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Healthy Eating

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By Manuel C. Co Jr. Informatics, Population Health, Built Environment, Data Visualization, Pedagogy, Classical Music
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985622/food-environments-and-obesity-household-diet-expenditure-versus-food-deserts
#1
Danhong Chen, Edward C Jaenicke, Richard J Volpe
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations between obesity and multiple aspects of the food environments, at home and in the neighborhood. METHODS: Our study included 38,650 individuals nested in 18,381 households located in 2104 US counties. Our novel home food environment measure, USDAScore, evaluated the adherence of a household's monthly expenditure shares of 24 aggregated food categories to the recommended values based on US Department of Agriculture food plans...
May 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034737/strategies-used-by-overweight-and-obese-low-income-mothers-to-feed-their-families-in-urban-brazil
#2
Priscila de Morais Sato, Ramiro Fernandes Unsain, Joel Gittelsohn, João Gabriel Sanches Tavares da Silva, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Perez, Fernanda Baeza Scagliusi
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare strategies adopted by overweight and obese low-income mothers living in different vulnerable contexts to deal with food constraints and feed their families. DESIGN: Qualitative in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed with exploratory content analysis and the number of segments per theme was used to compare neighborhoods. SETTING: Three low-income neighborhoods in Santos, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A purposive sample of 21 overweight or obese mothers...
December 26, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077308/cookie-or-fruit-relative-reinforcing-value-of-snack-foods-among-preschoolers-with-overweight-obesity-compared-to-healthy-weight
#3
Mary Beth McCullough, Hayley Guilkey, Lori Stark
The reinforcing value of food is an important determinant of food intake. Research has yet to examine the relative reinforcing value (RRV) of snack foods in young children with overweight and obesity (OW/OB). The current study compared the RRV of high-energy dense foods (cookies) to low-energy dense foods (fruits) between preschoolers with OW/OB and healthy weight (HW). RRV of cookies and fruits in preschoolers with OW/OB (n = 30; Mage = 4.4 ± 0.84; 60% male) and HW (n = 30; Mage = 4.5 ± 0.85; 70% male) was assessed with a developmentally-tailored computer program which used a progressive fixed ratio reward schedule...
January 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042040/executive-functioning-and-dietary-intake-neurocognitive-correlates-of-fruit-vegetable-and-saturated-fat-intake-in-adults-with-obesity
#4
Emily P Wyckoff, Brittney C Evans, Stephanie M Manasse, Meghan L Butryn, Evan M Forman
Obesity is a significant public health issue, and is associated with poor diet. Evidence suggests that eating behavior is related to individual differences in executive functioning. Poor executive functioning is associated with poorer diet (few fruits and vegetables and high saturated fat) in normal weight samples; however, the relationship between these specific dietary behaviors and executive functioning have not been investigated in adults with obesity. The current study examined the association between executive functioning and intake of saturated fat, fruits, and vegetables in an overweight/obese sample using behavioral measures of executive function and dietary recall...
April 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031046/what-is-the-effectiveness-of-obesity-related-interventions-at-retail-grocery-stores-and-supermarkets-a-systematic-review
#5
Abdulfatah Adam, Jørgen D Jensen
BACKGROUND: The Prevalence of obesity and overweight has been increasing in many countries. Many factors have been identified as contributing to obesity including the food environment, especially the access, availability and affordability of healthy foods in grocery stores and supermarkets. Several interventions have been carried out in retail grocery/supermarket settings as part of an effort to understand and influence consumption of healthful foods. The review's key outcome variable is sale/purchase of healthy foods as a result of the interventions...
December 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19491142/neighbourhood-food-environment-and-area-deprivation-spatial-accessibility-to-grocery-stores-selling-fresh-fruit-and-vegetables-in-urban-and-rural-settings
#6
Dianna M Smith, Steven Cummins, Mathew Taylor, John Dawson, David Marshall, Leigh Sparks, Annie S Anderson
BACKGROUND: The 'deprivation amplification' hypothesis suggests that residents of deprived neighbourhoods have universally poorer access to high-quality food environments, which in turn contributes to the development of spatial inequalities in diet and diet-related chronic disease. This paper presents results from a study that quantified access to grocery stores selling fresh fruit and vegetables in four environmental settings in Scotland, UK. METHODS: Spatial accessibility, as measured by network travel times, to 457 grocery stores located in 205 neighbourhoods in four environmental settings (island, rural, small town and urban) in Scotland was calculated using Geographical Information Systems...
