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Parkinsons Disease & NIR

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87 papers 0 to 25 followers Effect of trans-cranial and intracranial near infrared light in Parkinson's Disease. Plus assorted articles on PD which will be helpful in trying to understand the effect of NIR in PD.
Bing Hu, Daqing Guo, Qingyun Wang
The cerebral cortex, thalamus and basal ganglia together form an important network in the brain, which is closely related to several nerve diseases, such as parkinson disease, epilepsy seizure and so on. Absence seizure can be characterized by 2-4 Hz oscillatory activity, and it can be induced by abnormal interactions between the cerebral cortex and thalamus. Many experimental results have also shown that basal ganglia are a key neural structure, which closely links the corticothalamic system in the brain. Presently, we use a corticothalamic-basal ganglia model to study which pathways in corticothalamic system can induce absence seizures and how these oscillatory activities can be controlled by projections from the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) to the thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN) or the specific relay nuclei (SRN) of the thalamus...
June 2015: Cognitive Neurodynamics
Stephanie J Guiney, Paul A Adlard, Ashley I Bush, David I Finkelstein, Scott Ayton
Symptoms of Parkinson's disease arise due to neuronal loss in multiple brain regions, especially dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Current therapies aim to restore dopamine levels in the brain, but while these provide symptomatic benefit, they do not prevent ongoing neurodegeneration. Preventing neuronal death is a major strategy for disease-modifying therapies; however, while many pathogenic factors have been identified, it is currently unknown how neurons die in the disease. Ferroptosis, a recently identified iron-dependent cell death pathway, involves several molecular events that have previously been implicated in PD...
March 2017: Neurochemistry International
Mohamed-Bilal Fares, Bohumil Maco, Abid Oueslati, Edward Rockenstein, Natalia Ninkina, Vladimir L Buchman, Eliezer Masliah, Hilal A Lashuel
Lewy bodies (LBs) are intraneuronal inclusions consisting primarily of fibrillized human α-synuclein (hα-Syn) protein, which represent the major pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD). Although doubling hα-Syn expression provokes LB pathology in humans, hα-Syn overexpression does not trigger the formation of fibrillar LB-like inclusions in mice. We hypothesized that interactions between exogenous hα-Syn and endogenous mouse synuclein homologs could be attenuating hα-Syn fibrillization in mice, and therefore, we systematically assessed hα-Syn aggregation propensity in neurons derived from α-Syn-KO, β-Syn-KO, γ-Syn-KO, and triple-KO mice lacking expression of all three synuclein homologs...
February 16, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Elke Heremans, Evelien Nackaerts, Griet Vervoort, Sanne Broeder, Stephan P Swinnen, Alice Nieuwboer
BACKGROUND: Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and freezing of gait (FOG) suffer from more impaired motor and cognitive functioning than their non-freezing counterparts. This underlies an even higher need for targeted rehabilitation programs in this group. However, so far it is unclear whether FOG affects the ability for consolidation and generalization of motor learning and thus the efficacy of rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hallmarks of motor learning in people with FOG compared to those without by comparing the effects of an intensive motor learning program to improve handwriting...
2016: PloS One
Elke Heremans, Evelien Nackaerts, Sanne Broeder, Griet Vervoort, Stephan P Swinnen, Alice Nieuwboer
BACKGROUND: Recent studies show that patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and freezing of gait (FOG) experience motor problems outside their gait freezing episodes. Because handwriting is also a sequential movement, it may be affected in PD patients with FOG relative to those without. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to assess the quality of writing in PD patients with and without FOG in comparison to healthy controls (CTs) during various writing tasks. METHODS: Handwriting was assessed by the writing of cursive loops on a touch-sensitive writing tablet and by means of the Systematic Screening of Handwriting Difficulties (SOS) test in 30 PD patients with and without freezing and 15 healthy age-matched CTs...
November 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
T T Vlagsma, J Koerts, L Fasotti, O Tucha, T van Laar, H Dijkstra, J M Spikman
Impairments in executive functions (EF) are the core cognitive impairment in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Surprisingly, cognitive rehabilitation is not routinely offered to patients with PD. However, in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI), cognitive rehabilitation, in particular strategic executive training, is common practice and has been shown to be effective. In this study, we determined whether PD patients have different needs and aims with regard to strategic executive training than ABI patients, and whether possible differences might be a reason for not offering this kind of cognitive rehabilitation programme to patients with PD...
