collection
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psicologia Social

shared collection
10 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284170/defining-and-measuring-irritability-construct-clarification-and-differentiation
#1
REVIEW
Michael J Toohey, Raymond DiGiuseppe
Irritability is a symptom of 15 disorders in the DSM-5 and is included in Mood Disorders, Addictive Disorders, Personality Disorders, and more (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). However, the term irritability is defined and measured inconsistently in the scholarly literature. In this article, we reviewed the scholarly definitions of irritability and the item content of irritability measures. Components of definitions and items measuring irritability were divided into three categories: a) causes, b) experience, and c) consequences...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214132/language-evolution-a-changing-perspective
#2
REVIEW
Michael C Corballis
From ancient times, religion and philosophy have regarded language as a faculty bestowed uniquely and suddenly on our own species, primarily as a mode of thought with communication as a byproduct. This view persists among some scientists and linguists and is counter to the theory of evolution, which implies that the evolution of complex structures is incremental. I argue here that language derives from mental processes with gradual evolutionary trajectories, including the generative capacities to travel mentally in time and space and into the minds of others...
February 14, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206775/one-hundred-years-of-the-journal-of-applied-psychology-background-evolution-and-scientific-trends
#3
Steve W J Kozlowski, Gilad Chen, Eduardo Salas
To launch this Special Issue of the Journal of Applied Psychology celebrating the 1st century of the journal we conducted a review encompassing the background of the founding of the journal; a quantitative assessment of its evolution across the century; and an examination of trends examining article type, article length, authorship patterns, supplemental materials, and research support. The journal was founded in March of 1917 with hopeful optimism about the potential of psychology being applied to practical problems could enhance human happiness, well-being, and effectiveness...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108281/emojis-insights-affordances-and-possibilities-for-psychological-science
#4
Linda K Kaye, Stephanie A Malone, Helen J Wall
We live in a digital society that provides a range of opportunities for virtual interaction. Consequently, emojis have become popular for clarifying online communication. This presents an exciting opportunity for psychologists, as these prolific online behaviours can be used to help reveal something unique about contemporary human behaviour.
November 18, 2016: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028659/role-of-religiosity-in-psychological-well-being-among-medical-and-non-medical-students
#5
Shemaila Saleem, Tamkeen Saleem
Religion has been generally considered as a protective factor for the psychological health of the people. As many studies have publicized a high prevalence of psychological morbidities among the medical students during their academic stages of medical schools, it is significant to investigate whether religiosity functions as a protective factor, to explore religiosity as a predictor of psychological well-being in a sample of medical students, and to compare the results of medical students as well as non-medical students with respect to religiosity and psychological well-being...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687121/the-structure-of-social-cognition-in-ter-dependence-of-sociocognitive-processes
#6
Francesca Happé, Jennifer L Cook, Geoffrey Bird
Social cognition is a topic of enormous interest and much research, but we are far from having an agreed taxonomy or factor structure of relevant processes. The aim of this review is to outline briefly what is known about the structure of social cognition and to suggest how further progress can be made to delineate the in(ter)dependence of core sociocognitive processes. We focus in particular on several processes that have been discussed and tested together in typical and atypical (notably autism spectrum disorder) groups: imitation, biological motion, empathy, and theory of mind...
January 3, 2017: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450708/the-argumentative-theory-predictions-and-empirical-evidence
#7
REVIEW
Hugo Mercier
The argumentative theory of reasoning suggests that the main function of reasoning is to exchange arguments with others. This theory explains key properties of reasoning. When reasoners produce arguments, they are biased and lazy, as can be expected if reasoning is a mechanism that aims at convincing others in interactive contexts. By contrast, reasoners are more objective and demanding when they evaluate arguments provided by others. This fundamental asymmetry between production and evaluation explains the effects of reasoning in different contexts: the more debate and conflict between opinions there is, the more argument evaluation prevails over argument production, resulting in better outcomes...
September 2016: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18771388/the-social-brain-neural-basis-of-social-knowledge
#8
REVIEW
Ralph Adolphs
Social cognition in humans is distinguished by psychological processes that allow us to make inferences about what is going on inside other people-their intentions, feelings, and thoughts. Some of these processes likely account for aspects of human social behavior that are unique, such as our culture and civilization. Most schemes divide social information processing into those processes that are relatively automatic and driven by the stimuli, versus those that are more deliberative and controlled, and sensitive to context and strategy...
2009: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436897/humans-are-sensitive-to-attention-control-when-predicting-others-actions
#9
Ana Pesquita, Craig S Chapman, James T Enns
Studies of social perception report acute human sensitivity to where another's attention is aimed. Here we ask whether humans are also sensitive to how the other's attention is deployed. Observers viewed videos of actors reaching to targets without knowing that those actors were sometimes choosing to reach to one of the targets (endogenous control) and sometimes being directed to reach to one of the targets (exogenous control). Experiments 1 and 2 showed that observers could respond more rapidly when actors chose where to reach, yet were at chance when guessing whether the reach was chosen or directed...
August 2, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454927/being-observed-magnifies-action
#10
Janina Steinmetz, Qian Xu, Ayelet Fishbach, Ying Zhang
We test the hypothesis that people, when observed, perceive their actions as more substantial because they add the audience's perspective to their own perspective. We find that participants who were observed while eating (Study 1) or learned they were observed after eating (Study 2) recalled eating a larger portion than unobserved participants. The presence of others magnified both desirable and undesirable actions. Thus, observed (vs. unobserved) participants believed they gave both more correct and incorrect answers in a lab task (Study 3) and, moving to a field study, the larger the audience, the larger the contribution badminton players claimed toward their teams' successes as well as failures (Study 4)...
December 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
1
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"