February 2010: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25639270/added-fructose-a-principal-driver-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-consequences
#7
REVIEW
James J DiNicolantonio, James H O'Keefe, Sean C Lucan
Data from animal experiments and human studies implicate added sugars (eg, sucrose and high-fructose corn syrup) in the development of diabetes mellitus and related metabolic derangements that raise cardiovascular (CV) risk. Added fructose in particular (eg, as a constituent of added sucrose or as the main component of high-fructose sweeteners) may pose the greatest problem for incident diabetes, diabetes-related metabolic abnormalities, and CV risk. Conversely, whole foods that contain fructose (eg, fruits and vegetables) pose no problem for health and are likely protective against diabetes and adverse CV outcomes...
March 2015: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25733377/urban-farmers-markets-accessibility-offerings-and-produce-variety-quality-and-price-compared-to-nearby-stores
#8
Sean C Lucan, Andrew R Maroko, Omar Sanon, Rafael Frias, Clyde B Schechter
Most food-environment research has focused narrowly on select stores and restaurants. There has been comparatively less attention to non-storefront food sources like farmers' markets (FMs), particularly in urban communities. The objective of the present study was to assess FMs' potential contribution to an urban food environment in terms of specific foods offered, and compare FM accessibility as well as produce variety, quality, and price to that of nearby stores. Investigators conducted a detailed cross-sectional assessment of all FMs in Bronx County, NY, and of the nearest store(s) selling produce within a half-mile walking distance (up to two stores per FM)...
July 2015: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872274/voices-through-cameras-using-photovoice-to-explore-food-justice-issues-with-minority-youth-in-east-harlem-new-york
#9
May May Leung, Alen Agaronov, Tara Entwistle, Lorene Harry, Julie Sharkey-Buckley, Nicholas Freudenberg
Engaging and empowering youth to promote health could be important in promoting sustainable positive behaviors. Photovoice is a community-based participatory research tool giving priority populations opportunities for active community engagement and advocacy through photography. Our project objective was to better understand youth perceptions related to food justice within their own community and identify solutions to promote positive change, using photovoice. Twelve minority youth from a low-income New York City neighborhood participated...
November 21, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748128/comparison-of-general-health-status-myocardial-infarction-obesity-diabetes-and-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-between-immigrant-pakistani-population-in-the-netherlands-and-the-local-amsterdam-population
#10
Qaisar Raza, Mary Nicolaou, Henriëtte Dijkshoorn, Jacob C Seidell
OBJECTIVE: South Asians living in Western countries have shown higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease and related non-communicable diseases as compared to the local populations. The aim of this study was to compare the general health status and prevalence of myocardial infarction (MI), diabetes, high blood pressure, overweight, obesity, and fruit and vegetable intake between Pakistani immigrants in the Netherlands and local Amsterdam population. DESIGN: A health survey was conducted in 2012-2013 among Pakistanis in the Netherlands...
October 17, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677854/associations-among-measures-of-energy-balance-related-behaviors-and-psychosocial-determinants-in-urban-upper-elementary-school-children
#11
Lorraine N Bandelli, Heewon Lee Gray, Rachel C Paul, Isobel R Contento, Pamela A Koch
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity prevention is a pressing issue. Understanding the relationships among eating and physical activity behaviors and potential psychosocial determinants of behavior will help us design more effective interventions. This study aimed to examine such relationships in a large sample of urban elementary school children. METHODS: Fifth grade students in 20 recruited New York City public schools completed a validated questionnaire on six "do more" (fruits and vegetables and physical activity) and "do less" (sweetened beverages, processed packaged snacks, fast food and sedentary behavior) energy balance related behaviors (EBRBs) and psychosocial determinants of behavior from social cognitive and self-determination theories...
January 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25443565/concerning-limitations-of-food-environment-research-a-narrative-review-and-commentary-framed-around-obesity-and-diet-related-diseases-in-youth
#12
REVIEW
Sean C Lucan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25416919/how-calorie-focused-thinking-about-obesity-and-related-diseases-may-mislead-and-harm-public-health-an-alternative
#13
Sean C Lucan, James J DiNicolantonio
Prevailing thinking about obesity and related diseases holds that quantifying calories should be a principal concern and target for intervention. Part of this thinking is that consumed calories - regardless of their sources - are equivalent; i.e. 'a calorie is a calorie'. The present commentary discusses various problems with the idea that 'a calorie is a calorie' and with a primarily quantitative focus on food calories. Instead, the authors argue for a greater qualitative focus on the sources of calories consumed (i...