2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
K Zhu, J J van Hilten, J Marinus
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Anxiety is common in Parkinson's disease (PD) and has a great influence on quality of life. However, little is known about risk factors for development of anxiety in PD. We investigated which factors were associated with longitudinal changes in severity of anxiety symptoms and development of future anxiety in patients who were not anxious at baseline. METHODS: Analyses were performed on data of the PROfiling PARKinson's disease (PROPARK) cohort, a 5-year hospital-based longitudinal cohort of over 400 patients with PD who have been examined annually...
February 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Maria Stamelou, Kailash P Bhatia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This update discusses novel aspects on genetics, pathophysiology and therapeutic approaches for atypical parkinsonism (progressive supranuclear palsy, corticobasal degeneration and multiple system atrophy) published in the last 2 years. RECENT FINDINGS: In terms of genetics, in progressive supranuclear palsy and corticobasal degeneration new risk loci have been identified but also their possible association to disease pathogenesis. In multiple system atrophy, there is still a debate as to whether COQ2 variants are associated with disease, at least in non-Asian population, whereas at the same time evidence of coenzyme Q10 deficiency in serum and brains of MSA patients has been reported...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
Maria Stamelou, Una-Marie Sheerin, Nicholas Wood, Kailash P Bhatia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2014: Neurology
Yanbing Hou, Jing Yang, Chunyan Luo, Ruwei Ou, Wei Song, Wanglin Liu, Qiyong Gong, Huifang Shang
To map functional connectivity (FC) patterns of early onset Parkinson's disease (EOPD) and late onset PD (LOPD) in drug-naïve early stage. MRI was used to assess atrophy and resting-state FC focusing on striatal subregions of EOPD and LOPD in two subgroups of 18 patients matched for disease duration and severity, relative to age- and sex- matched healthy controls. Compared with controls, both PD subgroups showed FC alterations in cortico-striatal and cerebello-striatal loops but with different patterns in resting state...
October 2016: Journal of Neurology
Y Hasegawa, T Inagaki, M Sawada, A Suzumura
OBJECTIVE: Although the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is still unknown, several reports suggest the presence of immunological abnormalities in the patients with PD such as impaired T cell responses or cytokine production by the peripheral immune system. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In this study, we examined cytokine production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and monocyte/macrophages (PBM) in the patients with idiopathic PD, using age-related healthy donors as a normal control and cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) as a disease control...
March 2000: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Abid Oueslati, Blaise Lovisa, John Perrin, Georges Wagnières, Hubert van den Bergh, Yanik Tardy, Hilal A Lashuel
Converging lines of evidence indicate that near-infrared light treatment, also known as photobiomodulation (PBM), may exert beneficial effects and protect against cellular toxicity and degeneration in several animal models of human pathologies, including neurodegenerative disorders. In the present study, we report that chronic PMB treatment mitigates dopaminergic loss induced by unilateral overexpression of human α-synuclein (α-syn) in the substantia nigra of an AAV-based rat genetic model of Parkinson's disease (PD)...
2015: PloS One
Patricia A Trimmer, Kathleen M Schwartz, M Kathleen Borland, Luis De Taboada, Jackson Streeter, Uri Oron
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that reduced axonal transport contributes to the degeneration of neuronal processes in Parkinson's disease (PD). Mitochondria supply the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) needed to support axonal transport and contribute to many other cellular functions essential for the survival of neuronal cells. Furthermore, mitochondria in PD tissues are metabolically and functionally compromised. To address this hypothesis, we measured the velocity of mitochondrial movement in human transmitochondrial cybrid "cytoplasmic hybrid" neuronal cells bearing mitochondrial DNA from patients with sporadic PD and disease-free age-matched volunteer controls (CNT)...
June 17, 2009: Molecular Neurodegeneration
H Foo, E Mak, T T Yong, M C Wen, R J Chander, W L Au, Y Y Sitoh, L C S Tan, N Kandiah
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is associated with pronounced grey matter atrophy in various brain regions. However, the association between atrophy patterns and progression from no cognitive impairment (NCI) to Parkinson's disease (PD)-MCI is not clearly known. We investigated the pattern and progression of atrophy in subcortical structures and its impact on cognition in patients with mild PD. METHODS: Sixty-five patients with mild PD with baseline and longitudinal clinical and neuropsychological assessments, and structural magnetic resonance imaging scans were studied...
