain (FLC) ratio ≥100 (provided involved FLC is ≥100 mg/L), or >1 focal lesion on magnetic resonance imaging...
July 2016: American Journal of Hematology
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