March 2015: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25717381/the-wrong-white-crystals-not-salt-but-sugar-as-aetiological-in-hypertension-and-cardiometabolic-disease
#14
REVIEW
James J DiNicolantonio, Sean C Lucan
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of premature mortality in the developed world, and hypertension is its most important risk factor. Controlling hypertension is a major focus of public health initiatives, and dietary approaches have historically focused on sodium. While the potential benefits of sodium-reduction strategies are debatable, one fact about which there is little debate is that the predominant sources of sodium in the diet are industrially processed foods. Processed foods also happen to be generally high in added sugars, the consumption of which might be more strongly and directly associated with hypertension and cardiometabolic risk...
2014: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666380/associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-blood-pressure-in-a-clinical-sample-of-overweight-adults
#15
Rhoda N Ndanuko, Linda C Tapsell, Karen E Charlton, Elizabeth P Neale, Marijka J Batterham
BACKGROUND: Dietary pattern analysis provides important evidence revealing diet-disease relationships. It may be especially useful in areas less well researched, such as diet and hypertension in clinical populations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the association between dietary patterns and blood pressure (BP) in a sample of overweight adults volunteering for a clinical trial for weight loss. DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis used baseline data from the HealthTrack study, a 12-month randomized controlled trial...
February 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19105861/perceived-access-to-fruits-and-vegetables-associated-with-increased-consumption
#16
Erin M Caldwell, M Miller Kobayashi, W M DuBow, S M Wytinck
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between fruit and vegetable access in the community and change in fruit and vegetable consumption among participants in community-based health promotion programmes. DESIGN: Fruit and vegetable consumption and perceived access to fresh fruit and vegetables were measured by self-administered questionnaires at programme start, end and 1-year follow-up. Community produce availability was determined by grocery store assessments measuring the display space devoted to fruit and vegetable offerings, as well as price, variety and freshness...
October 2009: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24674635/objective-and-self-reported-factors-associated-with-food-environment-perceptions-and-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-a-multilevel-analysis
#17
Sean C Lucan, Amy Hillier, Clyde B Schechter, Karen Glanz
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have assessed how people's perceptions of their neighborhood environment compare with objective measures or how self-reported and objective neighborhood measures relate to consumption of fruits and vegetables. METHODS: A telephone survey of 4,399 residents of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, provided data on individuals, their households, their neighborhoods (self-defined), their food-environment perceptions, and their fruit-and-vegetable consumption...
March 27, 2014: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23434497/test-retest-reliability-of-a-questionnaire-measuring-perceptions-of-neighborhood-food-environment
#18
Xiaoguang Ma, Timothy L Barnes, Darcy A Freedman, Bethany A Bell, Natalie Colabianchi, Angela D Liese
There is a lack of validated and reliable instruments on perception of the food environment, in particular for rural environments. We estimated the test-retest reliability of a questionnaire assessing perceptions of the food environment. A total of 101 primary food shoppers in South Carolina were interviewed by phone to assess their perceptions of the food environment and presence of different food outlet types in their neighborhood. The survey was repeated approximately one month after the initial administration...
May 2013: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25926512/the-role-of-protein-in-weight-loss-and-maintenance
#19
Heather J Leidy, Peter M Clifton, Arne Astrup, Thomas P Wycherley, Margriet S Westerterp-Plantenga, Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh, Stephen C Woods, Richard D Mattes
Over the past 20 y, higher-protein diets have been touted as a successful strategy to prevent or treat obesity through improvements in body weight management. These improvements are thought to be due, in part, to modulations in energy metabolism, appetite, and energy intake. Recent evidence also supports higher-protein diets for improvements in cardiometabolic risk factors. This article provides an overview of the literature that explores the mechanisms of action after acute protein consumption and the clinical health outcomes after consumption of long-term, higher-protein diets...
April 29, 2015: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572276/discretionary-food-and-beverage-consumption-and-its-association-with-demographic-characteristics-weight-status-and-fruit-and-vegetable-intakes-in-australian-adults
#20
Zhixian Sui, Weng Kei Wong, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie, Anna Rangan
OBJECTIVE: Excessive consumption of discretionary foods/beverages in the Australian population has been identified, increasing the risk of obesity and chronic disease. The present study aimed to examine the associations between demographic, anthropometric and dietary factors and the consumption of discretionary foods, discretionary beverages and discretionary foods/beverages combined. DESIGN: Discretionary food/beverage consumption reported in two 24 h recalls was analysed, stratified by gender, age, socio-economic status, country of birth, BMI, waist circumference, and fruit and vegetable intakes...
August 30, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
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