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Global Health Simulation

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Walter Eppich, Adam Cheng
We describe an integrated conceptual framework for a blended approach to debriefing called PEARLS [Promoting Excellence And Reflective Learning in Simulation]. We provide a rationale for scripted debriefing and introduce a PEARLS debriefing tool designed to facilitate implementation of the new framework. The PEARLS framework integrates 3 common educational strategies used during debriefing, namely, (1) learner self-assessment, (2) facilitating focused discussion, and (3) providing information in the form of directive feedback and/or teaching...
April 2015: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Michael J A Reid, Nancy Biller, Sarah M Lyon, John P Reilly, Jessica Merlin, Matthew Dacso, Harvey M Friedman
This study assessed the impact of several interventions, including predeparture simulation training and procedure logs, on incidence needlestick injuries (NSIs) among U.S. medical students on global health (GH) elective in Botswana. Review of NSI incident reports before and after introduction of these interventions demonstrated a reduction in the number of splash and body fluid exposures (n = 5 [6%] vs n = 21 [23%]; P < .001), respectively. Simple predeparture training is highly effective in reducing NSIs among students participating in GH electives...
December 2014: American Journal of Infection Control
Kevin R Schwartz, Kimball A Prentiss
INTRODUCTION: Increasingly, pediatric and emergency medicine (EM) residents are pursuing clinical rotations in low-income countries. Optimal pre-departure preparation for such rotations has not yet been established. High-fidelity simulation represents a potentially effective modality for such preparation. This study was designed to assess whether a pre-departure high-fidelity medical simulation curriculum is effective in helping to prepare residents for clinical rotations in a low-income country...
December 2015: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Sabrina M Butteris, Sophia P Gladding, Walter Eppich, Scott A Hagen, Michael B Pitt
BACKGROUND: Preparation for residents participating in global health (GH) experiences is critical. Active preparatory curricula allowing residents to experience and debrief emotional challenges they may encounter abroad are generally lacking. We sought to evaluate a novel simulation curriculum designed to prepare residents for emotions they may experience in response to challenges abroad. METHODS: Pediatric GH educators from 7 institutions developed case vignettes incorporating common challenges residents experience abroad...
September 2014: Academic Pediatrics
Annamaria Bagnasco, Nicola Pagnucci, Angela Tolotti, Francesca Rosa, Giancarlo Torre, Loredana Sasso
BACKGROUND: International studies have shown that laboratory training, particularly through the application of the principles of simulation learning, is an effective means of developing the communication and gestural skills of healthcare professionals. At the Advanced Simulation Center of the University of Genoa we have therefore established the first clinical skill laboratory with medical school students and an interprofessional team of trainers, as the first step towards developing simulation training of both medical and nursing students at our University...
2014: BMC Medical Education
Guillaume Alinier, Alan Platt
The use of simulation in health care education has become very topical across all professions and specialties in order to improve patient safety and quality of care. In the last decade, the adoption of more realistic simulation-based teaching methodologies, which serves as a bridge between the acquisition and application of clinical skills, knowledge, and attributes, has been accompanied by the development of a multitude of international and national simulation societies. These serve as important exchange fora for educators, clinicians, researchers, and engineers who desire to learn and share their experience and knowledge around simulation-based education...
January 2014: Nursing in Critical Care
Joseph R Fitchett, Paul G Reidy, Elizabeth J Anderson, Sebastien Forte, Kenrry Chiu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
Xinguang Chen
The concept of "global health" that led to the establishment of the World Health Organization in the 1940s is still promoting a global health movement 70 years later. Today's global health acts first as a guiding principle for our effort to improve people's health across the globe. Furthermore, global health has become a branch of science, "global health science," supporting institutionalized education. Lastly, as a discipline, global health should focus on medical and health issues that: 1) are determined primarily by factors with a cross-cultural, cross-national, cross-regional, or global scope; 2) are local but have global significance if not appropriately managed; and 3) can only be efficiently managed through international or global efforts...
September 2014: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
Jenna Shaw-Battista, Cynthia Belew, Deborah Anderson, Sandrijn van Schaik
This article describes childbirth simulation design and implementation within the nurse-midwifery education program at the University of California, San Francisco. Nurse-midwife and obstetrician faculty coordinators were supported by faculty from multiple professions and specialties in curriculum review and simulation development and implementation. The primary goal of the resulting technology-enhanced simulations of normal physiologic birth and obstetric emergencies was to assist learners' development of interprofessional competencies related to communication, teamwork, and patient-centered care...
November 2015: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Michael B Pitt, Sophia P Gladding, Sabrina M Butteris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Pediatrics
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