February 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Christiane Mourre, Christine Manrique, Jeremy Camon, Sabrine Aidi-Knani, Thierry Deltheil, Nathalie Turle-Lorenzo, Gaelle Guiraudie-Capraz, Marianne Amalric
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease originating from the loss of dopamine (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNC). The small-conductance calcium-activated potassium (SK) channels play an essential role in the regulation of midbrain DA neuron activity patterns, as well as excitability of other types of neurons of the basal ganglia. We therefore questioned whether the SK channel expression in the basal ganglia is modified in parkinsonian rats and how this could impact behavioral performance in a reaction time task...
February 2017: Neuropharmacology
Christian Dölle, Irene Flønes, Gonzalo S Nido, Hrvoje Miletic, Nelson Osuagwu, Stine Kristoffersen, Peer K Lilleng, Jan Petter Larsen, Ole-Bjørn Tysnes, Kristoffer Haugarvoll, Laurence A Bindoff, Charalampos Tzoulis
Increased somatic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutagenesis causes premature aging in mice, and mtDNA damage accumulates in the human brain with aging and neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson disease (PD). Here, we study the complete spectrum of mtDNA changes, including deletions, copy-number variation and point mutations, in single neurons from the dopaminergic substantia nigra and other brain areas of individuals with Parkinson disease and neurologically healthy controls. We show that in dopaminergic substantia nigra neurons of healthy individuals, mtDNA copy number increases with age, maintaining the pool of wild-type mtDNA population in spite of accumulating deletions...
November 22, 2016: Nature Communications
Johannes Brettschneider, Kelly Del Tredici, Virginia M-Y Lee, John Q Trojanowski
The progression of many neurodegenerative diseases is thought to be driven by the template-directed misfolding, seeded aggregation and cell-cell transmission of characteristic disease-related proteins, leading to the sequential dissemination of pathological protein aggregates. Recent evidence strongly suggests that the anatomical connections made by neurons - in addition to the intrinsic characteristics of neurons, such as morphology and gene expression profile - determine whether they are vulnerable to degeneration in these disorders...
February 2015: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
Timothy R Sampson, Justine W Debelius, Taren Thron, Stefan Janssen, Gauri G Shastri, Zehra Esra Ilhan, Collin Challis, Catherine E Schretter, Sandra Rocha, Viviana Gradinaru, Marie-Francoise Chesselet, Ali Keshavarzian, Kathleen M Shannon, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown, Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede, Rob Knight, Sarkis K Mazmanian
The intestinal microbiota influence neurodevelopment, modulate behavior, and contribute to neurological disorders. However, a functional link between gut bacteria and neurodegenerative diseases remains unexplored. Synucleinopathies are characterized by aggregation of the protein α-synuclein (αSyn), often resulting in motor dysfunction as exemplified by Parkinson's disease (PD). Using mice that overexpress αSyn, we report herein that gut microbiota are required for motor deficits, microglia activation, and αSyn pathology...
December 1, 2016: Cell
Jeong Hwi Lee, Young Cheul Chung, Eugene Bok, Hankyu Lee, Sue Hee Huh, Ji Eun Lee, Byung Kwan Jin, Hyuk Wan Ko
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder in which dopamine (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) region are selectively destroyed. Sonic hedgehog (Shh) has been well known to play a key role in a variety of processes such as embryogenesis, cell proliferation and protection, and tissue repair during inflammation. However, the evidences for the innate role of Shh in adult brain injury are presently lacking and studies have been needed to unveil the importance of Shh in the process of neurodegeneration...
January 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Sanne Broeder, Evelien Nackaerts, Elke Heremans, Griet Vervoort, Raf Meesen, Geert Verheyden, Alice Nieuwboer
Recent research has highlighted the potential of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to complement rehabilitation effects in the elderly and in patients with neurological diseases, including Parkinson's disease (PD). TDCS can modulate cortical excitability and enhance neurophysiological mechanisms that compensate for impaired learning in PD. The objective of this systematic review is to provide an overview of the effects of tDCS on neurophysiological and behavioral outcome measures in PD patients, both as a stand-alone and as an adjunctive therapy...
October 2015: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
2016-12-04 03:07:28
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